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AS 1940-2004

AvailableSuperseded
AvailableSuperseded

An Available Superseded Standard is one, which has been made available for a period of time although it has been formally superseded by another Standard. Its availability is maintained where it is referenced in legislation/regulations or in other Standards and its use should be restricted to where so referenced. No responsibility is taken by Intertek Inform as to the ongoing technical validity of such a Standard, the responsibility resting with the referencing authority.

The storage and handling of flammable and combustible liquids
Available format(s)

Hardcopy , PDF 1 User , PDF 3 Users , PDF 5 Users , PDF 9 Users

Published date

29-10-2004

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Provides requirements and recommendations for the design, construction and operation of installations where flammable or combustible liquids are stored and handled. Separate sections provide requirements for minor storage, package storage, and storage of liquids in tanks, as well as, fire protection and emergency management. Requirements for the bulk storage of potable alcohols, and recommendations for blending plants, are provided in appendices.

This Standard sets out requirements and recommendations for the safe storage and handling of flammable liquids of dangerous goods Class 3, as classified in the UN Recommendations for the Transport of Dangerous Goods—Model Regulations and listed in the ADG Code. This Standard also provides requirements and recommendations for the storage and handling of combustible liquids, as defined in Clause 1.4.9.This Standard provides minimum acceptable safety requirements for storage facilities, operating procedures, emergency planning and fire protection. It provides technical guidance that may assist in the storage and handling of flammable and combustible liquids in accordance with the risk management requirements of NOHSC:1015 and legislation which draws on that document.This Standard provides requirements for commonly used flammable and combustible liquids such as hydrocarbons and industrial solvents. Some flammable and combustible liquids have other physical and chemical properties that require additional precautions and design considerations. Examples of these are— (a)liquids that can polymerize;(b)liquids that require blanketing with inert gas;(c)liquids that are heated; and(d)liquids that are assigned a subsidiary risk.Any special precautions and considerations necessary for the safe storage and handling of such liquids are additional to the requirements and recommendations provided in this Standard.For the storage and handling of dangerous goods of another class but having a Class 3 subsidiary risk, this Standard is relevant to their flammability aspects.

Committee
ME-017
DocumentType
Standard
ISBN
0 7337 6329 4
Pages
173
PublisherName
Standards Australia
Status
AvailableSuperseded
SupersededBy
Supersedes
UnderRevision

First published as part of AS CB5-1942.Redated 1950.Second edition 1957.Third edition 1969.Revised and redesignated in part as AS 1940-1976.Second edition 1982.Third edition 1988.Fourth edition 1993.Fifth edition 2004. First published as part of AS CB5-1942. Redated 1950. Second edition 1957. Third edition 1969. Revised and redesignated in part as AS 1940-1976. Second edition 1982. Third edition 1988. Fourth edition 1993. Fifth edition 2004.

AS 2452.3-1985 Non-destructive testing - Determination of thickness - Use of ultrasonic testing
AS 1530.4-2005 Methods for fire tests on building materials, components and structures Fire-resistance test of elements of construction
AS 2441-2005 Installation of fire hose reels (Reconfirmed 2018)
AS/NZS 2106.3:1999 Methods for the determination of the flash point of flammable liquids (closed cup) Flash/no flash test - Rapid equilibrium method
AS 1851.7-1984 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Fire-resistant doorsets
AS 1670.1-2004 Fire detection, warning, control and intercom systems - System design, installation and commissioning Fire
AS 3846-1998 The handling and transport of dangerous cargoes in port areas
AS 1170.4-1993 Minimum design loads on structures (known as the SAA Loading Code) Earthquake loads
AS 3600-2001 Concrete structures
AS/NZS 2210.6:2001 Occupational protective footwear Additional requirements and test methods
AS 1288-2006 Glass in buildings - Selection and installation
AS 2941-2002 Fixed fire protection installations - Pumpset systems
AS/NZS 2161.7.1:1998 Occupational protective gloves Protection against cuts and stabs by hand knives - Chainmail gloves and arm guards (Reconfirmed 2016)
AS 1905.1-2005 Components for the protection of openings in fire-resistant walls Fire-resistant doorsets
AS/NZS 1768:2007 Lightning protection
AS 1657-1992 Fixed platforms, walkways, stairways and ladders - Design, construction and installation
AS 2359.7-1995 Powered industrial trucks - Terminology
AS 2452.3-2005 Non-destructive testing - Determination of thickness - Use of ultrasonic testing
AS 3664-1989 Road/rail tankers - Transfer connectors for flammable and combustible liquids
AS 1851.2-1995 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Fire hose reels
AS/NZS 2161.10.3:2002 Occupational protective gloves Protective gloves against chemicals and micro-organisms - Determination of resistance to permeation by chemicals
AS/NZS 2906:2001 Fuel containers - Portable - plastic and metal
AS/NZS 2381.1:1999 Electrical equipment for explosive atmospheres - Selection, installation and maintenance General requirements
AS 1603.5-1996 Automatic fire detection and alarm systems Manual call points (Reconfirmed 2016)
AS/NZS 2106.0:1999 Methods for the determination of the flash point of flammable liquids (closed cup) - General
AS/NZS 2106.2:1999 Methods for the determination of the flash point of flammable liquids (closed cup) Pensky-Martens closed cup method
AS 1670.4-2004 Fire detection, warning, control and intercom systems - System design, installation and commissioning Sound systems and intercom systems for emergency purposes
AS 1482-1985 Electrical equipment for explosive atmospheres - Protection by ventilation - Type of protection v (Reconfirmed 2013)
AS 2809.2-1999 Road tank vehicles for dangerous goods - Tankers for flammable liquids
AS 1692-2006 Steel tanks for flammable and combustible liquids
AS 1851.1-1995 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Portable fire extinguishers and fire blankets
AS/NZS 2210.1:1994 Occupational protective footwear - Guide to selection, care and use
AS 1691-1985 Domestic oil-fired appliances - Installation
AS/NZS 3000:2000 Electrical installations (known as the Australian/New Zealand Wiring Rules)
AS 2683-2000 Hose and hose assemblies for distribution of petroleum and petroleum products (excepting LPG)
AS/NZS 2210.3:2000 Occupational protective footwear Specification for safety footwear
AS 1530.1-1994 Methods for fire tests on building materials, components and structures Combustibility test for materials (Reconfirmed 2016)
AS/NZS 2210.5:2000 Occupational protective footwear Specification for occupational footwear
AS/NZS 1841.5:2007 Portable fire extinguishers Specific requirements for powder type extinguishers (Reconfirmed 2021)
AS 1580.301.1-2005 Paints and related materials - Methods of test Non-volatile content by mass
AS/NZS 1841.4:1997 Portable fire extinguishers - Specific requirements for foam type extinguishers
AS 2118.1-1999 Automatic fire sprinkler systems - General requirements
AS 1851.11-1991 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Halon 1301 total flooding systems
AS 1670.2-1997 Fire detection, warning, control and intercom systems - System design, installation and commissioning - Local fire
AS/NZS 1716:2003 Respiratory protective devices
AS/NZS 2210.2:2000 Occupational protective footwear Requirements and test methods
AS/NZS 1337:1992 Eye protectors for industrial applications
AS 3961-2005 The storage and handling of liquefied natural gas
AS 1210-1997 Pressure vessels
AS 1670.3-2004 Fire detection, warning, control and intercom systems - System design, installation and commissioning - Fire alarm monitoring
AS/NZS 2161.8:2002 Occupational protective gloves Protection against ionizing radiation and radioactive contamination
AS/NZS 2832.1:1998 Cathodic protection of metals - Pipes and cables
AS 1319-1994 Safety signs for the occupational environment (Reconfirmed 2018)
AS 4265-1995 Wheeled fire extinguishers (Reconfirmed 2021)
AS/NZS 1680.1:2006 Interior and workplace lighting General principles and recommendations
AS 1074-1989 Steel tubes and tubulars for ordinary service (Reconfirmed 2018)
AS 2359.4-1995 Powered industrial trucks - Reach and straddle fork-lift trucks - Stability tests
AS 1915-1992 Electrical equipment for explosive atmospheres - Battery-operated vehicles (Reconfirmed 2013)
AS 1345-1995 Identification of the contents of pipes, conduits and ducts (Reconfirmed 2018)
AS 1851.15-1997 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Local fire alarm systems
AS 3846-2005 The handling and transport of dangerous cargoes in port areas
AS/NZS 2161.2:1998 Occupational protective gloves General requirements
AS/NZS 1221:1997 Fire hose reels (Reconfirmed 2020)
AS/NZS 2161.10.2:2002 Occupational protective gloves Protective gloves against chemicals and micro-organisms - Determination of resistance to penetration
AS 1019-2000 Internal combustion engines - Spark emission control devices
AS 2419.1-2005 Fire hydrant installations System design, installation and commissioning
AS 2118.1-2006 Automatic fire sprinkler systems General systems
AS 1216-2006 Class labels for dangerous goods
AS/NZS 2161.5:1998 Occupational protective gloves Protection against cold
AS/NZS 1020:1995 The control of undesirable static electricity
AS/NZS 2210.7:2001 Occupational protective footwear Additional specifications for safety footwear
AS/NZS 2161.3:1998 Occupational protective gloves Protection against mechanical risks
AS 3765.2-1990 Clothing for protection against hazardous chemicals Limited protection against specific chemicals
AS/NZS 2106.1:1999 Methods for the determination of the flash point of flammable liquids (closed cup) Abel closed cup method
AS 4041-2006 Pressure piping (Reconfirmed 2016)
AS 1851.6-1997 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Management procedures for maintaining the fire and smoke control features of air-handling systems
AS 1216-1995 Class labels for dangerous goods
AS/NZS 2210.9:2001 Occupational protective footwear Additional specifications for occupational footwear
AS 2832.1-2004 Cathodic protection of metals Pipes and cables
AS 1726-1993 Geotechnical site investigations
AS/NZS 2161.4:1999 Occupational protective gloves Protection against thermal risks (heat and fire) (Reconfirmed 2016)
AS/NZS 1715:1994 Selection, use and maintenance of respiratory protective devices
AS 2359.11-1995 Powered industrial trucks Fork-lift trucks - Hook-on type fork arms and fork carriers - Mounting dimensions
AS 4214-2002 Gaseous fire extinguishing systems
AS 1670.6-1997 Fire detection, warning, control and intercom systems - System design, installation and commissioning Smoke alarms
AS 1692-1989 Tanks for flammable and combustible liquids
AS 4100-1998 Steel structures (Reconfirmed 2016)
AS 2441-1988 Installation of fire hose reels
AS/NZS 2161.9:2002 Occupational protective gloves Method of measurement and evaluation of the vibration transmissibility of gloves at the palm of the hand
AS 2129-2000 Flanges for pipes, valves and fittings (Reconfirmed 2016)
AS/NZS 2865:2001 Safe working in a confined space
AS/NZS 2210.4:2000 Occupational protective footwear Specification for protective footwear
AS 1170.4-2007 Structural design actions Earthquake actions in Australia (Reconfirmed 2018)
AS 2444-2001 Portable fire extinguishers and fire blankets - Selection and location (Reconfirmed 2021)
AS/NZS 2210.8:2001 Occupational protective footwear Additional specifications for protective footwear
AS 1674.1-1997 Safety in welding and allied processes Fire precautions (Reconfirmed 2016)
AS 2359.2-1985 Industrial trucks (known as the SAA Industrial Truck Code) - Operation
AS/NZS 2106.5:1999 Methods for the determination of the flash point of flammable liquids (closed cup) Flash/no flash test - Closed cup equilibrium method
AS/NZS 2243.10:2004 Safety in laboratories Storage of chemicals
AS/NZS 1841.4:2007 Portable fire extinguishers Specific requirements for foam type extinguishers (Reconfirmed 2021)
AS 2118.3-1997 Automatic fire sprinkler systems - Deluge
AS/NZS 1841.5:1997 Portable fire extinguishers - Specific requirements for powder type extinguishers
AS/NZS 1768(INT):2003 Lightning protection
AS 1851.5-1981 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Automatic smoke/heat venting systems
AS 2359.9-1995 Powered industrial trucks High-lift rider trucks - Overhead guards - Specification and testing
AS 2832.2-2003 Cathodic protection of metals Compact buried structures
AS/NZS 1800:1998 Occupational protective helmets - Selection, care and use
AS 4041-1998 Pressure piping
AS 1530.4-1997 Methods for fire tests on building materials, components and structures Fire-resistance tests of elements of building construction
AS 1580.301.1-1992 Paints and related materials - Methods of test Non-volatile content by mass
AS 1851.3-1997 Maintenance of fire protection equipment Automatic fire sprinkler systems
AS/NZS 2106.4:1999 Methods for the determination of the flash point of flammable liquids (closed cup) Determination of flash point - Rapid equilibrium method
AS 2419.1-1994 Fire hydrant installations - System design, installation and commissioning
AS 1851.10-1989 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Emergency warning and intercommunication systems
AS 1722.2-1992 Pipe threads of Whitworth form Fastening pipe threads (Reconfirmed 2017)
AS/NZS 2161.10.1:2002 Occupational protective gloves Protective gloves against chemicals and micro-organisms - Terminology and performance requirements
AS 1851.4-1992 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Fire hydrant installations
AS 1674.2-2003 Safety in welding and allied processes - Electrical
AS 2359.3-1995 Powered industrial trucks - Counterbalanced fork-lift trucks - Stability tests
AS 2359.5-1995 Powered industrial trucks - Control symbols
AS/NZS 1841.6:1997 Portable fire extinguishers - Specific requirements for carbon dioxide type extinguishers
AS/NZS 1841.6:2007 Portable fire extinguishers Specific requirements for carbon dioxide type extinguishers (Reconfirmed 2021)
AS 2243.10-1993 Safety in laboratories - Storage of chemicals
AS 1680.1-1990 Interior lighting - General principles and recommendations
AS/NZS 1596:2002 The storage and handling of LP Gas
AS 2700-1996 Colour Standards for general purposes - Swatches
AS 1288-1994 Glass in buildings - Selection and installation
AS 2359.12-1996 Powered industrial trucks Hazardous areas
AS 2359.8-1995 Powered industrial trucks Pallet stackers and high-lift platform trucks - Stability tests
AS/NZS 1801:1997 Occupational protective helmets
AS/NZS 2106.6:1999 Methods for the determination of the flash point of flammable liquids (closed cup) Determination of flash point - Closed cup equilibrium method
AS/NZS 3500.1.2:1998 National plumbing and drainage Water supply - Acceptable solutions
AS 2359.10-1995 Powered industrial trucks Fork-lift trucks - Hook-on type fork arms - Vocabulary
AS 1851.9-1997 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Delivery lay flat fire hose
AS 2359.6-1995 Powered industrial trucks - Safety code
AS 1851.8-1987 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Automatic fire detection and alarm systems
AS/NZS 4360:2004 Risk management
AS/NZS 2381.1:2005 Electrical equipment for explosive gas atmospheres - Selection, installation and maintenance - General requirements
AS/NZS 2430.3.3:2004 Classification of hazardous areas Examples of area classification - Flammable liquids
AS 1851.12-1995 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Gaseous fire extinguishing systems
AS 1851.14-1996 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Pumpset systems
AS 2919-1987 Industrial clothing
AS 3711.6-2000 Freight containers Tank containers (Reconfirmed 2016)
AS 1722.1-1975 Pipe threads of Whitworth form Sealing pipe threads (metric units)
AS/NZS 2161.1:2000 Occupational protective gloves Selection, use and maintenance
AS/NZS 1850:1997 Portable fire extinguishers - Classification, rating and performance testing
AS 2359.1-1995 Powered industrial trucks - General requirements
AS 3765.1-1990 Clothing for protection against hazardous chemicals Protection against general or specific chemicals
AS/NZS 1905.1:1997 Components for the protection of openings in fire-resistant walls Fire-resistant doorsets
AS 3961-1991 Liquefied natural gas - Storage and handling

AS 4976-2008 The removal and disposal of underground petroleum storage tanks
AS 2507-1998 The storage and handling of agricultural and veterinary chemicals
AS/NZS 3833:2007 The storage and handling of mixed classes of dangerous goods, in packages and intermediate bulk containers
AS 2118.3-2010 Automatic fire sprinkler systems Deluge systems
AS/NZS 1596:2002 The storage and handling of LP Gas
AS/NZS 4114.1:2003 Spray painting booths, designated spray painting areas and paint mixing rooms Design, construction and testing
AS/NZS 2311:2009 Guide to the painting of buildings
AS/NZS 2982:2010 Laboratory design and construction
AS 1470-1986 Health and safety at work - Principles and practices
AS 2593-2004 Boilers - Safety management and supervision systems (Reconfirmed 2016)
AS 3892-2001 Pressure equipment - Installation (Reconfirmed 2016)
AS 5239-2011 Examination of ignitable liquids in fire debris
AS 3664-1989 Road/rail tankers - Transfer connectors for flammable and combustible liquids
AS/NZS 3010:2017 Electrical installations - Generating sets
AS 4326-2008 The storage and handling of oxidizing agents
AS/NZS 2243.10:2004 Safety in laboratories Storage of chemicals
AS 3961-2005 The storage and handling of liquefied natural gas
AS/NZS 2243.8:2014 Safety in laboratories Fume cupboards
AS 5388.1-2012 Forensic analysis Recognition, recording, recovery, transport and storage of material
AS 3641.1-1999 Recommended practice for atomic emission spectrometric analysis Principles and techniques
AS 4125.1-2009 Sound laboratory practice in food and water microbiology laboratories - Premises, safety, sample management, regulatory compliance and record management
AS 4971-2008 Inspection and integrity monitoring of large steel vertical petroleum storage tanks (Reconfirmed 2016)
AS/NZS 1200:2000 Pressure equipment
AS 4722-2009 Passenger ropeways and passenger conveyors
AS 1216-2006 Class labels for dangerous goods
AS 2577.2-1992 Australian fire incident reporting system - Classification and coding
AS 2865-2009 Confined spaces
AS 2400.5-2005 Packaging Temporary corrosion protection (Reconfirmed 2016)
AS 1692-2006 Steel tanks for flammable and combustible liquids
AS/NZS 2243.8:2006 Safety in laboratories - Fume cupboards
AS/NZS 60079.10.1:2009 Explosive atmospheres Classification of areas - Explosive gas atmospheres (IEC 60079-10-1, Ed.1.0(2008) MOD)
AS 1485-1983 Safety and health in workrooms of educational establishments
AS 2809.5-2001 Road tank vehicles for dangerous goods Tankers for bitumen-based products
SAA HB 9-1994 Occupational personal protection
AS 2809.2-1999 Road tank vehicles for dangerous goods - Tankers for flammable liquids
AS 4873.1-2005 Recommended practice for inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) - Principles and techniques
AS 4041-2006 Pressure piping (Reconfirmed 2016)
AS 2134.1-1999 Recommended practice for chemical analysis by atomic absorption spectrometry Flame atomic absorption spectrometry (Reconfirmed 2016)
AS 2359.2-1985 Industrial trucks (known as the SAA Industrial Truck Code) - Operation
AS 4326-1995 The storage and handling of oxidizing agents
AS/NZS 2022:2003 Anhydrous ammonia - Storage and handling (Reconfirmed 2023)
AS 3961:2017 The storage and handling of liquefied natural gas
AS 4979-2008 Flammable and combustible liquids - Precautions against electrostatic ignition during tank vehicle loading (Reconfirmed 2016)
AS 2067-2008 Substations and high voltage installations exceeding 1 kV a.c.
AS 2809.4-2001 Road tank vehicles for dangerous goods - Tankers for toxic and corrosive cargoes
AS/NZS 2243.1:2005 Safety in laboratories Planning and operational aspects
AS/NZS 4509.1:2009 Stand-alone power systems Safety and installation (Reconfirmed 2017)
AS/NZS 2865:2001 Safe working in a confined space
AS 2809.2-2008 Road tank vehicles for dangerous goods - Road tank vehicles for flammable liquids
AS/NZS 3010:2005 Electrical installations - Generating sets
AS 3533.2-2009 Amusement rides and devices Operation and maintenance
AS/NZS 2843.1:2006 Timber preservation plants Timber preservation plant site design (Reconfirmed 2016)
AS 3920.1-1993 Assurance of product quality Pressure equipment manufacture
AS/NZS 5026:2012 The storage and handling of Class 4 dangerous goods
AS/NZS 3788:2006 Pressure equipment - In-service inspection (Reconfirmed 2017)
AS 1853-1983 Automatic oil and gas burners - Mechanical draught
AS/NZS 1596:2008 The storage and handling of LP Gas
AS 1691-1985 Domestic oil-fired appliances - Installation
AS 2067:2016 Substations and high voltage installations exceeding 1 kV a.c.
HB 13-2007 Electrical equipment for hazardous areas
AS 2577.1-1992 Australian fire incident reporting system - Description and implementation
AS 1674.1-1997 Safety in welding and allied processes Fire precautions (Reconfirmed 2016)
AS 2601-2001 The demolition of structures
AS 2809.4:2017 Road tank vehicles for dangerous goods Tankers for toxic and corrosive cargoes
AS 1375-2013 Industrial fuel-fired appliances
AS/NZS 2243.2:2006 Safety in laboratories Chemical aspects
AS/NZS 2843.2:2006 Timber preservation plants Treatment area operation (Reconfirmed 2016)
AS 2484.2-1991 Fire - Glossary of terms Fire protection and firefighting equipment
AS/NZS 4081:2001 The storage and handling of liquid and liquefied polyfunctional isocyanates (Reconfirmed 2021)
AS 4897-2008 The design, installation and operation of underground petroleum storage systems
AS/NZS 1596:2014 The storage and handling of LP Gas
AS/NZS 1020:1995 The control of undesirable static electricity
HB 46-1993 Guide to residential fire safety
AS 2419.1-2005 Fire hydrant installations System design, installation and commissioning

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