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AS 3533.1-1997

Superseded

Superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

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superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

Amusement rides and devices Design and construction

Available format(s)

Hardcopy , PDF 1 User , PDF 3 Users , PDF 5 Users , PDF 9 Users

Superseded date

29-05-2024

Published date

01-01-1997

Preview

1 - AS 3533.1-1997 AMUSEMENT RIDES AND DEVICES - DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION
4 - PREFACE
5 - CONTENTS
8 - SECTION 1 SCOPE AND GENERAL
8 - 1.1 SCOPE
8 - 1.2 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS
11 - 1.3 DEFINITIONS
11 - 1.3.1 Amusement device
11 - 1.3.2 Amusement ride
11 - 1.3.3 Aquatic amusement device
11 - 1.3.4 Arm’s reach
11 - 1.3.5 Attendant
12 - 1.3.6 Authority
12 - 1.3.7 Bobsled
12 - 1.3.8 Cable waterskiing system
12 - 1.3.9 Competent person
12 - 1.3.10 Designer
12 - 1.3.11 Fail-safe
12 - 1.3.12 Flying fox
12 - 1.3.13 Flume
12 - 1.3.14 Operator
12 - 1.3.15 Passenger ropeway
12 - 1.3.16 Patron
12 - 1.3.17 Proprietor
12 - 1.3.18 Roller coaster
12 - 1.3.19 Toboggan ride (aquatic or land-based)
12 - 1.3.20 Vehicle
12 - 1.3.21 Waterborne ride
13 - 1.3.22 Water slide
14 - SECTION 2 DESIGN
14 - 2.1 CLASSIFICATION
14 - 2.1.1 General
14 - 2.1.2 Speed
14 - 2.1.3 Height
14 - 2.1.4 Acceleration factor
14 - 2.1.5 Dynamic product
15 - 2.1.6 Intrinsic safety
15 - 2.2 HAZARD IDENTIFICATION, RISK ASSESSMENT AND CONTROL OF RISK
16 - 2.3 LOADS
16 - 2.3.1 General
16 - 2.3.2 Dead loads
16 - 2.3.3 Live loads
17 - 2.3.4 Working loads
19 - 2.3.5 Wind loads
20 - 2.3.6 Seismic (earthquake) loadings
20 - 2.3.7 Other special loadings
20 - 2.3.8 Load combinations
21 - 2.4 BASIS OF DESIGN
21 - 2.4.1 General
21 - 2.4.2 Stress analysis
24 - 2.4.3 Fail-safe systems
25 - 2.4.4 Inspection matters for consideration by the designer
25 - 2.4.5 Deflection
25 - 2.5 STABILITY
25 - 2.5.1 General
25 - 2.5.2 Overturning
26 - 2.5.3 Lateral sliding
26 - 2.6 STRUCTURAL MATERIALS
26 - 2.6.1 General
26 - 2.6.2 Identification
26 - 2.6.3 Bolted connections
26 - 2.6.4 Tracks
26 - 2.6.5 Glass-fibre-reinforced plastics
26 - 2.6.6 Combustibility
26 - 2.7 ANCILLARY MATERIALS
26 - 2.8 RESTRAINTS AND LOCKING SYSTEMS
26 - 2.8.1 Application
27 - 2.8.2 General
27 - 2.8.3 Fastening
27 - 2.8.4 Non-adjustable restraints and locking devices
27 - 2.8.5 Connection to entry
27 - 2.8.6 Interlocking restraints
27 - 2.8.7 Non-interlocking restraints
28 - 2.8.8 Other restraints
28 - 2.8.9 Exceptions
28 - 2.8.10 Cushioning
28 - 2.8.11 Design
28 - 2.8.12 Locking pin
28 - 2.8.13 Prevention of sliding of patron
28 - 2.8.14 Reverse motion
28 - 2.9 FACILITIES FOR OPERATORS AND ATTENDANTS
28 - 2.10 BRAKING
29 - 2.11 ELEVATING MECHANISMS
29 - 2.11.1 General
29 - 2.11.2 Hydraulic systems
29 - 2.11.3 Pneumatic systems
29 - 2.11.4 Wire rope systems
31 - 2.12 RIDES AND DEVICES WITHIN BUILDINGS
31 - 2.12.1 General
31 - 2.12.2 Fire alarm
31 - 2.12.3 Loss of power
32 - 2.13 PROTECTION FROM FIRE AND FUMES
33 - SECTION 3 MANUFACTURE AND CONSTRUCTION
33 - 3.1 QUALITY ASSURANCE
33 - 3.2 VEHICLE FINISH AND IDENTIFICATION
33 - 3.2.1 Vehicle finish
33 - 3.2.2 Vehicle identification
33 - 3.3 PROPELLING MACHINERY
33 - 3.3.1 General
33 - 3.3.2 Overspeed
34 - 3.3.3 Underspeed
34 - 3.3.4 Difficult access to operating position
34 - 3.3.5 Manual winding facility
34 - 3.4 LIGHTNING PROTECTION
34 - 3.4.1 Criteria of lightning protection
35 - 3.4.2 Design requirements
35 - 3.5 COMBUSTIBILITY OF MATERIALS
35 - 3.5.1 Construction materials
36 - 3.5.2 Exit routes
36 - 3.6 HYDRAULIC EQUIPMENT
36 - 3.6.1 General
36 - 3.6.2 Safety features
37 - 3.6.3 Accumulators
37 - 3.6.4 Filters and strainers
37 - 3.6.5 Hydraulic control equipment
37 - 3.6.6 Hydraulic systems
37 - 3.6.7 Reservoirs
38 - 3.6.8 Installation
38 - 3.6.9 Marking
38 - 3.7 PNEUMATIC EQUIPMENT
38 - 3.7.1 General
38 - 3.7.2 Safety features
39 - 3.7.3 Filters
39 - 3.7.4 Lubricators
39 - 3.7.5 Pneumatic control equipment
39 - 3.7.6 Pneumatic systems
39 - 3.7.7 Receivers
39 - 3.7.8 Installation
39 - 3.7.9 Marking
40 - 3.8 STEAM, HOT WATER AND HEATED AIR EQUIPMENT
40 - 3.8.1 Steam and hot water associated amusement devices
40 - 3.8.2 Hot air associated amusement devices
41 - 3.9 ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS
41 - 3.9.1 General
41 - 3.9.2 High voltage
41 - 3.9.3 Low voltage
41 - 3.9.4 Extra-low voltage
41 - 3.9.5 Switchboards and switch panels
41 - 3.9.6 Isolating switch
41 - 3.9.7 Electric power supply to moving parts and to socket-outlets below 2.4 m
42 - 3.9.8 Specific requirements for all electrical installations
42 - 3.9.9 Equipment connected by a flexible cord and plug
42 - 3.9.10 Requirements for electric power supply to coin- operated amusement devices
42 - 3.9.11 Requirements for electrical installations with electrified metallic grid
42 - 3.9.12 Emergency lighting
43 - 3.9.13 Devices with water pools
43 - 3.9.14 Earthing
43 - 3.10 CONTROLS AND INDICATORS
43 - 3.10.1 General
43 - 3.10.2 Emergency stop controls
44 - 3.11 CONTROL STATIONS
44 - 3.12 SUSPENDED VEHICLES AND SUSPENSION JOINTS
44 - 3.13 SUSPENSION ROPES AND CHAINS
44 - 3.14 FENCES, HANDRAILS, GUARDS AND TEMPORARY BARRIERS
44 - 3.14.1 General
45 - 3.14.2 Fences
45 - 3.14.3 Guards
45 - 3.14.4 Temporary barriers
45 - 3.15 ENTRY AND EXIT GATES AND CONTROLS
46 - 3.16 WALKWAYS, STEPS AND PLATFORMS
46 - 3.17 CLEARANCES
46 - 3.17.1 General
46 - 3.17.2 Totally enclosed patrons
46 - 3.17.3 Open vehicle, restrained patrons
46 - 3.17.4 Open vehicle, unrestrained patrons
46 - 3.17.5 Clearances for maintenance or inspection
46 - 3.17.6 Exceptions
49 - 3.18 PROTECTION WHEN SLIDING, ROLLING OR FALLING
50 - 3.19 EVACUATION
51 - SECTION 4 TESTING
51 - 4.1 GENERAL
51 - 4.2 LOAD TEST
51 - 4.3 OUT-OF-BALANCE TEST
51 - 4.4 HYDRAULIC OR PNEUMATIC SYSTEM TEST
51 - 4.5 ELECTRICAL TEST
52 - 4.6 CERTIFICATION
52 - 4.7 DEVICE REGISTRATION AND LOGGING OF TESTS
53 - SECTION 5 SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
53 - 5.1 GENERAL
53 - 5.2 PASSENGER ROPEWAYS
53 - 5.3 AQUATIC AMUSEMENT DEVICES
53 - 5.3.1 Safety requirements
53 - 5.3.2 Water slides
55 - 5.3.3 Aquatic toboggan rides incorporating a water stop
55 - 5.4 WATERBORNE RIDES
55 - 5.4.1 Log or boat flume rides
56 - 5.4.2 Raft rides
57 - 5.5 COIN-OPERATED AMUSEMENT DEVICES
57 - 5.5.1 General
57 - 5.5.2 Operation
57 - 5.5.3 Guarding and protection
57 - 5.6 DODGEM CARS
58 - 5.7 KARTS AND KART TRACKS
58 - 5.7.1 General
58 - 5.7.2 Karts
59 - 5.7.3 Kart tracks
59 - 5.8 FERRARI 500-TYPE KARTS AND TRACKS
59 - 5.8.1 General
60 - 5.8.2 Karts
60 - 5.8.3 Tracks for ferrari 500-type karts
61 - 5.9 INFLATABLE STRUCTURES
61 - 5.9.1 General
61 - 5.9.2 Design
62 - 5.9.3 Materials
62 - 5.9.4 Flammability
62 - 5.9.5 Inflatable structures in which patrons are completely encased
63 - 5.10 ROLLER COASTERS
63 - 5.10.1 General
63 - 5.10.2 Vehicles
64 - 5.10.3 Track
65 - 5.10.4 Elevators (lifts)
65 - 5.10.5 Embarkation and disembarkation stations
66 - 5.10.6 Anti-collision equipment
66 - 5.10.7 Braking systems and brakes
66 - 5.10.8 Control systems
67 - 5.11 BOBSLEDS
67 - 5.11.1 Haulage return systems
68 - 5.11.2 Structural requirements
68 - 5.11.3 Bobsled design
68 - 5.11.4 Site information
68 - 5.11.5 Site preparation and track layout
69 - 5.12 TRAINS
69 - 5.12.1 Classification and general requirements
69 - 5.12.2 Fixed location tracked trains
71 - 5.12.3 Transportable tracked trains
72 - 5.12.4 Trackless trains
73 - 5.13 AMUSEMENT DEVICES INCORPORATING ELASTIC SUSPENSION SYSTEMS
73 - 5.13.1 General
73 - 5.13.2 Operating zone
73 - 5.13.3 Bungy jumping
74 - 5.13.4 Other elastic suspension systems
74 - 5.14 AIR CUSHIONED VEHICLES
74 - 5.14.1 General
74 - 5.14.2 Vehicle design
75 - 5.14.3 Patron protection
75 - 5.15 FLYING FOXES
75 - 5.15.1 General
75 - 5.15.2 Location
75 - 5.15.3 Site preparation
76 - 5.15.4 Structural requirements
77 - 5.16 PARASAILING
78 - 5.17 CABLE WATERSKIING
79 - 5.18 MINI BIKES AND MINI BIKE TRACKS
79 - 5.18.1 General
79 - 5.18.2 Barriers
80 - 5.18.3 Kill switches
80 - 5.18.4 Guarding
80 - 5.18.5 Fuel tanks
80 - 5.18.6 Vehicle identification
80 - 5.18.7 Speed limit
81 - SECTION 6 INFORMATION
81 - 6.1 INSTRUCTIONS
81 - 6.2 DATA
82 - SECTION 7 MARKING
82 - 7.1 GENERAL
82 - 7.2 IDENTIFICATION PLATE
82 - 7.3 ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
83 - APPENDIX A - STATUTORY REQUIREMENTS
83 - A1 INTRODUCTION
83 - A2 REGISTRATION OR NOTIFICATION OF AMUSEMENT DEVICE DESIGNS
83 - A3 REGISTRATION OF AMUSEMENT DEVICES
83 - A4 MODIFICATION AND ALTERATIONS
83 - A5 NOTIFICATION OF CHANGE IN OWNERSHIP
83 - A6 COMMONWEALTH GOVERNMENT AUTHORITY
84 - A7 STATE AND TERRITORY GOVERNMENT AUTHORITIES
84 - A7.1 Australian Capital Territory
84 - A7.2 New South Wales
84 - A7.3 Northern Territory
84 - A7.4 Queensland
85 - A7.5 South Australia
85 - A7.6 Tasmania
85 - A7.7 Victoria
85 - A7.8 Western Australia
86 - APPENDIX B - SUGGESTED TRAINING, QUALIFICATIONS AND EXPERIENCE FOR COMPETENT PERSONS
88 - APPENDIX C - FAILURE TO SAFETY (FAIL-SAFE SYSTEMS)
88 - C1 GENERAL
88 - C2 COMMON FAIL-SAFE SYSTEMS
88 - C2.1 Emergency stop systems
88 - C2.2 Fail-safe brake
89 - C2.3 Structural elements
89 - C2.4 Ratchet locks
90 - APPENDIX D - BASIC FACTS ON THE EFFECTS OF ACCELERATION ON THE HUMAN BODY
90 - D1 DEFINITIONS
90 - D1.1 Acceleration
90 - D1.2 Long duration acceleration
90 - D2 VECTORS OF ACCELERATION
90 - D3 EFFECTS OF LONG DURATION +Gz ACCELERATION
92 - D4 EFFECTS OF LONG DURATION Gz ACCELERATION
92 - D5 FACTORS INFLUENCING HUMAN TOLERANCE TO ACCELERATION
92 - D6 ACCELERATION TOLERANCE OF THE HUMAN BODY
92 - D6.1 General
93 - D6.2 Time limits
93 - D6.3 Restraints
94 - APPENDIX E - GUIDELINES FOR THE DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF AMUSEMENT RIDES AND DEVICES SUBJECT TO FATIGUE
94 - E1 GENERAL
94 - E2 DESIGN AND ANALYSIS
95 - E3 INSPECTION AND REPAIR
96 - APPENDIX F - PROVISIONS AND CRITERIA FOR EXITS
97 - APPENDIX G - RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CABLE ANGLE AND CABLE TENSION UNDER VARYING LOADS FOR A FLYING FOX INSTALLATION

Specifies requirements for the design, manufacture and construction of fixed and portable amusement rides and devices, excluding equipment specifically covered in other Standards. Includes a classification system for rides and devices.

This Standard specifies requirements for the design, manufacture, and construction of fixed and portable amusement rides and devices, excluding miniature trains and railway systems owned and operated by model railway societies, clubs or associations, or those covered by public transport legislation.NOTES:1 The operation and maintenance of amusement rides and devices is covered by AS 3533.2, and a logbook is available as AS 3533.2 Supplement 1.2 Compliance with the requirements and conditions set down by associations such as The Australian Association of Live Steamers is generally required for the miniature trains and railway systems mentioned above.

Committee
ME-051
DocumentType
Standard
ISBN
0 7337 1644 X
Pages
90
PublisherName
Standards Australia
Status
Superseded
SupersededBy
Supersedes
UnderRevision

Amendment 1 see DR 99516 First published as part of AS 3533-1988.Revised and redesignated in part as AS 3533.1-1997. First published as part of AS 3533-1988. Revised and redesignated in part as AS 3533.1-1997.

AS 1720.1-1988 Timber structures (known as the SAA Timber Structures Code) Design methods
AS 1732-1997 Fusible plugs for boilers
AS 1056.2-1985 Storage water heaters - Specific requirements for water heaters with single shells
AS 3892-1995 Pressure equipment - Installation
AS/NZS 1869:1996 Hose and hose assemblies for liquefied petroleum gases (LP Gas), natural gas and town gas
AS 1418.1-1994 Cranes (including hoists and winches) General requirements
AS 1319-1994 Safety signs for the occupational environment (Reconfirmed 2018)
AS/NZS ISO 9002:1994 Quality systems - Model for quality assurance in production, installation and servicing
AS/NZS ISO 9000.1:1994 Quality management and quality assurance standards Guidelines for selection and use
AS 1170.2-1989 Minimum design loads on structures (known as the SAA Loading Code) Wind loads
AS/NZS 1554.6:1994 Structural steel welding - Welding stainless steels for structural purposes
AS 1554.3-1983 Structural steel welding (known as the SAA Structural Steel Welding Code) - Welding of reinforcing steel
AS 2790-1989 Electricity generating sets - Transportable (Up to 25 kW)
AS/NZS ISO 9003:1994 Quality systems - Model for quality assurance in final inspection and test
AS 2788-1985 Fluid power - Pneumatic systems and components
AS 3000-1986 Electrical installations - Buildings, structures and premises (known as the SAA Wiring Rules)
AS 1530.2-1993 Methods for fire tests on building materials, components and structures Test for flammability of materials (Reconfirmed 2016)
AS 1725-1975 Galvanized rail-less chainwire security fences and gates
AS/NZS 1554.5:1995 Structural steel welding Welding of steel structures subject to high levels of fatigue loading
AS 1170.3-1990 Minimum design loads on structures (known as the SAA Loading Code) - Snow loads
AS/NZS 3788:1996 Pressure equipment - In-service inspection
AS/NZS ISO 9001:1994 Quality systems - Model for quality assurance in design, development, production, installation and servicing
AS 1538-1988 Cold-formed Steel Structures Code
AS/NZS 3100:1997 Approval and test specification - General requirements for electrical equipment
AS 1394-1984 Round steel wire for ropes
AS 3990-1993 Mechanical equipment - Steelwork (Reconfirmed 2016)
AS 3136-1996 Approval and test specification - Electrical equipment for spa-baths and spa and swimming pools
AS 1271-1997 Safety valves, other valves, liquid level gauges, and other fittings for boilers and unfired pressure vessels
AS/NZS 2293.1:1998 Emergency evacuation lighting for buildings System design, installation and operation
AS 1228-1997 Pressure equipment - Boilers
AS/NZS 1200:1994 Pressure equipment
AS 4100-1990 Steel structures
AS/NZS 1891.1:1995 Industrial fall-arrest systems and devices Safety belts and harnesses
AS 1170.1-1981 Minimum design loads on structures (known as the SAA Loading Code) Dead and live loads
AS/NZS 3108:1994 Approval and test specification - Particular requirements for isolating transformers and safety isolating transformers
AS 1657-1992 Fixed platforms, walkways, stairways and ladders - Design, construction and installation
AS 1170.4-1993 Minimum design loads on structures (known as the SAA Loading Code) Earthquake loads
AS 1668.1-1991 The use of mechanical ventilation and air-conditioning in buildings - Fire and smoke control
AS 1668.2-1991 The use of mechanical ventilation and air-conditioning in buildings Mechanical ventilation for acceptable indoor-air quality
AS 2321-1979 Short-link chain for lifting purposes (non-calibrated)
AS 3791-1991 Hydraulic hose
AS/NZS 3191:1996 Approval and test specification - Electric flexible cords
AS 2759-1985 Steel wire rope - Application guide
AS 1056.3-1991 Storage water heaters - Specific requirements for water heaters with composite shells
AS 1926.1-1993 Swimming pool safety Fencing for swimming pools
AS 2444-1995 Portable fire extinguishers and fire blankets - Selection and location
AS 2860-1986 Textiles - Stitch types - Classification and terminology (Reconfirmed 2016)
AS 1664-1979 Rules for the use of aluminium in structures (known as the SAA Aluminium Structures Code) (incorporating Corrig.)
AS 1418.2-1997 Cranes (including hoists and winches) Serial hoists and winches
AS/NZS 4360:1999 Risk management
AS 1939-1990 Degrees of protection provided by enclosures for electrical equipment (IP Code)
AS 2159-1995 Piling - Design and installation
AS 4024.1-1996 Safeguarding of machinery General principles
AS 2237-1979 Plastics fuel and emission control tube
AS 1403-1985 Design of rotating steel shafts
AS 1418.10-1996 Cranes (including hoists and winches) - Elevating work platforms
AS 3569-1989 Steel wire ropes
AS/NZS 5848:1992 Code of practice for bungy jumping
AS 3920.1-1993 Assurance of product quality Pressure equipment manufacture
AS 3002-1985 Electrical installations - Shows and carnivals
AS 1210 SUPP 1-1990
AS 3533.2 SUPP 1-1997 Amusement rides and devices Operation and maintenance - Logbook (Supplement to AS 3533.2-1997)
AS/NZS 1554.1:1995 Structural steel welding Welding of steel structures
AS 1554.2-1993 Structural steel welding - Stud welding (steel studs to steel)
AS 3500.4-1994 National Plumbing and Drainage Code Hot water supply systems
AS 3653-1993 Boilers - Safety, management, combustion and other ancillary equipment
AS/NZS 4422:1996 Playground surfacing -Specifications, requirements and test method
AS 4037-1999 Pressure equipment - Examination and testing (Reconfirmed 2016)
AS/NZS 1554.4:1995 Structural steel welding - Welding of high strength quenched and tempered steels
AS 3533.2-1997 Amusement rides and devices Operation and maintenance
AS 1735.1-1999 Lifts, escalators and moving walks - General requirements
AS 1530.3-1989 Methods for fire tests on building materials, components and structures Simultaneous determination of ignitability, flame propagation, heat release and smoke release
AS 1210-1989
AS 1056.1-1991 Storage water heaters General requirements
AS 2593-1995 Boilers - Unattended and limited attendance

AS 3533.4.3-2007 Amusement rides and devices Specific requirements - Roller coasters
AS 3533.3-2003 Amusement rides and devices In-service inspection (Reconfirmed 2013)
AS/NZS 3002:2002 Electrical installations - Shows and carnivals
AS 3533.4.1-2005 Amusement rides and devices Specific requirements - Land-borne inflatable devices
AS 3533.2-1997 Amusement rides and devices Operation and maintenance
AS 3533.1 SUPP 1-2003 Amusement rides and devices Design and construction - Intrinsic safety (Supplement to AS 3533.1-1997)
AS 1056.1-1991 Storage water heaters General requirements
AS/NZS 3001:2008 Electrical installations - Transportable structures and vehicles including their site supplies

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