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ASTM E 1354 : 2017

Superseded
Superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

View Superseded by
superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
Available format(s)

Hardcopy , PDF

Superseded date

20-06-2022

Language(s)

English

Published date

08-08-2017

This fire-test-response standard provides for measuring the response of materials exposed to controlled levels of radiant heating with or without an external ignitor.

1.1This fire-test-response standard provides for measuring the response of materials exposed to controlled levels of radiant heating with or without an external ignitor.

1.2This test method is used to determine the ignitability, heat release rates, mass loss rates, effective heat of combustion, and visible smoke development of materials and products.

1.3The rate of heat release is determined by measurement of the oxygen consumption as determined by the oxygen concentration and the flow rate in the exhaust product stream. The effective heat of combustion is determined from a concomitant measurement of specimen mass loss rate, in combination with the heat release rate. Smoke development is measured by obscuration of light by the combustion product stream.

1.4Specimens shall be exposed to initial test heat fluxes in the range of 0 to 100 kW/m2. External ignition, when used, shall be by electric spark. The value of the initial test heat flux and the use of external ignition are to be as specified in the relevant material or performance standard (see X1.2). The normal specimen testing orientation is horizontal, independent of whether the end-use application involves a horizontal or a vertical orientation. The apparatus also contains provisions for vertical orientation testing; this is used for exploratory or diagnostic studies only.

1.5Ignitability is determined as a measurement of time from initial exposure to time of sustained flaming.

1.6This test method has been developed for use for material and product evaluations, mathematical modeling, design purposes, or development and research. Examples of material specimens include portions of an end-use product or the various components used in the end-use product.

1.7The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.8This standard is used to measure and describe the response of materials, products, or assemblies to heat and flame under controlled conditions, but does not by itself incorporate all factors required for fire hazard or fire risk assessment of the materials, products, or assemblies under actual fire conditions.

1.9This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see Section 7.

1.10Fire testing is inherently hazardous. Adequate safeguards for personnel and property shall be employed in conducting these tests.

1.11This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Committee
E 05
DocumentType
Test Method
Pages
26
PublisherName
American Society for Testing and Materials
Status
Superseded
SupersededBy
Supersedes

ASTM E 1822 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Stacked Chairs
ASTM E 2536 : 2015 : REV A Standard Guide for Assessment of Measurement Uncertainty in Fire Tests
ASTM E 1590 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Mattresses
ASTM C 1482 : 2017 Standard Specification for Polyimide Flexible Cellular Thermal and Sound Absorbing Insulation
ASTM E 2280 : 2017 Standard Guide for Fire Hazard Assessment of the Effect of Upholstered Seating Furniture Within Patient Rooms of Health Care Facilities
ASTM F 3214 : 2018 Standard Practice for Characterization of Fire Properties of Materials Specified for Vehicles Associated with Amusement Rides and Devices
ASTM D 5485 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determining the Corrosive Effect of Combustion Products Using the Cone Corrosimeter
ASTM E 1546 : 2015 Standard Guide for Development of Fire-Hazard-Assessment Standards
ASTM E 1995 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Smoke Obscuration Using a Conical Radiant Source in a Single Closed Chamber, With the Test Specimen Oriented Horizontally
ASTM E 2058 : 2019 Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Material Flammability Using a Fire Propagation Apparatus (FPA)
ASTM D 6113 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Using a Cone Calorimeter to Determine Fire-Test-Response Characteristics of Insulating Materials Contained in Electrical or Optical Fiber Cables
ASTM F 1870 : 2016 Standard Guide for Selection of Fire Test Methods for the Assessment of Upholstered Furnishings in Detention and Correctional Facilities
ASTM F 1085 : 2014 Standard Specification for Mattress and Box Springs for Use in Berths in Marine Vessels
ASTM E 2707 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Determining Fire Penetration of Exterior Wall Assemblies Using a Direct Flame Impingement Exposure
ASTM E 2965 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Low Levels of Heat Release Rate for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
ASTM D 5537 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Heat Release, Flame Spread, Smoke Obscuration, and Mass Loss Testing of Insulating Materials Contained in Electrical or Optical Fiber Cables When Burning in a Vertical Cable Tray Configuration
ASTM F 1550 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Fire-Test-Response Characteristics of Components or Composites of Mattresses or Furniture for Use in Correctional Facilities after Exposure to Vandalism, by Employing a Bench Scale Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
ASTM E 603 : 2017 Standard Guide for Room Fire Experiments
ASTM E 1623 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Fire and Thermal Parameters of Materials, Products, and Systems Using an Intermediate Scale Calorimeter (ICAL)
ASTM D 4000 : 2016 Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
ASTM E 1740 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Determining the Heat Release Rate and Other<brk/> Fire-Test-Response Characteristics of Wall Covering or Ceiling Covering Composites Using a Cone Calorimeter
ASTM D 2898 : 2010 : R2017 Standard Practice for Accelerated Weathering of Fire-Retardant-Treated Wood for Fire Testing
ASTM D 7032 : 2017 Standard Specification for Establishing Performance Ratings for Wood-Plastic Composite and Plastic Lumber Deck Boards, Stair Treads, Guards, and Handrails
ASTM E 2102 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Mass Loss and Ignitability for Screening Purposes Using a Conical Radiant Heater
ASTM E 1537 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Upholstered Furniture
ASTM D 2843 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Density of Smoke from the Burning or Decomposition of Plastics
ASTM E 3020 : 2016 : REV A Standard Practice for Ignition Sources
ASTM E 2067 : 2015 Standard Practice for Full-Scale Oxygen Consumption Calorimetry Fire Tests
ASTM E 1474 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Determining the Heat Release Rate of Upholstered Furniture and Mattress Components or Composites Using a Bench Scale Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
ASTM E 1591 : 2013 Standard Guide for Obtaining Data for Fire Growth Models
ASTM E 3048 : 2019 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determination of Time to Burn-Through Using the Intermediate Scale Calorimeter (ICAL) Radiant Panel
ASTM E 176 : 2018 : REV A Standard Terminology of Fire Standards
ASTM E 906/E906M : 2017 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using a Thermopile Method
ASTM D 4976 : 2012 : REV A Standard Specification for Polyethylene Plastics Molding and Extrusion Materials
ASTM D 5424 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Smoke Obscuration of Insulating Materials Contained in Electrical or Optical Fiber Cables When Burning in a Vertical Cable Tray Configuration
ASTM D 7031 : 2011 : R2019 Standard Guide for Evaluating Mechanical and Physical Properties of Wood-Plastic Composite Products
ASTM D 7295 : 2018 Standard Practice for Sampling Combustion Effluents and Other Stationary Sources for the Subsequent Determination of Hydrogen Cyanide
ASTM E 1740 : 2020 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determining the Heat Release Rate and Other Fire-Test-Response Characteristics of Wall Covering or Ceiling Covering Composites Using a Cone Calorimeter
ASTM E 2067 : 2020 Standard Practice for Full-Scale Oxygen Consumption Calorimetry Fire Tests
ASTM E 1591 : 2020 Standard Guide for Obtaining Data for Fire Growth Models
ASTM E 800 : 2020 Standard Guide for Measurement of Gases Present or Generated During Fires
ASTM E 2061 : 2020 Standard Guide for Fire Hazard Assessment of Rail Transportation Vehicles
ASTM D 4976 : 2012 : REV A : R2020 Standard Specification for Polyethylene Plastics Molding and Extrusion Materials
ASTM D 4000 : 2020 Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
ASTM D 5485 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Determining Corrosive Effect of Combustion Products Using the Cone Corrosimeter
ASTM D 6113 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Using Cone Calorimeter to Determine Fire-Test-Response Characteristics of Insulating Materials Contained in Electrical or Optical Fiber Cables
ASTM E 1995 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Smoke Obscuration Using a Conical Radiant Source in a Single Closed Chamber, With the Test Specimen Oriented Horizontally
ASTM E 1546 : 2021 Standard Guide for Development of Fire-Hazard-Assessment Standards
ASTM E 2536 : 2021 Standard Guide for Assessment of Measurement Uncertainty in Fire Tests
ASTM D 7032 : 2021 Standard Specification for Establishing Performance Ratings for Wood-Plastic Composite and Plastic Lumber Deck Boards, Stair Treads, Guards, and Handrails
ASTM E 1822 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Stacked Chairs
ASTM E 2280 : 2021 Standard Guide for Fire Hazard Assessment of the Effect of Upholstered Seating Furniture Within Patient Rooms of Health Care Facilities
ASTM E 906/E906M : 2021 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using a Thermopile Method
ASTM E 176 : 2021 : REV A Standard Terminology of Fire Standards
ASTM E 2102 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Mass Loss and Ignitability for Screening Purposes Using a Conical Radiant Heater
ASTM E 1590 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Mattresses
ASTM E 3020 : 2022 Standard Practice for Ignition Sources

ASTM E 662 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials
ASTM E 177 : 1990 : REV A : R1996 Standard Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods
ASTM D 5865 : 2011 : REV A Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
ASTM E 662 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials
ASTM D 5865 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
ASTM D 5865 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
ASTM E 691 : 2020 Standard Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
ASTM D 5865 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
ASTM D 5865 : 2007 : REV A Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
ASTM D 5865 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
ASTM E 176 : 2018 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Terminology of Fire Standards
ASTM D 5865 : 1998 : REV A Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
ASTM E 662 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials
ASTM D 5865 : 2003 : REV A Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
ASTM E 691 : 2019 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
ASTM D 5865 : 1999 : REV A Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
ASTM D 5865 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
ASTM E 176 : 2021 Standard Terminology of Fire Standards
ASTM E 691 : 2009 Standard Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
ASTM D 5865 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
ASTM E 176 : 2018 : REV A : EDT 2 Standard Terminology of Fire Standards
ASTM E 691 : 2021 Standard Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
ASTM D 5865 : 2001 : REV A Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
ASTM D 5865 : 2001 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
ASTM D 5865 : 2010 : REV A Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
ASTM D 5865 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
ASTM E 662 : 2021 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials
ASTM D 5865 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
ASTM D 5865 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
ASTM E 176 : 2021 : REV A Standard Terminology of Fire Standards
ASTM D 5865 : 2010 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
ASTM D 5865 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke

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