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ASTM C 1696 : 2020

Current
Current

The latest, up-to-date edition.

Standard Guide for Industrial Thermal Insulation Systems
Available format(s)

Hardcopy , PDF

Language(s)

English

Published date

03-01-2020

1.1This guide covers information on selection of insulation materials, systems design, application methods, protective coverings, guarantees, inspection, testing, and maintenance of thermal insulation primarily for industrial applications in a temperature range of –320 to 1200°F (–195.5 to 648.8°C).

1.2This guide is intended to provide practical guidelines, by applying acceptable current practice while indicating the basic principles by which new materials can be assessed and adapted for use under widely differing conditions. Design engineers, the general contractors, the fabricators, and the insulation contractors will find this guide helpful.

1.3Although some insulation system designs can serve as fire protection, this guide does not address the criteria specific to that need. API 521 Guide for Pressure-Relieving and Depressuring Systems is recommended as a reference for fire protection. This guide will however address the fire properties of insulation materials.

1.4This guide is not intended for commercial, architectural, acoustical, marine, vehicle transport, or military use.

1.5This guide does not address insulation system design for refractory linings or cold boxes whereby these are typically package units and of a proprietary insulation design.

1.6The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

1.7This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.8This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Committee
C 16
DocumentType
Guide
Pages
36
PublisherName
American Society for Testing and Materials
Status
Current
Supersedes

ASTM C 1617 : 2019 Standard Practice for Quantitative Accelerated Laboratory Evaluation of Extraction Solutions Containing Ions Leached from Thermal Insulation on Aqueous Corrosion of Metals

ASTM C 165 : 2023 Standard Test Method for Measuring Compressive Properties of Thermal Insulations
ASTM C 1775 : 2014 Standard Specification for Laminate Protective Jacket and Tape for Use over Thermal Insulation for Outdoor Applications
ASTM C 1029 : 2005 Standard Specification for Spray-Applied Rigid Cellular Polyurethane Thermal Insulation
ASTM A 653/A653M : 2001 : REV A Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) or Zinc-Iron Alloy-Coated (Galvannealed) by the Hot-Dip Process
ASTM E 84 : 2023 : REV D Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
ASTM C 533 : 2017 Standard Specification for Calcium Silicate Block and Pipe Thermal Insulation
ASTM C 168 : 2019 Standard Terminology Relating to Thermal Insulation
ASTM C 1559 : 2015 : R2021 Standard Test Method for Determining Wicking of Fibrous Glass Blanket Insulation (Aircraft Type)
ASTM C 692 : 2013 : R2023 Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Influence of Thermal Insulations on External Stress Corrosion Cracking Tendency of Austenitic Stainless Steel
ASTM C 177 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Steady-State Heat Flux Measurements and Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Guarded-Hot-Plate Apparatus
ASTM C 303 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Dimensions and Density of Preformed Block and Board–Type Thermal Insulation
ASTM C 446 : 1988 : R1993 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Breaking Load and Calculated Modulus of Rupture of Preformed Insulation for Pipes (Withdrawn 2002)
ASTM C 335/C335M : 2023 Standard Test Method for Steady-State Heat Transfer Properties of Pipe Insulation
ASTM E 96/E96M : 2022 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Gravimetric Determination of Water Vapor Transmission Rate of Materials
ASTM E 96/E96M : 2022 : REV A Standard Test Methods for Gravimetric Determination of Water Vapor Transmission Rate of Materials
ASTM A 240/A240M : 2011 Standard Specification for Chromium and Chromium-Nickel Stainless Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip for Pressure Vessels and for General Applications
ASTM C 547 : 2022 Standard Specification for Mineral Fiber Pipe Insulation
ASTM A 653/A653M : 2023 Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) or Zinc-Iron Alloy-Coated (Galvannealed) by the Hot-Dip Process
ASTM E 84 : 2023 : REV C Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
ASTM C 680 : 2023 : REV A Standard Practice for Estimate of the Heat Gain or Loss and the Surface Temperatures of Insulated Flat, Cylindrical, and Spherical Systems by Use of Computer Programs
ASTM C 303 : 2010 : R2016 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Dimensions and Density of Preformed Block and Board–Type Thermal Insulation
ASTM C 356 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Linear Shrinkage of Preformed High-Temperature Thermal Insulation Subjected to Soaking Heat
ASTM E 96/E96M : 2021 Standard Test Methods for Gravimetric Determination of Water Vapor Transmission Rate of Materials
ASTM B 209 : 2014 Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Sheet and Plate
ASTM C 591 : 2022 Standard Specification for Unfaced Preformed Rigid Cellular Polyisocyanurate Thermal Insulation
ASTM C 302 : 1995 Standard Test Method for Density and Dimensions of Preformed Pipe-Covering-Type Thermal Insulation
ASTM C 552 : 2000 Standard Specification for Cellular Glass Thermal Insulation
ASTM C 1559 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Determining Wicking of Fibrous Glass Blanket Insulation (Aircraft Type)
ASTM C 592 : 2022 : REV A Standard Specification for Mineral Fiber Blanket Insulation and Blanket-Type Pipe Insulation (Metal-Mesh Covered) (Industrial Type)
ASTM E 2652 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Assessing Combustibility of Materials Using a Tube Furnace with a Cone-shaped Airflow Stabilizer, at 750°C
ASTM C 447 : 2015 Standard Practice for Estimating the Maximum Use Temperature of Thermal Insulations
ASTM D 1621 : 2016 : R2023 Standard Test Method for Compressive Properties of Rigid Cellular Plastics
ASTM E 136 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Assessing Combustibility of Materials Using a Vertical Tube Furnace at 750 °C
ASTM C 1289 : 2023 : REV A Standard Specification for Faced Rigid Cellular Polyisocyanurate Thermal Insulation Board
ASTM A 240/A240M : 2005 Standard Specification for Chromium and Chromium-Nickel Stainless Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip for Pressure Vessels and for General Applications
ASTM E 96/E96M : 2022 Standard Test Methods for Gravimetric Determination of Water Vapor Transmission Rate of Materials
ASTM A 653/A653M : 2022 Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) or Zinc-Iron Alloy-Coated (Galvannealed) by the Hot-Dip Process
ASTM C 447 : 2015 : R2022 Standard Practice for Estimating the Maximum Use Temperature of Thermal Insulations
ASTM E 176 : 2021 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Terminology of Fire Standards
ASTM C 1289 : 2022 Standard Specification for Faced Rigid Cellular Polyisocyanurate Thermal Insulation Board
ASTM E 84 : 2023 Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
ASTM C 547 : 2019 Standard Specification for Mineral Fiber Pipe Insulation
ASTM A 792/A792M : 2009 Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, 55 % Aluminum-Zinc Alloy-Coated by the Hot-Dip Process
ASTM A 653/A653M : 2020 Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) or Zinc-Iron Alloy-Coated (Galvannealed) by the Hot-Dip Process
ASTM C 591 : 2020 Standard Specification for Unfaced Preformed Rigid Cellular Polyisocyanurate Thermal Insulation
ASTM C 552 : 2021 : REV A Standard Specification for Cellular Glass Thermal Insulation
ASTM C 680 : 2019 Standard Practice for Estimate of the Heat Gain or Loss and the Surface Temperatures of Insulated Flat, Cylindrical, and Spherical Systems by Use of Computer Programs
ASTM E 176 : 2018 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Terminology of Fire Standards
ASTM C 592 : 2008 Standard Specification for Mineral Fiber Blanket Insulation and Blanket-Type Pipe Insulation (Metal-Mesh Covered) (Industrial Type)
ASTM C 547 : 2022 : REV A Standard Specification for Mineral Fiber Pipe Insulation
ASTM C 680 : 1989 : R1995 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Determination of Heat Gain or Loss and the Surface Temperatures of Insulated Pipe and Equipment Systems by the Use of a Computer Program
ASTM D 1621 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Compressive Properties of Rigid Cellular Plastics
ASTM E 96/E96M : 2023 Standard Test Methods for Gravimetric Determination of Water Vapor Transmission Rate of Materials
ASTM C 240 : 2020 Standard Test Methods for Testing Cellular Glass Insulation Block
ASTM E 136 : 2019 : REV A Standard Test Method for Assessing Combustibility of Materials Using a Vertical Tube Furnace at 750°C
ASTM E 84 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
ASTM C 518 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Steady-State Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Heat Flow Meter Apparatus
ASTM C 1511 : 2015 : R2021 Standard Test Method for Determining the Water Retention (Repellency) Characteristics of Fibrous Glass Insulation (Aircraft Type)
ASTM C 1775 : 2022 Standard Specification for Laminate Protective Jacket and Tape for Use over Thermal Insulation for Outdoor Applications
ASTM C 578 : 2019 Standard Specification for Rigid, Cellular Polystyrene Thermal Insulation
ASTM E 176 : 2024 Standard Terminology of Fire Standards
ASTM C 356 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Linear Shrinkage of Preformed High-Temperature Thermal Insulation Subjected to Soaking Heat
ASTM A 792/A792M : 2022 Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, 55 % Aluminum-Zinc Alloy-Coated by the Hot-Dip Process
ASTM E 84 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
ASTM C 1126 : 2010 Standard Specification for Faced or Unfaced Rigid Cellular Phenolic Thermal Insulation
ASTM C 335/C335M : 2017 Standard Test Method for Steady-State Heat Transfer Properties of Pipe Insulation
ASTM C 1427 : 2021 Standard Specification for Extruded Preformed Flexible Cellular Polyolefin Thermal Insulation in Sheet and Tubular Form
ASTM A 240/A240M : 2022 : REV B Standard Specification for Chromium and Chromium-Nickel Stainless Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip for Pressure Vessels and for General Applications
ASTM C 167 : 2022 Standard Test Methods for Thickness and Density of Blanket or Batt Thermal Insulations
ASTM C 533 : 2017 : R2023 Standard Specification for Calcium Silicate Block and Pipe Thermal Insulation
ASTM C 302 : 2013 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Density and Dimensions of Preformed Pipe-Covering-Type Thermal Insulation
ASTM C 1427 : 2016 Standard Specification for Extruded Preformed Flexible Cellular Polyolefin Thermal Insulation in Sheet and Tubular Form
ASTM C 552 : 2021 Standard Specification for Cellular Glass Thermal Insulation
ASTM C 871 : 2018 : R2023 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Thermal Insulation Materials for Leachable Chloride, Fluoride, Silicate, and Sodium Ions
ASTM E 84 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
ASTM C 665 : 2023 Standard Specification for Mineral-Fiber Blanket Thermal Insulation for Light Frame Construction and Manufactured Housing
ASTM C 534/C534M : 2023 Standard Specification for Preformed Flexible Elastomeric Cellular Thermal Insulation in Sheet and Tubular Form
ASTM A 240/A240M : 2023 Standard Specification for Chromium and Chromium-Nickel Stainless Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip for Pressure Vessels and for General Applications
ASTM E 84 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
ASTM A 240/A240M : 2022 Standard Specification for Chromium and Chromium-Nickel Stainless Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip for Pressure Vessels and for General Applications
ASTM C 165 : 2007 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Measuring Compressive Properties of Thermal Insulations
ASTM C 240 : 2021 Standard Test Methods for Testing Cellular Glass Insulation Block
ASTM E 659 : 2015 : R2023 Standard Test Method for Autoignition Temperature of Chemicals
ASTM E 176 : 2021 Standard Terminology of Fire Standards
ASTM E 659 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Autoignition Temperature of Chemicals
ASTM E 2652 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Assessing Combustibility of Materials Using a Tube Furnace with a Cone-shaped Airflow Stabilizer, at 750 °C
ASTM E 96/E96M : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Water Vapor Transmission of Materials
ASTM C 534/C534M : 2020 : REV A Standard Specification for Preformed Flexible Elastomeric Cellular Thermal Insulation in Sheet and Tubular Form
ASTM C 578 : 2022 Standard Specification for Rigid, Cellular Polystyrene Thermal Insulation
ASTM C 1289 : 2023 Standard Specification for Faced Rigid Cellular Polyisocyanurate Thermal Insulation Board
ASTM C 592 : 2022 Standard Specification for Mineral Fiber Blanket Insulation and Blanket-Type Pipe Insulation (Metal-Mesh Covered) (Industrial Type)
ASTM E 176 : 2018 : REV A : EDT 2 Standard Terminology of Fire Standards
ASTM C 552 : 2017 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Cellular Glass Thermal Insulation
ASTM C 518 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Steady-State Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Heat Flow Meter Apparatus
ASTM C 871 : 2018 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Thermal Insulation Materials for Leachable Chloride, Fluoride, Silicate, and Sodium Ions
ASTM C 1289 : 2022 : REV A Standard Specification for Faced Rigid Cellular Polyisocyanurate Thermal Insulation Board
ASTM C 610 : 2017 : R2023 Standard Specification for Molded Expanded Perlite Block and Pipe Thermal Insulation
ASTM C 518 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Steady-State Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Heat Flow Meter Apparatus
ASTM A 792/A792M : 2010 : R2015 Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, 55 % Aluminum-Zinc Alloy-Coated by the Hot-Dip Process
ASTM C 1139 : 1990 : R1996 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Fibrous Glass Thermal Insulation and Sound Absorbing Blanket and Board for Military Applications
ASTM C 610 : 2017 Standard Specification for Molded Expanded Perlite Block and Pipe Thermal Insulation
ASTM A 240/A240M : 2022 : REV A Standard Specification for Chromium and Chromium-Nickel Stainless Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip for Pressure Vessels and for General Applications
ASTM A 792/A792M : 2023 Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, 55 % Aluminum-Zinc Alloy-Coated by the Hot-Dip Process
ASTM E 84 : 2023 : REV B Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
ASTM C 795 : 2008 : R2023 Standard Specification for Thermal Insulation for Use in Contact with Austenitic Stainless Steel
ASTM C 680 : 2004 : EDT 2 Standard Practice for Estimate of the Heat Gain or Loss and the Surface Temperatures of Insulated Flat, Cylindrical, and Spherical Systems by Use of Computer Programs
ASTM C 1289 : 2020 Standard Specification for Faced Rigid Cellular Polyisocyanurate Thermal Insulation Board
ASTM C 167 : 2018 Standard Test Methods for Thickness and Density of Blanket or Batt Thermal Insulations
ASTM A 240/A240M : 2020 : REV A Standard Specification for Chromium and Chromium-Nickel Stainless Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip for Pressure Vessels and for General Applications
ASTM C 177 : 2019 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Steady-State Heat Flux Measurements and Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Guarded-Hot-Plate Apparatus
ASTM C 1289 : 2021 Standard Specification for Faced Rigid Cellular Polyisocyanurate Thermal Insulation Board
ASTM C 1511 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Determining the Water Retention (Repellency) Characteristics of Fibrous Glass Insulation (Aircraft Type)
ASTM C 578 : 2023 Standard Specification for Rigid, Cellular Polystyrene Thermal Insulation
ASTM A 792/A792M : 2021 : REV A Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, 55 % Aluminum-Zinc Alloy-Coated by the Hot-Dip Process
ASTM C 167 : 1998 Standard Test Methods for Thickness and Density of Blanket or Batt Thermal Insulations
ASTM C 665 : 2017 Standard Specification for Mineral-Fiber Blanket Thermal Insulation for Light Frame Construction and Manufactured Housing
ASTM C 168 : 2022 Standard Terminology Relating to Thermal Insulation
ASTM C 302 : 2013 : R2022 Standard Test Method for Density and Dimensions of Preformed Pipe-Covering-Type Thermal Insulation
ASTM C 692 : 2013 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Influence of Thermal Insulations on External Stress Corrosion Cracking Tendency of Austenitic Stainless Steel
ASTM A 792/A792M : 2021 Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, 55 % Aluminum-Zinc Alloy-Coated by the Hot-Dip Process
ASTM E 84 : 2023 : REV A Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
ASTM C 203 : 2022 Standard Test Methods for Breaking Load and Flexural Properties of Block-Type Thermal Insulation
ASTM C 591 : 2021 Standard Specification for Unfaced Preformed Rigid Cellular Polyisocyanurate Thermal Insulation
ASTM C 680 : 2023 Standard Practice for Estimate of the Heat Gain or Loss and the Surface Temperatures of Insulated Flat, Cylindrical, and Spherical Systems by Use of Computer Programs
ASTM C 795 : 2008 : R2018 Standard Specification for Thermal Insulation for Use in Contact with Austenitic Stainless Steel
ASTM C 203 : 2005 : REV A : R2017 Standard Test Methods for Breaking Load and Flexural Properties of Block-Type Thermal Insulation
ASTM E 176 : 2021 : REV A Standard Terminology of Fire Standards
ASTM C 592 : 2016 Standard Specification for Mineral Fiber Blanket Insulation and Blanket-Type Pipe Insulation (Metal-Mesh Covered) (Industrial Type)
ASTM C 552 : 2022 Standard Specification for Cellular Glass Thermal Insulation
ASTM A 240/A240M : 2023 : REV A Standard Specification for Chromium and Chromium-Nickel Stainless Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip for Pressure Vessels and for General Applications
ASTM C 795 : 1992 : R1998 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Thermal Insulation for Use in Contact with Austenitic Stainless Steel
ASTM C 303 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Dimensions and Density of Preformed Block and Broad-Type Thermal Insulation
ASTM C 518 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Steady-State Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Heat Flow Meter Apparatus

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