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ASTM C 647 : 2019

Current

Current

The latest, up-to-date edition.

Standard Guide to Properties and Tests of Mastics and Coating Finishes for Thermal Insulation

Available format(s)

Hardcopy , PDF

Language(s)

English

Published date

03-01-2019

This guide identifies properties of mastics and coating finishes characterizing their performance as finishes for thermal insulation.

1.1This guide identifies properties of mastics and coating finishes characterizing their performance as finishes for thermal insulation.

1.2These properties relate to application and service. Each property is defined, and its significance and suggested test methods are described.

1.3The properties appear in the following order in this guide.

Paragraph

Application Properties

6

Consistency

6.1

Coverage

6.2

Build

6.3

Wet Flammability

6.4

Toxicity

6.5

Temperature and Humidity Range

6.6

Surface Wetting and Adhesion

6.7

Gap Filling and Bridging

6.8

Sizing and Sealing

6.9

Corrosion or Solvent Attack

6.10

Drying Time and Curing Time

6.11

Shrinkage

6.12

Storage Stability

6.13

Freeze-Thaw Stability

6.14

Service Properties

7

Specimen Preparation

7.1

Outdoor Durability

7.2

Environmental Resistance

7.3

  Temperature Limits

7.3.1

  Chemicals and Water Resistance

7.3.2

  Mold and Mildew Resistance

7.3.3

Surface Flammability

7.4

Water-Vapor Transmission Rate

7.5

Adhesion

7.6

Damage Resistance

7.7

  Impact Resistance

7.7.1

  Abrasion Resistance

7.7.2

Stress Resistance

7.8

  Flexure

7.8.1

  Elongation

7.8.2

Color

7.9

Odor

7.10

Other Properties

8

1.4The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

1.5This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Committee
C 16
DocumentType
Guide
Pages
6
PublisherName
American Society for Testing and Materials
Status
Current
Supersedes

ASTM D 2196 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Rheological Properties of Non-Newtonian Materials by Rotational Viscometer
ASTM C 488 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Conducting Exterior Exposure Tests of Finishes for Thermal Insulation
ASTM C 792 : 2023 Standard Test Method for Effects of Heat Aging on Weight Loss, Cracking, and Chalking of Elastomeric Sealants
ASTM D 2243 : 1995 : R2003 Standard Test Method for Freeze-Thaw Resistance of Water-Borne Coatings
ASTM E 84 : 2023 : REV D Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
ASTM D 3828 : 2002 Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Small Scale Closed Cup Tester
ASTM D 4339 : 2001 : R2013 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Odor of Adhesives
ASTM C 168 : 2019 Standard Terminology Relating to Thermal Insulation
ASTM D 2196 : 2010 Standard Test Methods for Rheological Properties of Non-Newtonian Materials by Rotational (Brookfield type) Viscometer
ASTM F 1249 : 2006 Standard Test Method for Water Vapor Transmission Rate Through Plastic Film and Sheeting Using a Modulated Infrared Sensor
ASTM E 96/E96M : 2022 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Gravimetric Determination of Water Vapor Transmission Rate of Materials
ASTM D 3828 : 2012 : REV A Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Small Scale Closed Cup Tester
ASTM E 96/E96M : 2022 : REV A Standard Test Methods for Gravimetric Determination of Water Vapor Transmission Rate of Materials
ASTM D 2444 : 1999 : R2010 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Impact Resistance of Thermoplastic Pipe and Fittings by Means of a Tup (Falling Weight)
ASTM D 2444 : 2019 Standard Practice for Determination of the Impact Resistance of Thermoplastic Pipe and Fittings by Means of a Tup (Falling Weight)
ASTM D 3828 : 1998 Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Small Scale Closed Tester
ASTM E 84 : 2023 : REV C Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
ASTM D 2485 : 1991 : R2013 Standard Test Methods for Evaluating Coatings For High Temperature Service
ASTM D 3274 : 2009 : R2021 Standard Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Surface Disfigurement of Paint Films by Fungal or Algal Growth, or Soil and Dirt Accumulation
ASTM D 2196 : 2005 Standard Test Methods for Rheological Properties of Non-Newtonian Materials by Rotational (Brookfield type) Viscometer
ASTM D 3828 : 2007 Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Small Scale Closed Cup Tester
ASTM E 162 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
ASTM E 96/E96M : 2021 Standard Test Methods for Gravimetric Determination of Water Vapor Transmission Rate of Materials
ASTM D 2444 : 2017 Standard Practice for Determination of the Impact Resistance of Thermoplastic Pipe and Fittings by Means of a Tup (Falling Weight)
ASTM D 2354 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Minimum Film Formation Temperature (MFFT) of Emulsion Vehicles
ASTM D 3828 : 2016 : REV A : R2021 Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Small Scale Closed Cup Tester
ASTM D 1729 : 2016 Standard Practice for Visual Appraisal of Colors and Color Differences of Diffusely-Illuminated Opaque Materials
ASTM D 3274 : 2009 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Surface Disfigurement of Paint Films by Fungal or Algal Growth, or Soil and Dirt Accumulation
ASTM F 1249 : 1994 : REV B Standard Test Method for Water Vapor Transmission Rate Through Plastic Film and Sheeting Using a Modulated Infrared Sensor
ASTM C 461 : 2023 Standard Test Methods for Mastics and Coatings Used With Thermal Insulation
ASTM D 3828 : 2007 : REV A Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Small Scale Closed Cup Tester
ASTM D 2453 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Shrinkage and Tenacity of Oil- and Resin-Base Caulking Compounds
ASTM D 2354 : 2010 : R2023 Standard Test Method for Minimum Film Formation Temperature (MFFT) of Emulsion Vehicles
ASTM E 96/E96M : 2022 Standard Test Methods for Gravimetric Determination of Water Vapor Transmission Rate of Materials
ASTM D 3134 : 2015 Standard Practice for Establishing Color and Gloss Tolerances
ASTM D 93 : 2019 Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester
ASTM E 84 : 2023 Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
ASTM D 1310 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Flash Point and Fire Point of Liquids by Tag Open-Cup Apparatus
ASTM D 1654 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Painted or Coated Specimens Subjected to Corrosive Environments
ASTM D 5590 : 2000 : R2010 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determining the Resistance of Paint Films and Related Coatings to Fungal Defacement by Accelerated Four-Week Agar Plate Assay
ASTM D 543 : 2021 Standard Practices for Evaluating the Resistance of Plastics to Chemical Reagents
ASTM E 96/E96M : 2023 Standard Test Methods for Gravimetric Determination of Water Vapor Transmission Rate of Materials
ASTM D 1310 : 1986 : R1997 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Flash Point and Fire Point of Liquids by Tag Open-Cup Apparatus
ASTM D 2444 : 2021 Standard Practice for Determination of the Impact Resistance of Thermoplastic Pipe and Fittings by Means of a Tup (Falling Weight)
ASTM D 36/D36M : 2014 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Softening Point of Bitumen (Ring-and-Ball Apparatus)
ASTM E 84 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
ASTM E 96/E96M : 2024 Standard Test Methods for Gravimetric Determination of Water Vapor Transmission Rate of Materials
ASTM D 93 : 1990 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Tester
ASTM D 3828 : 2012 Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Small Scale Closed Cup Tester
ASTM C 488 : 2016 : R2023 Standard Test Method for Conducting Exterior Exposure Tests of Finishes for Thermal Insulation
ASTM E 84 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
ASTM C 168 : 2024 Standard Terminology Relating to Thermal Insulation
ASTM D 1310 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Flash Point and Fire Point of Liquids by Tag Open-Cup Apparatus
ASTM D 3274 : 1995 Standard Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Surface Disfigurement of Paint Films by Microbial (Fungal or Algal) Growth or Soil and Dirt Accumulation
ASTM D 968 : 2022 Standard Test Methods for Abrasion Resistance of Organic Coatings by Falling Abrasive
ASTM D 1640 : 1983 : R1989 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Drying, Curing, or Film Formation of Organic Coatings at Room Temperature
ASTM D 4339 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Odor of Adhesives
ASTM D 2354 : 2010 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Minimum Film Formation Temperature (MFFT) of Emulsion Vehicles
ASTM D 2485 : 1991 : R2000 Standard Test Methods for Evaluating Coatings For High Temperature Service
ASTM D 56 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Method for Flash Point by Tag Closed Cup Tester
ASTM D 3361/D3361M : 2013 : R2018 Standard Practice for Unfiltered Open-Flame Carbon-Arc Exposures of Paint and Related Coatings
ASTM D 1729 : 1996 : R2009 Standard Practice for Visual Appraisal of Colors and Color Differences of Diffusely-Illuminated Opaque Materials
ASTM D 3828 : 2016 : REV A Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Small Scale Closed Cup Tester
ASTM E 84 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
ASTM D 3274 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Surface Disfigurement of Paint Films by Fungal or Algal Growth, or Soil and Dirt Accumulation
ASTM D 2196 : 2018 Standard Test Methods for Rheological Properties of Non-Newtonian Materials by Rotational Viscountess
ASTM D 1849 : 1995 Standard Test Method for Package Stability of Paint
ASTM E 84 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
ASTM D 1729 : 1996 : R2003 Standard Practice for Visual Appraisal of Colors and Color Differences of Diffusely-Illuminated Opaque Materials
ASTM E 659 : 2015 : R2023 Standard Test Method for Autoignition Temperature of Chemicals
ASTM E 659 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Autoignition Temperature of Chemicals
ASTM F 1249 : 2006 : R2011 Standard Test Method for Water Vapor Transmission Rate Through Plastic Film and Sheeting Using a Modulated Infrared Sensor
ASTM D 2485 : 1991 : R2007 Standard Test Methods for Evaluating Coatings For High Temperature Service
ASTM D 56 : 2016 : REV A Standard Test Method for Flash Point by Tag Closed Cup Tester
ASTM D 562 : 2010 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Consistency of Paints Measuring Krebs Unit (KU) Viscosity Using a Stormer-Type Viscometer
ASTM E 96/E96M : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Water Vapor Transmission of Materials
ASTM D 1849 : 1995 : R2003 Standard Test Method for Package Stability of Paint
ASTM D 2453 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Shrinkage and Tenacity of Oil- and Resin-Base Caulking Compounds
ASTM D 2485 : 2022 Standard Test Methods for Evaluating Coatings For High Temperature Service
ASTM D 4339 : 2001 : R2007 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Odor of Adhesives
ASTM D 1849 : 1995 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Package Stability of Paint
ASTM D 638 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics
ASTM D 1849 : 1995 : R2008 Standard Test Method for Package Stability of Paint
ASTM D 2444 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Impact Resistance of Thermoplastic Pipe and Fittings by Means of a Tup (Falling Weight)
ASTM D 1640 : 2003 Standard Test Methods for Drying, Curing, or Film Formation of Organic Coatings at Room Temperature
ASTM D 5590 : 1994 Standard Test Method for Determining the Resistance of Paint Films and Related Coatings to Fungal Defacement by Accelerated Four-Week Agar Plate Assay
ASTM D 5590 : 2017 : R2021 Standard Test Method for Determining the Resistance of Paint Films and Related Coatings to Fungal Defacement by Accelerated Four-Week Agar Plate Assay
ASTM D 2453 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Shrinkage and Tenacity of Oil- and Resin-Base Caulking Compounds
ASTM D 3274 : 2009 : R2013 Standard Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Surface Disfigurement of Paint Films by Fungal or Algal Growth, or Soil and Dirt Accumulation
ASTM D 3134 : 2015 : R2019 Standard Practice for Establishing Color and Gloss Tolerances
ASTM D 2354 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Minimum Film Formation Temperature (MFFT) of Emulsion Vehicles (Withdrawn 2007)
ASTM D 1310 : 2001 : R2007 Standard Test Method for Flash Point and Fire Point of Liquids by Tag Open-Cup Apparatus
ASTM D 543 : 2020 Standard Practices for Evaluating the Resistance of Plastics to Chemical Reagents
ASTM D 2453 : 2015 : R2020 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Shrinkage and Tenacity of Oil- and Resin-Base Caulking Compounds
ASTM D 2243 : 1995 : R2014 Standard Test Method for Freeze-Thaw Resistance of Water-Borne Coatings
ASTM D 1654 : 2008 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Painted or Coated Specimens Subjected to Corrosive Environments
ASTM D 56 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Flash Point by Tag Closed Cup Tester
ASTM D 3828 : 2005 Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Small Scale Closed Cup Tester
ASTM D 2507 : 1993 Standard Terminology of Rheological Properties of Gelled Rocket Propellants
ASTM D 1640 : 1995 : R1999 Standard Test Methods for Drying, Curing, or Film Formation of Organic Coatings at Room Temperature
ASTM D 1310 : 2014 : R2021 Standard Test Method for Flash Point and Fire Point of Liquids by Tag Open-Cup Apparatus
ASTM D 3134 : 1997 : R2003 Standard Practice for Establishing Color and Gloss Tolerances
ASTM C 792 : 2015 : R2020 Standard Test Method for Effects of Heat Aging on Weight Loss, Cracking, and Chalking of Elastomeric Sealants
ASTM D 1654 : 1992 : R2000 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Painted or Coated Specimens Subjected to Corrosive Environments
ASTM E 84 : 2023 : REV B Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
ASTM D 93 : 2000 Standard Test Methods for Flash-Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester
ASTM D 2444 : 1999 : R2005 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Impact Resistance of Thermoplastic Pipe and Fittings by Means of a Tup (Falling Weight)
ASTM D 2354 : 2010 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Minimum Film Formation Temperature (MFFT) of Emulsion Vehicles
ASTM D 1729 : 1996 Standard Practice for Visual Appraisal of Colors and Color Differences of Diffusely-Illuminated Opaque Materials
ASTM D 3134 : 1997 Standard Practice for Establishing Color and Gloss Tolerances
ASTM D 93 : 1985 Standard Test Method for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Tester
ASTM D 3828 : 2009 Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Small Scale Closed Cup Tester
ASTM F 1249 : 1990 : R1995 Standard Test Method for Water Vapor Transmission Rate Through Plastic Film and Sheeting Using a Modulated Infrared Sensor
ASTM D 3134 : 1997 : R2008 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Establishing Color and Gloss Tolerances
ASTM D 1729 : 2022 Standard Practice for Visual Appraisal of Colors and Color Differences of Diffusely-Illuminated Opaque Materials
ASTM D 56 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Flash Point by Tag Closed Cup Tester
ASTM D 5590 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Determining the Resistance of Paint Films and Related Coatings to Fungal Defacement by Accelerated Four-Week Agar Plate Assay
ASTM D 822/D822M : 2013 : R2018 Standard Practice for Filtered Open-Flame Carbon-Arc Exposures of Paint and Related Coatings
ASTM G 21 : 2015 Standard Practice for Determining Resistance of Synthetic Polymeric Materials to Fungi
ASTM C 168 : 2022 Standard Terminology Relating to Thermal Insulation
ASTM D 1640 : 2003 : R2009 Standard Test Methods for Drying, Curing, or Film Formation of Organic Coatings at Room Temperature
ASTM D 1849 : 1995 : R2014 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Package Stability of Paint
ASTM D 56 : 1987 Standard Test Method for Flash Point by Tag Closed Tester
ASTM D 4339 : 2001 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Odor of Adhesives
ASTM D 1654 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Painted or Coated Specimens Subjected to Corrosive Environments
ASTM D 1654 : 2008 : R2016 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Painted or Coated Specimens Subjected to Corrosive Environments
ASTM E 84 : 2023 : REV A Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
ASTM D 2196 : 2018 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Rheological Properties of Non-Newtonian Materials by Rotational Viscometer
ASTM D 5590 : 2000 : R2010 Standard Test Method for Determining the Resistance of Paint Films and Related Coatings to Fungal Defacement by Accelerated Four-Week Agar Plate Assay
ASTM D 562 : 2010 : R2023 Standard Test Method for Consistency of Paints Measuring Krebs Unit (KU) Viscosity Using a Stormer-Type Viscometer
ASTM G 21 : 2015 : R2021 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Determining Resistance of Synthetic Polymeric Materials to Fungi
ASTM D 968 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Abrasion Resistance of Organic Coatings by Falling Abrasive
ASTM D 4339 : 1995 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Odor of Adhesives
ASTM E 162 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
ASTM D 5590 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determining the Resistance of Paint Films and Related Coatings to Fungal Defacement by Accelerated Four-Week Agar Plate Assay
ASTM D 3274 : 2009 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Surface Disfigurement of Paint Films by Fungal or Algal Growth, or Soil and Dirt Accumulation
ASTM D 2196 : 1999 Standard Test Methods for Rheological Properties of Non-Newtonian Materials by Rotational (Brookfield type) Viscometer
ASTM D 93 : 1997 Standard Test Methods for Flash-Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester
ASTM D 2243 : 1995 Standard Test Method for Freeze-Thaw Resistance of Water-Borne Coatings
ASTM D 3361/D3361M : 2022 Standard Practice for Unfiltered Open-Flame Carbon-Arc Exposures of Paint and Related Coatings
ASTM D 2485 : 2018 Standard Test Methods for Evaluating Coatings For High Temperature Service
ASTM C 461 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Mastics and Coatings Used With Thermal Insulation
ASTM D 3828 : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Small Scale Closed Cup Tester
ASTM F 1249 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Water Vapor Transmission Rate Through Plastic Film and Sheeting Using a Modulated Infrared Sensor
ASTM D 2243 : 1995 : R2008 Standard Test Method for Freeze-Thaw Resistance of Water-Borne Coatings
ASTM D 2453 : 2003 : R2009 Standard Test Method for Shrinkage and Tenacity of Oil- and Resin-Base Caulking Compounds
ASTM D 5590 : 2000 : R2005 Standard Test Method for Determining the Resistance of Paint Films and Related Coatings to Fungal Defacement by Accelerated Four-Week Agar Plate Assay
ASTM F 1249 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Water Vapor Transmission Rate Through Plastic Film and Sheeting Using a Modulated Infrared Sensor
ASTM D 93 : 2018 Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester
ASTM D 638 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics
ASTM E 162 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
ASTM D 3828 : 1997 Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Small Scale Closed Tester

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