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BS ISO 14837-1:2005



The latest, up-to-date edition.

Mechanical vibration. Ground-borne noise and vibration arising from rail systems General guidance

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Published date


1 Scope
2 Normative references
3 Terms and definitions
4 Overview of ground-borne vibration and ground-borne noise
   4.1 Circumstances of interest
   4.2 Source of ground-borne vibration and ground-borne noise
   4.3 Propagation
   4.4 Receiver
5 Effects of ground-borne vibration and ground-borne noise
   5.1 General
   5.2 Perception of ground-borne vibration (1 Hz to 80 Hz)
   5.3 Perception of ground-borne noise (16 Hz to 250 Hz)
   5.4 Effect on buildings (1 Hz to 500 Hz)
   5.5 Effect on very sensitive equipment and sensitive
       tasks (circa 1 Hz to 200 Hz)
6 Metrics
   6.1 General
   6.2 Perception of ground-borne vibration
   6.3 Perception of ground-borne noise
   6.4 Effects on buildings
   6.5 Effects on very sensitive equipment
7 Ground-borne noise and vibration measurements
   7.1 Equipment (instrumentation chain)
   7.2 Measurement locations
   7.3 Data to be acquired
   7.4 Data analysis
   7.5 Measurement report
8 Concept of models
   8.1 Model development
   8.2 Stages of assessment
9 Prediction models
   9.1 General
   9.2 Parametric models
   9.3 Empirical models
   9.4 Semi-empirical models
10 Development, calibration, validation and verification
Annex A (informative) Checklist of issues relevant to
                      modelling and measurement
Annex B (informative) Mitigation of ground-borne vibration and
                      ground-borne noise
Annex C (informative) Process and tools for development,
                      calibration, validation and verification

Provides general guidance on ground-borne vibration generated by the operation of rail systems, and the resultant ground-borne noise in buildings.

This part of ISO14837 provides general guidance on ground-borne vibration generated by the operation of rail systems, and the resultant ground-borne noise in buildings.

It lists the factors and parameters that need to be taken into consideration and offers guidance on prediction methods appropriate for a range of circumstances (e.g. to support the assessment of effects on human occupants and sensitive equipment or operations inside the buildings in addition to the predictions required to assess the risk of damage to building structures).

Attention is paid in this part of ISO14837 to

  • characteristics of the source: emission (e.g. train, wheel, rail, track, supporting infrastructure),

  • propagation path: transmission (e.g. ground condition, distance), and

  • receiving structures: immission: (e.g. foundations, form of building construction).

The guidance covers all forms of wheel and rail systems, from light-rail to high-speed trains and freight. This part of ISO14837 provides guidance for rail systems at-grade, on elevated structures and in tunnels.

This part of ISO14837 does not deal with vibration arising from the construction and maintenance of the rail system. It does not deal with airborne noise. Structure-radiated noise from elevated structures, which can have a significant environmental impact, is also excluded.

Supersedes 03/305393 DC. (10/2005)
British Standards Institution

Standards Relationship
ISO 14837-1:2005 Identical

BS 6472-1:2008 Guide to evaluation of human exposure to vibration in buildings Vibration sources other than blasting

EN 13146-3:2012 Railway applications - Track - Test methods for fastening systems - Part 3: Determination of attenuation of impact loads
IEC 60942:2003 Electroacoustics - Sound calibrators
VDI 3837:2013-01 Ground-borne vibration in the vicinity of at-grade rail systems - Spectral prediction method
EN 13848-1:2003+A1:2008 Railway applications - Track - Track geometry quality - Part 1: Characterisation of track geometry
ISO 2041:2009 Mechanical vibration, shock and condition monitoring Vocabulary
ISO 10815:2016 Mechanical vibration — Measurement of vibration generated internally in railway tunnels by the passage of trains
ISO 8569:1996 Mechanical vibration and shock Measurement and evaluation of shock and vibration effects on sensitive equipment in buildings
ISO 2631-2:2003 Mechanical vibration and shock — Evaluation of human exposure to whole-body vibration — Part 2: Vibration in buildings (1 Hz to 80 Hz)
ISO 8041:2005 Human response to vibration Measuring instrumentation
ISO 10137:2007 Bases for design of structures - Serviceability of buildings and walkways against vibrations
ISO 2631-1:1997 Mechanical vibration and shock — Evaluation of human exposure to whole-body vibration — Part 1: General requirements
ISO 2017-2:2007 Mechanical vibration and shock — Resilient mounting systems — Part 2: Technical information to be exchanged for the application of vibration isolation associated with railway systems
ISO 4866:2010 Mechanical vibration and shock Vibration of fixed structures Guidelines for the measurement of vibrations and evaluation of their effects on structures
IEC 61260:1995 Electroacoustics - Octave-band and fractional-octave-band filters
ISO 3534-1:2006 Statistics — Vocabulary and symbols — Part 1: General statistical terms and terms used in probability

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