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ASTM D 4675 : 2014 : REV A

Superseded
Superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

View Superseded by
superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

Standard Guide for Selection and Use of Flat Strapping Materials1
Available format(s)

Hardcopy , PDF

Superseded date

18-10-2022

Language(s)

English

Published date

27-08-2014

1.1This guide1 covers information on flat strapping materials (steel and nonmetallic) for the prospective user wanting initial guidance in selecting a strapping material and information on suggested application methods for use in packaging (closing, reinforcing, baling, bundling, unitizing, or palletizing), and loading applications (load unitization and securement to transport vehicle). The use applies to handling, securement, storage, and distribution systems.

1.2Carrier associations have established certain packaging and loading requirements that (in some cases) specify the type of strap, the minimum size or strength, the type of joint or seal, and the number of straps, seals, and joints that must be used for particular types of shipments or under certain conditions. Users should consult with their carriers initially to determine if there are applicable published requirements. Individual carriers may establish their own requirements. (See 2.2.)

1.3Limitations—This guide is not intended to give specific information as to how strapping must be used in any particular packaging or loading situation. Rather, it is intended to be informational in nature and is offered as a starting point for the testing of strapping being considered by the user. Thorough user testing is essential, as is a review of pertinent regulations that can influence strap selection (size and type), and application methods.

1.4The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

1.5This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific safety hazard guidelines, however, are provided in Section 5.

Committee
D 10
DocumentType
Guide
Pages
20
PublisherName
American Society for Testing and Materials
Status
Superseded
SupersededBy
Supersedes

ASTM D 3953 : 2015 Standard Specification for Strapping, Flat Steel and Seals
ASTM D 1974/D1974M : 2016 Standard Practice for Methods of Closing, Sealing, and Reinforcing Fiberboard Boxes
ASTM D 7478/D7478M : 2011 : R2017 Standard Specification for Heavy Duty Sheathed Wood Crates
ASTM D 5168 : 2012 : R2017 Standard Practice for Fabrication and Closure of Triple-Wall Corrugated Fiberboard Containers
ASTM D 6256/D6256M : 2016 Standard Specification for Wood-Cleated Shipping Boxes with Skidded, Load-Bearing Bases
ASTM D 5168 : 2022 Standard Practice for Fabrication and Closure of Triple-Wall Corrugated Fiberboard Containers
ASTM D 4727/D4727M : 2022 Standard Specification for Corrugated and Solid Fiberboard Sheet Stock (Container Grade) and Cut Shapes
ASTM A 700 : 2014 Standard Guide for Packaging, Marking, and Loading Methods for Steel Products for Shipment
ASTM D 5728 : 2012 Standard Practices for Securement of Cargo in Intermodal and Unimodal Surface Transport
ASTM D 6880/D6880M : 2019 Standard Specification for Wood Boxes
ASTM A 700 : 2014(R2019) Standard Guide for Packaging, Marking, and Loading Methods for Steel Products for Shipment
ASTM D 5728 : 2012 : R2020 Standard Practices for Securement of Cargo in Intermodal and Unimodal Surface Transport
ASTM D 1974/D1974M : 2022 Standard Practice for Methods of Closing, Sealing, and Reinforcing Fiberboard Boxes
ASTM D 6039/D6039M : 2018 Standard Specification for Open and Covered Wood Crates
ASTM D 4727/D4727M : 2017 Standard Specification for Corrugated and Solid Fiberboard Sheet Stock (Container Grade) and Cut Shapes
ASTM D 6880/D6880M : 2011 Standard Specification for Wood Boxes

ASTM D 3953 : 2006 Standard Specification for Strapping, Flat Steel and Seal
ASTM D 3950 : 2010 : REV B Standard Specification for Strapping, Nonmetallic (and Joining Methods)
ASTM D 4169 : 2016 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
ASTM D 4169 : 2005 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
ASTM D 3953 : 2007 Standard Specification for Strapping, Flat Steel and Seals
ASTM D 3950 : 2001 Standard Specification for Strapping, Nonmetallic (and Joining Methods)
ASTM D 3950 : 2010 : REV A Standard Specification for Strapping, Nonmetallic (and Joining Methods)
ASTM D 3953 : 1991 Standard Specification for Strapping, Flat Steel and Seals
ASTM D 3950 : 2016 Standard Specification for Strapping, Nonmetallic (and Joining Methods)
ASTM D 3950 : 2007 Standard Specification for Strapping, Nonmetallic (and Joining Methods)
ASTM D 4169 : 1999 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
ASTM D 3953 : 2012 Standard Specification for Strapping, Flat Steel and Seals
ASTM D 3953 : 2015 Standard Specification for Strapping, Flat Steel and Seals
ASTM D 3950 : 2004 Standard Specification for Strapping, Nonmetallic (and Joining Methods)
ASTM D 3950 : 2009 Standard Specification for Strapping, Nonmetallic (and Joining Methods)
ASTM D 4169 : 2001 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
ASTM D 3950 : 2005 Standard Specification for Strapping, Nonmetallic (and Joining Methods)
ASTM D 3953 : 2005 Standard Specification for Strapping, Flat Steel and Seals
ASTM D 4169 : 2004 : REV A Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
ASTM D 3950 : 2009 : REV A Standard Specification for Strapping, Nonmetallic (and Joining Methods)
ASTM D 4169 : 2001 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
ASTM D 3950 : 2011 Standard Specification for Strapping, Nonmetallic (and Joining Methods)
ASTM D 3953 : 2007 : REV A Standard Specification for Strapping, Flat Steel and Seals
ASTM D 4169 : 2022 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
ASTM D 4169 : 2004 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
ASTM D 4169 : 2008 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
ASTM D 3950 : 2006 Standard Specification for Strapping, Nonmetallic (and Joining Methods)
ASTM D 3950 : 2017 Standard Specification for Strapping, Nonmetallic (and Joining Methods)
ASTM D 4169 : 2014 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
ASTM D 3950 : 2012 : REV A Standard Specification for Strapping, Nonmetallic (and Joining Methods)
ASTM D 3950 : 2010 Standard Specification for Strapping, Nonmetallic (and Joining Methods)
ASTM D 3953 : 2002 Standard Specification for Strapping, Flat Steel and Seals
ASTM D 3950 : 2000 Standard Specification for Strapping, Nonmetallic (and Joining Methods)
ASTM D 996 : 2010 Standard Terminology of Packaging and Distribution Environments
ASTM D 4169 : 2009 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
ASTM D 3953 : 2013 Standard Specification for Strapping, Flat Steel and Seals
ASTM D 3953 : 1997 Standard Specification for Strapping, Flat Steel and Seals

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