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ASTM D 5574 : 1994 : R2021

Current
Current

The latest, up-to-date edition.

Standard Test Methods for Establishing Allowable Mechanical Properties of Wood-Bonding Adhesives for Design of Structural Joints
Available format(s)

Hardcopy , PDF

Language(s)

English

Published date

08-03-2021

1.1These test methods cover the principles for establishing allowable mechanical properties for adhesives that can be used to design adhesive-bonded joints for structural components and assemblies of wood or wood with other materials. These test methods are modeled after Practice D245.

1.2The properties determined are allowable shear stress, allowable tensile stress, and allowable shear modulus.

1.3In determination of allowable shear- and tensile-stress levels, these test methods are limited by the horizontal shear and tension perpendicular-to-the-grain capacity of the wood adherends (hard maple, Acer saccharum, Marsh.). The adhesives so tested may actually have shear or tensile allowable stresses exceeding the wood, but the determined allowable design stress levels are limited (upper bounded) by the wood in these test methods. If a wood other than hard maple is used for testing the adhesive, then the allowable strengths are upper bounded by the properties of that particular wood.

1.4The strength properties are determined by standard ASTM test methods. As a result, only procedural variations from the standards and special directions for applying the results are given in these test methods.

1.5Time-to-failure data derived from creep-rupture testing (see Test Method D4680) provide a measure of the ultimate strength of an adhesive bond as a function of time at various levels of temperature and moisture.

1.5.1With proper caution, useful service life at a given shear stress level may be extrapolated from relatively short loading periods.

1.6The resistance of the adhesive to permanent loss of properties due to aging (permanence) is assessed by means of strength tests after constant elevated-temperature and moisture aging of test specimens.

1.6.1If the subject adhesives will be used to bond wood that has been treated with a preservative, fire retardant, or any other chemical to modify its properties, then the permanence of the adhesive shall be tested using wood adherends treated in the same manner.

1.7Factors for durability, permanence, and creep derived by shear tests and analysis, are assumed to apply to tension (normal-to-the-bond) strength as well.

1.8Requirements for production, inspection, and certification of adhesives evaluated under these test methods are not included.

1.9The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

1.10This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Committee
D 14
DocumentType
Test Method
Pages
11
PublisherName
American Society for Testing and Materials
Status
Current
Supersedes

ASTM D 7290 : 2006 : R2017 Standard Practice for Evaluating Material Property Characteristic Values for Polymeric Composites for Civil Engineering Structural Applications

ASTM D 4680 : 1998 : R2023 Standard Test Method for Creep and Time to Failure of Adhesives in Static Shear by Compression Loading (Wood-to-Wood)
ASTM D 1151 : 2000 : R2013 Standard Practice for Effect of Moisture and Temperature on Adhesive Bonds
ASTM D 2915 : 2017 Standard Practice for Sampling and Data-Analysis for Structural Wood and Wood-Based Products
ASTM D 1151 : 2000 : R2022 Standard Practice for Effect of Moisture and Temperature on Adhesive Bonds
ASTM D 907 : 2015 Standard Terminology of Adhesives
ASTM D 905 : 2008 : R2021 Standard Test Method for Strength Properties of Adhesive Bonds in Shear by Compression Loading
ASTM D 245 : 2022 Standard Practice for Establishing Structural Grades and Related Allowable Properties for Visually Graded Lumber
ASTM D 2555 : 2017 : REV A : R2024 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Establishing Clear Wood Strength Values
ASTM D 245 : 2006 : R2019 Standard Practice for Establishing Structural Grades and Related Allowable Properties for Visually Graded Lumber
ASTM D 905 : 2008 : R2013 Standard Test Method for Strength Properties of Adhesive Bonds in Shear by Compression Loading
ASTM D 907 : 2015 : R2023 Standard Terminology of Adhesives
ASTM D 2915 : 2017 : R2022 Standard Practice for Sampling and Data-Analysis for Structural Wood and Wood-Based Products
ASTM D 2555 : 2017 : REV A Standard Practice for Establishing Clear Wood Strength Values
ASTM D 4680 : 1998 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Creep and Time to Failure of Adhesives in Static Shear by Compression Loading (Wood-to-Wood)
ASTM D 3931 : 2008 : R2023 Standard Test Method for Determining Strength of Gap-Filling Adhesive Bonds in Shear by Compression Loading
ASTM D 2555 : 2017 : REV A : R2024 Standard Practice for Establishing Clear Wood Strength Values
ASTM D 3931 : 2008 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Determining Strength of Gap-Filling Adhesive Bonds in Shear by Compression Loading

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