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ASTM D 6198 : 2018

Current
Current

The latest, up-to-date edition.

Standard Guide for Transport Packaging Design
Available format(s)

Hardcopy , PDF

Language(s)

English

Published date

01-03-2018

This guide covers an approach to design of packaging for distributing goods through the hazards of handling, storage, and transportation.

1.1This guide covers an approach to design of packaging for distributing goods through the hazards of handling, storage, and transportation.

1.2The principal content of this guide is the identification of the key steps involved in development of transport packages, including shipping containers, interior protective packaging, and unit loads. It is recognized that actual usage and application to individual design projects may vary appreciably without diminishing the value of the process. Consult with a packaging professional whenever needed.

1.3This guide is not intended for design of primary packaging unless the primary package is planned for use as a shipping container.

1.4The user of this guide must be aware of the carrier rules regarding packaging for shipment via each mode of transportation in which the transport package may move, such as the National Motor Freight Classification (less-than truckload) and the Uniform Freight Classification (railroad). For hazardous materials packaging, the packaging must perform to the requirements of the applicable modal regulations listed in Section 2.

1.5This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.6This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Committee
D 10
DocumentType
Guide
Pages
5
PublisherName
American Society for Testing and Materials
Status
Current
Supersedes

ASTM D 4728 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Random Vibration Testing of Shipping Containers
ASTM D 4169 : 2016 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
ASTM D 996 : 2023 Standard Terminology of Packaging and Distribution Environments
ASTM D 6179 : 2007 : R2014 Standard Test Methods for Rough Handling of Unitized Loads and Large Shipping Cases and Crates
ASTM D 7030 : 2004 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Short Term Creep Performance of Corrugated Fiberboard Containers Under Constant Load Using a Compression Test Machine
ASTM D 3332 : 1999 Standard Test Methods for Mechanical-Shock Fragility of Products, Using Shock Machines
ASTM D 6055 : 1996 : R2019 Standard Test Methods for Mechanical Handling of Unitized Loads and Large Shipping Cases and Crates
ASTM D 4919 : 2023 Standard Guide for Testing of Hazardous Materials (Dangerous Goods) Packagings
ASTM D 3580 : 1995 : R2015 Standard Test Methods for Vibration (Vertical Linear Motion) Test of Products
ASTM D 4169 : 2005 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
ASTM D 3332 : 1999 : R2016 Standard Test Methods for Mechanical-Shock Fragility of Products, Using Shock Machines
ASTM D 7030 : 2004 : R2022 Standard Test Method for Short Term Creep Performance of Corrugated Fiberboard Containers Under Constant Load Using a Compression Test Machine
ASTM D 7386 : 2008 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Packages for Single Parcel Delivery Systems
ASTM D 5487 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Simulated Drop of Loaded Containers by Shock Machines
ASTM D 7030 : 2004 : R2009 Standard Test Method for Short Term Creep Performance of Corrugated Fiberboard Containers Under Constant Load Using a Compression Test Machine
ASTM D 6344 : 2004 : R2009 Standard Test Method for Concentrated Impacts to Transport Packages
ASTM D 4169 : 1999 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
ASTM D 6537 : 2000 : R2021 Standard Practice for Instrumented Package Shock Testing For Determination of Package Performance
ASTM D 1974/D1974M : 2022 Standard Practice for Methods of Closing, Sealing, and Reinforcing Fiberboard Boxes
ASTM D 6055 : 1996 : R2007 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Mechanical Handling of Unitized Loads and Large Shipping Cases and Crates
ASTM D 5487 : 1998 : R2008 Standard Test Method for Simulated Drop of Loaded Containers by Shock Machines
ASTM D 3580 : 1995 : R2004 Standard Test Methods for Vibration (Vertical Linear Motion) Test of Products
ASTM D 6179 : 2007 Standard Test Methods for Rough Handling of Unitized Loads and Large Shipping Cases and Crates
ASTM D 6055 : 1996 : R2014 Standard Test Methods for Mechanical Handling of Unitized Loads and Large Shipping Cases and Crates
ASTM D 5276 : 1998 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Drop Test of Loaded Containers by Free Fall
ASTM D 999 : 2008 : R2015 Standard Test Methods for Vibration Testing of Shipping Containers
ASTM D 5276 : 2019 : R2023 Standard Test Method for Drop Test of Loaded Containers by Free Fall
ASTM D 4169 : 2001 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
ASTM D 7386 : 2012 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Packages for Single Parcel Delivery Systems
ASTM D 6804 : 2024 Standard Guide for Hand Hole Design in Corrugated Boxes
ASTM D 880 : 1992 : R2021 Standard Test Method for Impact Testing for Shipping Containers and Systems
ASTM D 4169 : 2004 : REV A Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
ASTM D 6804 : 2002 : R2007 Standard Guide for Hand Hole Design in Corrugated Boxes
ASTM D 4728 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Random Vibration Testing of Shipping Containers
ASTM D 996 : 2016 Standard Terminology of Packaging and Distribution Environments
ASTM D 5276 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Drop Test of Loaded Containers by Free Fall
ASTM D 4919 : 2017 Standard Guide for Testing of Hazardous Materials (Dangerous Goods) Packagings
ASTM D 4169 : 2001 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
ASTM D 4728 : 2017 : R2022 Standard Test Method for Random Vibration Testing of Shipping Containers
ASTM D 3332 : 1999 : R2023 Standard Test Methods for Mechanical-Shock Fragility of Products, Using Shock Machines
ASTM D 7387 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Vibration Testing of Intermediate Bulk Containers (IBCs) Used for Shipping Liquid Hazardous Materials (Dangerous Goods)
ASTM D 4728 : 2006 : R2012 Standard Test Method for Random Vibration Testing of Shipping Containers
ASTM D 999 : 2008 : R2023 Standard Test Methods for Vibration Testing of Shipping Containers
ASTM D 3580 : 1995 : R1999 Standard Test Methods for Vibration (Vertical Linear Motion) Test of Products
ASTM D 3580 : 2022 Standard Test Methods for Vibration (Vertical Linear Motion) Test of Products
ASTM D 4919 : 2003 Standard Specification for Testing of Hazardous Materials Packagings
ASTM D 4169 : 2022 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
ASTM D 3332 : 1999 : R2010 Standard Test Methods for Mechanical-Shock Fragility of Products, Using Shock Machines
ASTM D 4169 : 2004 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
ASTM D 4169 : 2008 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
ASTM D 4169 : 2023 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
ASTM D 6804 : 2019 Standard Guide for Hand Hole Design in Corrugated Boxes
ASTM D 6653/D6653M : 2013 : R2021 Standard Test Methods for Determining the Effects of High Altitude on Packaging Systems by Vacuum Method
ASTM D 6055 : 1996 : R2002 Standard Test Methods for Mechanical Handling of Unitized Loads and Large Shipping Cases and Crates
ASTM D 7660 : 2010 Standard Guide for Conducting Internal Pressure Tests on United Nations (UN) Packagings
ASTM D 6804 : 2002 Standard Guide for Hand Hole Design in Corrugated Boxes
ASTM D 6344 : 2004 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Concentrated Impacts to Transport Packages
ASTM D 6179 : 1997 Standard Test Methods for Rough Handling of Unitized Loads and Large Shipping Cases and Crates
ASTM D 7387 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Vibration Testing of Intermediate Bulk Containers (IBCs) Used for Shipping Liquid Hazardous Materials (Dangerous Goods)
ASTM D 6055 : 1996 Standard Test Methods for Mechanical Handling of Unitized Loads and Large Shipping Cases and Crates
ASTM D 6653/D6653M : 2013 Standard Test Methods for Determining the Effects of High Altitude on Packaging Systems by Vacuum Method
ASTM D 6537 : 2000 : R2014 Standard Practice for Instrumented Package Shock Testing For Determination of Package Performance
ASTM D 6344 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Concentrated Impacts to Transport Packages
ASTM D 5276 : 1998 : R2004 Standard Test Method for Drop Test of Loaded Containers by Free Fall
ASTM D 7386 : 2016 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Packages for Single Parcel Delivery Systems
ASTM D 5487 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Simulated Drop of Loaded Containers by Shock Machines
ASTM D 4003 : 1998 : R2009 Standard Test Methods for Programmable Horizontal Impact Test for Shipping Containers and Systems
ASTM D 6804 : 2002 : R2015 Standard Guide for Hand Hole Design in Corrugated Boxes
ASTM D 4003 : 1998 : R2003 Standard Test Methods for Programmable Horizontal Impact Test for Shipping Containers and Systems
ASTM D 4169 : 2014 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
ASTM D 5276 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Drop Test of Loaded Containers by Free Fall
ASTM D 6537 : 2000 Standard Practice for Instrumented Package Shock Testing for Determination of Package Performance
ASTM D 3580 : 1995 : R2010 Standard Test Methods for Vibration (Vertical Linear Motion) Test of Products
ASTM D 1974/D1974M : 2016 Standard Practice for Methods of Closing, Sealing, and Reinforcing Fiberboard Boxes
ASTM D 6344 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Concentrated Impacts to Transport Packages
ASTM D 5487 : 2016 : R2022 Standard Test Method for Simulated Drop of Loaded Containers by Shock Machines
ASTM D 6537 : 2000 : R2006 Standard Practice for Instrumented Package Shock Testing For Determination of Package Performance
ASTM D 880 : 1992 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Impact Testing for Shipping Containers and Systems
ASTM D 996 : 2010 Standard Terminology of Packaging and Distribution Environments
ASTM D 4169 : 2009 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
ASTM D 3332 : 1999 : R2004 Standard Test Methods for Mechanical-Shock Fragility of Products, Using Shock Machines
ASTM D 4919 : 1989 : R1997 Standard Specification for Testing of Hazardous Materials Packagings
ASTM D 4919 : 2003 : R2008 Standard Specification for Testing of Hazardous Materials Packagings (Withdrawn 2017)
ASTM D 6804 : 2002 : R2011 Standard Guide for Hand Hole Design in Corrugated Boxes
ASTM D 7660 : 2020 Standard Guide for Conducting Internal Pressure Tests on United Nations (UN) Packagings
ASTM D 4003 : 1998 Standard Test Methods for Programmable Horizontal Impact Test for Shipping Containers and Systems
ASTM D 4728 : 1995 Standard Test Method for Random Vibration Testing of Shipping Containers
ASTM D 4169 : 2023 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
ASTM D 7030 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Short Term Creep Performance of Corrugated Fiberboard Containers Under Constant Load Using a Compression Test Machine
ASTM D 7387 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Vibration Testing of Intermediate Bulk Containers (IBCs) Used for Shipping Liquid Hazardous Materials (Dangerous Goods)
ASTM D 5487 : 1998 : R2002 Standard Test Method for Simulated Drop of Loaded Containers by Shock Machines
ASTM D 4728 : 2006 Standard Test Method for Random Vibration Testing of Shipping Containers
ASTM D 5276 : 1998 : R2009 Standard Test Method for Drop Test of Loaded Containers by Free Fall
ASTM D 7660 : 2010 : R2018 Standard Guide for Conducting Internal Pressure Tests on United Nations (UN) Packagings

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