ASTM D 7756 : 2019
Current
The latest, uptodate edition.
Standard Test Method for Residues in Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases by Gas Chromatography with Liquid, OnColumn Injection
Hardcopy , PDF
English
18062019
This test method covers the determination, by gas chromatography, of soluble hydrocarbon materials, sometimes called “oily residue,” which can be present in liquefied petroleum (LP) gases and which are substantially less volatile than the LPG product.
1.1This test method covers the determination, by gas chromatography, of soluble hydrocarbon materials, sometimes called “oily residue,” which can be present in liquefied petroleum (LP) gases and which are substantially less volatile than the LPG product.
1.2This test method quantifies, in the range of 10 mg/kg to 600 mg/kg (ppm mass), the residue with a boiling point between 174 °C and 522 °C (C_{10} to C_{40}) in LPG. Higher boiling materials, or materials that adhere permanently to the chromatographic column, will not be detected.
1.3Appendix X3, Appendix X4, and Appendix X6 describe additional applications which could be performed based on the hardware and procedures described in this test method. Appendix X3 describes a test procedure for expanding the analysis range to benzene, Appendix X4 describes a test procedure for the analysis of diisopropanolamine, and Appendix X6 describes a test procedure for the analysis of heavy residues or contaminants from C_{40} to about C_{60} in LPG.
1.4The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses after SI units are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.5This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.6This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
Committee 
D 02

DocumentType 
Test Method

Pages 
13

PublisherName 
American Society for Testing and Materials

Status 
Current

Supersedes 
ASTM D 1835 : 2018 : REV A  Standard Specification for Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases 
ASTM D 7901 : 2014 : REV B  Standard Specification for Dimethyl Ether for Fuel Purposes 
ASTM D 2598 : 2021  Standard Practice for Calculation of Certain Physical Properties of Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases from Compositional Analysis 
ASTM D 6300 : 2020 : REV A  Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants 
ASTM D 6300 : 2013  Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants 
ASTM D 6667 : 2021  Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Volatile Sulfur in Gaseous Hydrocarbons and Liquefied Petroleum Gases by Ultraviolet Fluorescence 
ASTM D 6299 : 2010  Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance 
ASTM D 6300 : 2014 : REV A : EDT 1  Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants 
ASTM D 2158 : 2005  Standard Test Method for Residues in Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases 
ASTM D 1265 : 1997  Standard Practice for Sampling Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases (Manual Method) 
ASTM D 6299 : 2013 : EDT 1  Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance 
ASTM D 2421 : 2002 : R2007  Standard Practice for Interconversion of Analysis of C<i><inf>5</inf></i> and Lighter Hydrocarbons to GasVolume, LiquidVolume, or Mass Basis 
ASTM D 2158 : 2016  Standard Test Method for Residues in Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases 
ASTM D 2421 : 2021  Standard Practice for Interconversion of Analysis of C<emph type="ital"><inf>5</inf ></emph> and Lighter Hydrocarbons to GasVolume, LiquidVolume, or Mass Basis 
ASTM D 6667 : 2001  Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Volatile Sulfur in Gaseous Hydrocarbons and Liquefied Petroleum Gases by Ultraviolet Fluorescence 
ASTM D 6299 : 2017 : REV A  Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance 
ASTM D 3700 : 2001  Standard Practice for Obtaining LPG Samples Using a Floating Piston Cylinder 
ASTM D 6299 : 2017 : REV B  Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance 
ASTM D 6300 : 2017  Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants 
ASTM D 6299 : 2009  Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance 
ASTM D 1835 : 1997  Standard Specification for Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases 
ASTM D 2421 : 1995  Standard Practice for Interconversion of Analysis of C<sub>5</sub> and Lighter Hydrocarbons to GasVolume, LiquidVolume, or Weight Basis 
ASTM D 2163 : 2023 : EDT 1  Standard Test Method for Determination of Hydrocarbons in Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases and Propane/Propene Mixtures by Gas Chromatography 
ASTM D 2158 : 2004  Standard Test Method for Residues in Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases 
ASTM D 6300 : 2017 : REV A  Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants 
ASTM D 2163 : 2014 : EDT 1  Standard Test Method for Determination of Hydrocarbons in Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases and Propane/Propene Mixtures by Gas Chromatography 
ASTM D 2163 : 2007  Standard Test Method for Determination of Hydrocarbons in Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases and Propane/Propene Mixtures by Gas Chromatography 
ASTM D 6299 : 2013  Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance 
ASTM D 3700 : 2014  Standard Practice for Obtaining LPG Samples Using a Floating Piston Cylinder 
ASTM D 6299 : 2021  Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance 
ASTM D 6299 : 2010 : EDT 1  Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance 
ASTM D 6667 : 2004  Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Volatile Sulfur in Gaseous Hydrocarbons and Liquefied Petroleum Gases by Ultraviolet Fluorescence 
ASTM D 2158 : 2011  Standard Test Method for Residues in Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases 
ASTM D 2421 : 2018  Standard Practice for Interconversion of Analysis of C<emph type="ital"><inf>5</inf ></emph> and Lighter Hydrocarbons to GasVolume, LiquidVolume, or Mass Basis 
ASTM D 6299 : 2022 : EDT 1  Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance 
ASTM D 1265 : 2023 : REV A  Standard Practice for Sampling Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases, Manual Method 
ASTM D 6300 : 2016  Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants 
ASTM D 2158 : 1989  Standard Test Method for Residues in Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases 
ASTM D 3700 : 1994  Standard Practice for Obtaining LPG Samples Using a Floating Piston Cylinder 
ASTM D 6300 : 2004  Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants 
ASTM D 1835 : 2018 : REV A  Standard Specification for Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases 
ASTM D 1835 : 2012  Standard Specification for Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases 
ASTM D 6300 : 2019  Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants 
ASTM D 6299 : 2023 : REV A  Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance 
ASTM D 2421 : 2001  Standard Practice for Interconversion of Analysis of C<sub>5</sub> and Lighter Hydrocarbons to GasVolume, LiquidVolume, or Weight Basis 
ASTM D 2598 : 2012  Standard Practice for Calculation of Certain Physical Properties of Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases from Compositional Analysis 
ASTM D 6300 : 2021  Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants 
ASTM D 6300 : 2019 : REV A  Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants 
ASTM D 6667 : 2004 : R2010  Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Volatile Sulfur in Gaseous Hydrocarbons and Liquefied Petroleum Gases by Ultraviolet Fluorescence 
ASTM D 6300 : 2023  Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants 
ASTM D 6300 : 2020  Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants 
ASTM D 2421 : 2002  Standard Practice for Interconversion of Analysis of C<sub>5</sub> and Lighter Hydrocarbons to GasVolume, LiquidVolume, or Weight Basis 
ASTM D 6299 : 2000  Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance 
ASTM D 3700 : 2021  Standard Practice for Obtaining LPG Samples Using a Floating Piston Cylinder 
ASTM D 6299 : 2010 : EDT 2  Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance 
ASTM D 6299 : 2016  Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance 
ASTM D 2598 : 2002  Standard Practice for Calculation of Certain Physical Properties of Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases from Compositional Analysis 
ASTM D 6300 : 2023 : REV A  Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants 
ASTM D 6299 : 2019  Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance 
ASTM D 1835 : 2003 : REV A  Standard Specification for Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases 
ASTM D 6667 : 2010  Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Volatile Sulfur in Gaseous Hydrocarbons and Liquefied Petroleum Gases by Ultraviolet Fluorescence 
ASTM D 6300 : 2020 : REV B  Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants 
ASTM D 6299 : 2023 : EDT 1  Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance 
ASTM D 6299 : 2000 : REV A  Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance 
ASTM D 6300 : 2006  Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants 
ASTM D 6300 : 2014 : REV A  Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants 
ASTM E 355 : 1996 : R2021 : EDT 1  Standard Practice for Gas Chromatography Terms and Relationships 
ASTM D 1835 : 2003  Standard Specification for Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases 
ASTM D 6300 : 2015  Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants 
ASTM D 6667 : 2014 : R2019  Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Volatile Sulfur in Gaseous Hydrocarbons and Liquefied Petroleum Gases by Ultraviolet Fluorescence 
ASTM D 6300 : 1999  Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants 
ASTM D 1835 : 2013  Standard Specification for Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases 
ASTM D 2421 : 2013  Standard Practice for Interconversion of Analysis of C<emph type="ital"><inf>5</inf ></emph> and Lighter Hydrocarbons to GasVolume, LiquidVolume, or Mass Basis 
ASTM D 6299 : 2023  Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance 
ASTM D 1835 : 2020  Standard Specification for Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases 
ASTM D 6299 : 2020  Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance 
ASTM D 6299 : 2008  Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance 
ASTM D 6667 : 2014 : R2019  Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Volatile Sulfur in Gaseous Hydrocarbons and Liquefied Petroleum Gases by Ultraviolet Fluorescence 
ASTM D 1835 : 2018  Standard Specification for Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases 
ASTM D 2158 : 2002  Standard Test Method for Residues in Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases 
ASTM D 2598 : 1996 : R2001  Standard Practice for Calculation of Certain Physical Properties of Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases from Compositional Analysis 
ASTM D 2421 : 2021 : EDT 1  Standard Practice for Interconversion of Analysis of C<emph type="ital"><inf>5</inf ></emph> and Lighter Hydrocarbons to GasVolume, LiquidVolume, or Mass Basis 
ASTM D 1265 : 2004  Standard Practice for Sampling Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases (Manual Method) 
ASTM D 6300 : 2013 : REV A  Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants 
ASTM D 3700 : 2012  Standard Practice for Obtaining LPG Samples Using a Floating Piston Cylinder 
ASTM D 6299 : 2002 : EDT 1  Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance 
ASTM D 2158 : 2016 : REV A  Standard Test Method for Residues in Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases 
ASTM D 2163 : 1991 : R1996  Standard Test Method for Analysis of Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases and Propene Concentrates by Gas Chromatography (Withdrawn 2005) 
ASTM D 1835 : 2022  Standard Specification for Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases 
ASTM D 3700 : 2007  Standard Practice for Obtaining LPG Samples Using a Floating Piston Cylinder 
ASTM D 6667 : 2014  Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Volatile Sulfur in Gaseous Hydrocarbons and Liquefied Petroleum Gases by Ultraviolet Fluorescence 
ASTM D 1835 : 2016  Standard Specification for Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases 
ASTM D 6300 : 2008  Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants 
ASTM D 6300 : 2003  Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants 
ASTM D 1265 : 2011 : R2017 : EDT 1  Standard Practice for Sampling Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases, Manual Method 
ASTM D 6300 : 2007  Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants 
ASTM D 6299 : 2022  Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance 
ASTM D 2158 : 1997 : EDT 1  Standard Test Method for Residues in Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases 
ASTM D 1835 : 2011  Standard Specification for Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases 
ASTM D 2598 : 2016  Standard Practice for Calculation of Certain Physical Properties of Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases from Compositional Analysis 
ASTM D 1265 : 2005  Standard Practice for Sampling Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases (Manual Method) 
ASTM D 6300 : 2002  Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants 
ASTM D 2598 : 2002 : R2007  Standard Practice for Calculation of Certain Physical Properties of Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases from Compositional Analysis 
ASTM D 1265 : 2004 : REV A  Standard Practice for Sampling Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases (Manual Method) 
ASTM D 1265 : 2011  Standard Practice for Sampling Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases, Manual Method 
ASTM D 2158 : 2016 : REV A : EDT 1  Standard Test Method for Residues in Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases 
ASTM D 6300 : 2016 : REV A  Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants 
ASTM D 2163 : 2014  Standard Test Method for Determination of Hydrocarbons in Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases and Propane/Propene Mixtures by Gas Chromatography 
ASTM D 2163 : 2014 : R2019  Standard Test Method for Determination of Hydrocarbons in Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases and Propane/Propene Mixtures by Gas Chromatography 
ASTM D 3700 : 2016  Standard Practice for Obtaining LPG Samples Using a Floating Piston Cylinder 
ASTM E 355 : 1996 : R2014  Standard Practice for Gas Chromatography Terms and Relationships 
ASTM D 6299 : 2007  Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance 
ASTM D 1265 : 2023  Standard Practice for Sampling Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases, Manual Method 
ASTM D 6299 : 2007 : EDT 1  Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance 
ASTM D 6299 : 2020 : REV A  Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance 
ASTM D 2163 : 2023  Standard Test Method for Determination of Hydrocarbons in Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases and Propane/Propene Mixtures by Gas Chromatography 
ASTM D 1265 : 2022  Standard Practice for Sampling Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases, Manual Method 
ASTM D 6299 : 2017  Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance 
ASTM D 6300 : 2014  Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants 
ASTM D 1835 : 2005  Standard Specification for Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases 
ASTM D 2158 : 2021  Standard Test Method for Residues in Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases 
ASTM D 2421 : 2019  Standard Practice for Interconversion of Analysis of C<emph type="ital"><inf>5</inf ></emph> and Lighter Hydrocarbons to GasVolume, LiquidVolume, or Mass Basis 
ASTM D 6299 : 2002  Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance 
ASTM D 6300 : 2024  Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants 
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