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ASTM D 8146 : 2018

Superseded

Superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

View Superseded by
superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

Standard Guide for Evaluating Test Method Capability and Fitness for Use

Available format(s)

Hardcopy , PDF

Superseded date

25-11-2022

Language(s)

English

Published date

02-11-2018

This guide covers techniques for evaluating the statistical capability and fitness for use of standard test methods used for measuring properties of petroleum products, liquid fuels, and lubricants.

1.1This guide covers techniques for evaluating the statistical capability and fitness for use of standard test methods used for measuring properties of petroleum products, liquid fuels, and lubricants. Specifically, this guide provides strategies for evaluating the capability of a test method to provide a sufficiently precise estimate of the intended parameter versus a given level or value of that parameter and for assessing, with sufficient confidence, the fitness for use of a test method for determining the acceptability of products versus specification, regulatory, or manufacturing limits.

1.2The assessment of capability in this guide is applicable to test methods that always yield non-negative numerical results and have a hard, fixed zero lower limit or fixed upper limit (for example, 100 %). Detailed knowledge of a test method and professional judgement may be required in determining the applicability of this guide to certain test methods.

1.3In accordance with this guide, the assessment of fitness for use of a test method versus specification, regulatory, or manufacturing limits is generally applicable to test methods that provide numerical results and have applicable reproducibility precision values.

1.4This guide is intended for use by test method developers, specification setters, and laboratories selecting test methods to evaluate products for specific purposes or versus specific limits.

1.5This guide is not applicable to test methods that measure temperature to determine properties such as, but not limited to, freeze point, pour point, flash point, and distillations. This guide is not intended for use by laboratories for evaluating laboratory test method execution capability, nor is it intended to evaluate manufacturing process capability.

1.6The expressions of capability and fitness for use derived from use of this guide should not be the only criteria for selection and use of a given test method. Other factors such as the laboratory’s experience with the test method, length of time to complete an analysis, typical product results relative to the regulatory or manufacturing specification limit, closeness of the results to zero, and cost factors may contribute more significantly to the decision to use a given test method for a specific application.

1.7This guide draws on statistical approaches covered in other standards supporting petroleum products, liquid fuels, and lubricants, including Practices D3244, D6259, D6299, D6300, D6792 and ISO 4259.

1.8This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.9This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Committee
D 02
DocumentType
Guide
Pages
7
PublisherName
American Society for Testing and Materials
Status
Superseded
SupersededBy

ASTM D 7348 : 2021 Standard Test Methods for Loss on Ignition (LOI) of Solid Combustion Residues
ASTM D 4326 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Major and Minor Elements in Coal Ash By X-Ray Fluorescence
ASTM D 6357 : 2021 : REV B Standard Test Methods for Determination of Trace Elements in Coal, Coke, and Combustion Residues from Coal Utilization Processes by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry, Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry, and Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
ASTM D 6349 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Determination of Major and Minor Elements in Coal, Coke, and Solid Residues from Combustion of Coal and Coke by Inductively Coupled Plasma—Atomic Emission Spectrometry

ASTM D 3244 : 2018 Standard Practice for Utilization of Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
ASTM D 6300 : 2020 : REV A Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 6792 : 2021 : REV A Standard Practice for Quality Management Systems in Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
ASTM D 6300 : 2013 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 6299 : 2010 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
ASTM D 6300 : 2014 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 6299 : 2013 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
ASTM D 6259 : 1998 : R2004 Standard Practice for Determination of a Pooled Limit of Quantitation
ASTM D 3244 : 1997 Standard Practice for Utilization of Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
ASTM D 3244 : 2012 Standard Practice for Utilization of Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
ASTM D 6299 : 2017 : REV A Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
ASTM D 6299 : 2017 : REV B Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
ASTM D 6300 : 2017 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 6299 : 2009 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
ASTM D 6300 : 2017 : REV A Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 6299 : 2013 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
ASTM D 6792 : 2006 Standard Guide for Quality System in Petroleum Products and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
ASTM D 6299 : 2021 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
ASTM D 3244 : 2007 Standard Practice for Utilization of Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
ASTM D 6792 : 2004 Standard Guide for Quality System in Petroleum Products and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
ASTM D 6299 : 2010 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
ASTM D 6299 : 2022 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
ASTM D 6300 : 2016 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 3244 : 2016 Standard Practice for Utilization of Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
ASTM D 6300 : 2004 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 3244 : 2021 : REV A Standard Practice for Utilization of Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
ASTM D 6792 : 2021 : REV B Standard Practice for Quality Management Systems in Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
ASTM D 6259 : 2015 Standard Practice for Determination of a Pooled Limit of Quantitation for a Test Method
ASTM D 6300 : 2019 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 6792 : 2004 : REV A Standard Guide for Quality System in Petroleum Products and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
ASTM D 6300 : 2021 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 6300 : 2019 : REV A Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 6792 : 2005 Standard Guide for Quality System in Petroleum Products and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
ASTM D 6300 : 2020 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 6299 : 2000 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
ASTM D 6259 : 1998 Standard Practice for Determination of a Pooled Limit of Quantitation
ASTM D 6299 : 2010 : EDT 2 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
ASTM D 6299 : 2016 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
ASTM D 6792 : 2020 Standard Practice for Quality Management Systems in Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
ASTM D 6299 : 2019 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
ASTM D 6792 : 2021 Standard Practice for Quality Management Systems in Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
ASTM D 6259 : 1998 : R2010 Standard Practice for Determination of a Pooled Limit of Quantitation
ASTM D 6300 : 2020 : REV B Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 3244 : 2020 Standard Practice for Utilization of Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
ASTM D 6299 : 2000 : REV A Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
ASTM D 6300 : 2006 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 6792 : 2013 Standard Practice for Quality System in Petroleum Products and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
ASTM D 6792 : 2017 Standard Practice for Quality Management Systems in Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
ASTM D 6300 : 2014 : REV A Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 6300 : 2015 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 6300 : 1999 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 6792 : 2007 Standard Practice for Quality System in Petroleum Products and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
ASTM D 6792 : 2021 : REV C Standard Practice for Quality Management Systems in Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
ASTM D 6299 : 2020 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
ASTM D 6259 : 2015 : R2019 Standard Practice for Determination of a Pooled Limit of Quantitation for a Test Method
ASTM D 6299 : 2008 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
ASTM D 6300 : 2013 : REV A Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 6299 : 2002 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
ASTM D 6300 : 2008 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 6300 : 2003 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 6300 : 2007 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 6299 : 2022 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
ASTM D 6792 : 2022 Standard Practice for Quality Management Systems in Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
ASTM D 6300 : 2002 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 3244 : 2021 Standard Practice for Utilization of Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
ASTM D 6792 : 2003 Standard Guide for Quality System in Petroleum Products and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
ASTM D 6300 : 2016 : REV A Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 6792 : 2002 Standard Guide for A Quality System in Petroleum Products and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
ASTM D 6299 : 2007 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
ASTM D 6299 : 2007 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
ASTM D 6299 : 2020 : REV A Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
ASTM D 6299 : 2017 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
ASTM D 3244 : 2007 : REV A Standard Practice for Utilization of Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
ASTM D 6300 : 2014 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 6299 : 2002 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance

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