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ASTM F 2489 : 2006 : R2013

Superseded

Superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

View Superseded by
superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

Standard Guide for Instrument and Precision Bearing Lubricants—Part 2 Greases

Available format(s)

Hardcopy , PDF

Superseded date

23-08-2022

Language(s)

English

Published date

18-01-2014

CONTAINED IN VOL. 01.08, 2017 Acts as a tool to aid in the choice of lubricating grease for precision rolling element bearing applications.

1.1This guide is a tool to aid in the choice of lubricating grease for precision rolling element bearing applications. The recommendations in this guide are not intended for general purpose bearing applications There are two areas where this guide should have the greatest impact: (1) when lubricating grease is being chosen for a new bearing application and (2) when grease for a bearing has to be replaced because the original grease specified for the bearing can no longer be obtained. The Report (see Section 5) contains a series of tests on a wide variety of greases commonly used in bearing applications to allow comparisons of those properties of the grease that the committee thought to be most important when making a choice of lubricating grease. Each test was performed by the same laboratory. This guide contains a listing of the properties of greases by base oil type, that is, ester, perfluoropolyether (PFPE), polyalphaolefin (PAO), and so forth. This organization is necessary since the operational requirements in a particular bearing application may limit the choice of grease to a particular base oil type and thickener due to its temperature stability, viscosity index or temperature-vapor pressure characteristics, etc. The guide provides data to assist the user in selecting replacement greases for those greases tested that are no longer available. The guide also includes a glossary of terms used in describing/discussing the lubrication of precision and instrument bearings.

1.2The lubricating greases presented in this guide are commonly used in precision rolling element bearings (PREB). These greases were selected for the testing based on the grease survey obtained from DoD, OEM and grease manufactures and evaluated according to the test protocol that was designed by Subcommittee F34 on Tribology. This test protocol covers the essential requirements identified for precision bearing greases. The performance requirements of these greases are very unique. They are dictated by the performance expectations of precision bearings including high speed, low noise, extended life, and no contamination of surrounding components by the bearing’s lubricant system. To increase the reliability of test data, all tests were performed by a DoD laboratory and three independent testing laboratories. There were no grease manufacturer’s data imported except for base oil viscosity. Most of tests were performed by U.S. Army Tank–Automotive Research, Development and Engineering Center (TARDEC) and three independent laboratories, and the results were monitored by the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL). This continuity of testing should form a solid basis for comparing the properties of the multitude of lubricating greases tested by avoiding some of the variability introduced when greases are tested by different laboratories using different or even the “same” procedures. Additional test data will be considered for inclusion, provided the defined protocol is followed and the tests are performed by independent laboratories.

1.3This study was a part of DoD Aging Aircraft Replacement Program and supported by Defense Logistic Agent (DLA) and Defense Supply Center Richmond (DSCR).2

1.4The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.5This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

Committee
F 34
DocumentType
Guide
Pages
13
ProductNote
Reconfirmed 2013
PublisherName
American Society for Testing and Materials
Status
Superseded
SupersededBy
Supersedes

ASTM D 4175 : 2020 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 2266 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Wear Preventive Characteristics of Lubricating Grease (Four-Ball Method)
ASTM D 4175 : 2014 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2009 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2008 : REV B : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4693 : 1997 Standard Test Method for Low-Temperature Torque of Grease-Lubricated Wheel Bearings
MIL-G-21164 Revision D:1981 GREASE, MOLYBDENUM DISULFIDE, FOR LOW AND HIGH TEMPERATURES, NAT O CODE NUMBER G353
ASTM D 4175 : 2005 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 1831 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Roll Stability of Lubricating Grease
ASTM D 5483 : 2002 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Oxidation Induction Time of Lubricating Greases by Pressure Differential Scanning Calorimetry
ASTM D 4048 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Detection of Copper Corrosion from Lubricating Grease
ASTM D 4175 : 2005 : EDT 2 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4693 : 2007 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Low-Temperature Torque of Grease-Lubricated Wheel Bearings
ASTM D 3527 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Life Performance of Automotive Wheel Bearing Grease
ASTM D 217 : 2021 Standard Test Methods for Cone Penetration of Lubricating Grease
ASTM D 2596 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Extreme-Pressure Properties of Lubricating Grease (Four-Ball Method)
ASTM D 5483 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Oxidation Induction Time of Lubricating Greases by Pressure Differential Scanning Calorimetry
ASTM E 1131 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Compositional Analysis by Thermogravimetry
ASTM D 4048 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Detection of Copper Corrosion from Lubricating Grease
ASTM D 1742 : 2006 : R2013 Standard Test Method for Oil Separation from Lubricating Grease During Storage
ASTM D 4175 : 2015 : REV C Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM F 2488 : 2005 Standard Terminology for Rolling Element Bearings
ASTM D 4175 : 2020 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2017 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 2266 : 2001 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Wear Preventive Characteristics of Lubricating Grease (Four-Ball Method)
ASTM D 4048 : 1997 Standard Test Method for Detection of Copper Corrosion from Lubricating Grease
ASTM D 4289 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Elastomer Compatibility of Lubricating Greases and Fluids
MIL G 27617 : E GREASE, AIRCRAFT AND INSTRUMENT, FUEL AND OXIDIZER RESISTANT
ASTM D 4175 : 2008 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2020 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 3527 : 1995 Standard Test Method for Life Performance of Automotive Wheel Bearing Grease
ASTM D 4175 : 2017 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 1742 : 1994 : R2000 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Oil Separation from Lubricating Grease During Storage
ASTM D 4175 : 2009 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 2596 : 1997 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Extreme-Pressure Properties of Lubricating Grease (Four-Ball Method)
ASTM D 2596 : 2010 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Extreme-Pressure Properties of Lubricating Grease (Four-Ball Method)
ASTM D 1264 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determining the Water Washout Characteristics of Lubricating Greases
ASTM D 1743 : 2005 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determining Corrosion Preventive Properties of Lubricating Greases
ASTM D 5483 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Oxidation Induction Time of Lubricating Greases by Pressure Differential Scanning Calorimetry
ASTM D 4175 : 2022 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4693 : 2007 : R2021 Standard Test Method for Low-Temperature Torque of Grease-Lubricated Wheel Bearings
ASTM E 1131 : 2008 : R2014 Standard Test Method for Compositional Analysis by Thermogravimetry
ASTM D 4289 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Elastomer Compatibility of Lubricating Greases and Fluids
ASTM D 217 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Methods for Cone Penetration of Lubricating Grease
ASTM D 4175 : 2009 : REV A : EDT 4 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2009 : REV A : EDT 3 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 3527 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Life Performance of Automotive Wheel Bearing Grease
ASTM D 1742 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Oil Separation from Lubricating Grease During Storage
ASTM D 4175 : 2018 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 3527 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Life Performance of Automotive Wheel Bearing Grease
ASTM D 4175 : 2001 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2020 : REV B : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2001 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2005 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 1264 : 2003 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determining the Water Washout Characteristics of Lubricating Greases
ASTM D 1264 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Determining the Water Washout Characteristics of Lubricating Greases
ASTM D 4425 : 1997 Standard Test Method for Oil Separation From Lubricating Grease by Centrifuging (Koppers Method)
MIL-PRF-83261 Revision C:2011 GREASE, AIRCRAFT, EXTREME PRESSURE, ANTI-WEAR
ASTM D 5483 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Oxidation Induction Time of Lubricating Greases by Pressure Differential Scanning Calorimetry
ASTM D 2266 : 2001 : R2008 Standard Test Method for Wear Preventive Characteristics of Lubricating Grease (Four-Ball Method)
ASTM D 4175 : 2002 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 5483 : 2005 : R2010 Standard Test Method for Oxidation Induction Time of Lubricating Greases by Pressure Differential Scanning Calorimetry
ASTM D 217 : 2019 : REV B Standard Test Methods for Cone Penetration of Lubricating Grease
ASTM D 2265 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Dropping Point of Lubricating Grease Over Wide Temperature Range
ASTM E 1131 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Compositional Analysis by Thermogravimetry
ASTM D 1831 : 2019 : REV A Standard Test Method for Roll Stability of Lubricating Grease
ASTM D 4048 : 2019 : REV A Standard Test Method for Detection of Copper Corrosion from Lubricating Grease
ASTM D 4175 : 2015 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2002 : REV A : EDT 2 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 1264 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Determining the Water Washout Characteristics of Lubricating Greases
ASTM D 1743 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Determining Corrosion Preventive Properties of Lubricating Greases
ASTM E 1131 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Compositional Analysis by Thermogravimetry
ASTM D 4048 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Detection of Copper Corrosion from Lubricating Grease
ASTM D 1264 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Determining the Water Washout Characteristics of Lubricating Greases
ASTM F 2161 : 2001 Standard Guide for Instrument and Precision Bearing Lubricants-Part 1 Oils
ASTM D 2265 : 2006 : R2014 Standard Test Method for Dropping Point of Lubricating Grease Over Wide Temperature Range
ASTM D 4175 : 2009 : REV A : EDT 5 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
MIL L 15719 : A LUBRICATING GREASE (HIGH-TEMPERATURE, ELECTRIC MOTOR, BALL AND ROLLER BEARINGS)
ASTM D 4175 : 2016 : REV C Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2015 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4289 : 1997 Standard Test Method for Elastomer Compatibility of Lubricating Greases and Fluids
ASTM D 4289 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Elastomer Compatibility of Lubricating Greases and Fluids
ASTM D 1743 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Determining Corrosion Preventive Properties of Lubricating Greases
MIL-PRF-81322 Revision G:2005 GREASE, AIRCRAFT, GENERAL PURPOSE, WIDE TEMPERATURE RANGE, NATO CODE G-395
ASTM D 2265 : 2015 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Dropping Point of Lubricating Grease Over Wide Temperature Range
ASTM D 4175 : 2015 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 972 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Evaporation Loss of Lubricating Greases and Oils
ASTM D 217 : 1997 Standard Test Methods for Cone Penetration of Lubricating Grease
ASTM D 4175 : 2009 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2016 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 3527 : 2007 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Life Performance of Automotive Wheel Bearing Grease
ASTM D 1743 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Determining Corrosion Preventive Properties of Lubricating Greases
ASTM F 2488 : 2005 : R2013 Standard Terminology for Rolling Element Bearings
ASTM D 217 : 2017 : REDLINE TEST METHODS FOR CONE PENETRATION OF LUBRICATING GREASE
ASTM D 4175 : 2002 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2008 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 2265 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Dropping Point of Lubricating Grease Over Wide Temperature Range
ASTM D 5483 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Oxidation Induction Time of Lubricating Greases by Pressure Differential Scanning Calorimetry
ASTM D 4048 : 2017-01 TEST METHOD FOR DETECTION OF COPPER CORROSION FROM LUBRICATING GREASE
ASTM D 4175 : 2002 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 1742 : 2006 Standard Test Method for Oil Separation from Lubricating Grease During Storage
ASTM D 4289 : 2014-02 TEST METHOD FOR ELASTOMER COMPATIBILITY OF LUBRICATING GREASES AND FLUIDS
ASTM D 2596 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Extreme-Pressure Properties of Lubricating Grease (Four-Ball Method)
ASTM D 4175 : 2000 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4048 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Detection of Copper Corrosion from Lubricating Grease
ASTM D 4175 : 2016 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 1743 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Determining Corrosion Preventive Properties of Lubricating Greases
ASTM D 1264 : 2018 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determining the Water Washout Characteristics of Lubricating Greases
SAE AMS G 81937 : 2012 GREASE, INSTRUMENT, ULTRA-CLEAN, METRIC
ASTM D 4693 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Low-Temperature Torque of Grease-Lubricated Wheel Bearings
ASTM D 1264 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Determining the Water Washout Characteristics of Lubricating Greases
ASTM D 1264 : 2003 : R2008 Standard Test Method for Determining the Water Washout Characteristics of Lubricating Greases
ASTM D 4175 : 2019 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 1831 : 2000 : R2006 Standard Test Method for Roll Stability of Lubricating Grease
ASTM D 1831 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Roll Stability of Lubricating Grease
ASTM D 4425 : 2009 : R2014 Standard Test Method for Oil Separation from Lubricating Grease by Centrifuging (Koppers Method)
ASTM D 2265 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Dropping Point of Lubricating Grease Over Wide Temperature Range
ASTM F 2161 : 2010 Standard Guide for Instrument and Precision Bearing Lubricants-Part 1 Oils (Withdrawn 2020)
ASTM D 3527 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Life Performance of Automotive Wheel Bearing Grease
ASTM D 1743 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Determining Corrosion Preventive Properties of Lubricating Greases
ASTM D 4425 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Oil Separation from Lubricating Grease by Centrifuging (Koppers Method)
ASTM D 1743 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Determining Corrosion Preventive Properties of Lubricating Greases
ASTM D 4048 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Detection of Copper Corrosion from Lubricating Grease
ASTM D 2265 : 2006 Standard Test Method for Dropping Point of Lubricating Grease Over Wide Temperature Range
MIL-G-25537 Revision C:1984 GREASE, AIRCRAFT, HELICOPTER OSCILLATING BEARING, NATO CODE NUMBER G-366, METRIC
ASTM D 4175 : 2017 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 1831 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Roll Stability of Lubricating Grease
ASTM E 1131 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Compositional Analysis by Thermogravimetry
ASTM D 2265 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Dropping Point of Lubricating Grease Over Wide Temperature Range
ASTM D 1743 : 2005 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determining Corrosion Preventive Properties of Lubricating Greases
ASTM D 4175 : 2009 : REV A : EDT 2 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 3527 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Life Performance of Automotive Wheel Bearing Grease
ASTM D 4289 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Elastomer Compatibility of Lubricating Greases and Fluids
ASTM D 4425 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Oil Separation From Lubricating Grease by Centrifuging (Koppers Method)
ASTM D 1264 : 1996 Standard Test Method for Determining the Water Washout Characteristics of Lubricating Greases
ASTM D 3527 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Life Performance of Automotive Wheel Bearing Grease
MIL-PRF-10924 Revision H:2008 GREASE, AUTOMOTIVE AND ARTILLERY
ASTM D 4175 : 2018 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2016 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 5483 : 2005 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Oxidation Induction Time of Lubricating Greases by Pressure Differential Scanning Calorimetry
ASTM D 2265 : 1994 : REV A Standard Test Method for Dropping Point of Lubricating Grease Over Wide Temperature Range
ASTM D 1742 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Oil Separation from Lubricating Grease During Storage
ASTM D 1831 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Roll Stability of Lubricating Grease
ASTM D 1743 : 1994 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determining Corrosion Preventive Properties of Lubricating Greases
ASTM F 2161 : 2010 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Instrument and Precision Bearing Lubricants-Part 1 Oils
ASTM D 1743 : 2013 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Determining Corrosion Preventive Properties of Lubricating Greases
ASTM D 4048 : 2002 : R2008 Standard Test Method for Detection of Copper Corrosion from Lubricating Grease
ASTM D 4693 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Low-Temperature Torque of Grease-Lubricated Wheel Bearings
ASTM D 4693 : 2007 : R2012 Standard Test Method for Low-Temperature Torque of Grease-Lubricated Wheel Bearings
ASTM F 2488 : 2005 : R2022 Standard Terminology for Rolling Element Bearings
ASTM D 1264 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Determining the Water Washout Characteristics of Lubricating Greases
ASTM D 2596 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Extreme-Pressure Properties of Lubricating Grease (Four-Ball Method)
ASTM D 4175 : 2017 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 1831 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Roll Stability of Lubricating Grease
ASTM D 5483 : 1995 Standard Test Method for Oxidation Induction Time of Lubricating Greases by Pressure Differential Scanning Calorimetry
ASTM D 2266 : 1991 : R1996 Standard Test Method for Wear Preventive Characteristics of Lubricating Grease (Four-Ball Method)
ASTM D 4175 : 2019 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 1831 : 2000 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Roll Stability of Lubricating Grease
ASTM D 4175 : 2015 : REV B : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4289 : 2013 : R2014 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Elastomer Compatibility of Lubricating Greases and Fluids
ASTM D 1831 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Roll Stability of Lubricating Grease
ASTM D 1831 : 1994 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Roll Stability of Lubricating Grease
ASTM D 4175 : 2008 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4289 : 2003 : R2008 Standard Test Method for Elastomer Compatibility of Lubricating Greases and Fluids
ASTM D 2265 : 2015-05 TEST METHOD FOR DROPPING POINT OF LUBRICATING GREASE OVER WIDE TEMPERATURE RANGE
ASTM D 2265 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Dropping Point of Lubricating Grease Over Wide Temperature Range
ASTM D 2596 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Extreme-Pressure Properties of Lubricating Grease (Four-Ball Method)

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