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BS 9991:2011

Superseded
Superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

View Superseded by
superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

Fire safety in the design, management and use of residential buildings. Code of practice
Available format(s)

Hardcopy , PDF

Superseded date

31-10-2015

Language(s)

English

Published date

31-12-2011

Foreword
Section 1: General
Introduction
1 Scope
2 Normative references
3 Terms and definitions
4 General recommendations and background
Section 2: Designing means of escape
5 General
6 Means of escape and provision for rescue from houses
7 Means of escape from flats and maisonettes
8 Means of escape from sheltered, extra care and other
   special housing
9 Internal planning of flats
Section 3: Stairs and final exits
10 Number and siting of common stair
11 Width of common stairs
12 Enclosure of common stairs
13 Basement stairs
14 Stairs within mixed-use developments
15 Access lobbies and corridors to protected stairways
16 External stairs
17 Discharge from common stairs and final exits
Section 4: Access and facilities for fire-fighting
18 General recommendations for fire-fighting facilities
19 Fire-fighting access
20 Water supplies for fire and rescue service fire-fighting
   use
21 Information for fire and rescue service use
Section 5: Active fire protection
22 Fire detection and alarm systems
23 Sprinkler and watermist systems
24 Manual fire-fighting equipment
25 Special risk protection
26 Smoke control
Section 6: Design for construction
27 Fire resistance
28 Compartmentation
29 External fire spread and building separation
30 Concealed spaces
31 Materials
32 Service ducts, pipes and shafts
33 Glazed fire-resisting elements
34 Active fire curtain/barrier assemblies
35 Openings
interconnecting dwellings and other residential units
38 HVAC systems within individual dwellings
39 HVAC systems serving the whole building or interconnecting
   dwellings and other residential units
Section 8: Ancillary accommodation to flats andmaisonettes
40 Ancillary accommodation
41 Installation of engineering services
42 Engineering service installation rooms
43 Gas services, installation and service pipes
44 Electrical services
45 Gas and electricity meters
46 Lighting
47 Lift machine rooms and machinery spaces
48 Communal heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems
49 Refuse storage, disposal and incineration
50 Car parks and domestic garages
Section 9: Management
51 Management of sheltered housing
52 Evacuation of disabled occupants or occupants that
   require assistance toescape
53 Residents
54 Caretakers
55 Maintenance of fire protection measures
56 Maintenance of building plant and equipment
57 Ensuring that systems respond properly in an emergency
Section 10: Building works: Material alterations, extensions,
            refurbishment, change of use, disuse, decommissioning
            and demolition
58 Design of works
59 Change of use
60 Refurbishments
61 Dwellings in disuse and areas decommissioned
62 Managing building work and material alterations
63 Building works to occupied or partly occupied buildings
Annexes
Annex A (normative) - Additional considerations for property
        and business continuity protection
Annex B (normative) - Atria
Annex C (normative) - Private Balconies (open or enclosed)
Annex D (informative) - Advice to occupiers of dwellings in
        residentialbuildings
Annex E (informative) - Methods of smoke control
Bibliography

Specifies recommendations and guidance on the design, management and use of building types, to achieve reasonable standards of fire safety for all people.

This British Standard gives recommendations and guidance on the design, management and use of the following building types, to achieve reasonable standards of fire safety for all people in and around: dwellings (single-family dwelling houses, self-contained flats or maisonettes); residential accommodation blocks (e.g. for students or hospital staff), with individual bedrooms and the provision of kitchen/sanitary facilities constructed within a fire compartment, accommodating not more than six persons; sheltered housing and extra care housing. It is not applicable to hotels, caravans/mobile homes, hospitals, residential care/nursing homes, places of lawful detention, hostels or houses of multiple occupancy. This British Standard is applicable to the design of new buildings, and to material alterations, extensions and material change of use of an existing building. It also provides guidance on the ongoing management of fire safety in a building throughout the entire life cycle of the building, including guidance for designers to ensure that the overall design of a building assists and enhances the management of fire safety. It can be used as a tool for assessing existing buildings, although fundamental change in line with the guidelines might well be limited or not practicable. NOTE 1 See the Building (Amendment) Regulations 2011 [1] regarding the definition of material alterations, extensions and material change of use. The recommendations and guidance given in this British Standard are intended to safeguard the lives of building occupants and fire-fighters. Whilst some of the recommendations and guidance might also assist in the achievement of other fire safety objectives – such as protection of property, the environment, communities and business/service viability – additional measures might be necessary which are outside the scope of this British Standard. This British Standard does not cover fire safety design strategies for extreme events such as terrorist actions. NOTE 2 Requirements for means of escape from caravans and mobile homes are given in BS 3632. NOTE 3 Refer to section 255 of the Housing Act 2004 [3] regarding the definition of an HMO.

Committee
FSH/14
DevelopmentNote
Supersedes BS 5588-1(1990). (12/2011) Supersedes 11/30203947 DC. (01/2012)
DocumentType
Standard
Pages
168
PublisherName
British Standards Institution
Status
Superseded
SupersededBy
Supersedes

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13/30266935 DC : 0 BS 7346-8 - COMPONENTS FOR SMOKE CONTROL SYSTEMS - PART 8: CODE OF PRACTICE FOR PLANNING, DESIGN, INSTALLATION, COMMISSIONING AND MAINTENANCE

BS 5234-2:1992 Partitions (including matching linings) Specification for performance requirements for strength and robustness including methods of test
BS 8414-1:2002 Fire performance of external cladding systems Test methods for non-loadbearing external cladding systems applied to the face of a building
BS PAS 121(2007) : 2007 SPECIFICATION FOR ACTIVE FIRE CURTAIN BARRIER ASSEMBLIES AND ACTIVE FIRE CURTAIN BARRIER ASSEMBLIES WITH SMOKE RATING
BS 7346-3:1990 Components for smoke and heat control systems Specification for smoke curtains
BS EN 13501-2 : 2007 FIRE CLASSIFICATION OF CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTS AND BUILDING ELEMENTS - PART 2: CLASSIFICATION USING DATA FROM FIRE RESISTANCE TESTS, EXCLUDING VENTILATION SERVICES
BS 5266-1:2011 Emergency lighting Code of practice for the emergency escape lighting of premises
BS 8414-2:2005 Fire performance of external cladding systems Test method for non-loadbearing external cladding systems fixed to and supported by a structural steel frame
BS EN 1634-1 : 2014 FIRE RESISTANCE AND SMOKE CONTROL TESTS FOR DOOR AND SHUTTER ASSEMBLIES, OPENABLE WINDOWS AND ELEMENTS OF BUILDING HARDWARE - PART 1: FIRE RESISTANCE TEST FOR DOOR AND SHUTTER ASSEMBLIES AND OPENABLE WINDOWS
BS 5306-3:2009 Fire extinguishing installations and equipment on premises Commissioning and maintenance of portable fire extinguishers. Code of practice
BS 5234-1:1992 Partitions (including matching linings) Code of practice for design and installation
BS EN 1155:1997 Building hardware. Electrically powered hold-open devices for swing doors. Requirements and test methods
BS 9990:2006 Code of practice for non-automatic fire-fighting systems in buildings
BS 5516-2:2004 Patent glazing and sloping glazing for buildings Code of practice for sloping glazing
BS 7346-7:2006 Components for smoke and heat control systems Code of practice on functional recommendations and calculation methods for smoke and heat control systems for covered car parks
BS EN 1634-3:2004 Fire resistance and smoke control tests for door and shutter assemblies, openable windows and elements of building hardware Smoke control test for door and shutter assemblies
BS EN 12101-6:2005 Smoke and heat control systems Specification for pressure differential systems. Kits
BS EN 1991-1-2:2002 Eurocode 1. Actions on structures General actions. Actions on structures exposed to fire
BS 6262-4:2005 Glazing for buildings Code of practice for safety related to human impact
BS DD8458-1(2010) : 2010 FIXED FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS - RESIDENTIAL AND DOMESTIC WATERMIST SYSTEMS - PART 1: CODE OF PRACTICE FOR DESIGN AND INSTALLATION
BS 7671(2008) : 2008 REQUIREMENTS FOR ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS - IET WIRING REGULATIONS
BS EN ISO 1182:2010 Reaction to fire tests for products. Non-combustibility test
BS EN 13501-3 : 2005 FIRE CLASSIFICATION OF CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTS AND BUILDING ELEMENTS - PART 3: CLASSIFICATION USING DATA FROM FIRE RESISTANCE TESTS ON PRODUCTS AND ELEMENTS USED IN BUILDING SERVICE INSTALLATIONS: FIRE RESISTING DUCTS AND FIRE DAMPERS
BS ISO 3864-1:2011 Graphical symbols. Safety colours and safety signs Design principles for safety signs and safety markings
DD ENV 1187:2002 Test methods for external fire exposure to roofs
BS EN 13501-1 : 2007 FIRE CLASSIFICATION OF CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTS AND BUILDING ELEMENTS - PART 1: CLASSIFICATION USING DATA FROM REACTION TO FIRE TESTS
BS EN ISO 14122-4:2016 Safety of machinery. Permanent means of access to machinery Fixed ladders
BS EN 12845:2015 Fixed firefighting systems. Automatic sprinkler systems. Design, installation and maintenance
BS DD8489-1(2011) : 2011 FIXED FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS - INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERCIAL WATERMIST SYSTEMS - PART 1: CODE OF PRACTICE FOR DESIGN AND INSTALLATION
BS 3632:2005 Residential park homes. Specification
BS EN ISO 11925-2:2010 Reaction to fire tests. Ignitability of products subjected to direct impingement of flame Single-flame source test
BS 8519:2010 Selection and installation of fire-resistant power and control cable systems for life safety and fire-fighting applications. Code of practice
BS EN 12101-3:2015 Smoke and heat control systems Specification for powered smoke and heat control ventilators (Fans)
BS 7157:1989 Method of test for ignitability of fabrics used in the construction of large tented structures
BS EN 12101-1 : 2006 SMOKE AND HEAT CONTROL SYSTEMS - PART 1: SPECIFICATION FOR SMOKE BARRIERS
BS 5852-1:1979 Fire tests for furniture Methods of test for the ignitability by smokers\' materials of upholstered composites for seating
BS 5410-1:1997 Code of practice for oil firing Installations up to 45 kW output capacity for space heating and hot water supply purposes
BS EN ISO 1716:2010 Reaction to fire tests for products. Determination of the gross heat of combustion (calorific value)
BS 5410-2:1978 Code of practice for oil firing Installations of 45 kW and above output capacity for space heating, hot water and steam supply services
BS EN 13823 : 2010 REACTION TO FIRE TESTS FOR BUILDING PRODUCTS - BUILDING PRODUCTS EXCLUDING FLOORINGS EXPOSED TO THE THERMAL ATTACK BY A SINGLE BURNING ITEM
PD 7974-6:2004 The application of fire safety engineering principles to fire safety design of buildings Human factors. Life safety strategies. Occupant evacuation, behaviour and condition (Sub-system 6)
BS 5839-6:2004 Fire detection and fire alarm systems for buildings Code of practice for the design, installation and maintenance of fire detection and fire alarm systems in dwellings
BS 5839-2:1983 Fire detection and alarm systems for buildings Specification for manual call points
BS 7974:2001 Application of fire safety engineering principles to the design of buildings. Code of practice
BS 9251:2005 Sprinkler systems for residential and domestic occupancies. Code of practice
BS 3251:1976 Specification. Indicator plates for fire hydrants and emergency water supplies
BS EN 1154:1997 Building hardware. Controlled door closing devices. Requirements and test methods
BS 5852-2:1982 Fire tests for furniture Methods of test for the ignitability of upholstered composites for seating by flaming sources
BS 7273-4:2007 Code of practice for the operation of fire protection measures Actuation of release mechanisms for doors

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