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EN 12457-1:2002

Current
Current

The latest, up-to-date edition.

Characterisation of waste - Leaching - Compliance test for leaching of granular waste materials and sludges - Part 1: One stage batch test at a liquid to solid ratio of 2 l/kg for materials with high solid content and with particle size below 4 mm (without or with size reduction)
Published date

18-09-2002

Foreword
Introduction
1 Scope
2 Normative references
3 Terms and definitions
  3.1 Leaching test
  3.2 Leachant
  3.3 Eluate
  3.4 Single batch leaching test
  3.5 Serial batch leaching test
  3.6 Liquid to solid ratio L/S (abbreviation: L/S)
  3.7 Liquid waste
  3.8 Sludge
  3.9 Monolithic waste
  3.10 Granular waste
  3.11 Dry matter content ratio (abbreviation: DR)
  3.12 Moisture content ratio (abbreviation MC)
  3.13 Laboratory sample
  3.14 Test sample
  3.15 Test portion
4 Compliance test
  4.1 Principle
  4.2 Equipment and reagents
  4.3 Sampling strategy and sample preparation
5 Procedure
  5.1 Testing conditions
  5.2 Description of the procedure
  5.3 Further preparation of the eluate for analysis
  5.4 Blank test for the verification of the leaching
       procedure
6 Calculation
7 Documentation and test report
  7.1 Sample preparation
  7.2 Production of eluate
  7.3 Analytical determination
  7.4 Calculations and blank test information
8 Performance characteristics
  8.1 Objective of the validation
  8.2 Validation study
  8.3 Validation results
  8.4 Summary of the performance characteristics evaluation
Annex A (informative) Information on the influence on the
         test results of the parameters that effect leaching
Annex B (informative) Test for determining whether waste is
         in the liquid state
Annex C (informative) Example of datasheet for EN 12457-1
Annex D (informative) Process map for EN 12457-1
Annex E (informative) Example of a specific liquid-solid
         separation procedure for soil sample
Annex ZA (informative) National deviation A from France
Bibliography

This part of European Standard specifies a compliance test providing information on leaching of granular wastes and sludges under the experimental conditions specified hereafter, and particularly a liquid to solid ratio of 2 l/kg dry matter. It applies to waste which has a particle size below 4 mm without or with size reduction. The test procedure specified in this Standard produces an eluate which shall subsequently be characterized physically and chemically according to appropriate standard methods.

Committee
CEN/TC 444
DevelopmentNote
Supersedes PREN 12457-1. (10/2005)
DocumentType
Standard
PublisherName
Comite Europeen de Normalisation
Status
Current

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I.S. EN 12506:2003 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - ANALYSIS OF ELUATES - DETERMINATION OF PH, AS, BA, CD, CL[-], CO, CR, CR (6), CU, MO, NI, NO[2-], PB, TOTAL S, SO[4][2-], V AND ZN
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UNE-EN 14429:2015 Characterization of waste - Leaching behaviour test - Influence of pH on leaching with initial acid/base addition
I.S. EN 14405:2017 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST - UP-FLOW PERCOLATION TEST (UNDER SPECIFIED CONDITIONS)
PD CEN/TR 16376:2012 Characterization of waste. Overall guidance document for characterization of waste from the extractive industries
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DIN EN 15863:2015-06 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST FOR BASIC CHARACTERIZATION - DYNAMIC MONOLITHIC LEACHING TEST WITH PERIODIC LEACHANT RENEWAL, UNDER FIXED CONDITIONS
DIN EN 12506:2003-09 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - ANALYSIS OF ELUATES - DETERMINATION OF PH, AS, BA, CD, CI[-], CO, CR, CR(VI), CU, MO, NI, NO[2-], PB, TOTAL S, SO[4][2-], V AND ZN
EN 14997:2015 Characterization of waste - Leaching behaviour test - Influence of pH on leaching with continuous pH control
EN 12506:2003 Characterization of waste - Analysis of eluates - Determination of pH, As, Ba, Cd, Cl-, Co, Cr, Cr Vl, Cu, Mo, Ni, NO2-, Pb, total S, SO42-, V and Zn
CEN/TS 15862:2012 Characterisation of waste - Compliance leaching test - One stage batch leaching test for monoliths at fixed liquid to surface area ratio (L/A) for test portions with fixed minimum dimensions
CEN/TR 16376:2012 Characterization of waste - Overall guidance document for characterization of waste from the extractive industries
EN 14405:2017 Characterization of waste - Leaching behaviour test - Up-flow percolation test (under specified conditions)
EN 15863:2015 Characterization of waste - Leaching behaviour test for basic characterization - Dynamic monolithic leaching test with periodic leachant renewal, under fixed conditions
DIN EN 14997:2015-05 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST - INFLUENCE OF PH ON LEACHING WITH CONTINUOUS PH CONTROL
04/30114861 DC : 0 BS ISO 21268-2 - SOIL QUALITY - LEACHING - PART 2: BATCH TEST USING A LIQUID TO SOLID RATIO OF 10 L/KG DRY MATTER
DIN EN ISO 18772 E : 2014 SOIL QUALITY - GUIDANCE ON LEACHING PROCEDURES FOR SUBSEQUENT CHEMICAL AND ECOTOXICOLOGICAL TESTING OF SOILS AND SOIL MATERIALS (ISO 18772:2008)
UNI EN 16457 : 2014 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - FRAMEWORK FOR THE PREPARATION AND APPLICATION OF A TESTING PROGRAMME - OBJECTIVES, PLANNING AND REPORT
10/30233988 DC : 0 BS EN 16192 - CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - ANALYSIS OF ELUATES
04/30114859 DC : 0 BS ISO 21268-1 - SOIL QUALITY - LEACHING - PART 1: BATCH TEST USING A LIQUID TO SOLID RATIO OF 2 L/KG DRY MATTER
UNI EN ISO 18772 : 2014 SOIL QUALITY - GUIDANCE ON LEACHING PROCEDURES FOR SUBSEQUENT CHEMICAL AND ECOTOXICOLOGICAL TESTING OF SOILS AND SOIL MATERIALS
DIN EN 14405 E : 2017 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST - UP-FLOW PERCOLATION TEST (UNDER SPECIFIED CONDITIONS)
DIN EN ISO 18772:2014-07 Soil quality - Guidance on leaching procedures for subsequent chemical and ecotoxicological testing of soils and soil materials (ISO 18772:2008)
PREN 14429 : DRAFT 2013 CHARACTERISATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST - INFLUENCE OF PH ON LEACHING WITH INITIAL ACID/BASE ADDITION
I.S. EN 16457:2014 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - FRAMEWORK FOR THE PREPARATION AND APPLICATION OF A TESTING PROGRAMME - OBJECTIVES, PLANNING AND REPORT
I.S. EN 14997:2015 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST - INFLUENCE OF PH ON LEACHING WITH CONTINUOUS PH CONTROL
CEN/TS 16637-1:2014 Construction products - Assessment of release of dangerous substances - Part 1: Guidance for the determination of leaching tests and additional testing steps
S.R. CEN/TR 16376:2012 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - OVERALL GUIDANCE DOCUMENT FOR CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE FROM THE EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES
PREN 14405 : DRAFT 2014 CHARACTERISATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST - UP-FLOW PERCOLATION TEST (UNDER SPECIFIED CONDITIONS)
UNI CEN/TS 16637-1 : 2014 CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTS - ASSESSMENT OF RELEASE OF DANGEROUS SUBSTANCES - PART 1: GUIDANCE FOR THE DETERMINATION OF LEACHING TESTS AND ADDITIONAL TESTING STEPS
UNE-EN 14405:2017 Characterization of waste - Leaching behaviour test - Up-flow percolation test (under specified conditions)
DIN EN 15863 E : 2015 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST FOR BASIC CHARACTERIZATION - DYNAMIC MONOLITHIC LEACHING TEST WITH PERIODIC LEACHANT RENEWAL, UNDER FIXED CONDITIONS
17/30348303 DC : 0 BS EN 17087 - CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTS - ASSESSMENT OF RELEASE OF DANGEROUS SUBSTANCES - PREPARATION OF TEST PORTIONS FROM THE LABORATORY SAMPLE FOR TESTING OF RELEASE AND ANALYSIS OF CONTENT
UNE-EN 15863:2015 Characterization of waste - Leaching behaviour test for basic characterization - Dynamic monolithic leaching test with periodic leachant renewal, under fixed conditions
UNE-EN 15002:2015 Characterization of waste - Preparation of test portions from the laboratory sample
DIN EN 13370:2003-09 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - ANALYSIS OF ELUATES - DETERMINATION OF AMMONIUM, AOX, CONDUCTIVITY, HG, PHENOL INDEX, TOC, CN[-] EASILY LIBERATABLE, F[-]
S.R. CEN/TS 15863:2012 CHARACTERISATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST FOR BASIC CHARACTERISATION - DYNAMIC MONOLITHIC LEACHING TEST WITH PERIODIC LEACHANT RENEWAL, UNDER FIXED TEST CONDITIONS
I.S. EN 15002:2015 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - PREPARATION OF TEST PORTIONS FROM THE LABORATORY SAMPLE
S.R. CEN/TS 15862:2012 CHARACTERISATION OF WASTE - COMPLIANCE LEACHING TEST - ONE STAGE BATCH LEACHING TEST FOR MONOLITHS AT FIXED LIQUID TO SURFACE AREA RATIO (L/A) FOR TEST PORTIONS WITH FIXED MINIMUM DIMENSIONS
PD CEN/TS 16660:2015 Characterization of waste. Leaching behaviour test. Determination of the reducing character and the reducing capacity
BS EN 16192:2011 Characterization of waste. Analysis of eluates
DIN EN 16192:2012-02 Characterization of waste - Analysis of eluates
UNE-EN 16687:2016 Construction products - Assessment of release of dangerous substances - Terminology
DIN EN 14429 E : 2015 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST - INFLUENCE OF PH ON LEACHING WITH INITIAL ACID/BASE ADDITION
BS EN ISO 18772:2014 Soil quality. Guidance on leaching procedures for subsequent chemical and ecotoxicological testing of soils and soil materials
PD CEN/TR 17105:2017 Construction products. Assessment of release of dangerous substances. Guidance on the use of ecotoxicity tests applied to construction products
UNE-EN 14997:2015 Characterization of waste - Leaching behaviour test - Influence of pH on leaching with continuous pH control
UNE-EN 16457:2014 Characterization of waste - Framework for the preparation and application of a testing programme - Objectives, planning and report
PD CEN/TS 16675:2014 Characterisation of waste. Test methods for the determination of the monolithic status of waste
S.R. CEN/TR 17105:2017 CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTS - ASSESSMENT OF RELEASE OF DANGEROUS SUBSTANCES - GUIDANCE ON THE USE OF ECOTOXICITY TESTS APPLIED TO CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTS
S.R. CEN/TR 16110:2010 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - GUIDANCE ON THE USE OF ECOTOXICITY TESTS APPLIED TO WASTE
I.S. EN 16192:2011 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - ANALYSIS OF ELUATES
PD CEN/TS 16637-1:2014 Construction products. Assessment of release of dangerous substances Guidance for the determination of leaching tests and additional testing steps
CEN/TS 16675:2014 Characterisation of waste - Test methods for the determination of the monolithic status of waste
S.R. CEN/TS 16637-1:2014 CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTS - ASSESSMENT OF RELEASE OF DANGEROUS SUBSTANCES - PART 1: GUIDANCE FOR THE DETERMINATION OF LEACHING TESTS AND ADDITIONAL TESTING STEPS
BS EN 12506:2003 Characterization of waste. Analysis of eluates. Determination of pH, As, Ba, Cd, Cl$u-, Co, Cr, Cr VI, Cu, Mo, Ni, NO<sub>2</sub>$u-, Pb, total S, SO<sub>4</sub><sup>2</sup>$u-, V and Zn
UNI CEN/TS 15862 : 2012 CHARACTERISATION OF WASTE - COMPLIANCE LEACHING TEST - ONE STAGE BATCH LEACHING TEST FOR MONOLITHS AT FIXED LIQUID TO SURFACE AREA RATIO (L/A) FOR TEST PORTIONS WITH FIXED MINIMUM DIMENSIONS
PD CEN/TS 15864:2012 Characterisation of waste. Leaching behaviour test for basic characterisation. Dynamic monolithic leaching test with continuous leachant renewal under conditions relevant for specified scenario(s)
I.S. EN 15863:2015 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST FOR BASIC CHARACTERIZATION - DYNAMIC MONOLITHIC LEACHING TEST WITH PERIODIC LEACHANT RENEWAL, UNDER FIXED CONDITIONS
I.S. EN 13370:2003 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - ANALYSIS OF ELUATES - DETERMINATION OF AMMONIUM, AOX, CONDUCTIVITY, HG, PHENOL INDEX, TOC, EASILY LIBERATABLE CN[-], F[-]
DIN EN 14997 E : 2015 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST - INFLUENCE OF PH ON LEACHING WITH CONTINUOUS PH CONTROL
DIN EN 14429:2015-05 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST - INFLUENCE OF PH ON LEACHING WITH INITIAL ACID/BASE ADDITION
12/30263896 DC : 0 BS EN 16457 - CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - FRAMEWORK FOR THE PREPARATION AND APPLICATION OF A TESTING PROGRAMME - OBJECTIVES, PLANNING AND REPORT
UNI CEN/TS 16675 : 2014 CHARACTERISATION OF WASTE - TEST METHODS FOR THE DETERMINATION OF THE MONOLITHIC STATUS OF WASTE
FD CEN/TR 16110 : 2011 FD CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - GUIDANCE ON THE USE OF ECOTOXICITY TESTS APPLIED TO WASTE
DIN EN 16457:2014-07 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - FRAMEWORK FOR THE PREPARATION AND APPLICATION OF A TESTING PROGRAMME - OBJECTIVES, PLANNING AND REPORT
I.S. EN 14429:2015 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST - INFLUENCE OF PH ON LEACHING WITH INITIAL ACID/BASE ADDITION
CEN/TR 17105:2017 Construction products - Assessment of release of dangerous substances - Guidance on the use of ecotoxicity tests applied to construction products
S.R. CEN/TS 15864:2015 CHARACTERISATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST FOR BASIC CHARACTERIZATION - DYNAMIC MONOLITHIC LEACHING TEST WITH CONTINUOUS LEACHANT RENEWAL UNDER CONDITIONS RELEVANT FOR SPECIFIED SCENARIO(S)
PD CEN/TS 15862:2012 Characterisation of waste. Compliance leaching test. One stage batch leaching test for monoliths at fixed liquid to surface area ratio (L/A) for test portions with fixed minimum dimensions
PD CEN/TS 15863:2012 Characterisation of waste. Leaching behaviour test for basic characterisation. Dynamic monolithic leaching test with periodic leachant renewal, under fixed test conditions
ISO 18772:2008 Soil quality — Guidance on leaching procedures for subsequent chemical and ecotoxicological testing of soils and soil materials
13/30291099 DC : 0 BS EN 15002 - CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - PREPARATION OF TEST PORTIONS FROM THE LABORATORY SAMPLE
BS EN 15863:2015 Characterization of waste. Leaching behaviour test for basic characterization. Dynamic monolithic leaching test with periodic leachant renewal, under fixed conditions
BS EN 13370:2003 Characterization of waste. Analysis of eluates. Determination of Ammonium, AOX, conductivity, Hg, phenol index, TOC, easily liberatable CN$u-, F$u-
DIN EN 15002:2015-07 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - PREPARATION OF TEST PORTIONS FROM THE LABORATORY SAMPLE
EN 15002:2015 Characterization of waste - Preparation of test portions from the laboratory sample
EN 16687:2015 Construction products - Assessment of release of dangerous substances - Terminology
EN ISO 18772:2014 Soil quality - Guidance on leaching procedures for subsequent chemical and ecotoxicological testing of soils and soil materials (ISO 18772:2008)
EN 16457:2014 Characterization of waste - Framework for the preparation and application of a testing programme - Objectives, planning and report
13/30286649 DC : 0 BS EN 14429 - CHARACTERISATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST - INFLUENCE OF PH ON LEACHING WITH INITIAL ACID/BASE ADDITION
13/30286658 DC : 0 BS EN 16660 - CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST - DETERMINATION OF THE REDUCING CHARACTER AND THE REDUCING CAPACITY
BS EN 14429:2015 Characterization of waste. Leaching behaviour test. Influence of pH on leaching with initial acid/base addition
DIN EN 16457 E : 2014 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - FRAMEWORK FOR THE PREPARATION AND APPLICATION OF A TESTING PROGRAMME - OBJECTIVES, PLANNING AND REPORT
13/30286652 DC : 0 BS EN 14997 - CHARACTERISATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST - INFLUENCE OF PH ON LEACHING WITH CONTINUOUS PH CONTROL
BS EN 16457:2014 Characterization of waste. Framework for the preparation and application of a testing programme. Objectives, planning and report
04/30116791 DC : DRAFT JUL 2004 BS EN 15002 - CHARACTERISATION OF WASTE - PREPARATION OF TEST PORTIONS FROM LABORATORY SAMPLE
UNE-EN 16192:2012 Characterization of waste - Analysis of eluates
I.S. EN 16687:2015 CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTS - ASSESSMENT OF RELEASE OF DANGEROUS SUBSTANCES - TERMINOLOGY
S.R. CEN/TS 16660:2015 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST - DETERMINATION OF THE REDUCING CHARACTER AND THE REDUCING CAPACITY
UNE-CEN/TR 16110:2011 IN Characterization of waste - Guidance on the use of ecotoxicity tests applied to waste
BS ISO 18772 : 2008 COR 2014 SOIL QUALITY - GUIDANCE ON LEACHING PROCEDURES FOR SUBSEQUENT CHEMICAL AND ECOTOXICOLOGICAL TESTING OF SOILS AND SOIL MATERIALS
I.S. EN ISO 18772:2014 SOIL QUALITY - GUIDANCE ON LEACHING PROCEDURES FOR SUBSEQUENT CHEMICAL AND ECOTOXICOLOGICAL TESTING OF SOILS AND SOIL MATERIALS (ISO 18772:2008)
UNI EN 16192 : 2012 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - ANALYSIS OF ELUATES
DIN EN 15002 E : 2015 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - PREPARATION OF TEST PORTIONS FROM THE LABORATORY SAMPLE
13/30286655 DC : 0 BS EN 15863 - CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST FOR BASIC CHARACTERIZATION - DYNAMIC MONOLITHIC LEACHING TEST WITH PERIODIC LEACHANT RENEWAL, UNDER FIXED TEST CONDITIONS
BS EN 15002:2015 Characterization of waste. Preparation of test portions from the laboratory sample
CEN/TS 15864:2015 Characterization of waste - Leaching behaviour test for basic characterization - Dynamic monolithic leaching test with continuous leachant renewal under conditions relevant for specified scenario(s)
EN 13370:2003 Characterization of waste - Analysis of eluates - Determination of Ammonium, AOX, conductivity, Hg, phenol index, TOC, easily liberatable CN-, F-
CEN/TR 16110:2010 Characterization of waste - Guidance on the use of ecotoxicity tests applied to waste
EN 14429:2015 Characterization of waste - Leaching behaviour test - Influence of pH on leaching with initial acid/base addition
CEN/TS 16660:2015 Characterization of waste - Leaching behaviour test - Determination of the reducing character and the reducing capacity
EN 16192:2011 Characterization of waste - Analysis of eluates
CEN/TS 15863:2012 Characterisation of waste - Leaching behaviour test for basic characterisation - Dynamic monolithic leaching test with periodic leachant renewal, under fixed test conditions

ENV 12920 : 1997 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - METHODOLOGY FOR THE DETERMINATION OF THE LEACHING BEHAVIOUR OF WASTE UNDER SPECIFIED CONDITIONS
EN 12880:2000 Characterization of sludges - Determination of dry residue and water content
ENV 12506 : DRAFT 2000 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - ANALYSIS OF ELUATES - DETERMINATION OF PH, AS, CD, CR (6), CU, NI, PB, ZN, CL[-], NO[2][-], SO[4][2-]
ISO 5667-3:2012 Water quality Sampling Part 3: Preservation and handling of water samples
DIN 38414 : LATEST
ENV 13370 : DRAFT 2001 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - ANALYSIS OF ELUATES - DETERMINATION OF AMMONIUM - N, AOX, CONDUCTIVITY, HG, PHENOL INDEX, TOC, CN - EASILY LIBERATABLE, F
EN ISO 5667-3:2012 Water quality - Sampling - Part 3: Preservation and handling of water samples (ISO 5667-3:2012)
EN ISO 3696:1995 Water for analytical laboratory use - Specification and test methods (ISO 3696:1987)
NFX 31 210 : 1998
NEN 7343 : 1995 LEACHING CHARACTERISTICS OF SOLID EARTHY AND STONY BUILDING AND WASTE MATERIALS - LEACHING TESTS - DETERMINATION OF THE LEACHING OF INORGANIC COMPONENTS FROM GRANULAR MATERIALS WITH THE COLUMN TEST
ISO 5725-5:1998 Accuracy (trueness and precision) of measurement methods and results — Part 5: Alternative methods for the determination of the precision of a standard measurement method

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