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EN 589:2008+A1:2012

Superseded

Superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

View Superseded by
superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

Automotive fuels - LPG - Requirements and test methods

Superseded date

26-03-2022

Published date

14-03-2012

Foreword
1 Scope
2 Normative references
3 Terms and definitions
4 Sampling
5 Pump marking
6 Requirements and test methods
Annex A (normative) - Test method for odour of LPG
Annex B (normative) - Method of calculation of the Motor
        Octane Number (MON) from compositional analysis
        of LPG
Annex C (normative) - Absolute vapour pressure blending
        factors (kPa)
Annex D (informative) - Seasonal gauge vapour pressure
        limits at 40 degrees C
Bibliography

This European Standard specifies requirements and test methods for marketed and delivered automotive LPG (Liquefied Petroleum Gas). It is applicable to automotive LPG for use in LPG engine vehicles designed to run on automotive LPG.NOTE:For the purposes of this European Standard, the term “% (V/V)” is used to represent the volume fraction.WARNING - Attention is drawn to the risk of fire and explosion when handling LPG and to the hazard to health which arises through inhalation of excessive amounts of LPG.LPG is a highly volatile hydrocarbon liquid which is normally stored under pressure. If the pressure is released large volumes of gas will be produced which form flammable mixtures with air over the range of approximately 2 % (V/V) to 10 % (V/V). This European Standard involves the sampling, handling and testing of LPG. All procedures should be conducted away from sources of ignition such as naked flames, unprotected electrical equipment and electrostatic hazards. Testing should be performed as far as practicable under an electrically-safe ventilation hood.LPG in liquid form can cause cold burns to the skin. Protective clothing such as gloves and goggles should be worn if contact with the skin is likely to occur.Unnecessary inhalation of LPG vapour should be avoided. The operator should not be exposed to atmospheres containing more than 1 800 mg/m3 over an 8 h time-weighted average (TWA) reference period, or more than 2 250 mg/m3 over a short term, 10 min reference period. One of the tests described in this European Standard involves the operator inhaling a mixture of air and LPG vapour. Particular attention is drawn to the cautionary statement provided in A.1, where this method is referred to.

Committee
CEN/TC 19
DevelopmentNote
2008 Edition Re-Issued in March 2012 & incorporates AMD 1 2012. (04/2012)
DocumentType
Standard
PublisherName
Comite Europeen de Normalisation
Status
Superseded
SupersededBy
Supersedes

12/30263426 DC : 0 BS EN 16423 - LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GASES - DETERMINATION OF DISSOLVED RESIDUE - GAS CHROMATOGRAPHIC METHOD USING LIQUID, ON-COLUMN INJECTION
03/107320 DC : DRAFT APR 2003 EN 14678-1 - LPG EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORIES - CONSTRUCTION AND PERFORMANCE OF LPG EQUIPMENT FOR AUTOMOTIVE FILLING STATIONS - PART 1: DISPENSERS
14/30298241 DC : 0 BS EN 16796-1 - ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF INDUSTRIAL TRUCKS - TEST METHODS - PART 1: GENERAL
DIN EN 16423:2014-02 Liquefied petroleum gases - Determination of dissolved residue - Gas chromatographic method using liquid, on-column injection
13/30279896 DC : 0 BS ISO 8178-5 - RECIPROCATING INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES - EXHAUST EMISSION MEASUREMENT - PART 5: TEST FUELS
BS EN ISO 15403-1:2008 Natural gas. Natural gas for use as a compressed fuel for vehicles Designation of the quality
10/30227668 DC : 0 BS EN 14678-3 - LPG EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORIES - PART 3: REFUELLING INSTALLATIONS AT PRIVATE AND INDUSTRIAL PREMISES
10/30227671 DC : 0 BS EN 14678-1 - LPG EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORIES - CONSTRUCTION AND PERFORMANCE OF LPG EQUIPMENT FOR AUTOMOTIVE FILLING STATIONS - PART 1: DISPENSERS
DIN EN ISO 15403:2007-08 NATURAL GAS - DESIGNATION OF THE QUALITY OF NATURAL GAS FOR USE AS A COMPRESSED FUEL FOR VEHICLES
DIN EN 15609 E : 2012 LPG EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORIES - LPG PROPULSION SYSTEMS FOR BOATS, YACHTS AND OTHER CRAFT
I.S. EN ISO 15403-1:2008 NATURAL GAS - NATURAL GAS FOR USE AS A COMPRESSED FUEL FOR VEHICLES - PART 1: DESIGNATION OF THE QUALITY
DIN EN 14678-2:2012-04 LPG equipment and accessories - Construction and performance of LPG equipment for automotive filling stations - Part 2: Components other than dispensers and installation requirements (includes Amendment A1:2012)
BS EN 12806:2003 Automotive liquefied petroleum gas components. Other than containers
BS EN 14678-2 : 2007 LPG EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORIES - CONSTRUCTION AND PERFORMANCE OF LPG EQUIPMENT FOR AUTOMOTIVE FILLING STATIONS - PART 2: COMPONENTS OTHER THAN DISPENSERS AND INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS
BS EN 13760:2003 Automotive LPG filling system for light and heavy duty vehicles. Nozzle, test requirements and dimensions
I.S. EN 14678-2:2007 LPG EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORIES - CONSTRUCTION AND PERFORMANCE OF LPG EQUIPMENT FOR AUTOMOTIVE FILLING STATIONS - PART 2: COMPONENTS OTHER THAN DISPENSERS AND INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS
EN 15609:2012 LPG equipment and accessories - LPG propulsion systems for boats, yachts and other craft
EN 12805:2002 Automotive LPG components - Containers
I.S. EN 13760:2003 AUTOMOTIVE LPG FILLING SYSTEM FOR LIGHT AND HEAVY DUTY VEHICLES - NOZZLE, TEST REQUIREMENTS AND DIMENSIONS
CEN/TS 16769:2015 LPG equipment and accessories - Terminology
EN 12806:2003 Automotive liquefied petroleum gas components - Other than containers
EN 12979:2002 Automotive LPG-systems - Installation requirements
I.S. EN 16230-2:2016 LEISURE KARTS - PART 2: SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR KARTING FACILITIES
UNE-EN 16230-2:2017 Leisure karts - Part 2: Safety requirements for karting facilities
99/716445 DC : DRAFT NOV 99 AUTOMOTIVE LPG FILLING SYSTEM - PART 1: DIMENSIONS AND TEST REQUIREMENTS FOR THE CONNECTOR
18/30347942 DC : DRAFT APR 2018 BS ISO 20766-9 - ROAD VEHICLES - LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS (LPG) FUEL SYSTEMS COMPONENTS - PART 9: PRESSURE RELIEVE DEVICE (PRD)
BS EN 16423:2013 Liquefied petroleum gases. Determination of dissolved residue. Gas chromatographic method using liquid, on-column injection
UNI EN 16423 : 2013 LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GASES - DETERMINATION OF DISSOLVED RESIDUE - GAS CHROMATOGRAPHIC METHOD USING LIQUID, ON-COLUMN INJECTION
17/30347933 DC : 0 BS ISO 20766-4 - ROAD VEHICLES - LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS (LPG) FUEL SYSTEM COMPONENTS - PART 4: LEVEL INDICATOR
DIN EN 15609:2012-07 LPG equipment and accessories - LPG propulsion systems for boats, yachts and other craft
BS EN 15609:2012 LPG equipment and accessories. LPG propulsion systems for boats, yachts and other craft
05/30125032 DC : DRAFT JUL 2005 EN 14678-2 - LPG EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORIES - EQUIPMENT FOR LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS AUTOMOTIVE FILLING STATIONS - PART 2: COMPONENTS OTHER THAN DISPENSERS, AND INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS
DIN EN ISO 15403-1:2009-10 NATURAL GAS - NATURAL GAS FOR USE AS A COMPRESSED FUEL FOR VEHICLES - PART 1: DESIGNATION OF THE QUALITY
I.S. EN 16652-1:2016 LPG EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORIES - AUTOMOTIVE LPG VEHICLES WORKSHOPS - PART 1: WORKING AREAS AND PROCEDURES
BS ISO 15403:2000 Natural gas. Designation of the quality of natural gas for use as a compressed fuel for vehicles
PD CEN/TS 16769:2015 LPG equipment and accessories. Terminology
UNI EN ISO 15403-1 : 2008 NATURAL GAS - NATURAL GAS FOR USE AS A COMPRESSED FUEL FOR VEHICLES - PART 1: DESIGNATION OF THE QUALITY
UNE-EN 14678-2:2009 LPG equipment and accessories - Equipment for Liquefied Petroleum Gas automotive filling stations - Part 2: Components other than dispensers, and installation requirements
I.S. EN 14678-1:2013 LPG EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORIES - CONSTRUCTION AND PERFORMANCE OF LPG EQUIPMENT FOR AUTOMOTIVE FILLING STATIONS - PART 1: DISPENSERS
EN 16942:2016 Fuels - Identification of vehicle compatibility - Graphical expression for consumer information
I.S. EN ISO 8178-5:1998 RECIPROCATING INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES - EXHAUST EMISSION MEASUREMENT - PART 5: TEST FUELS
DIN EN 13760:2003-11 Automotive LPG filling system for light and heavy duty vehicles - Nozzle; Test requirements and dimensions
I.S. EN 12806:2003 AUTOMOTIVE LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS COMPONENTS - OTHER THAN CONTAINERS
18/30347939 DC : DRAFT APR 2018 BS ISO 20766-6 - ROAD VEHICLES - LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS (LPG) FUEL SYSTEMS COMPONENTS - PART 6: PRESSURE RELIEF VALVES (PRV)
BS EN 16942:2016 Fuels. Identification of vehicle compatibility. Graphical expression for consumer information
16/30338252 DC : 0 BS EN 16942 - FUELS - IDENTIFICATION OF VEHICLE COMPATIBILITY - GRAPHICAL EXPRESSION FOR CONSUMER INFORMATION
S.R. CEN/TS 16769:2015 LPG EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORIES - TERMINOLOGY
06/30125306 DC : 0 EN 15609 - LPG EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORIES - LPG PROPULSION SYSTEMS FOR BOATS, YACHTS AND OTHER CRAFT - INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS
BS EN 16796-1:2016 Energy efficiency of Industrial trucks. Test methods General
DIN EN 16440-1:2015-05 TESTING METHODOLOGIES OF REFRIGERATING DEVICES FOR INSULATED MEANS OF TRANSPORT - PART 1: MECHANICAL COOLING DEVICE WITH FORCED AIR CIRCULATION EVAPORATOR WITH OR WITHOUT HEATING DEVICE
BS EN 16652-1:2016 LPG equipment and accessories. Automotive LPG vehicles workshops Working areas and procedures
UNE-EN 16652-1:2016 LPG equipment and accessories - Automotive LPG vehicles workshops - Part 1: Working areas and procedures
DIN EN 16652-1:2016-09 LPG EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORIES - AUTOMOTIVE LPG VEHICLES WORKSHOPS - PART 1: WORKING AREAS AND PROCEDURES
I.S. EN 15609:2012 LPG EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORIES - LPG PROPULSION SYSTEMS FOR BOATS, YACHTS AND OTHER CRAFT
PREN 16652-2 : DRAFT 2017 LPG EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORIES - AUTOMOTIVE LPG VEHICLES WORKSHOPS - PART 2: PERSONNEL COMPETENCE AND TRAINING
ISO 8178-5:2015 Reciprocating internal combustion engines Exhaust emission measurement Part 5: Test fuels
UNE-EN 14678-1:2013 LPG equipment and accessories - Construction and performance of LPG equipment for automotive filling stations - Part 1: Dispensers
EN ISO 8178-5 : 1997 RECIPROCATING INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES - EXHAUST EMISSION MEASUREMENT - TEST FUELS
EN 16652-1:2016 LPG equipment and accessories - Automotive LPG vehicles workshops - Part 1: Working areas and procedures
EN 14678-1:2013 LPG equipment and accessories - Construction and performance of LPG equipment for automotive filling stations - Part 1: Dispensers
I.S. EN 12979:2002 AUTOMOTIVE LPG-SYSTEMS - INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS
UNI EN 14678-2 : 2012 LPG EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORIES - CONSTRUCTION AND PERFORMANCE OF LPG EQUIPMENT FOR AUTOMOTIVE FILLING STATIONS - PART 2: COMPONENTS OTHER THAN DISPENSERS AND INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS
UNI EN 14678-1 : 2013 LPG EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORIES - CONSTRUCTION AND PERFORMANCE OF LPG EQUIPMENT FOR AUTOMOTIVE FILLING STATIONS - PART 1: DISPENSERS
DIN EN 16652-1 E : 2016 LPG EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORIES - AUTOMOTIVE LPG VEHICLES WORKSHOPS - PART 1: WORKING AREAS AND PROCEDURES
DIN EN 16440-1 E : 2015 TESTING METHODOLOGIES OF REFRIGERATING DEVICES FOR INSULATED MEANS OF TRANSPORT - PART 1: MECHANICAL COOLING DEVICE WITH FORCED AIR CIRCULATION EVAPORATOR WITH OR WITHOUT HEATING DEVICE
BS ISO 20826:2006 Automotive LPG components. Containers
PREN 14678-1 : DRAFT 2010 LPG EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORIES - CONSTRUCTION AND PERFORMANCE OF LPG EQUIPMENT FOR AUTOMOTIVE FILLING STATIONS - PART 1: DISPENSERS
17/30347930 DC : 0 BS ISO 20766-3 - ROAD VEHICLES - LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS (LPG) FUEL SYSTEMS COMPONENTS - PART 3: 80% STOP VALVE
13/30286129 DC : 0 BS EN 16652-1 - LPG EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORIES - AUTOMOTIVE LPG VEHICLES WORKSHOPS - PART 1: WORKING AREAS AND PROCEDURES
UNE-EN 16942:2016 Fuels - Identification of vehicle compatibility - Graphical expression for consumer information
I.S. EN 16796-1:2016 ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF INDUSTRIAL TRUCKS - TEST METHODS - PART 1: GENERAL
DIN EN 16423 E : 2014 LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GASES - DETERMINATION OF DISSOLVED RESIDUE - GAS CHROMATOGRAPHIC METHOD USING LIQUID, ON-COLUMN INJECTION
PREN 15609 : DRAFT 2010 LPG EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORIES - LPG PROPULSION SYSTEMS FOR BOATS, YACHTS AND OTHER CRAFT - INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS
BS EN 16440-1:2015 Testing methodologies of refrigerating devices for insulated means of transport Mechanical cooling device with forced air circulation evaporator with or without heating device
17/30366821 DC : 0 BS EN 16652-2 - LPG EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORIES - AUTOMOTIVE LPG VEHICLES WORKSHOPS - PART 2: PERSONNEL COMPETENCE AND TRAINING
ISO 20826:2006 Automotive LPG components Containers
I.S. EN ISO 15403:2005 NATURAL GAS - DESIGNATION OF THE QUALITY OF NATURAL GAS FOR USE AS A COMPRESSED FUEL FOR VEHICLES
BS EN 12805:2002 Automotive LPG components. Containers
ISO 15403-1:2006 Natural gas Natural gas for use as a compressed fuel for vehicles Part 1: Designation of the quality
BS EN ISO 8178-5:1997 Reciprocating internal combustion engines. Exhaust emission measurement Test fuels
UNE-EN 16796-1:2017 Energy efficiency of Industrial trucks - Test methods - Part 1: General
EN 16796-1:2016 Energy efficiency of Industrial trucks - Test methods - Part 1: General
EN 16423:2013 Liquefied petroleum gases - Determination of dissolved residue - Gas chromatographic method using liquid, on-column injection
EN ISO 15403:2005 Natural gas - Designation of the quality of natural gas for use as a compressed fuel for vehicles (ISO 15403:2000)
EN 14678-2:2007+A1:2012 LPG equipment and accessories - Construction and performance of LPG equipment for automotive filling stations - Part 2: Components other than dispensers and installation requirements
EN 16440-1:2015 Testing methodologies of refrigerating devices for insulated means of transport - Part 1: Mechanical cooling device with forced air circulation evaporator with or without heating device
EN ISO 15403-1:2008 Natural gas - Natural gas for use as a compressed fuel for vehicles - Part 1: Designation of the quality (ISO 15403-1:2006)
UNE-EN 16440-1:2015 Testing methodologies of refrigerating devices for insulated means of transport - Part 1: Mechanical cooling device with forced air circulation evaporator with or without heating device
I.S. EN 16942:2016 FUELS - IDENTIFICATION OF VEHICLE COMPATIBILITY - GRAPHICAL EXPRESSION FOR CONSUMER INFORMATION
10/30219378 DC : 0 BS EN 15609 - LPG EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORIES - LPG PROPULSION SYSTEMS FOR BOATS, YACHTS AND OTHER CRAFT - INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS
I.S. EN 16440-1:2015 TESTING METHODOLOGIES OF REFRIGERATING DEVICES FOR INSULATED MEANS OF TRANSPORT - PART 1: MECHANICAL COOLING DEVICE WITH FORCED AIR CIRCULATION EVAPORATOR WITH OR WITHOUT HEATING DEVICE
I.S. EN 16423:2013 LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GASES - DETERMINATION OF DISSOLVED RESIDUE - GAS CHROMATOGRAPHIC METHOD USING LIQUID, ON-COLUMN INJECTION
BS ISO 8178-5:2008 Reciprocating internal combustion engines. Exhaust emission measurement Test fuels
UNI EN 15609 : 2012 LPG EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORIES - LPG PROPULSION SYSTEMS FOR BOATS, YACHTS AND OTHER CRAFT
DIN EN 14678-1:2013-06 LPG equipment and accessories - Construction and performance of LPG equipment for automotive filling stations - Part 1: Dispensers
BS EN 14678-1:2013 LPG equipment and accessories. Construction and performance of LPG equipment for automotive filling stations Dispensers
BS EN 12979:2002 Automotive LPG systems. Installation requirements
EN 13760:2003 Automotive LPG filling system for light and heavy duty vehicles - Nozzle, test requirements and dimensions

ISO 3993:1984 Liquefied petroleum gas and light hydrocarbons — Determination of density or relative density — Pressure hydrometer method
BS 2000-477(2001) : 2001 METHODS OF TEST FOR PETROLEUM AND ITS PRODUCTS - LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GASES - METHOD OF SAMPLING
EN ISO 4257:2001 Liquefied petroleum gases - Method of sampling (ISO 4257:2001)
EN ISO 3993:1995 Liquefied petroleum gas and light hydrocarbons - Determination of density or relative density - Pressure hydrometer method (ISO 3993:1984)
ISO 6251:1996 Liquefied petroleum gases — Corrosiveness to copper — Copper strip test
ISO 7941:1988 Commercial propane and butane Analysis by gas chromatography
EN 15469:2007 Petroleum products - Test method for free water in liquefied petroleum gas by visual inspection
EN ISO 13757:1996 Liquefied petroleum gases - Determination of oily residues - High-temperature method (ISO 13757:1996)
EN ISO 6251:1998 Liquefied petroleum gases - Corrosiveness to copper - Copper strip test (ISO 6251:1996)
ISO 4257:2001 Liquefied petroleum gases Method of sampling
EN 15471:2017 Liquefied petroleum gases - Determination of dissolved residues - High-temperature gravimetric method
EN 27941:1993 Commercial propane and butane - Analysis by gas chromatography (ISO 7941:1988)
ISO 4259:2006 Petroleum products Determination and application of precision data in relation to methods of test
EN 15470:2017 Liquefied petroleum gases - Determination of dissolved residues - High temperature Gas chromatographic method
ISO 8973:1997 Liquefied petroleum gases — Calculation method for density and vapour pressure
EN ISO 8819:1995 Liquefied petroleum gases - Detection of hydrogen sulfide - Lead acetate method (ISO 8819:1993)
ISO 4256:1996 Liquefied petroleum gases — Determination of gauge vapour pressure — LPG method
ASTM D 3246 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Gas by Oxidative Microcoulometry
ISO 13758:1996 Liquefied petroleum gases — Assessment of the dryness of propane — Valve freeze method
ISO 13757:1996 Liquefied petroleum gases — Determination of oily residues — High-temperature method
BS EN ISO 4257:2001 Methods of test for petroleum and its products. Liquefied petroleum gases. Method of sampling
ISO 8819:1993 Liquefied petroleum gases Detection of hydrogen sulfide Lead acetate method
EN ISO 4256:1998 Liquefied petroleum gases - Determination of gauge pressure - LPG method (ISO 4256:1996)
EN ISO 13758:1996 Liquefied petroleum gases - Assessment of the dryness of propane - Valve freeze method (ISO 13758:1996)
EN ISO 4259:2006 Petroleum products - Determination and application of precision data in relation to methods of test (ISO 4259:2006)
EN ISO 8973:1999 Liquefied petroleum gases - Calculation method for density and vapour pressure (ISO 8973:1997)

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