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ASTM E 1676 : 2012

Superseded
Superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

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superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

Standard Guide for Conducting Laboratory Soil Toxicity or Bioaccumulation Tests with the Lumbricid Earthworm Eisenia Fetida and the Enchytraeid Potworm Enchytraeus albidus
Available format(s)

Hardcopy , PDF

Superseded date

02-17-2021

Language(s)

English

Published date

12-21-2012

1.1This guide covers procedures for obtaining laboratory data to evaluate the adverse effects of contaminants (for example, chemicals or biomolecules) associated with soil to earthworms (Family Lumbricidae) and potworms (Family Enchytraeidae) from soil toxicity or bioaccumulation tests. The methods are designed to assess lethal or sublethal toxic effects on earthworms or bioaccumulation of contaminants in short-term tests (7 to 28 days) or on potworms in short to long-term tests (14 to 42 days) in terrestrial systems. Soils to be tested may be (1) reference soils or potentially toxic site soils; (2) artificial, reference, or site soils spiked with compounds; (3) site soils diluted with reference soils; or (4) site or reference soils diluted with artificial soil. Test procedures are described for the species Eisenia fetida (see Annex A1) and for the species Enchytraeus albidus (see Annex A4). Methods described in this guide may also be useful for conducting soil toxicity tests with other lumbricid and enchytraeid terrestrial species, although modifications may be necessary.

1.2Modification of these procedures might be justified by special needs. The results of tests conducted using atypical procedures may not be comparable to results using this guide. Comparison of results obtained using modified and unmodified versions of these procedures might provide useful information concerning new concepts and procedures for conducting soil toxicity and bioaccumulation tests with terrestrial worms.

1.3The results from field-collected soils used in toxicity tests to determine a spatial or temporal distribution of soil toxicity may be reported in terms of the biological effects on survival or sublethal endpoints (see Section 14). These procedures can be used with appropriate modifications to conduct soil toxicity tests when factors such as temperature, pH, and soil characteristics (for example, particle size, organic matter content, and clay content) are of interest or when there is a need to test such materials as sewage sludge and oils. These methods might also be useful for conducting bioaccumulation tests.

1.4The results of toxicity tests with (1) materials (for example, chemicals or waste mixtures) added experimentally to artificial soil, reference soils, or site soils, (2) site soils diluted with reference soils, and (3) site or reference soils diluted with artificial soil, so as to create a series of concentrations, may be reported in terms of an LC50 (median lethal concentration) and sometimes an EC50 (median effect concentration). Test results may be reported in terms of NOEC (no observed effect concentration), LOEC (lowest observed effect concentration) or as an ECx (concentration where x % reduction of a biological effect occurs. Bioaccumulation test results are reported as the magnitude of contaminant concentration above either the Day 0 tissue baseline analysis or the Day 28 tissues from the negative control or reference soil (that is, 2x, 5x, 10x) (see A3.9).

1.5This guide is arranged as follows:

Scope

1

Referenced Documents

2

Terminology

3

Summary of Guide

4

Significance and Use

5

Interferences

6

Apparatus

7

Safety Precautions

8

Soil

9

Test Organism

10

Procedure

11

Analytical Methodology

12

Acceptability of Test

13

Calculation of Results

14

Report

15

Annexes

Annex A1.Eisenia fetida

Annex A2.Artificial Soil Composition

Annex A3.Bioaccumulation Testing Utilizing Eisenia fetida

Annex A4.Enchytraeid Reporduction Test (ERT)

References


1.6The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.

1.7This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. While some safety considerations are included in this guide, it is beyond the scope of this standard to encompass all safety requirements necessary to conduct soil toxicity tests. Specific precautionary statements are given in Section 8.

Committee
E 50
DocumentType
Guide
Pages
27
PublisherName
American Society for Testing and Materials
Status
Superseded
SupersededBy
Supersedes

ASTM E 2172 : 2001 : R2014 Standard Guide for Conducting Laboratory Soil Toxicity Tests with the Nematode <i xmlns:a="http://library.astm.org" xmlns=""> Caenorhabditis elegans</i>
ASTM E 1525 : 2002 : R2014 Standard Guide for Designing Biological Tests with Sediments
ASTM E 2552 : 2016 Standard Guide for Assessing the Environmental and Human Health Impacts of New Compounds for Military Use

ASTM E 1023 : 1984 : R2007 Standard Guide for Assessing the Hazard of a Material to Aquatic Organisms and Their Uses
ASTM D 4447 : 2015 Standard Guide for Disposal of Laboratory Chemicals and Samples
ASTM E 1706 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Toxicity of Sediment-Associated Contaminants with Freshwater Invertebrates
ASTM D 4447 : 1984 : R2003 Standard Guide for Disposal of Laboratory Chemicals and Samples
ASTM E 1688 : 2000 : REV A Standard Guide for Determination of the Bioaccumulation of Sediment-Associated Contaminants by Benthic Invertebrates
ASTM D 4447 : 2006 Standard Guide for Disposal of Laboratory Chemicals and Samples
ASTM E 1688 : 2000 : REV A : R2007 Standard Guide for Determination of the Bioaccumulation of Sediment-Associated Contaminants by Benthic Invertebrates
ASTM E 1023 : 1984 : R2014 Standard Guide for Assessing the Hazard of a Material to Aquatic Organisms and Their Uses
ASTM E 1023 : 1984 : R2002 Standard Guide for Assessing the Hazard of a Material to Aquatic Organisms and Their Uses
ASTM E 1706 : 2000 : EDT 1 Test Method for Measuring the Toxicity of Sediment-Associated Contaminants with Fresh Water Invertebrates
ASTM E 1706 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Toxicity of Sediment-Associated Contaminants with Freshwater Invertebrates
ASTM E 1706 : 2000 Test Method for Measuring the Toxicity of Sediment-Associated Contaminants with Fresh Water Invertebrates
ASTM E 1706 : 2005 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Toxicity of Sediment-Associated Contaminants with Freshwater Invertebrates
ASTM E 1023 : 1984 : R1996 Standard Guide for Assessing the Hazard of a Material to Aquatic Organisms and Their Uses
ASTM D 653 : 2020 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
ASTM E 1706 : 2005 : R2010 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Toxicity of Sediment-Associated Contaminants with Freshwater Invertebrates (Withdrawn 2019)
ASTM D 653 : 2021 Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
ASTM D 4447 : 1984 : R1997 Standard Guide for Disposal of Laboratory Chemicals and Samples
ASTM E 1706 : 2000 : EDT 2 Test Method for Measuring the Toxicity of Sediment-Associated Contaminants with Freshwater Invertebrates
ASTM E 1706 : 2004 Test Method for Measuring the Toxicity of Sediment-Associated Contaminants with Freshwater Invertebrates
ASTM D 4447 : 2010 Standard Guide for Disposal of Laboratory Chemicals and Samples
ASTM E 1688:2010 Standard Guide for Determination of the Bioaccumulation of Sediment-Associated Contaminants by Benthic Invertebrates
ASTM E 1706 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Toxicity of Sediment-Associated Contaminants with Freshwater Invertebrates
ASTM E 1688 : 2010 : R2016 Standard Guide for Determination of the Bioaccumulation of Sediment-Associated Contaminants by Benthic Invertebrates

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