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ASTM E 1023 : 1984 : R2014

Superseded
Superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

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superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

Standard Guide for Assessing the Hazard of a Material to Aquatic Organisms and Their Uses
Available format(s)

Hardcopy , PDF

Superseded date

03-17-2023

Language(s)

English

Published date

12-04-2014

CONTAINED IN VOL. 11.06, 2015 Defines a stepwise process for using information concerning the biological, chemical, physical, and toxicological properties of a material to identify adverse effects likely to occur to aquatic organisms and their uses as a result of release of the material to the environment.

1.1This guide describes a stepwise process for using information concerning the biological, chemical, physical, and toxicological properties of a material to identify adverse effects likely to occur to aquatic organisms and their uses as a result of release of the material to the environment. The material will usually be a specific chemical, although it might be a group of chemicals that have very similar biological, chemical, physical, and toxicological properties and are usually produced, used, and discarded together.

1.2The hazard assessment process is complex and requires decisions at a number of points; thus, the validity of a hazard assessment depends on the soundness of those decisions, as well as the accuracy of the information used. All decisions should be based on reasonable worst-case analyses so that an appropriate assessment can be completed for the least cost that is consistent with scientific validity.

1.3This guide assumes that the reader is knowledgeable in aquatic toxicology and related pertinent areas. A list of general references is provided (1).2

1.4This guide does not describe or reference detailed procedures for estimating or measuring environmental concentrations, or procedures for determining the maximum concentration of test material that is acceptable in the food of predators of aquatic life. However, this guide does describe how such information should be used when assessing the hazard of a material to aquatic organisms and their uses.

1.5Because assessment of hazard to aquatic organisms and their uses is a relatively new activity within aquatic toxicology, most of the guidance provided herein is qualitative rather than quantitative. When possible, confidence limits should be calculated and taken into account.

1.6This guide provides guidance for assessing hazard but does not provide guidance on how to take into account social considerations in order to judge the acceptability of the hazard. Judgments concerning acceptability are social as well as scientific, and are outside the scope of this guide.

1.7This guide is arranged as follows:

Section

Referenced Documents

2

Descriptions of Terms Specific to This Standard

3

Summary of Guide

4

Significance and Use

5

Four Basic Concepts

6

 The Iteration

6.1

 The Two Elements

6.2

 The Possible Decisions

6.3

 The Phased Approach

6.4

Phase I—Use of Low-Cost (Existing) Information

7

 Collection of Available Data

7.1

 Initial Estimates of Environmental Concentrations

7.2

 Initial Estimate of Toxicity to Aquatic Organisms

7.3

 Initial Estimate of Bioaccumulation by Aquatic Organ-
  isms


7.4

 Phase I Hazard Assessment

7.5

Phase II—Use of Medium-Cost Information

8

 Improved Estimates of Environmental Concentrations

8.2

 Acute Toxicity to Aquatic Animals

8.3

 Toxicity to Algae

8.4

 Expansion of Short-Term Testing

8.5

 Bioaccumulation

8.6

 Phase II Hazard Assessment

8.7

Phase III—Use of High-Cost Information

9

 Refined Estimates of Environmental Concentrations

9.2

 Chronic Toxicity to Aquatic Animals

9.3

 Use of Acute-Chronic Ratios

9.4

 Toxicity to Aquatic Plants

9.5

 Bioconcentration

9.6

 Bioaccumulation from Food

9.7

 Phase III Hazard Assessment

9.8

Appendixes

Appendix X1 Production, Use, Disposal, and Other Release

Appendix X2 Biological Considerations

Appendix X3 Chemical Considerations

Appendix X4 Physical Considerations

Appendix X5 Toxicological Considerations

Appendix X6 Estimating Environmental Concentrations

Appendix X7 Selection of Test Species

Appendix X8 Long-Term Toxicity Tests

1.8This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

Committee
E 50
DocumentType
Guide
Pages
18
ProductNote
Reconfirmed 2014
PublisherName
American Society for Testing and Materials
Status
Superseded
SupersededBy
Supersedes

ASTM E 1191 : 2003 : REV A : R2023 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Conducting Life-Cycle Toxicity Tests with Saltwater Mysids
ASTM E 2455 : 2022 Standard Guide for Conducting Laboratory Toxicity Tests with Freshwater Mussels
ASTM E 1562 : 2022 Standard Guide for Conducting Acute, Chronic, and Life-Cycle Aquatic Toxicity Tests with Polychaetous Annelids
ASTM E 1604 : 2020 Standard Guide for Behavioral Testing in Aquatic Toxicology
ASTM E 2591 : 2022 Standard Guide for Conducting Whole Sediment Toxicity Tests with Amphibians
ASTM E 1676 : 2012 : R2021 Standard Guide for Conducting Laboratory Soil Toxicity or Bioaccumulation Tests with the Lumbricid Earthworm <emph type="ital">Eisenia Fetida</emph > and the Enchytraeid Potworm <emph type="ital">Enchytraeus albidus</emph >
ASTM E 1241 : 2022 Standard Guide for<brk type="line"/> Conducting Early Life-Stage Toxicity Tests with Fishes
ASTM D 3978 : 2021 : REV A Standard Practice for Algal Growth Potential Testing with <emph type="ital">Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata</emph>
ASTM E 1218 : 2021 Standard Guide for Conducting Static Toxicity Tests with Microalgae
ASTM E 1563 : 2021 : REV A Standard Guide for Conducting Short-Term Chronic Toxicity Tests with Echinoid Embryos
ASTM E 1295 : 2022 Standard Guide for Conducting Three-Brood, Renewal Toxicity Tests with <emph type="ital">Ceriodaphnia dubia</emph>
ASTM E 1611 : 2021 Standard Guide for Conducting Sediment Toxicity Tests with Polychaetous Annelids
ASTM E 1415 : 2022 Standard Guide for Conducting Static Toxicity Tests With <emph type="ital">Lemna gibba</emph> G3
ASTM E 1193 : 2020 Standard Guide for Conducting <emph type="ital">Daphnia magna</emph> Life-Cycle Toxicity Tests
ASTM E 1711 : 2020 Standard Guide for Measurement of Behavior During Fish Toxicity Tests
ASTM E 2122 : 2022 Standard Guide for Conducting In-situ Field Bioassays With Caged Bivalves
ASTM E 729 : 2023 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Conducting Acute Toxicity Tests on Test Materials with Fishes, Macroinvertebrates, and Amphibians
ASTM E 1242 : 2023 Standard Practice for Using Octanol-Water Partition Coefficient to Estimate Median Lethal Concentrations for Fish Due to Narcosis
ASTM E 1525 : 2002 : R2014 Standard Guide for Designing Biological Tests with Sediments
ASTM E 1676 : 2012 Standard Guide for Conducting Laboratory Soil Toxicity or Bioaccumulation Tests with the Lumbricid Earthworm <i>Eisenia Fetida</i> and the Enchytraeid Potworm <i>Enchytraeus albidus</i>
ASTM E 724 : 1998 : R2012 Standard Guide for<brk type="line"/> Conducting Static Acute Toxicity Tests Starting with Embryos of Four Species of Saltwater Bivalve Molluscs
ASTM E 1022 : 1994 : R2013 Standard Guide for Conducting Bioconcentration Tests with Fishes and Saltwater Bivalve Mollusks (Withdrawn 2022)
ASTM E 1463 : 1992 : R2012 Standard Guide for Conducting Static and Flow-Through Acute Toxicity Tests With Mysids From the West Coast of the United States (Withdrawn 2021)
ASTM E 1366 : 2011 : R2016 Standard Practice for Standardized Aquatic Microcosms: Fresh Water
ASTM E 1242 : 1997 : R2014 Standard Practice for Using Octanol-Water Partition Coefficient to Estimate Median Lethal Concentrations for Fish Due to Narcosis
ASTM E 1498 : 1992 : R2012 Standard Guide for Conducting Sexual Reproduction Tests with Seaweeds (Withdrawn 2021)
ASTM E 2122 : 2002 : R2013 Standard Guide for Conducting In-situ Field Bioassays With Caged Bivalves (Withdrawn 2022)
ASTM E 1562 : 2000 : R2013 Standard Guide for Conducting Acute, Chronic, and Life-Cycle Aquatic Toxicity Tests with Polychaetous Annelids
ASTM E 1439 : 2012 : R2019 Standard Guide for Conducting the Frog Embryo Teratogenesis Assay-Xenopus (FETAX)
ASTM E 1563 : 1998 : R2012 Standard Guide for Conducting Static Acute Toxicity Tests with Echinoid Embryos
ASTM E 1218 : 2004 : R2012 Standard Guide for Conducting Static Toxicity Tests with Microalgae (Withdrawn 2021)
ASTM E 2317 : 2004 : R2012 Standard Guide for Conducting Renewal Microplate-Based Life-Cycle Toxicity Tests with a Marine Meiobenthic Copepod (Withdrawn 2021)
ASTM E 729 : 1996 : R2014 Standard Guide for Conducting Acute Toxicity Tests on Test Materials with Fishes, Macroinvertebrates, and Amphibians
ASTM E 1841 : 2004 : R2012 Standard Guide for Conducting Renewal Phytotoxicity Tests With Freshwater Emergent Macrophytes (Withdrawn 2021)
ASTM E 1711 : 2012 Standard Guide for Measurement of Behavior During Fish Toxicity Tests
ASTM E 1295 : 2001 : R2013 Standard Guide for Conducting Three-Brood, Renewal Toxicity Tests with <emph type="ital">Ceriodaphnia dubia</emph><emph type="bold">
ASTM E 1611 : 2000 : R2013 Standard Guide for Conducting Sediment Toxicity Tests with Polychaetous Annelids
ASTM E 1849 : 1996 : R2013 Standard Guide for Fish and Wildlife Incident Monitoring and Reporting (Withdrawn 2022)
ASTM E 1415 : 1991 : R2012 Standard Guide for Conducting Static Toxicity Tests With <i>Lemna gibba</i> G3 (Withdrawn 2021)
ASTM E 2552 : 2016 Standard Guide for Assessing the Environmental and Human Health Impacts of New Compounds for Military Use
ASTM E 2455 : 2006 : R2013 Standard Guide for Conducting Laboratory Toxicity Tests with Freshwater Mussels (Withdrawn 2022)
ASTM E 1241 : 2005 : R2013 Standard Guide for<brk type="line"/> Conducting Early Life-Stage Toxicity Tests with Fishes (Withdrawn 2022)
ASTM E 2590 : 2015 Standard Guide for Conducting Hazard Analysis-Critical Control Point (HACCP) Evaluations
ASTM E 1193 : 1997 : R2012 <i xmlns:a="http://library.astm.org" xmlns="">Daphnia magna</i>
ASTM E 1191 : 2003 : REV A : R2014 Standard Guide for Conducting Life-Cycle Toxicity Tests with Saltwater Mysids

ASTM D 1129 : 2013 : REDLINE Standard Terminology Relating to Water
ASTM D 1129 : 2003 Standard Terminology Relating to Water
ASTM D 1129 : 2013 Standard Terminology Relating to Water
ASTM D 1129 : 2013 : R2020 Standard Terminology Relating to Water
ASTM D 1129 : 2006 Standard Terminology Relating to Water
ASTM D 1129 : 2013 : R2020 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Water
ASTM D 1129 : 1999 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Water
ASTM D 1129 : 2006 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Water
IEEE/ASTM SI_10-2010 American National Standard for Metric Practice
ASTM D 1129 : 2003 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Water
ASTM D 1129 : 2002 Standard Terminology Relating to Water
ASTM E 724 : 2021 Standard Guide for<brk type="line"/> Conducting Static Short-Term Chronic Toxicity Tests Starting with Embryos of Four Species of Saltwater Bivalve Molluscs
ASTM D 1129 : 2004 Standard Terminology Relating to Water
ASTM E 1022 : 1994 : R2002 Standard Guide for Conducting Bioconcentration Tests with Fishes and Saltwater Bivalve Mollusks
ASTM E 943 : 2008 : R2014 Standard Terminology Relating to Biological Effects and Environmental Fate (Withdrawn 2023)
ASTM D 1129 : 2002 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Water
ASTM E 1022 : 1994 : R2013 Standard Guide for Conducting Bioconcentration Tests with Fishes and Saltwater Bivalve Mollusks (Withdrawn 2022)
ASTM E 729 : 1996 Standard Guide for Conducting Acute Toxicity Tests on Test Materials with Fishes, Macroinvertebrates, and Amphibians
ASTM D 1129 : 2010 Standard Terminology Relating to Water
ASTM D 1129 : 2006 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Water
ASTM D 1129 : 2001 Standard Terminology Relating to Water
ASTM D 1129 : 2004 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Water
ASTM E 1022 : 2022 Standard Guide for Conducting Bioconcentration Tests with Fishes and Saltwater Bivalve Mollusks
ASTM E 1022 : 1994 Standard Guide for Conducting Bioconcentration Tests with Fishes and Saltwater Bivalve Mollusks
ASTM E 1022 : 1994 : R2007 Standard Guide for Conducting Bioconcentration Tests with Fishes and Saltwater Bivalve Mollusks

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