ASTM D 6708 : 2016 : REV B
Superseded
A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
Hardcopy , PDF
10082016
English
10082016
1.1This practice covers statistical methodology for assessing the expected agreement between two standard test methods that purport to measure the same property of a material, and deciding if a simple linear bias correction can further improve the expected agreement. It is intended for use with results collected from an interlaboratory study meeting the requirement of Practice D6300 or equivalent (for example, ISO 4259). The interlaboratory study must be conducted on at least ten materials that span the intersecting scopes of the test methods, and results must be obtained from at least six laboratories using each method.
1.2The statistical methodology is based on the premise that a bias correction will not be needed. In the absence of strong statistical evidence that a bias correction would result in better agreement between the two methods, a bias correction is not made. If a bias correction is required, then the parsimony principle is followed whereby a simple correction is to be favored over a more complex one.
Note 1:Failure to adhere to the parsimony principle generally results in models that are overfitted and do not perform well in practice.
1.3The bias corrections of this practice are limited to a constant correction, proportional correction or a linear (proportional + constant) correction.
1.4The biascorrection methods of this practice are method symmetric, in the sense that equivalent corrections are obtained regardless of which method is biascorrected to match the other.
1.5A methodology is presented for establishing the 95 % confidence limit (designated by this practice as the between methods reproducibility) for the difference between two results where each result is obtained by a different operator using different apparatus and each applying one of the two methods X and Y on identical material, where one of the methods has been appropriately biascorrected in accordance with this practice.
Note 2:In earlier versions of this standard practice, the term “crossmethod reproducibility” was used in place of the term “between methods reproducibility.” The change was made because the “between methods reproducibility” term is more intuitive and less confusing. It is important to note that these two terms are synonymous and interchangeable with one another, especially in cases where the “crossmethod reproducibility” term was subsequently referenced by name in methods where a D6708 assessment was performed, before the change in terminology in this standard practice was adopted.
Note 3:Users are cautioned against applying the between methods reproducibility as calculated from this practice to materials that are significantly different in composition from those actually studied, as the ability of this practice to detect and address samplespecific biases (see 6.8) is dependent on the materials selected for the interlaboratory study. When samplespecific biases are present, the types and ranges of samples may need to be expanded significantly from the minimum of ten as specified in this practice in order to obtain a more comprehensive and reliable 95 % confidence limits for between methods reproducibility that adequately cover the range of sample specific biases for different types of materials.
1.6This practice is intended for test methods which measure quantitative (numerical) properties of petroleum or petroleum products.
1.7The statistical methodology outlined in this practice is also applicable for assessing the expected agreement between any two test methods that purport to measure the same property of a material, provided the results are obtained on the same comparison sample set, the standard error associated with each test result is known, and the sample set design meets the requirements of this practice, in particular that the statistical degree of freedom associated with all standard errors are 30 or greater.
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