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ASTM D 6894 : 2013

Current

Current

The latest, up-to-date edition.

Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Aeration Resistance of Engine Oils in Direct-Injected Turbocharged Automotive Diesel Engine (Withdrawn 2022)

Available format(s)

Hardcopy , PDF

Language(s)

English

Published date

03-06-2013

1.1This test method was designed to evaluate an engine oil's resistance to aeration in automotive diesel engine service. It is commonly referred to as the Engine Oil Aeration Test (EOAT). The test is conducted using a specified 7.3 L, direct-injection, turbocharged diesel engine on a dynamometer test stand. This test method was developed as a replacement for Test Method D892 after it was determined that this bench test did not correlate with oil aeration in actual service. The EOAT was first included in API Service Category CG-4 in 1995.

Note 1Companion test methods used to evaluate engine oil performance for specification requirements are discussed in the latest revision of Specification D4485.

1.2The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.2.1Exception—Where there is no direct SI equivalent, for example, screw threads, national pipe threads/diameters, and tubing size.

1.3This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.4This test method is arranged as follows:

Section

Scope

1

Referenced Documents

2

Terminology

3

Summary of Test Method

4

Significance and Use

5

Apparatus

6

Reagents and Materials

7

Preparation of Apparatus

8

Calibration

9

Test Procedure

10

Determination of Test Results

11

Report

12

Precision and Bias

13

Keywords

14

Engine System Drawings

Annex A1


Committee
D 02
DocumentType
Test Method
Pages
12
PublisherName
American Society for Testing and Materials
Status
Current
Supersedes

ASTM D 8047 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Engine Oil Aeration Resistance in a Caterpillar C13 Direct-Injected Turbocharged Automotive Diesel Engine
ASTM D 8114 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Method for Measurement of Effects of Automotive Engine Oils on Fuel Economy of Passenger Cars and Light-Duty Trucks in Sequence VIE Spark Ignition
ASTM D 4485 : 2020 Standard Specification for Performance of Active API Service Category Engine Oils
ASTM D 8226 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Method for Measurement of Effects of Automotive Engine Oils on Fuel Economy of Passenger Cars and Light-Duty Trucks in Sequence VIF Spark Ignition Engine<rangeref></rangeref >
SAE J304:2023 Engine Oil Tests

ASTM D 4175 : 2020 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 5862 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Engine Oils in Two-Stroke Cycle Turbo-Supercharged 6V92TA Diesel Engine (Withdrawn 2009)
ASTM D 4175 : 2014 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4485 : 2003 : REV A Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 2622 : 1992 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by X-Ray Spectrometry
ASTM D 4175 : 2009 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 5844 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils for Inhibition of Rusting (Sequence IID) (Withdrawn 2003)
ASTM D 4175 : 2008 : REV B : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4485 : 2006 Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 2622 : 1987 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by X-Ray Spectrometry
ASTM D 2709 : 1996 : R2011 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Water and Sediment in Middle Distillate Fuels by Centrifuge
ASTM D 4175 : 2005 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 2709 : 1996 : EDT 2 Standard Test Method for Water and Sediment in Middle Distillate Fuels by Centrifuge
ASTM D 4485 : 2011 : REV C Standard Specification for Performance of Active API Service Category Engine Oils
ASTM D 1319 : 1989 Standard Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Absorption
ASTM D 4175 : 2005 : EDT 2 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 1319 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption
ASTM D 4485 : 2001 Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 4175 : 2015 : REV C Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2020 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2017 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4485 : 2003 Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 4052 : 1996 : R2002 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
ASTM D 4485 : 2008 Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 2709 : 1996 : R2006 Standard Test Method for Water and Sediment in Middle Distillate Fuels by Centrifuge
ASTM D 6082 : 2001 Standard Test Method for High Temperature Foaming Characteristics of Lubricating Oils
ASTM D 4485 : 2015 Standard Specification for Performance of Active API Service Category Engine Oils
ASTM D 1319 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption
ASTM D 4485 : 2005 : REV A Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 1250 : 2007 Standard Guide for Use of the Petroleum Measurement Tables
ASTM D 6594 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Corrosiveness of Diesel Engine Oil at 135  °C
ASTM D 4175 : 2008 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2020 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 1250 : 2019 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for the Use of the Joint API and ASTM Adjunct for Temperature and Pressure Volume Correction Factors for Generalized Crude Oils, Refined Products, and Lubricating Oils: API MPMS Chapter 11.1
ASTM D 2500 : 2016 : REV B Standard Test Method for Cloud Point of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels
ASTM D 4052 : 2018 : REV A Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
ASTM D 1319 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption
ASTM D 4175 : 2017 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2009 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4485 : 2011 : REV A Standard Specification for Performance of Active API Service Category Engine Oils
ASTM D 6557 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Rust Preventive Characteristics of Automotive Engine Oils
ASTM D 1250 : 2008 : R2013 Standard Guide for Use of the Petroleum Measurement Tables
ASTM E 29 : 2002 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
ASTM D 2622 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
ASTM D 2500 : 2016 : REV A Standard Test Method for Cloud Point of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels
ASTM D 2500 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Cloud Point of Petroleum Products
ASTM D 1319 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption
ASTM D 4485 : 2018 Standard Specification for Performance of Active API Service Category Engine Oils
ASTM D 4737 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Calculated Cetane Index by Four Variable Equation
ASTM D 4175 : 2009 : REV A : EDT 4 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 6557 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Rust Preventive Characteristics of Automotive Engine Oils
ASTM D 4175 : 2009 : REV A : EDT 3 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4052 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
ASTM D 4485 : 2011 : REV B Standard Specification for Performance of Active API Service Category Engine Oils
ASTM D 1250 : 2004 Standard Guide for Use of the Petroleum Measurement Tables
ASTM D 1250 : 1980 : R2002 Standard Guide for Petroleum Measurement Tables
ASTM D 2622 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
ASTM D 4485 : 2016 Standard Specification for Performance of Active API Service Category Engine Oils
ASTM D 4175 : 2018 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4485 : 2007 Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 1250 : 2019 Standard Guide for the Use of the Joint API and ASTM Adjunct for Temperature and Pressure Volume Correction Factors for Generalized Crude Oils, Refined Products, and Lubricating Oils: API MPMS Chapter 11.1
ASTM D 4485 : 2010 Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 4485 : 2001 : REV A Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 4175 : 2001 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2020 : REV B : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 1319 : 2002 : REV A Standard Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption
ASTM D 2709 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Water and Sediment in Middle Distillate Fuels by Centrifuge
ASTM D 4175 : 2001 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2005 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 2500 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Cloud Point of Petroleum Products
ASTM D 2500 : 2002 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Cloud Point of Petroleum Products
ASTM D 6557 : 2010 : REV A Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Rust Preventive Characteristics of Automotive Engine Oils
ASTM D 2500 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Cloud Point of Petroleum Products
ASTM D 4175 : 2002 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 93 : 1990 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Tester
ASTM D 1250 : 1980 : R1997 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Petroleum Measurement Tables
ASTM D 4485 : 2004 Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 445 : 1988 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and the Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
ASTM D 2500 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Cloud Point of Petroleum Products
ASTM D 2500 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Cloud Point of Petroleum Products
ASTM D 2500 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Cloud Point of Petroleum Products
ASTM D 6594 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Corrosiveness of Diesel Engine Oil at 135 °C
ASTM D 1250 : 2008 Standard Guide for Use of the Petroleum Measurement Tables
ASTM D 4175 : 2015 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4485 : 2000 Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 4175 : 2002 : REV A : EDT 2 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 2500 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Cloud Point of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels
ASTM D 4052 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
ASTM D 1319 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption
ASTM D 4052 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
ASTM D 6557 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Rust Preventive Characteristics of Automotive Engine Oils
ASTM D 4485 : 2015 : REV A Standard Specification for Performance of Active API Service Category Engine Oils
ASTM D 6557 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Rust Preventive Characteristics of Automotive Engine Oils
ASTM D 6594 : 2019 : REV A Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Corrosiveness of Diesel Engine Oil at 135 °C
ASTM D 6594 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Corrosiveness of Diesel Engine Oil at 135°C
ASTM D 664 : 1995 Standard Test Method for Acid Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Titration
ASTM D 2622 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
ASTM D 1319 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption
ASTM D 4175 : 2009 : REV A : EDT 5 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2016 : REV C Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4737 : 2009 : REV A Standard Test Method for Calculated Cetane Index by Four Variable Equation
ASTM D 4737 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Calculated Cetane Index by Four Variable Equation
ASTM D 4175 : 2015 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 6082 : 2006 Standard Test Method for High Temperature Foaming Characteristics of Lubricating Oils
ASTM D 4175 : 2015 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4485 : 2006 : REV A Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 4737 : 2010 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Calculated Cetane Index by Four Variable Equation
ASTM D 6594 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Corrosiveness of Diesel Engine Oil at 135°C
ASTM D 445 : 2019 : REV A Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
ASTM D 4175 : 2009 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2016 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 6082 : 2012 : R2017 Standard Test Method for High Temperature Foaming Characteristics of Lubricating Oils
ASTM D 2500 : 2017 : REV A Standard Test Method for Cloud Point of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels
ASTM D 4175 : 2002 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2008 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4737 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Calculated Cetane Index by Four Variable Equation
ASTM D 4175 : 2002 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2000 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 6082 : 2012 Standard Test Method for High Temperature Foaming Characteristics of Lubricating Oils
ASTM D 4175 : 2016 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4052 : 1996 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
ASTM D 6594 : 2004 : REV A Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Corrosiveness of Diesel Engine Oil at 135°C
ASTM D 4175 : 2019 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4485 : 2018 : REV A Standard Specification for Performance of Active API Service Category Engine Oils
ASTM D 2622 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
ASTM D 6594 : 2006 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Corrosiveness of Diesel Engine Oil at 135°C
ASTM D 2709 : 1988 Standard Test Method for Water and Sediment in Distillate Fuels by Centrifuge
ASTM D 4485 : 2005 Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 93 : 2000 Standard Test Methods for Flash-Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester
ASTM D 445 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (the Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
ASTM D 4737 : 1996 : REV A Standard Test Method for Calculated Cetane Index by Four Variable Equation
ASTM D 2622 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
ASTM D 445 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
ASTM D 5862 : 2006 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Engine Oils in Two-Stroke Cycle Turbo-Supercharged 6V92TA Diesel Engine
ASTM D 6594 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Corrosiveness of Diesel Engine Oil at 135<sup>o</sup>C
ASTM D 4485 : 2014 Standard Specification for Performance of Active API Service Category Engine Oils
ASTM D 93 : 1985 Standard Test Method for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Tester
ASTM D 6557 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Rust Preventive Characteristics of Automotive Engine Oils
ASTM D 4485 : 2002 Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 6557 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Rust Preventive Characteristics of Automotive Engine Oils
ASTM D 2622 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
ASTM D 4175 : 2017 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4485 : 2005 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 2622 : 1994 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by X-Ray Spectrometry
ASTM D 5862 : 1999 : REV A Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Engine Oils in Two-Stroke Cycle Turbo-Supercharged 6V92TA Diesel Engine
ASTM D 6082 : 1997 Standard Test Method for High Temperature Foaming Characteristics of Lubricating Oils
ASTM D 4175 : 2009 : REV A : EDT 2 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 2622 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
ASTM D 5862 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Engine Oils in Two-Stroke Cycle Turbo-Supercharged 6V92TA Diesel Engine
ASTM D 6594 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Corrosiveness of Diesel Engine Oil at 135<sup>o</sup>C
ASTM D 6594 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Corrosiveness of Diesel Engine Oil at 135<sup>o</sup>C
ASTM D 4737 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Calculated Cetane Index by Four Variable Equation
ASTM D 4175 : 2018 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2016 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 1319 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption
ASTM D 1319 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption
ASTM D 4052 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
ASTM D 6557 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Rust Preventive Characteristics of Automotive Engine Oils
ASTM D 1250 : 2008 : R2013 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Use of the Petroleum Measurement Tables
ASTM D 445 : 2021 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
ASTM D 4175 : 2017 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 6557 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Rust Preventive Characteristics of Automotive Engine Oils
ASTM D 93 : 1997 Standard Test Methods for Flash-Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester
ASTM D 4175 : 2019 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4485 : 2009 Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 6082 : 2011 Standard Test Method for High Temperature Foaming Characteristics of Lubricating Oils
ASTM D 4485 : 2019 Standard Specification for Performance of Active API Service Category Engine Oils
ASTM D 6594 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Corrosiveness of Diesel Engine Oil at 135°C
ASTM D 6594 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Corrosiveness of Diesel Engine Oil at 135 °C
ASTM D 4175 : 2015 : REV B : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4485 : 2010 : REV A Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 4485 : 2011 Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 6082 : 2000 Standard Test Method for High Temperature Foaming Characteristics of Lubricating Oils
ASTM D 1319 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption
ASTM D 4052 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
ASTM D 4737 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Calculated Cetane Index by Four Variable Equation
ASTM D 6594 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Corrosiveness of Diesel Engine Oil at 135°C
ASTM D 1319 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption
ASTM D 4175 : 2008 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 2622 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
ASTM D 2709 : 1996 : R2001 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Water and Sediment in Middle Distillate Fuels by Centrifuge
ASTM D 4485 : 2007 : REV A Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils

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