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ASTM D 7343 : 2020

Current
Current

The latest, up-to-date edition.

Standard Practice for Optimization, Sample Handling, Calibration, and Validation of X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry Methods for Elemental Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants
Available format(s)

Hardcopy , PDF

Language(s)

English

Published date

14-07-2020

1.1This practice covers information relating to sampling, calibration and validation of X-ray fluorescence instruments for elemental analysis, including all kinds of wavelength dispersive (WDXRF) and energy dispersive (EDXRF) techniques. This practice includes sampling issues such as the selection of storage vessels, transportation, and sub-sampling. Treatment, assembly, and handling of technique-specific sample holders and cups are also included. Technique-specific requirements during analytical measurement and validation of measurement for the determination of trace elements in samples of petroleum and petroleum products are described. For sample mixing, refer to Practice D5854. Petroleum products covered in this practice are considered to be a single phase and exhibit Newtonian characteristics at the point of sampling.

1.2Applicable Test Methods—This practice is applicable to the XRF methods under the jurisdiction of ASTM Subcommittee D02.03 on Elemental Analysis, and those under the jurisdiction of the Energy Institute’s Test Method Standardization Committee (Table 1). Some of these methods are technically equivalent though they may differ in details (Table 2).

1.3Applicable Fluids—This practice is applicable to petroleum and petroleum products with vapor pressures at sampling and storage temperatures less than or equal to 101 kPa (14.7 psi). Use Practice D4057 or IP 475 to sample these materials. Refer to Practice D5842 when sampling materials that also require Reid vapor pressure (RVP) determination.

1.4Non-applicable Fluids—Petroleum products whose vapor pressure at sampling and sample storage conditions are above 101 kPa (14.7 psi) and liquefied gases (that is, LNG, LPG, etc.) are not covered by this practice.

1.5Sampling Methods—The physical sampling and methods of sampling from a primary source are not covered by this guide. It is assumed that samples covered by this practice are a representative sample of the primary source liquid. Refer to Practice D4057 or IP 475 for detailed sampling procedures.

1.6The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses after SI units are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

1.7This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.8This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Committee
D 02
DocumentType
Standard Practice
Pages
8
PublisherName
American Society for Testing and Materials
Status
Current
Supersedes

ASTM D 8056 : 2018 Standard Guide for Elemental Analysis of Crude Oil
ASTM D 4294 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
ASTM D 7455 : 2019 Standard Practice for Sample Preparation of Petroleum and Lubricant Products for Elemental Analysis
ASTM D 8252 : 2019 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Vanadium and Nickel in Crude and Residual Oil by X-ray Spectrometry
ASTM D 4929 : 2019 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determination of Organic Chloride Content in Crude Oil
ASTM D 7039 : 2015 : REV A : R2020 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Gasoline, Diesel Fuel, Jet Fuel, Kerosine, Biodiesel, Biodiesel Blends, and Gasoline-Ethanol Blends by Monochromatic Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
ASTM D 2622 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
ASTM D 7751 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils by EDXRF Analysis
ASTM D 7757 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Silicon in Gasoline and Related Products by Monochromatic Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

ASTM D 4057 : 2019 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 7757 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Silicon in Gasoline and Related Products by Monochromatic Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
ASTM D 7220 : 2012 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Automotive, Heating, and Jet Fuels by Monochromatic Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
ASTM D 6299 : 2021 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
ASTM D 6299 : 2022 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
ASTM D 4929 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Determination of Organic Chloride Content in Crude Oil
ASTM D 5842 : 2019 Standard Practice for Sampling and Handling of Fuels for Volatility Measurement
ASTM D 5854 : 2019 Standard Practice for Mixing and Handling of Liquid Samples of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 8252 : 2023 Standard Test Method for Vanadium and Nickel in Crude and Residual Oil by X-ray Spectrometry
ASTM D 6334 : 2012 : R2017 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Gasoline by Wavelength Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence (Withdrawn 2022)
ASTM D 6299 : 2023 : REV A Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
ASTM D 5059 : 2021 Standard Test Methods for Lead and Manganese in Gasoline by X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
ASTM D 4294 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
ASTM D 6299 : 2023 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
ASTM D 6299 : 2023 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
ASTM D 5059 : 2020 Standard Test Methods for Lead and Manganese in Gasoline by X-Ray Spectroscopy
ASTM D 8127 : 2017 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Coupled Particulate and Elemental Analysis using X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) for In-Service Lubricants
ASTM D 8127 : 2023 Standard Test Method for Coupled Particulate and Elemental Analysis using X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) for In-Service Lubricants
ASTM D 7220 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Automotive, Heating, and Jet Fuels by Monochromatic Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
ASTM D 4294 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
ASTM D 2622 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
ASTM D 6299 : 2022 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
ASTM D 4057 : 2022 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 5842 : 2023 Standard Practice for Sampling and Handling of Fuels for Volatility Measurement
ASTM D 5842 : 2017 Standard Practice for Sampling and Handling of Fuels for Volatility Measurement
ASTM D 6299 : 2020 : REV A Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
ASTM D 7751 : 2016 : R2021 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils by EDXRF Analysis

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