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ASTM D 7596 : 2014

Superseded

Superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

View Superseded by
superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

Standard Test Method for Automatic Particle Counting and Particle Shape Classification of Oils Using a Direct Imaging Integrated Tester

Available format(s)

Hardcopy , PDF

Superseded date

17-03-2023

Language(s)

English

Published date

16-12-2019

1.1 This test method covers the determination of particle concentration, particle size distribution, particle shape, and soot content for new and in-service oils used for lubrication and hydraulic systems by a direct imaging integrated tester.

1.1This test method covers the determination of particle concentration, particle size distribution, particle shape, and soot content for new and in-service oils used for lubrication and hydraulic systems by a direct imaging integrated tester.

1.1.1The test method is applicable to petroleum and synthetic based fluids. Samples from 2 to 150 mm2/s at 40°C may be processed directly. Samples of greater viscosity may be processed after solvent dilution.

1.1.2Particles measured are in the range from 4 μm to 70 μm with the upper limit dependent upon passing through a 100 μm mesh inlet screen.

1.1.3Particle concentration measured may be as high as 5 000 000 particles per mL without significant coincidence error.

1.1.4Particle shape is determined for particles greater than approximately 20 µm in length. Particles are categorized into the following categories: sliding, cutting, fatigue, nonmetallic, fibers, water droplets, and air bubbles.

1.1.5Soot is determined up to approximately 1.5 % by weight.

1.1.6This test method uses objects of known linear dimension for calibration.

1.2The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.3This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

Committee
D 02
DocumentType
Test Method
Pages
7
PublisherName
American Society for Testing and Materials
Status
Superseded
SupersededBy
Supersedes

ASTM D 7684 : 2011 : R2020 Standard Guide for Microscopic Characterization of Particles from In-Service Lubricants
ASTM D 7720 : 2021 Standard Guide for Statistically Evaluating Measurand Alarm Limits when Using Oil Analysis to Monitor Equipment and Oil for Fitness and Contamination
ASTM D 8128 : 2022 Standard Guide for Monitoring Failure Mode Progression in Industrial Applications with Rolling Element Ball Type Bearings
ASTM E 3338 : 2022 Standard Guide for Size and Shape of Solid Particles, Liquid Droplets, and Gas Bubbles, Dynamically Conveyed, Using a Dynamic Imaging Analyzer
ASTM D 7684 : 2011 : R2016 Standard Guide for Microscopic Characterization of Particles from In-Service Lubricants
ASTM D 7720 : 2011 : R2017 Standard Guide for Statistically Evaluating Measurand Alarm Limits when Using Oil Analysis to Monitor Equipment and Oil for Fitness and Contamination
ASTM D 8128 : 2017 Standard Guide for Monitoring Failure Mode Progression in Industrial Applications with Rolling Element Ball Type Bearings

ASTM D 4175 : 2020 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2014 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 5967 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
ASTM D 4057 : 2019 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 4175 : 2009 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 2896 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Base Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Perchloric Acid Titration
ASTM D 4175 : 2008 : REV B : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 2896 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Base Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Perchloric Acid Titration
ASTM D 4057 : 1995 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 6595 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Wear Metals and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils or Used Hydraulic Fluids by Rotating Disc Electrode Atomic Emission Spectrometry
ASTM D 4175 : 2005 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 5967 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
ASTM D 4175 : 2005 : EDT 2 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 5967 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
ASTM D 5967 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
ASTM D 4177 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM G 40 : 2021 Standard Terminology Relating to Wear and Erosion
ASTM D 5185 : 1997 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements, Wear Metals, and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils and Determination of Selected Elements in Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
ASTM D 4175 : 2015 : REV C Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 5967 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
ASTM D 4175 : 2020 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2017 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 5967 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
ASTM D 4177 : 1995 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 4175 : 2008 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2020 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4057 : 2012 : R2018 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 5967 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
ASTM D 4175 : 2017 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 6304:2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration
ASTM D 4175 : 2009 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 5967 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
ASTM D 6304 : 2004 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fisher Titration
ASTM E 2412 : 2010 : R2018 Standard Practice for Condition Monitoring of In-Service Lubricants by Trend Analysis Using Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectrometry
ASTM D 4175 : 2022 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 5185 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements, Wear Metals, and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils and Determination of Selected Elements in Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
ASTM D 4175 : 2009 : REV A : EDT 4 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2009 : REV A : EDT 3 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4057 : 1981 : EDT 2 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 5967 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
ASTM D 5185 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements, Wear Metals, and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils and Determination of Selected Elements in Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
ASTM D 2896 : 2007 : REV A Standard Test Method for Base Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Perchloric Acid Titration
ASTM D 445 : 2021 : EDT 2 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
ASTM D 4175 : 2018 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 6304 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration (Withdrawn 2016)
ASTM D 6304 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fisher Titration
ASTM D 5185 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Multielement Determination of Used and Unused Lubricating Oils and Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
ASTM D 7279 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids by Automated Houillon Viscometer
ASTM D 2896 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Base Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Perchloric Acid Titration
ASTM D 4175 : 2001 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2020 : REV B : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 6595 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Determination of Wear Metals and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils or Used Hydraulic Fluids by Rotating Disc Electrode Atomic Emission Spectrometry
ASTM D 4175 : 2001 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2005 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 6304 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration
ASTM D 4175 : 2022 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2002 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 5185 : 2013 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Multielement Determination of Used and Unused Lubricating Oils and Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
ASTM D 6304 : 2004 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fisher Titration
ASTM D 445 : 1988 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and the Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
ASTM D 6304 : 2004 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fisher Titration
ASTM D 5967 : 2015 : REV A Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
ASTM D 7279 : 2018 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids by Automated Houillon Viscometer
ASTM D 4057 : 2006 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 7279 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids by Automated Houillon Viscometer
ASTM D 4175 : 2015 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2002 : REV A : EDT 2 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4177 : 2015 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 6304 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fisher Titration
ASTM D 4057 : 2012 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 2896 : 2001 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Base Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Perchloric Acid Titration
ASTM D 5185 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Multielement Determination of Used and Unused Lubricating Oils and Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
ASTM D 4175 : 2009 : REV A : EDT 5 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2016 : REV C Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 6595 : 2000 : R2011 Standard Test Method for Determination of Wear Metals and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils or Used Hydraulic Fluids by Rotating Disc Electrode Atomic Emission Spectrometry
ASTM D 5967 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
ASTM D 4175 : 2015 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 7279 : 2014 : REV A Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids by Automated Houillon Viscometer
ASTM D 2896 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Base Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Perchloric Acid Titration
ASTM D 4175 : 2015 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 5967 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
ASTM G 40 : 2021 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Wear and Erosion
ASTM D 445 : 2019 : REV A Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
ASTM D 4177 : 2022 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 7279 : 2006 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids by Automated Houillon Viscometer
ASTM D 4175 : 2009 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2016 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 2896 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Base Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Perchloric Acid Titration
ASTM D 4177 : 1995 : R2010 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 4175 : 2002 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2008 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 6595 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Determination of Wear Metals and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils or Used Hydraulic Fluids by Rotating Disc Electrode Atomic Emission Spectrometry
ASTM D 4175 : 2002 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4177 : 1995 : R2000 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Peroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 4175 : 2000 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2016 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 5967 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
ASTM D 2896 : 2006 Standard Test Method for Base Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Perchloric Acid Titration
ASTM D 5967 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
ASTM D 6595 : 2000 : R2005 Standard Test Method for Determination of Wear Metals and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils or Used Hydraulic Fluids by Rotating Disc Electrode Atomic Emission Spectrometry
ASTM D 4175 : 2019 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 6304 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fisher Titration
ASTM D 4175 : 2022 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM G 40 : 2022 Standard Terminology Relating to Wear and Erosion
ASTM E 2412 : 2010 Standard Practice for Condition Monitoring of Used Lubricants by Trend Analysis Using Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectrometry
ASTM D 5185 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements, Wear Metals, and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils and Determination of Selected Elements in Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
ASTM D 445 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (the Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
ASTM D 445 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
ASTM G 40 : 2022 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Wear and Erosion
ASTM D 2896 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Base Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Perchloric Acid Titration
ASTM E 2412 : 2004 Standard Practice for Condition Monitoring of Used Lubricants by Trend Analysis Using Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectrometry
ASTM D 5967 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
ASTM D 5967 : 2012 : REV A Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
ASTM D 4175 : 2017 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 6595 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Wear Metals and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils or Used Hydraulic Fluids by Rotating Disc Electrode Atomic Emission Spectrometry
ASTM D 4057 : 2022 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 5967 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
ASTM D 2896 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Base Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Perchloric Acid Titration
ASTM D 4175 : 2009 : REV A : EDT 2 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4177 : 2016 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 5185 : 2002 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements, Wear Metals, and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils and Determination of Selected Elements in Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
ASTM D 7279 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids by Automated Houillon Viscometer
ASTM D 4177 : 2020 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 4177 : 1995 : R2005 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 4175 : 2018 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2016 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 5967 : 2010 : REV A Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
ASTM D 5185 : 2002 : EDT 2 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements, Wear Metals, and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils and Determination of Selected Elements in Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
ASTM D 7279 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids by Automated Houillon Viscometer
ASTM D 445 : 2021 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
ASTM G 40 : 2017 Standard Terminology Relating to Wear and Erosion
ASTM D 4057 : 1995 : R2000 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 5967 : 1999 : REV A Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
ASTM D 4175 : 2017 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 7279 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids by Automated Houillon Viscometer
ASTM D 4175 : 2019 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4177 : 2015 : REV A Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 2896 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Base Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Perchloric Acid Titration
ASTM D 4057 : 2006 : R2011 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 4175 : 2015 : REV B : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2008 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants

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