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ASTM D 4177 : 2022

Superseded
Superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

View Superseded by
superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
Available format(s)

Hardcopy , PDF

Superseded date

23-08-2022

Language(s)

English

Published date

23-08-2022

1.1This practice describes general procedures and equipment for automatically obtaining samples of liquid petroleum and petroleum products, crude oils, and intermediate products from the sample point into the primary container. This practice also provides additional specific information about sample container selection, preparation, and sample handling. If sampling is for the precise determination of volatility, use Practice D5842 (API MPMS Chapter 8.4) in conjunction with this practice. For sample mixing and handling, refer to Practice D5854 (API MPMS Chapter 8.3). This practice does not cover sampling of electrical insulating oils and hydraulic fluids.

1.2Table of Contents:

Section

INTRODUCTION

Scope

1

Referenced Documents

2

Terminology

3

Significance and Use

4

PART I–GENERAL

Representative Sampling Components

5

Design Criteria

6

Automatic Sampling Systems

7

Sampling Location

8

Mixing of the Flowing Stream

9

Proportionality

10

Sample Extractor Grab Volume

11

Containers

12

Sample Handling and Mixing

13

Control Systems

14

Sample System Security

15

System Proving (Performance Acceptance Tests)

16

Performance Monitoring

17

PART II–CRUDE OIL

Crude Oil

18

PART III–REFINED PRODUCTS

Refined Products

19

KEYWORDS

Keywords

20

ANNEXES

Calculations of the Margin of Error based on Number of Sample Grabs

Annex A1

Theoretical Calculations for Selecting the Sampler Probe Location

Annex A2

Portable Sampling Units

Annex A3

Profile Performance Test

Annex A4

Sampler Acceptance Test Data

Annex A5

APPENDIXES

Design Data Sheet for Automatic Sampling System

Appendix X1

Comparisons of Percent Sediment and Water versus Unloading Time Period

Appendix X2

Sampling Frequency and Sampling System Monitoring Spreadsheet

Appendix X3

Sampling System Monitoring—Additional Diagnostics

Appendix X4

1.3Units—The values stated in either SI units or US Customary (USC) units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. Except where there is no direct SI equivalent, such as for National Pipe Threads/diameters, or tubing.

1.4This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.5This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Committee
D 02
DocumentType
Standard Practice
Pages
49
PublisherName
American Society for Testing and Materials
Status
Superseded
SupersededBy
Supersedes

ASTM D 7328 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Determination of Existent and Potential Inorganic Sulfate and Total Inorganic Chloride in Fuel Ethanol by Ion Chromatography Using Aqueous Sample Injection
ASTM D 8150 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Determination of Organic Chloride Content in Crude Oil by Distillation Followed by Detection Using Combustion Ion Chromatography
ASTM D 6074 : 2015 : R2022 Standard Guide for Characterizing Hydrocarbon Lubricant Base Oils
ASTM E 3050 : 2022 Standard Specification for Denatured Ethanol for Use as Cooking and Appliance Fuel
ASTM D 8166 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Sizing and Counting Particulates in Middle Distillate Fuels and Biodiesel Blend (B6 to B20) Using Continuous Flow and Bottle Sampler Particle Contamination Monitors
ASTM D 4539 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Filterability of Diesel Fuels by Low-Temperature Flow Test (LTFT)
ASTM D 7214 : 2023 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Oxidation of Used Lubricants by FT-IR Using Peak Area Increase Calculation
ASTM D 4814 : 2022 Standard Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
ASTM D 7220 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Automotive, Heating, and Jet Fuels by Monochromatic Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
ASTM D 6822 : 2012 : REV B : R2017 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Thermohydrometer Method
ASTM D 974 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Acid and Base Number by Color-Indicator Titration
ASTM D 6448 : 2016 : R2022 Standard Specification for Industrial Burner Fuels from Used Lubricating Oils
ASTM D 6730 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 100-Metre Capillary (with Precolumn) High-Resolution Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 8290 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Determination of Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (FAME) in Aviation Turbine Fuel using Mid-Infrared Laser Spectroscopy
ASTM D 6426 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Determining Filterability of Middle Distillate Fuel Oils
ASTM D 1298 : 2012 : REV B : R2017 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method
ASTM D 86 : 2023 Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels at Atmospheric Pressure
ASTM D 6890 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Determination of Ignition Delay and Derived Cetane Number (DCN) of Diesel Fuel Oils by Combustion in a Constant Volume Chamber
ASTM D 8144 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Separation and Determination of Aromatics, Nonaromatics, and FAME Fractions in Middle Distillates by Solid-Phase Extraction and Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 7319 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Determination of Existent and Potential Sulfate and Inorganic Chloride in Fuel Ethanol and Butanol by Direct Injection Suppressed Ion Chromatography
ASTM D 6595 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Determination of Wear Metals and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils or Used Hydraulic Fluids by Rotating Disc Electrode Atomic Emission Spectrometry
ASTM D 5191 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels (Mini Method)
ASTM D 3237 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Lead in Gasoline by Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy
ASTM D 6751 : 2023 Standard Specification for Biodiesel Fuel Blend Stock (B100) for Middle Distillate Fuels
ASTM D 7757 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Silicon in Gasoline and Related Products by Monochromatic Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
ASTM D 6824 : 2023 Standard Test Method for Determining Filterability of Aviation Turbine Fuel
ASTM D 8009 : 2022 Standard Practice for Manual Piston Cylinder Sampling for Volatile Crude Oils, Condensates, and Liquid Petroleum Products
ASTM D 6378 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Determination of Vapor Pressure (VP<inf>X</inf>) of Petroleum Products, Hydrocarbons, and Hydrocarbon-Oxygenate Mixtures (Triple Expansion Method)
ASTM D 4870 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Sediment in Residual Fuels
ASTM D 7872 : 2013 : R2022 Standard Test Method for Determining the Concentration of Pipeline Drag Reducer Additive in Aviation Turbine Fuels
ASTM D 7963 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Determination of Contamination Level of Fatty Acid Methyl Esters in Middle Distillate and Residual Fuels Using Flow Analysis by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy—Rapid Screening Method
ASTM D 6079 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Evaluating Lubricity of Diesel Fuels by the High-Frequency Reciprocating Rig (HFRR)
ASTM D 7596 : 2023 Standard Test Method for Automatic Particle Counting and Particle Shape Classification of Oils Using a Direct Imaging Integrated Tester
ASTM D 7153 : 2022 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Freezing Point of Aviation Fuels (Automatic Laser Method)
ASTM D 2700 : 2022 : REV B Standard Test Method for Motor Octane Number of Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
ASTM D 6748 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Determination of Potential Instability of Middle Distillate Fuels Caused by the Presence of Phenalenes and Phenalenones (Rapid Method by Portable Spectrophotometer)
ASTM D 5184 : 2022 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Aluminum and Silicon in Fuel Oils by Ashing, Fusion, Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry, and Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
ASTM D 2699 : 2022 : REV A Standard Test Method for Research Octane Number of Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
ASTM D 975 : 2022 : REV A Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel
ASTM D 3605 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Trace Metals in Gas Turbine Fuels by Atomic Absorption and Flame Emission Spectroscopy
ASTM D 5863 : 2022 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Nickel, Vanadium, Iron, and Sodium in Crude Oils and Residual Fuels by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
ASTM D 4929 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Determination of Organic Chloride Content in Crude Oil
ASTM D 8340 : 2022 Standard Practice for Performance-Based Qualification of Spectroscopic Analyzer Systems
ASTM D 3831 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Manganese in Gasoline By Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy
ASTM D 7619 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Sizing and Counting Particles in Light and Middle Distillate Fuels, by Automatic Particle Counter
ASTM D 6277 : 2007 : R2022 Standard Test Method for Determination of Benzene in Spark-Ignition Engine Fuels Using Mid Infrared Spectroscopy
ASTM D 8148 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Spectroscopic Determination of Haze in Fuels
ASTM D 5708 : 2015 : R2020 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Nickel, Vanadium, and Iron in Crude Oils and Residual Fuels by Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP) Atomic Emission Spectrometry
ASTM D 4052 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
API MPM CHAPTER 10.1:2022 Standard Test Method for Sediment in Crude Oils and Fuel Oils by the Extraction Method, Fourth Edition
ASTM D 7671 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Corrosiveness to Silver by Automotive Spark–Ignition Engine Fuel–Silver Strip Method
ASTM D 6377 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Determination of Vapor Pressure of Crude Oil: VPCR<inf>x</inf > (Expansion Method)
ASTM D 6624 : 2020 Standard Practice for Determining a Flow-Proportioned Average Property Value (FPAPV) for a Collected Batch of Process Stream Material Using Stream Analyzer Data
ASTM D 4047 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Phosphorus in Lubricating Oils and Additives by Quinoline Phosphomolybdate Method
ASTM D 8166 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Method for Sizing and Counting Particulates in Middle Distillate Fuels and Biodiesel Blend (B6 to B20) Using Continuous Flow and Bottle Sampler Automatic Particle Condition Monitors
ASTM D 3339 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Acid Number of Petroleum Products by Semi-Micro Color Indicator Titration
ASTM D 7455 : 2019 Standard Practice for Sample Preparation of Petroleum and Lubricant Products for Elemental Analysis
ASTM D 7318 : 2019 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Existent Inorganic Sulfate in Ethanol by Potentiometric Titration
ASTM D 2885 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Determination of Octane Number of Spark-Ignition Engine Fuels by On-Line Direct Comparison Technique
ASTM D 322 : 1997 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Gasoline Diluent in Used Gasoline Engine Oils by Distillation (Withdrawn 2022)
ASTM D 323 : 2020 : REV A Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Reid Method)
ASTM D 7666 : 2012 : R2019 Standard Specification for Triglyceride Burner Fuel
ASTM D 7740 : 2020 Standard Practice for Optimization, Calibration, and Validation of Atomic Absorption Spectrometry for Metal Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 7719 : 2021 : REV A Standard Specification for High Aromatic Content Unleaded Hydrocarbon Aviation Gasoline Test Fuel
ASTM D 7861 : 2014 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Determination of Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (FAME) in Diesel Fuel by Linear Variable Filter (LVF) Array Based Mid-Infrared Spectroscopy
ASTM D 7777 : 2013 : R2018 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, or API Gravity of Liquid Petroleum by Portable Digital Density Meter
ASTM D 4294 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
ASTM D 7669 : 2020 Standard Guide for Practical Lubricant Condition Data Trend Analysis
ASTM D 7453 : 2022 Standard Practice for Sampling of Petroleum Products for Analysis by Process Stream Analyzers and for Process Stream Analyzer System Validation
ASTM D 664 : 2018 : EDT 2 Standard Test Method for Acid Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Titration
ASTM D 2699 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Research Octane Number of Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
ASTM D 7041 : 2016 : R2021 Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Sulfur in Liquid Hydrocarbons and Hydrocarbon-Oxygenate Blends by Gas Chromatography with Flame Photometric Detection
ASTM D 7319 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Existent and Potential Sulfate and Inorganic Chloride in Fuel Ethanol and Butanol by Direct Injection Suppressed Ion Chromatography
ASTM D 7876 : 2013 : R2018 Standard Practice for Practice for Sample Decomposition Using Microwave Heating (With or Without Prior Ashing) for Atomic Spectroscopic Elemental Determination in Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 1160 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Reduced Pressure
ASTM D 8275 : 2022 Standard Specification for Gasoline-like Test Fuel for Compression-Ignition Engines
ASTM D 3605 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Trace Metals in Gas Turbine Fuels by Atomic Absorption and Flame Emission Spectroscopy
ASTM D 6371 : 2017 : REV A Standard Test Method for Cold Filter Plugging Point of Diesel and Heating Fuels
ASTM D 7620 : 2010 : R2020 Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Sulfur in Liquid Hydrocarbon Based Fuels by Continuous Injection, Air Oxidation and Ultraviolet Fluorescence Detection
ASTM D 3231 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Phosphorus in Gasoline
ASTM D 874 : 2013 : REV A : R2018 Standard Test Method for Sulfated Ash from Lubricating Oils and Additives
ASTM D 6443 : 2014 : R2019 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Calcium, Chlorine, Copper, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Zinc in Unused Lubricating Oils and Additives by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry (Mathematical Correction Procedure)
ASTM D 7058 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Red Dye Concentration and Estimation of Saybolt Color of Aviation Turbine Fuels and Kerosine Using a Portable Visible Spectrophotometer
ASTM D 3831 : 2012 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Manganese in Gasoline By Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy
ASTM D 7545 : 2014 : R2019 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Oxidation Stability of Middle Distillate Fuels—Rapid Small Scale Oxidation Test (RSSOT)
ASTM D 5762 : 2018 : REV A Standard Test Method for Nitrogen in Liquid Hydrocarbons, Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Boat-Inlet Chemiluminescence
ASTM D 1318 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Sodium in Residual Fuel Oil (Flame Photometric Method)
ASTM D 1266 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products (Lamp Method)
ASTM D 4739 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Base Number Determination by Potentiometric Hydrochloric Acid Titration
ASTM D 86 : 2020 : REV B Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels at Atmospheric Pressure
ASTM D 7691 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Multielement Analysis of Crude Oils Using Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
ASTM D 6378 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Determination of Vapor Pressure (VP<inf>X</inf>) of Petroleum Products, Hydrocarbons, and Hydrocarbon-Oxygenate Mixtures (Triple Expansion Method)
ASTM D 5191 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels (Mini Method)
ASTM D 7061 : 2019 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Measuring n-Heptane Induced Phase Separation of Asphaltene-Containing Heavy Fuel Oils as Separability Number by an Optical Scanning Device
ASTM D 5482 : 2020 : REV A Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels (Mini Method—Atmospheric)
ASTM D 7757 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Silicon in Gasoline and Related Products by Monochromatic Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
ASTM D 7328 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Existent and Potential Inorganic Sulfate and Total Inorganic Chloride in Fuel Ethanol by Ion Chromatography Using Aqueous Sample Injection
ASTM D 7261 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Determining Water Separation Characteristics of Diesel Fuels by Portable Separometer
ASTM D 7806 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Determination of Biodiesel (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) and Triglyceride Content in Diesel Fuel Oil Using Mid-Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR Transmission Method)
ASTM E 3237 : 2019 Standard Specification for Undenatured Ethanol from Biomass for Use in Industrial Applications
ASTM D 7525 : 2014 : R2019 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Oxidation Stability of Spark Ignition Fuel—Rapid Small Scale Oxidation Test (RSSOT)
ASTM D 7647 : 2010 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Automatic Particle Counting of Lubricating and Hydraulic Fluids Using Dilution Techniques to Eliminate the Contribution of Water and Interfering Soft Particles by Light Extinction
ASTM D 7662 : 2015 : R2020 Standard Test Method for Carbon Content in Carbon Black Feedstock Oils
ASTM D 7923 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Water in Ethanol and Hydrocarbon Blends by Karl Fischer Titration
ASTM D 1298 : 2012 : REV B : R2017 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method
ASTM D 5184 : 2012 : R2017 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Aluminum and Silicon in Fuel Oils by Ashing, Fusion, Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry, and Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
ASTM D 8184 : 2018 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Ferrous Wear Debris Monitoring in In-Service Fluids Using a Particle Quantifier Instrument
ASTM D 7451 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Water Separation Properties of Light and Middle Distillate, and Compression and Spark-Ignition Engine Fuels
ASTM D 6450 : 2016 : REV A : R2021 Standard Test Method for Flash Point by Continuously Closed Cup (CCCFP) Tester
ASTM D 6448 : 2016 Standard Specification for Industrial Burner Fuels from Used Lubricating Oils
ASTM D 2892 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Distillation of Crude Petroleum (15-Theoretical Plate Column)
ASTM D 6470 : 1999 : R2020 Standard Test Method for Salt in Crude Oils (Potentiometric Method)
ASTM D 8144 : 2018 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Separation and Determination of Aromatics, Nonaromatics, and FAME Fractions in Middle Distillates by Solid-Phase Extraction and Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 7751 : 2016 : R2021 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils by EDXRF Analysis
ASTM D 4807 : 2005 : R2020 Standard Test Method for Sediment in Crude Oil by Membrane Filtration
ASTM D 8351 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Determination of Trace Elements in Biodiesel and Biodiesel Blends by Microwave Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (MP-AES)
ASTM D 2622 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
ASTM D 8127 : 2017 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Coupled Particulate and Elemental Analysis using X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) for In-Service Lubricants
ASTM D 7872 : 2013 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Determining the Concentration of Pipeline Drag Reducer Additive in Aviation Turbine Fuels
ASTM D 3227 : 2016 Standard Test Method for (Thiol Mercaptan) Sulfur in Gasoline, Kerosine, Aviation Turbine, and Distillate Fuels (Potentiometric Method)
ASTM D 7689 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Cloud Point of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels (Mini Method)
ASTM D 7419 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Aromatics and Total Saturates in Lube Basestocks by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) with Refractive Index Detection
ASTM D 8056 : 2018 Standard Guide for Elemental Analysis of Crude Oil
ASTM D 94 : 2007 : R2017 Standard Test Methods for Saponification Number of Petroleum Products
ASTM D 5622 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Total Oxygen in Gasoline and Methanol Fuels by Reductive Pyrolysis
ASTM D 8290 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Determination of Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (FAME) in Aviation Turbine Fuel using Mid-Infrared Laser Spectroscopy
ASTM D 6822 : 2012 : REV B : R2017 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Thermohydrometer Method
ASTM D 6824 : 2013 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Determining Filterability of Aviation Turbine Fuel
ASTM D 8274 : 2020 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determination of Biodiesel (Fatty Acid Methyl Esters) Content in Diesel Fuel Oil by Portable Rapid Mid-Infrared Analyzer
ASTM D 1093 : 2011 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Acidity of Hydrocarbon Liquids and Their Distillation Residues
ASTM D 7843 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Lubricant Generated Insoluble Color Bodies in In-Service Turbine Oils using Membrane Patch Colorimetry
ASTM D 8076 : 2021 : REV B Standard Specification for 100 Research Octane Number Test Fuel for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engines
ASTM D 2896 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Base Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Perchloric Acid Titration
ASTM D 130 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Corrosiveness to Copper from Petroleum Products by Copper Strip Test
ASTM D 2709 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Water and Sediment in Middle Distillate Fuels by Centrifuge
ASTM D 7095 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Rapid Determination of Corrosiveness to Copper from Petroleum Products Using a Disposable Copper Foil Strip
ASTM D 6728 : 2016 : R2021 Standard Test Method for Determination of Contaminants in Gas Turbine and Diesel Engine Fuel by Rotating Disc Electrode Atomic Emission Spectrometry
ASTM D 5236 : 2018 : REV A Standard Test Method for Distillation of Heavy Hydrocarbon Mixtures (Vacuum Potstill Method)
ASTM D 7094 : 2017 : REV A Standard Test Method for Flash Point by Modified Continuously Closed Cup (MCCCFP) Tester
ASTM D 5059 : 2021 Standard Test Methods for Lead and Manganese in Gasoline by X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
ASTM D 6122 : 2022 Standard Practice for Validation of the Performance of Multivariate Online, At-Line, Field and Laboratory Infrared Spectrophotometer, and Raman Spectrometer Based Analyzer Systems
ASTM D 7900 : 2018 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Light Hydrocarbons in Stabilized Crude Oils by Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 4539 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Filterability of Diesel Fuels by Low-Temperature Flow Test (LTFT)
ASTM D 5439 : 1995 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Determination of Sediment in Moellon
ASTM D 7039 : 2015 : REV A : R2020 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Gasoline, Diesel Fuel, Jet Fuel, Kerosine, Biodiesel, Biodiesel Blends, and Gasoline-Ethanol Blends by Monochromatic Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
ASTM D 4740 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Cleanliness and Compatibility of Residual Fuels by Spot Test
ASTM D 613 : 2018 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Cetane Number of Diesel Fuel Oil
ASTM D 8011 : 2019 Standard Specification for Natural Gasoline as a Blendstock in Ethanol Fuel Blends or as a Denaturant for Fuel Ethanol
ASTM D 7547 : 2021 Standard Specification for Hydrocarbon Unleaded Aviation Gasoline
ASTM D 7236 : 2016 : REV A : R2021 Standard Test Method for Flash Point by Small Scale Closed Cup Tester (Ramp Method)
ASTM D 3143/D3143M : 2019 Standard Test Method for Flash Point of Cutback Asphalt with Tag Open-Cup Apparatus
ASTM D 6074 : 2015 Standard Guide for Characterizing Hydrocarbon Lubricant Base Oils
ASTM D 7825 : 2018 Standard Practice for Generating a Process Stream Property Value through Application of a Process Stream Analyzer
ASTM D 7371 : 2014 : R2022 Standard Test Method for Determination of Biodiesel (Fatty Acid Methyl Esters) Content in Diesel Fuel Oil Using Mid Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR-ATR-PLS Method)
ASTM D 7668 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Derived Cetane Number (DCN) of Diesel Fuel Oils—Ignition Delay and Combustion Delay Using a Constant Volume Combustion Chamber Method
ASTM D 975 : 2021 Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel
ASTM E 1655 : 2017 Standard Practices for Infrared Multivariate Quantitative Analysis
ASTM D 7220 : 2012 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Automotive, Heating, and Jet Fuels by Monochromatic Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
ASTM D 7214 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Oxidation of Used Lubricants by FT-IR Using Peak Area Increase Calculation
ASTM D 8049 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Determining Concentration, Count, and Size Distribution of Solid Particles and Water in Light and Middle Distillate Fuels by Direct Imaging Analyzer
ASTM D 2274 : 2014 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Oxidation Stability of Distillate Fuel Oil (Accelerated Method)
ASTM D 8252 : 2019 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Vanadium and Nickel in Crude and Residual Oil by X-ray Spectrometry
ASTM D 7946 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Initial pH (i-pH)-Value of Petroleum Products
ASTM D 3341 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Lead in Gasoline—Iodine Monochloride Method (Withdrawn 2022)
ASTM D 5950 : 2014 : R2020 Standard Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products (Automatic Tilt Method)
ASTM D 189 : 2006 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Conradson Carbon Residue of Petroleum Products
ASTM D 3237 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Lead in Gasoline by Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy
ASTM D 4953 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Gasoline and Gasoline-Oxygenate Blends (Dry Method)
ASTM D 8434 : 2021 Standard Specification for Unleaded Aviation Gasoline Test Fuel Containing Organo-metallic Additive
ASTM D 3244 : 2021 : REV A Standard Practice for Utilization of Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
ASTM D 6756 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Red Dye Concentration and Estimation of the ASTM Color of Diesel Fuel and Heating Oil Using a Portable Visible Spectrophotometer
ASTM D 4055 : 2004 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Pentane Insolubles by Membrane Filtration
ASTM D 4808 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Hydrogen Content of Light Distillates, Middle Distillates, Gas Oils, and Residua by Low-Resolution Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
ASTM D 5771 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Cloud Point of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels (Optical Detection Stepped Cooling Method)
ASTM D 893 : 2014 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Insolubles in Used Lubricating Oils
ASTM D 7794 : 2021 Standard Practice for Blending Mid-Level Ethanol Fuel Blends for Flexible-Fuel Vehicles with Automotive Spark-Ignition Engines
ASTM D 5304 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Assessing Middle Distillate Fuel Storage Stability by Oxygen Overpressure
ASTM D 7416 : 2009 : R2020 Standard Practice for Analysis of In-Service Lubricants Using a Particular Five-Part (Dielectric Permittivity, Time-Resolved Dielectric Permittivity with Switching Magnetic Fields, Laser Particle Counter, Microscopic Debris Analysis, and Orbital Viscometer) Integrated Tester
ASTM D 7596 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Automatic Particle Counting and Particle Shape Classification of Oils Using a Direct Imaging Integrated Tester
ASTM D 482 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Ash from Petroleum Products
ASTM D 8420 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Wax Appearance Temperature and Wax Disappearance Temperature of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels
ASTM D 4735 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Determination of Trace Thiophene in Refined Benzene by Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 4530 : 2015 : R2020 Standard Test Method for Determination of Carbon Residue (Micro Method)
ASTM D 7397 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Cloud Point of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels (Miniaturized Optical Method)
ASTM D 7622 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Total Mercury in Crude Oil Using Combustion and Direct Cold Vapor Atomic Absorption Method with Zeeman Background Correction
ASTM D 6560 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Determination of Asphaltenes (Heptane Insolubles) in Crude Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 2273 : 2008 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Trace Sediment in Lubricating Oils (Withdrawn 2023)
ASTM D 4814 : 2021 : REV C Standard Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
ASTM D 7345 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels at Atmospheric Pressure (Micro Distillation Method)
ASTM D 7827 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Measuring n-Heptane Induced Phase Separation of Asphaltene from Heavy Fuel Oils as Separability Number by an Optical Device
ASTM D 7551 : 2010 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Volatile Sulfur in Gaseous Hydrocarbons and Liquefied Petroleum Gases and Natural Gas by Ultraviolet Fluorescence
ASTM D 7317 : 2007 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Coagulated Pentane Insolubles in Used Lubricating Oils by Paper Filtration (LMOA Method)
ASTM D 910 : 2021 Standard Specification for Leaded Aviation Gasolines
ASTM D 5798 : 2021 Standard Specification for Ethanol Fuel Blends for Flexible-Fuel Automotive Spark-Ignition Engines
ASTM D 8340 : 2021 Standard Practice for Performance-Based Qualification of Spectroscopic Analyzer Systems
ASTM D 5772 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Cloud Point of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels (Linear Cooling Rate Method)
ASTM D 7618 : 2013 : R2021 Standard Specification for Ethyl Tertiary-Butyl Ether (ETBE) for Blending with Aviation Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
ASTM D 8235 : 2021 Standard Specification for Ethyl Tertiary-Butyl Ether (ETBE) for Blending with Gasolines for Use as Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
ASTM D 5983 : 2021 Standard Specification for Methyl Tertiary-Butyl Ether (MTBE) for Blending With Gasolines for Use as Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
ASTM D 4806 : 2021 : REV A Standard Specification for Denatured Fuel Ethanol for Blending with Gasolines for Use as Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
ASTM D 5797 : 2021 Standard Specification for Methanol Fuel Blends (M51–M85) for Methanol-Capable Automotive Spark-Ignition Engines
ASTM D 5453 : 2019 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Sulfur in Light Hydrocarbons, Spark Ignition Engine Fuel, Diesel Engine Fuel, and Engine Oil by Ultraviolet Fluorescence
ASTM D 5773 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Cloud Point of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels (Constant Cooling Rate Method)
ASTM D 524 : 2015 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Ramsbottom Carbon Residue of Petroleum Products
ASTM D 7591 : 2012 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Free and Total Glycerin in Biodiesel Blends by Anion Exchange Chromatography
ASTM D 8045 : 2017 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Acid Number of Crude Oils and Petroleum Products by Catalytic Thermometric Titration
ASTM D 6426 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Determining Filterability of Middle Distillate Fuel Oils
ASTM D 7963 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Determination of Contamination Level of Fatty Acid Methyl Esters in Middle Distillate and Residual Fuels Using Flow Analysis by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy—Rapid Screening Method
ASTM D 3607 : 2008 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Removing Volatile Contaminants from Used Engine Oils by Stripping (Withdrawn 2022)
ASTM D 7157 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Determination of Intrinsic Stability of Asphaltene-Containing Residues, Heavy Fuel Oils, and Crude Oils (<emph type="ital">n</emph >-Heptane Phase Separation; Optical Detection)
ASTM D 7154 : 2015 : R2021 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Freezing Point of Aviation Fuels (Automatic Fiber Optical Method)
ASTM D 6748 : 2002 : REV A : R2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Potential Instability of Middle Distillate Fuels Caused by the Presence of Phenalenes and Phenalenones (Rapid Method by Portable Spectrophotometer)
ASTM D 2386 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Freezing Point of Aviation Fuels
ASTM D 8149 : 2020 Standard Practice for Optimization, Calibration, and Validation of Ion Chromatographic Determination of Heteroatoms and Anions in Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 3764 : 2022 Standard Practice for Validation of the Performance of Process Stream Analyzer Systems
ASTM D 6823 : 2008 : R2021 Standard Specification for Commercial Boiler Fuels With Used Lubricating Oils
ASTM D 8321 : 2022 Standard Practice for Development and Validation of Multivariate Analyses for Use in Predicting Properties of Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants based on Spectroscopic Measurements
ASTM D 7212 : 2013 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Low Sulfur in Automotive Fuels by Energy-Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry Using a Low-Background Proportional Counter
ASTM D 396 : 2021 Standard Specification for Fuel Oils
ASTM D 8183 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Determination of Indicated Cetane Number (ICN) of Diesel Fuel Oils using a Constant Volume Combustion Chamber—Reference Fuels Calibration Method
ASTM D 7688 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Evaluating Lubricity of Diesel Fuels by the High-Frequency Reciprocating Rig (HFRR) by Visual Observation
ASTM D 6892 : 2003 : R2020 Standard Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products (Robotic Tilt Method)
ASTM D 5800 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Evaporation Loss of Lubricating Oils by the Noack Method
ASTM D 7344 : 2017 : REV A Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels at Atmospheric Pressure (Mini Method)
ASTM D 6591 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Determination of Aromatic Hydrocarbon Types in Middle Distillates—High Performance Liquid Chromatography Method with Refractive Index Detection
ASTM D 4870 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Sediment in Residual Fuels
ASTM D 5984 : 2011 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Semi-Quantitative Field Test Method for Base Number in New and Used Lubricants by Color-Indicator Titration
ASTM D 7112 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Determining Stability and Compatibility of Heavy Fuel Oils and Crude Oils by Heavy Fuel Oil Stability Analyzer (Optical Detection)
ASTM D 6749 : 2002 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products (Automatic Air Pressure Method)
ASTM D 5291 : 2021 Standard Test Methods for Instrumental Determination of Carbon, Hydrogen, and Nitrogen in Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 5854 : 2019 : REV A Standard Practice for Mixing and Handling of Liquid Samples of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 8150 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Organic Chloride Content in Crude Oil by Distillation Followed by Detection Using Combustion Ion Chromatography
ASTM D 92 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Flash and Fire Points by Cleveland Open Cup Tester
ASTM D 5002 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Crude Oils by Digital Density Analyzer
ASTM D 7679 : 2016 : R2020 Standard Test Method for Sulfur Content in Carbon Black Feedstock Oils
ASTM D 8073 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water Separation Characteristics of Aviation Turbine Fuel by Small Scale Water Separation Instrument
ASTM D 6730 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 100-Metre Capillary (with Precolumn) High-Resolution Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 8386 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Determining Enhanced Filter Blocking Tendency (EFBT)
ASTM D 7667 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Determination of Corrosiveness to Silver by Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel—Thin Silver Strip Method
ASTM D 7235 : 2021 : REV A Standard Guide for Establishing a Linear Correlation Relationship Between Analyzer and Primary Test Method Results Using Relevant ASTM Standard Practices
ASTM D 7960 : 2021 Standard Specification for Unleaded Aviation Gasoline Test Fuel Containing Non-hydrocarbon Components
ASTM D 5863 : 2000 : REV A : R2016 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Nickel, Vanadium, Iron, and Sodium in Crude Oils and Residual Fuels by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
ASTM D 6890 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Determination of Ignition Delay and Derived Cetane Number (DCN) of Diesel Fuel Oils by Combustion in a Constant Volume Chamber
ASTM D 7060 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Maximum Flocculation Ratio and Peptizing Power in Residual and Heavy Fuel Oils (Optical Detection Method)
ASTM D 7797 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Fatty Acid Methyl Esters Content of Aviation Turbine Fuel Using Flow Analysis by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy—Rapid Screening Method
ASTM D 93 : 2020 Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester
ASTM D 1552 : 2016 : R2021 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by High Temperature Combustion and Infrared (IR) Detection or Thermal Conductivity Detection (TCD)
ASTM D 4625 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Middle Distillate Fuel Storage Stability at 43 °C (110 °F)
ASTM D 4815 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Determination of MTBE, ETBE, TAME, DIPE, tertiary-Amyl Alcohol and C<inf>1</inf> to C<inf>4</inf> Alcohols in Gasoline by Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 3120 : 2008 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Trace Quantities of Sulfur in Light Liquid Petroleum Hydrocarbons by Oxidative Microcoulometry
ASTM D 6751 : 2020 : REV A Standard Specification for Biodiesel Fuel Blend Stock (B100) for Middle Distillate Fuels
ASTM D 187 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Burning Quality of Kerosene
ASTM D 7483 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Determination of Dynamic Viscosity and Derived Kinematic Viscosity of Liquids by Oscillating Piston Viscometer
ASTM D 6379 : 2021 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Aromatic Hydrocarbon Types in Aviation Fuels and Petroleum Distillates—High Performance Liquid Chromatography Method with Refractive Index Detection
ASTM D 8120 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Ferrous Debris Quantification
ASTM D 6079 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Evaluating Lubricity of Diesel Fuels by the High-Frequency Reciprocating Rig (HFRR)
ASTM D 8110 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Elemental Analysis of Distillate Products by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS)
ASTM D 7579 : 2009 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Pyrolysis Solids Content in Pyrolysis Liquids by Filtration of Solids in Methanol
ASTM D 7153 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Freezing Point of Aviation Fuels (Automatic Laser Method)
ASTM D 6595 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Wear Metals and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils or Used Hydraulic Fluids by Rotating Disc Electrode Atomic Emission Spectrometry
ASTM D 5761 : 1996 : R2017 Standard Practice for Emulsification/Suspension of Multiphase Fluid Waste Materials
ASTM D 7279 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids by Automated Houillon Viscometer
ASTM D 2982 : 2007 : R2019 Standard Test Methods for Detecting Glycol-Base Antifreeze in Used Lubricating Oils
ASTM D 129 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products (General High Pressure Decomposition Device Method) (Withdrawn 2023)
ASTM D 4929 : 2019 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determination of Organic Chloride Content in Crude Oil
ASTM D 7996 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Measuring Visible Spectrum of Asphaltenes in Heavy Fuel Oils and Crude Oils by Spectroscopy in a Microfluidic Platform (Withdrawn 2024)
ASTM D 5985 : 2002 : R2020 Standard Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products (Rotational Method)
ASTM D 3828 : 2016 : REV A : R2021 Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Small Scale Closed Cup Tester
ASTM D 2700 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Motor Octane Number of Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
ASTM D 91 : 2002 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Precipitation Number of Lubricating Oils
ASTM D 6334 : 2012 : R2017 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Gasoline by Wavelength Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence (Withdrawn 2022)
ASTM D 7346 : 2015 : R2021 Standard Test Method for No Flow Point and Pour Point of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels
ASTM D 2068 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Determining Filter Blocking Tendency
ASTM D 7524 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Determination of Static Dissipater Additives (SDA) in Aviation Turbine Fuel and Middle Distillate Fuels—High Performance Liquid Chromatograph (HPLC) Method
ASTM D 7623 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Total Mercury in Crude Oil Using Combustion-Gold Amalgamation and Cold Vapor Atomic Absorption Method
ASTM D 5853 : 2017 : REV A Standard Test Method for Pour Point of Crude Oils
ASTM D 483 : 2004 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Unsulfonated Residue of Petroleum Plant Spray Oils
ASTM D 5185 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Multielement Determination of Used and Unused Lubricating Oils and Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
ASTM D 7862 : 2021 Standard Specification for Butanol for Blending with Gasoline for Use as Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
ASTM D 5949 : 2016 : R2022 Standard Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products (Automatic Pressure Pulsing Method)
ASTM E 3050 : 2021 Standard Specification for Denatured Ethanol for Use as Cooking and Appliance Fuel
ASTM D 8126 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Efficient Basicity Determination by Potentiometric Hydrochloric Acid Titration

ASTM D 4007 : 2011 : R2016 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Water and Sediment in Crude Oil by the Centrifuge Method (Laboratory Procedure)
ASTM D 4175 : 2022 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 5854 : 2019 Standard Practice for Mixing and Handling of Liquid Samples of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 4175 : 2022 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4007 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Water and Sediment in Crude Oil by the Centrifuge Method (Laboratory Procedure)
ASTM D 4175 : 2022 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4057 : 2022 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 5842 : 2017 Standard Practice for Sampling and Handling of Fuels for Volatility Measurement

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