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ASTM D 396 : 2021

Current
Current

The latest, up-to-date edition.

Standard Specification for Fuel Oils
Available format(s)

Hardcopy , PDF

Language(s)

English

Published date

13-04-2021

1.1This specification (see Note 1) covers grades of fuel oil intended for use in various types of fuel-oil-burning equipment under various climatic and operating conditions. These grades are described as follows:

1.1.1Grades No. 1 S5000, No. 1 S500, No. 1 S15, No. 2 S5000, No. 2 S500, and No. 2 S15 are middle distillate fuels for use in domestic and small industrial burners. Grades No. 1 S5000, No. 1 S500, and No. 1 S15 are particularly adapted to vaporizing type burners or where storage conditions require low pour point fuel.

1.1.2Grades B6–B20 S5000, B6–B20 S500, and B6–B20 S15 are middle distillate fuel/biodiesel blends for use in domestic and small industrial burners.

1.1.3Grades No. 4 (Light) and No. 4 are heavy distillate fuels or middle distillate/residual fuel blends used in commercial/industrial burners equipped for this viscosity range.

1.1.4Grades No. 5 (Light), No. 5 (Heavy), and No. 6 are residual fuels of increasing viscosity and boiling range, used in industrial burners. Preheating is usually required for handling and proper atomization.

Note 1:For information on the significance of the terminology and test methods used in this specification, see Appendix X1.

Note 2:A more detailed description of the grades of fuel oils is given in X1.3.

1.2This specification is for the use of purchasing agencies in formulating specifications to be included in contracts for purchases of fuel oils and for the guidance of consumers of fuel oils in the selection of the grades most suitable for their needs.

1.3Nothing in this specification shall preclude observance of federal, state, or local regulations which can be more restrictive.

1.4The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard.

1.4.1Non-SI units are provided in Table 1 and Table 2 and in 7.1.2.1/7.1.2.2 because these are common units used in the industry.

Note 3:The generation and dissipation of static electricity can create problems in the handling of distillate burner fuel oils. For more information on the subject, see Guide D4865.

1.5This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Committee
D 02
DocumentType
Standard
Pages
13
PublisherName
American Society for Testing and Materials
Status
Current
Supersedes

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ASTM D 7220 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Automotive, Heating, and Jet Fuels by Monochromatic Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
ASTM D 445 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
ASTM D 56 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Flash Point by Tag Closed Cup Tester
ASTM D 2709 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Water and Sediment in Middle Distillate Fuels by Centrifuge
ASTM D 130 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Corrosiveness to Copper from Petroleum Products by Copper Strip Test
ASTM D 86 : 2023 : REV A Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels at Atmospheric Pressure
ASTM D 975 : 2022 : REV A Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel
ASTM D 4294 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
ASTM D 7094 : 2023 Standard Test Method for Flash Point by Modified Continuously Closed Cup (MCCCFP) Tester
ASTM D 2622 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
ASTM D 97 : 2017 : REV B : R2022 Standard Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products
ASTM D 664 : 2011 : REV A Standard Test Method for Acid Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Titration
ASTM D 6751 : 2023 Standard Specification for Biodiesel Fuel Blend Stock (B100) for Middle Distillate Fuels
ASTM D 445 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
ASTM D 86 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels at Atmospheric Pressure
ASTM D 4057 : 2022 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 524 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Ramsbottom Carbon Residue of Petroleum Products
ASTM D 975 : 2023 Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel
ASTM D 56 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Flash Point by Tag Closed Cup Tester
ASTM D 7945 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determination of Dynamic Viscosity and Derived Kinematic Viscosity of Liquids by Constant Pressure Viscometer
ASTM D 5842 : 2023 Standard Practice for Sampling and Handling of Fuels for Volatility Measurement
ASTM D 4052 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
ASTM D 7042 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Method for Dynamic Viscosity and Density of Liquids by Stabinger Viscometer (and the Calculation of Kinematic Viscosity)
ASTM D 4306 : 2020 Standard Practice for Aviation Fuel Sample Containers for Tests Affected by Trace Contamination
ASTM D 4177 : 2020 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 5453 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Sulfur in Light Hydrocarbons, Spark Ignition Engine Fuel, Diesel Engine Fuel, and Engine Oil by Ultraviolet Fluorescence
ASTM D 445 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
ASTM D 86 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels at Atmospheric Pressure
ASTM D 5842 : 2017 Standard Practice for Sampling and Handling of Fuels for Volatility Measurement
ASTM D 4308 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Electrical Conductivity of Liquid Hydrocarbons by Precision Meter
ASTM D 2500 : 2023 Standard Test Method for Cloud Point of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels
ASTM D 445 : 2021 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
ASTM D 4177 : 2022 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 1552 : 2016 : R2021 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by High Temperature Combustion and Infrared (IR) Detection or Thermal Conductivity Detection (TCD)
ASTM D 7346 : 2015 Standard Test Method for No Flow Point and Pour Point of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels
ASTM D 7945 : 2023 Standard Test Method for Determination of Dynamic Viscosity and Derived Kinematic Viscosity of Liquids by Constant Pressure Viscometer
ASTM D 2624 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Electrical Conductivity of Aviation and Distillate Fuels
ASTM D 2887 : 2019 : REV A : EDT 2 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 86 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels at Atmospheric Pressure
ASTM D 95 : 2023 Standard Test Method for Water in Petroleum Products and Bituminous Materials by Distillation
ASTM D 6079 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Evaluating Lubricity of Diesel Fuels by the High-Frequency Reciprocating Rig (HFRR)
ASTM D 2624 : 2022 Standard Test Methods for Electrical Conductivity of Aviation and Distillate Fuels
ASTM D 445 : 2023 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
ASTM D 130 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Corrosiveness to Copper from Petroleum Products by Copper Strip Test
ASTM D 2622 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
ASTM D 93 : 2018 Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester
ASTM E 29 : 2022 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications

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