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EN 61646:2008

Superseded
Superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

View Superseded by
superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

THIN-FILM TERRESTRIAL PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULES - DESIGN QUALIFICATION AND TYPE APPROVAL
Superseded date

01-04-2017

Published date

12-01-2013

FOREWORD
1 Scope and object
2 Normative references
3 Sampling
4 Marking
5 Testing
6 Pass criteria
7 Major visual defects
8 Report
9 Modifications
10 Test procedures
   10.1 Visual inspection
         10.1.1 Purpose
         10.1.2 Procedure
         10.1.3 Requirements
   10.2 Maximum power determination
         10.2.1 Purpose
         10.2.2 Apparatus
         10.2.3 Procedure
   10.3 Insulation test
         10.3.1 Purpose
         10.3.2 Apparatus
         10.3.3 Test conditions
         10.3.4 Procedure
         10.3.5 Test requirements
   10.4 Measurement of temperature coefficients
         10.4.1 Purpose
         10.4.2 Apparatus
         10.4.3 Procedure
   10.5 Measurement of nominal operating cell temperature
         (NOCT)
         10.5.1 Purpose
         10.5.2 Introduction
         10.5.3 Principle
         10.5.4 Apparatus
         10.5.5 Test module mounting
         10.5.6 Procedure
   10.6 Performance at STC and NOCT
         10.6.1 Purpose
         10.6.2 Apparatus
         10.6.3 Procedure
   10.7 Performance at low irradiance
         10.7.1 Purpose
         10.7.2 Apparatus
         10.7.3 Procedure
   10.8 Outdoor exposure test
         10.8.1 Purpose
         10.8.2 Apparatus
         10.8.3 Procedure
         10.8.4 Final measurements
         10.8.5 Requirements
   10.9 Hot-spot endurance test
         10.9.1 Purpose
         10.9.2 Hot-spot effect
         10.9.3 Classification of cell interconnection
         10.9.4 Apparatus
         10.9.5 Procedure
         10.9.6 Final measurements
         10.9.7 Requirements
   10.10 UV preconditioning test
         10.10.1 Purpose
         10.10.2 Apparatus
         10.10.3 Procedure
         10.10.4 Final measurements
         10.10.5 Requirements
   10.11 Thermal cycling test
         10.11.1 Purpose
         10.11.2 Apparatus
         10.11.3 Procedure
         10.11.4 Final measurements
         10.11.5 Requirements
   10.12 Humidity-freeze test
         10.12.1 Purpose
         10.12.2 Apparatus
         10.12.3 Procedure
         10.12.4 Final measurements
         10.12.5 Requirements
   10.13 Damp heat test
         10.13.1 Purpose
         10.13.2 Procedure
         10.13.3 Final measurements
         10.13.4 Requirements
   10.14 Robustness of terminations test
         10.14.1 Purpose
         10.14.2 Types of terminations
         10.14.3 Procedure
         10.14.4 Final measurements
         10.14.5 Requirements
   10.15 Wet leakage current test
         10.15.1 Purpose
         10.15.2 Apparatus
         10.15.3 Procedure
         10.15.4 Requirements
   10.16 Mechanical load test
         10.16.1 Purpose
         10.16.2 Apparatus
         10.16.3 Procedure
         10.16.4 Final measurements
         10.16.5 Requirements
   10.17 Hail test
         10.17.1 Purpose
         10.17.2 Apparatus
         10.17.3 Procedure
         10.17.4 Final measurements
         10.17.5 Requirements
   10.18 Bypass diode thermal test
         10.18.1 Purpose
         10.18.2 Apparatus
         10.18.3 Procedure 1
         10.18.4 Procedure 2
         10.18.5 Final Measurements
         10.18.6 Requirements
   10.19 Light-soaking
         10.19.1 Purpose
         10.19.2 Apparatus
         10.19.3 Procedure
         10.19.4 Final measurements
         10.19.5 Requirements
Bibliography
Annex ZA (normative) - Normative references to international
                       publications with their corresponding
                       European publications

Describes requirements for the design qualification and type approval of terrestrial, thin-film photovoltaic modules suitable for long-term operation in general open-air climates as defined in IEC 60721-2-1.

Committee
TC 82
DocumentType
Standard
PublisherName
European Committee for Standards - Electrical
Status
Superseded
SupersededBy

Standards Relationship
NEN EN IEC 61646 : 2008 Identical
VDE 0126-32 : 2009 Identical
UNE-EN 61646:2009 Identical
NBN EN 61646 : 2009 Similar to
BS EN 61646:2008 Identical
PN EN 61646 : 2008 Identical
SN EN 61646 : 1997 Identical
DIN EN 61646 : 2009 Identical
NF EN 61646 : 2008 Identical
I.S. EN 61646:2008 Identical
IEC 61646:2008 Identical
CEI EN 61646 : 2012 Identical

I.S. EN 61853-1:2011 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULE PERFORMANCE TESTING AND ENERGY RATING - PART 1: IRRADIANCE AND TEMPERATURE PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENTS AND POWER RATING
BS EN 61730-2 : 2007 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULE SAFETY QUALIFICATION - PART 2: REQUIREMENTS FOR TESTING
CEI EN 62093 : 2005 BALANCE-OF-SYSTEM COMPONENTS FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS - DESIGN QUALIFICATION NATURAL ENVIRONMENTS
CEI EN 61701 : 2012 SALT MIST CORROSION TESTING OF PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULES
BS EN 62124:2005 Photovoltaic (PV) stand-alone systems. Design verification
CEI EN 61853-1 : 2013 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULE PERFORMANCE TESTING AND ENERGY RATING - PART 1: IRRADIANCE AND TEMPERATURE PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENTS AND POWER RATING
BS EN 61701:2012 Salt mist corrosion testing of photovoltaic (PV) modules
BS EN 61730-1 : 2007 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULE SAFETY QUALIFICATION - PART 1: REQUIREMENTS FOR CONSTRUCTION
BS EN 50548 : 2011 JUNCTION BOXES FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES
I.S. EN 50548:2011 JUNCTION BOXES FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES
UNE-EN 61701:2012 Salt mist corrosion testing of photovoltaic (PV) modules
EN 62253 : 2011 PHOTOVOLTAIC PUMPING SYSTEMS - DESIGN QUALIFICATION AND PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENTS
EN 61730-2:2007/A1:2012 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULE SAFETY QUALIFICATION - PART 2: REQUIREMENTS FOR TESTING (IEC 61730-2:2004/A1:2011)
EN 60904-7:2009 Photovoltaic devices - Part 7: Computation of the spectral mismatch correction for measurements of photovoltaic devices
EN 61853-2:2016 Photovoltaic (PV) module performance testing and energy rating - Part 2: Spectral responsivity, incidence angle and module operating temperature measurements
BS EN 50583-1:2016 Photovoltaics in buildings BIPV modules
I.S. EN 61345:1999 UV TEST FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULES
BS EN 62716:2013 Photovoltaic (PV) modules. Ammonia corrosion testing
BS EN 60904-10:2010 Photovoltaic devices Methods of linearity measurement
BS EN 61853-2:2016 Photovoltaic (PV) module performance testing and energy rating Spectral responsivity, incidence angle and module operating temperature measurements
CEI EN 60904-7 : 2012 PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES - PART 7: COMPUTATION OF THE SPECTRAL MISMATCH CORRECTION FOR MEASUREMENTS OF PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES
CEI EN 62716 : 2014 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULES - AMMONIA CORROSION TESTING
CEI EN 61345 : 1999 UV TEST FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULES
I.S. EN 62759-1:2015 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULES - TRANSPORTATION TESTING - PART 1: TRANSPORTATION AND SHIPPING OF MODULE PACKAGE UNITS
BS EN 60904-7:2009 Photovoltaic devices Computation of the spectral mismatch correction for measurements of photovoltaic devices
CEI EN 62124 : 2005 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) STAND-ALONE SYSTEMS - DESIGN VERIFICATION
UNE-EN 62759-1:2016 Photovoltaic (PV) modules - Transportation testing - Part 1: Transportation and shipping of module package units
BS EN 62253:2011 Photovoltaic pumping systems. Design qualification and performance measurements
BS EN 62790:2015 Junction boxes for photovoltaic modules. Safety requirements and tests
09/30214460 DC : 0 BS EN 50548 - JUNCTION BOXES FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES
CEI EN 60904-10 : 2013 PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES - PART 10: METHODS OF LINEARITY MEASUREMENT
BS EN 61853-1:2011 Photovoltaic (PV) module performance testing and energy rating Irradiance and temperature performance measurements and power rating
12/30266506 DC : 0 BS EN 50583 - PHOTOVOLTAICS IN BUILDINGS
BS EN 61345:1998 UV test for photovoltaic (PV) modules
BS EN 60904-8:2014 Photovoltaic devices Measurement of spectral responsivity of a photovoltaic (PV) device
I.S. EN 60904-7:2009 PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES - PART 7: COMPUTATION OF THE SPECTRAL MISMATCH CORRECTION FOR MEASUREMENTS OF PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES
I.S. EN 62716:2013 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULES - AMMONIA CORROSION TESTING (IEC 62716:2013 (EQV))
UNE-EN 62716:2014 Photovoltaic (PV) modules - Ammonia corrosion testing
I.S. EN 61701:2012 SALT MIST CORROSION TESTING OF PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULES (IEC 61701:2011 (EQV))
EN 61701:2012 Salt mist corrosion testing of photovoltaic (PV) modules
EN 60904-10:2010 Photovoltaic devices - Part 10: Methods of linearity measurement
EN 62790:2015 Junction boxes for photovoltaic modules - Safety requirements and tests
EN 60904-9 : 2007 PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES - PART 9: SOLAR SIMULATOR PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS
UNE-EN 61853-1:2011 Photovoltaic (PV) module performance testing and energy rating -- Part 1: Irradiance and temperature performance measurements and power rating
PREN 50583 : DRAFT 2012 PHOTOVOLTAICS IN BUILDINGS
BS EN 62093:2005 Balance-of-system components for photovoltaic systems. Design qualification natural environments
CLC/TS 61836:2009 Solar photovoltaic energy systems - Terms, definitions and symbols
I.S. EN 62093:2005 BALANCE-OF-SYSTEM COMPONENTS FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS - DESIGN QUALIFICATION NATURAL ENVIRONMENTS
I.S. EN 60904-8:2014 PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES - PART 8: MEASUREMENT OF SPECTRAL RESPONSIVITY OF A PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) DEVICE
DD CLC/TS 61836:2009 Solar photovoltaic energy systems. Terms, definitions and symbols
UNE-EN 62790:2015 Junction boxes for photovoltaic modules - Safety requirements and tests
EN 60269-6:2011 Low-voltage fuses - Part 6: Supplementary requirements for fuse-links for the protection of solar photovoltaic energy systems
UNE-EN 62253:2012 Photovoltaic pumping systems - Design qualification and performance measurements
UNE-EN 60904-8:2015 Photovoltaic devices - Part 8: Measurement of spectral responsivity of a photovoltaic (PV) device
EN 61853-1:2011 Photovoltaic (PV) module performance testing and energy rating - Part 1: Irradiance and temperature performance measurements and power rating
UNE-EN 50583-1:2016 Photovoltaics in buildings - Part 1: BIPV modules
I.S. EN 60904-10:2010 PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES - PART 10: METHODS OF LINEARITY MEASUREMENT
BS EN 62759-1:2015 Photovoltaic (PV) modules. Transportation testing Transportation and shipping of module package units
BS EN 60269-6:2011 Low-voltage fuses Supplementary requirements for fuse-links for the protection of solar photovoltaic energy systems
BS EN 60904-9:2007 Photovoltaic devices Solar simulator performance requirements
I.S. EN 61853-2:2016 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULE PERFORMANCE TESTING AND ENERGY RATING - PART 2: SPECTRAL RESPONSIVITY, INCIDENCE ANGLE AND MODULE OPERATING TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENTS
CEI EN 61853-2 : 1ED 2017 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULE PERFORMANCE TESTING AND ENERGY RATING - PART 2: SPECTRAL RESPONSIVITY, INCIDENCE ANGLE AND MODULE OPERATING TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENTS
I.S. EN 62253:2011 PHOTOVOLTAIC PUMPING SYSTEMS - DESIGN QUALIFICATION AND PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENTS
I.S. EN 61730-1:2007 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULE SAFETY QUALIFICATION - PART 1: REQUIREMENTS FOR CONSTRUCTION
UNE-EN 50548:2012 Junction boxes for photovoltaic modules
I.S. EN 62124:2005 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) STAND-ALONE SYSTEMS - DESIGN VERIFICATION
I.S. EN 50583-1:2016 PHOTOVOLTAICS IN BUILDINGS - PART 1: BIPV MODULES
PREN 50548 : DRAFT 2009 JUNCTION BOXES FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES
I.S. EN 61730-2:2007 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULE SAFETY QUALIFICATION - PART 2: REQUIREMENTS FOR TESTING (IEC 61730-2:2004 (MOD))
EN 50548 : 2011 AMD 2 2014 JUNCTION BOXES FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES
EN 61345:1998 UV test for photovoltaic (PV) modules
EN 50583-1:2016 Photovoltaics in buildings - Part 1: BIPV modules
EN 62759-1:2015 Photovoltaic (PV) modules - Transportation testing - Part 1: Transportation and shipping of module package units
EN 62716:2013/AC:2014 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULES - AMMONIA CORROSION TESTING (IEC 62716:2013)
EN 62124:2005 Photovoltaic (PV) stand-alone systems - Design verification
EN 61730-1:2007/A11:2014 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULE SAFETY QUALIFICATION - PART 1: REQUIREMENTS FOR CONSTRUCTION (IEC 61730-1:2004, MODIFIED)
EN 62093:2005 Balance-of-system components for photovoltaic systems - Design qualification natural environments
EN 60904-8:2014 Photovoltaic devices - Part 8: Measurement of spectral responsivity of a photovoltaic (PV) device

ISO/IEC 17025:2005 General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories
EN 60904-3:2016 Photovoltaic devices - Part 3: Measurement principles for terrestrial photovoltaic (PV) solar devices with reference spectral irradiance data
EN 60904-2:2015 Photovoltaic devices - Part 2: Requirements for photovoltaic reference devices
IEC 60904-1:2006 Photovoltaic devices - Part 1: Measurement of photovoltaic current-voltage characteristics
EN 60904-9 : 2007 PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES - PART 9: SOLAR SIMULATOR PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS
IEC 60904-10:2009 Photovoltaic devices - Part 10: Methods of linearity measurement
IEC 60904-5:2011 Photovoltaic devices - Part 5: Determination of the equivalent cell temperature (ECT) of photovoltaic (PV) devices by the open-circuit voltage method
IEC 60068-1:2013 Environmental testing - Part 1: General and guidance
IEC 61215:2005 Crystalline silicon terrestrial photovoltaic (PV) modules - Design qualification and type approval
IEC 60904-9:2007 Photovoltaic devices - Part 9: Solar simulator performance requirements
IEC 60068-2-21:2006 Environmental testing - Part 2-21: Tests - Test U: Robustness of terminations and integral mounting devices
EN 60068-1:2014 Environmental testing - Part 1: General and guidance
IEC 60904-3 : 3.0 PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES - PART 3: MEASUREMENT PRINCIPLES FOR TERRESTRIAL PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) SOLAR DEVICES WITH REFERENCE SPECTRAL IRRADIANCE DATA
IEC 60904-8:2014 Photovoltaic devices - Part 8: Measurement of spectral responsivity of a photovoltaic (PV) device
HD 478.2.1 : 200S1 CLASSIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS - ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS APPEARING IN NATURE - TEMPERATURE AND HUMIDITY
EN 60904-1:2006 PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES - PART 1: MEASUREMENT OF PHOTOVOLTAIC CURRENT-VOLTAGE CHARACTERISTICS
IEC 60904-2:2015 RLV Photovoltaic devices - Part 2: Requirements for photovoltaic reference devices
IEC 60410:1973 Sampling plans and procedures for inspection by attributes
IEC 60721-2-1:2013 Classification of environmental conditions - Part 2-1: Environmental conditions appearing in nature - Temperature and humidity
EN 60904-7:2009 Photovoltaic devices - Part 7: Computation of the spectral mismatch correction for measurements of photovoltaic devices
IEC 60904-7:2008 Photovoltaic devices - Part 7: Computation of the spectral mismatch correction for measurements of photovoltaic devices
EN 60068-2-21:2006 Environmental testing - Part 2-21: Tests - Test U: Robustness of terminations and integral mounting devices
IEC 60904-3:2016 Photovoltaic devices - Part 3: Measurement principles for terrestrial photovoltaic (PV) solar devices with reference spectral irradiance data
EN 60068-2-78:2013 Environmental testing - Part 2-78: Tests - Test Cab: Damp heat, steady state
EN 60891:2010 Photovoltaic devices - Procedures for temperature and irradiance corrections to measured I-V characteristics
EN 60904-10:2010 Photovoltaic devices - Part 10: Methods of linearity measurement
IEC 60904-2 : 3.0EN+(REDLINE+VERSION) PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES - PART 2: REQUIREMENTS FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC REFERENCE DEVICES
IEC 60891:2009 Photovoltaic devices - Procedures for temperature and irradiance corrections to measured I-V characteristics
EN 61215:2005 Crystalline silicon terrestrial photovoltaic (PV) modules - Design qualification and type approval

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