• There are no items in your cart
We noticed you’re not on the correct regional site. Switch to our AMERICAS site for the best experience.
Dismiss alert

ASTM D 2140 : 2008 : R2017

Superseded
Superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

View Superseded by
superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

Standard Practice for Calculating Carbon-Type Composition of Insulating Oils of Petroleum Origin
Available format(s)

Hardcopy , PDF

Superseded date

03-02-2024

Language(s)

English

Published date

27-01-2017

This practice may be used to determine the carbon-type composition of mineral insulating oils by correlation with basic physical properties.

1.1This practice may be used to determine the carbon-type composition of mineral insulating oils by correlation with basic physical properties. For routine analytical purposes it eliminates the necessity for complex fractional separation and purification procedures. The practice is applicable to oils having average molecular weights from 200 to above 600, and 0 to 50 aromatic carbon atoms.

1.2Carbon-type composition is expressed as percentage of aromatic carbons, percentage of naphthenic carbons, and percentage of paraffinic carbons. These values can be obtained from the correlation chart, Fig. 1, if both the viscosity-gravity constant (VGC) and refractivity intercept (ri) of the oil are known. Viscosity, density and relative density (specific gravity), and refractive index are the only experimental data required for use of this test method.

1.3This practice is useful for determining the carbon-type composition of electrical insulating oils of the types commonly used in electric power transformers and transmission cables. It is primarily intended for use with new oils, either inhibited or uninhibited.

1.4The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.5This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

Committee
D 27
DocumentType
Standard Practice
Pages
3
ProductNote
Reconfirmed 2017
PublisherName
American Society for Testing and Materials
Status
Superseded
SupersededBy
Supersedes

ASTM D 5900 : 2017 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Physical and Chemical Properties of Industry Reference Materials (IRM)
ASTM D 2864 : 2019 Standard Terminology Relating to Electrical Insulating Liquids and Gases
ASTM D 5964 : 2016 Standard Practice for Rubber IRM 901, IRM 902, and IRM 903 Replacement Oils for ASTM No. 1, ASTM No. 2, ASTM No. 3 Oils, and IRM 905 formerly ASTM No. 5 Oil
ASTM D 2501 : 2014 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Calculation of Viscosity-Gravity Constant (VGC) of Petroleum Oils
ASTM D 471 : 2016 : REV A Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Effect of Liquids
ASTM D 3612 : 2002 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Gases Dissolved in Electrical Insulating Oil by Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 117 : 2018 Standard Guide for Sampling, Test Methods, and Specifications for Electrical Insulating Liquids
ASTM E 1519 : 2016 Standard Terminology Relating to Agricultural Tank Mix Adjuvants
ASTM D 471 : 2016 : REV A : R2021 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Effect of Liquids
ASTM D 5964 : 2016 : R2021 Standard Practice for Rubber IRM 901, IRM 902, and IRM 903 Replacement Oils for ASTM No. 1, ASTM No. 2, ASTM No. 3 Oils, and IRM 905 formerly ASTM No. 5 Oil
ASTM D 5900 : 2023 Standard Specification for Physical and Chemical Properties of Industry Reference Materials (IRM)
ASTM E 1519 : 2016 : R2020 Standard Terminology Relating to Agricultural Tank Mix Adjuvants
ASTM D 2864 : 2021 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Electrical Insulating Liquids and Gases
ASTM D 117 : 2022 Standard Guide for Sampling, Test Methods, and Specifications for Electrical Insulating Liquids

ASTM D 129 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products (General High Pressure Decomposition Device Method) (Withdrawn 2023)
ASTM D 2501 : 1991 : R2000 Standard Test Method for Calculation of Viscosity-Gravity Constant (VGC) of Petroleum Oils
ASTM D 2007 : 2003 : R2008 Standard Test Method for Characteristic Groups in Rubber Extender and Processing Oils and Other Petroleum-Derived Oils by the Clay-Gel Absorption Chromatographic Method
ASTM D 3238 : 1995 : R2005 Standard Test Method for Calculation of Carbon Distribution and Structural Group Analysis of Petroleum Oils by the n-d-M Method
ASTM D 3238 : 1995 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Calculation of Carbon Distribution and Structural Group Analysis of Petroleum Oils by the n-d-M Method
ASTM D 4052 : 1996 : R2002 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
ASTM D 1481 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Viscous Materials by Lipkin Bicapillary Pycnometer (Withdrawn 2023)
ASTM D 1481 : 1991 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Viscous Materials by Lipkin Bicapillary Pycnometer
ASTM D 2007 : 2003 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Characteristic Groups in Rubber Extender and Processing Oils and Other Petroleum-Derived Oils by the Clay-Gel Absorption Chromatographic Method
ASTM D 4052 : 2018 : REV A Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
ASTM D 3238 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Calculation of Carbon Distribution and Structural Group Analysis of Petroleum Oils by the n-d-M Method
ASTM D 2007 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Characteristic Groups in Rubber Extender and Processing Oils and Other Petroleum-Derived Oils by the Clay-Gel Absorption Chromatographic Method
ASTM D 1481 : 1993 : R1997 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Viscous Materials by Lipkin Bicapillary Pycnometer
ASTM D 129 : 2013-08 TEST METHOD FOR SULFUR IN PETROLEUM PRODUCTS (GENERAL HIGH PRESSURE DECOMPOSITION DEVICE METHOD)
ASTM D 4052 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
ASTM D 445 : 2021 : EDT 2 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
ASTM D 2007 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Characteristic Groups in Rubber Extender and Processing Oils and Other Petroleum-Derived Oils by the Clay-Gel Absorption Chromatographic Method
ASTM D 1218 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Refractive Index and Refractive Dispersion of Hydrocarbon Liquids
ASTM D 445 : 2017 : REV A Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
ASTM D 2007 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Characteristic Groups in Rubber Extender and Processing Oils and Other Petroleum-Derived Oils by the Clay—Gel Absorption Chromatographic Method
ASTM D 3238 : 2022 : REV A Standard Test Method for Calculation of Carbon Distribution and Structural Group Analysis of Petroleum Oils by the n-d-M Method
ASTM D 1218 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Refractive Index and Refractive Dispersion of Hydrocarbon Liquids
ASTM D 2501 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Calculation of Viscosity-Gravity Constant (VGC) of Petroleum Oils
ASTM D 445 : 1988 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and the Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
ASTM D 3238 : 2017 : REV A Standard Test Method for Calculation of Carbon Distribution and Structural Group Analysis of Petroleum Oils by the n-d-M Method
ASTM D 2007 : 2001 : REV A Standard Test Method for Characteristic Groups in Rubber Extender and Processing Oils and Other Petroleum-Derived Oils by the Clay—Gel Absorption Chromatographic Method
ASTM D 2501 : 1991 : R2005 Standard Test Method for Calculation of Viscosity-Gravity Constant (VGC) of Petroleum Oils
ASTM D 4052 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
ASTM D 1481 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Viscous Materials by Lipkin Bicapillary Pycnometer
ASTM D 4052 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
ASTM D 2007 : 2011 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Characteristic Groups in Rubber Extender and Processing Oils and Other Petroleum-Derived Oils by the Clay-Gel Absorption Chromatographic Method
ASTM D 2501 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Calculation of Viscosity-Gravity Constant (VGC) of Petroleum Oils
ASTM D 445 : 2019 : REV A Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
ASTM D 445 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
ASTM D 1218 : 2002 : R2007 Standard Test Method for Refractive Index and Refractive Dispersion of Hydrocarbon Liquids
ASTM D 1218 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Refractive Index and Refractive Dispersion of Hydrocarbon Liquids
ASTM D 3238 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Calculation of Carbon Distribution and Structural Group Analysis of Petroleum Oils by the n-d-M Method
ASTM D 4052 : 1996 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
ASTM D 1218 : 2012 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Refractive Index and Refractive Dispersion of Hydrocarbon Liquids
ASTM D 445 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (the Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
ASTM D 445 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
ASTM D 923 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Practices for Sampling Electrical Insulating Liquids
ASTM D 2007 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Characteristic Groups in Rubber Extender and Processing Oils and Other Petroleum-Derived Oils by the Clay-Gel Absorption Chromatographic Method
ASTM D 1481 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Viscous Materials by Lipkin Bicapillary Pycnometer
ASTM D 4052 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
ASTM D 1218 : 1982 Standard Test Method for Refractive Index and Refractive Dispersion of Hydrocarbon Liquids
ASTM D 1218 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Refractive Index and Refractive Dispersion of Hydrocarbon Liquids
ASTM D 2007 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Characteristic Groups in Rubber Extender and Processing Oils and Other Petroleum-Derived Oils by the Clay—Gel Absorption Chromatographic Method
ASTM D 445 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
ASTM D 1481 : 2002 : R2007 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Viscous Materials by Lipkin Bicapillary Pycnometer
ASTM D 4052 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
ASTM D 445 : 2021 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
ASTM D 3238 : 1995 : R2000 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Calculation of Carbon Distribution and Structural Group Analysis of Petroleum Oils by the n-d-M Method
ASTM D 2501 : 2014 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Calculation of Viscosity-Gravity Constant (VGC) of Petroleum Oils
ASTM D 1481 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Viscous Materials by Lipkin Bicapillary Pycnometer
ASTM D 2007 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Characteristic Groups in Rubber Extender and Processing Oils and Other Petroleum-Derived Oils by the Clay—Gel Absorption Chromatographic Method
ASTM D 4052 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
ASTM D 3238 : 1995 : R2000 Standard Test Method for Calculation of Carbon Distribution and Structural Group Analysis of Petroleum Oils by the n-d-M Method
ASTM D 445 : 2023 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
ASTM D 3238 : 1995 : R2010 Standard Test Method for Calculation of Carbon Distribution and Structural Group Analysis of Petroleum Oils by the n-d-M Method

View more information
£55.10
Excluding VAT

Access your standards online with a subscription

Features

  • Simple online access to standards, technical information and regulations.

  • Critical updates of standards and customisable alerts and notifications.

  • Multi-user online standards collection: secure, flexible and cost effective.