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ASTM D 2892 : 2001

Superseded

Superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

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superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

Standard Test Method for Distillation of Crude Petroleum (15-Theoretical Plate Column)

Available format(s)

Hardcopy , PDF

Superseded date

11-11-2014

Language(s)

English

Published date

10-12-2001

1.1 This test method covers the procedure for the distillation of stabilized crude petroleum to a final cut temperature of 400°C Atmospheric Equivalent Temperature (AET). This test method employs a fractionating column having an efficiency of 14 to 18 theoretical plates operated at a reflux ratio of 5:1. Performance criteria for the necessary equipment is specified. Some typical examples of acceptable apparatus are presented in schematic form. This test method offers a compromise between efficiency and time in order to facilitate the comparison of distillation data between laboratories.

1.2 This test method details procedures for the production of a liquified gas, distillate fractions, and residuum of standardized quality on which analytical data can be obtained, and the determination of yields of the above fractions by both mass and volume. From the preceding information, a graph of temperature versus mass % distilled can be produced. This distillation curve corresponds to a laboratory technique, which is defined at 15/5 (15 theoretical plate column, 5:1 reflux ratio) or TBP (true boiling point).

1.3 This test method can also be applied to any petroleum mixture except liquified petroleum gases, very light naphthas, and fractions having initial boiling points above 400°C.

1.4 This test method contains the following Annexes:

1.4.1 Annex A1—Test Method for the Determination of the Efficiency of a Distillation Column,

1.4.2 Annex A2—Test Method for the Determination of the Dynamic Holdup of a Distillation Column,

1.4.3 Annex A3—Test Method for the Determination of the Heat Loss in a Distillation Column (Static Conditions),

1.4.4 Annex A4—Test Method for the Verification of Temperature Sensor Location,

1.4.5 Annex A5—Test Method for Determination of the Temperature Response Time,

1.4.6 Annex A6—Practice for the Calibration of Sensors,

1.4.7 Annex A7—Test Method for the Verification of Reflux Dividing Valves,

1.4.8 Annex A8—Practice for Conversion of Observed Vapor Temperature to Atmospheric Equivalent Temperature (AET),

1.4.9 Appendix X1—Test Method for Dehydration of a Sample of Wet Crude Oil, and

1.4.10 Appendix X2—Practice for Performance Check.

1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are provided for information only.

1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific precautionary notes, see Section 10.

Committee
D 02
DocumentType
Test Method
Pages
32
PublisherName
American Society for Testing and Materials
Status
Superseded
SupersededBy
Supersedes

ASTM D 5188 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Vapor-Liquid Ratio Temperature Determination of Fuels (Evacuated Chamber and Piston Based Method)
ASTM D 6377 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Vapor Pressure of Crude Oil: VPCR<inf>x</inf > (Expansion Method)
ASTM D 1655 : 2019 Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuels
ASTM D 6352 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Distillates in Boiling Range from 174 °C to 700 °C by Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 5191 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels (Mini Method)
ASTM D 7169 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Boiling Point Distribution of Samples with Residues Such as Crude Oils and Atmospheric and Vacuum Residues by High Temperature Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 7807 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Determination of Boiling Range Distribution of Hydrocarbon and Sulfur Components of Petroleum Distillates by Gas Chromatography and Chemiluminescence Detection
ASTM D 7798 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Distillates with Final Boiling Points up to 538 °C by Ultra Fast Gas Chromatography (UF GC)
ASTM D 2887 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 6897 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Liquefied Petroleum Gases (LPG) (Expansion Method)
ASTM D 7213 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Distillates in the Boiling Range from 100 °C to 615 °C by Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 7398 : 2011 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (FAME) in the Boiling Range from 100 °C to 615 °C by Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 5399 : 2009 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Boiling Point Distribution of Hydrocarbon Solvents by Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 7566 : 2019 Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuel Containing Synthesized Hydrocarbons
ASTM D 6378 : 2018 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determination of Vapor Pressure (VP<inf>X</inf>) of Petroleum Products, Hydrocarbons, and Hydrocarbon-Oxygenate Mixtures (Triple Expansion Method)

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