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ASTM D 7216 : 2019

Superseded

Superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

View Superseded by
superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

Standard Test Method for Determining Automotive Engine Oil Compatibility with Typical Seal Elastomers

Available format(s)

Hardcopy , PDF

Superseded date

11-08-2020

Language(s)

English

Published date

01-07-2019

This test method covers quantitative procedures for the evaluation of the compatibility of automotive engine oils with several reference elastomers typical of those used in the sealing materials in contact with these oils.

1.1This test method covers quantitative procedures for the evaluation of the compatibility of automotive engine oils with several reference elastomers typical of those used in the sealing materials in contact with these oils. Compatibility is evaluated by determining the changes in volume, Durometer A hardness, and tensile properties when the elastomer specimens are immersed in the oil for a specified time and temperature.

1.2Effective sealing action requires that the physical properties of elastomers used for any seal have a high level of resistance to the liquid or oil in which they are immersed. When such a high level of resistance exists, the elastomer is said to be compatible with the liquid or oil.

Note 1:The user of this test method should be proficient in the use of Test Methods D412 (tensile properties), D471 (effect of rubber immersion in liquids), D2240 (Durometer hardness), and D5662 (gear oil compatibility with typical oil seal elastomers), all of which are involved in the execution of the operations of this test method.

1.3This test method provides a preliminary or first order evaluation of oil/elastomer compatibility only. Because seals might be subjected to static or dynamic loads, or both, and they can operate over a range of conditions, a complete evaluation of the potential sealing performance of any elastomer-oil combination in any service condition usually requires tests additional to those described in this test method.

1.4The several reference elastomer formulations specified in this test method were chosen to be representative of those used in both heavy-duty diesel engines (detailed in Annex A1) and passenger-car spark-ignition engines (the latter are covered in Annex A2). The procedures described in this test method can, however, also be used to evaluate the compatibility of automotive engine oils with different elastomer types/formulations or different test durations and temperatures to those employed in this test method.

Note 2:In such cases, the precision and bias statement in Section 12 does not apply. In addition to agreeing acceptable limits of precision, where relevant, the user and supplier should also agree: (1) test temperatures and immersion times to be used; (2) the formulations and typical properties of the elastomers; and (3) the sourcing and quality control of the elastomer sheets.

Note 3:The TMC may also issue Information Letters on this matter.

1.5The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.6This test method is arranged as follows:

Section

Scope

1

Referenced Documents

2

Terminology

3

Summary of Test Method

4

Significance and Use

5

Apparatus

6

Reference Materials

7

Procedure

8

Calculations

9

TMC 1006-1 Reference Oil

10

Report

11

Precision and Bias

12

Keywords

13

Formulations and Physical Properties for Reference Elastomers Typically Used in Heavy-Duty Diesel Engines

Annex A1

Test Procedure for Reference Elastomers Typically Used in Spark-Ignition Engines

Annex A2

1.7This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.8This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Committee
D 02
DocumentType
Test Method
Pages
13
PublisherName
American Society for Testing and Materials
Status
Superseded
SupersededBy
Supersedes

ASTM D 4175 : 2014 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4485 : 2003 : REV A Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 1566 : 2004 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Rubber
ASTM D 4175 : 2009 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 2240 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
ASTM D 4175 : 2008 : REV B : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4485 : 2006 Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 1566 : 2009 Standard Terminology Relating to Rubber
ASTM D 4175 : 2005 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 1566 : 2006 Standard Terminology Relating to Rubber
ASTM D 4485 : 2011 : REV C Standard Specification for Performance of Active API Service Category Engine Oils
ASTM D 1566 : 2008 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Rubber
ASTM D 5662 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Determining Automotive Gear Oil Compatibility with Typical Oil Seal Elastomers
ASTM D 4175 : 2005 : EDT 2 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 5662 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Determining Automotive Gear Oil Compatibility with Typical Oil Seal Elastomers
ASTM D 4485 : 2001 Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 4175 : 2015 : REV C Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2017 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4485 : 2003 Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 4485 : 2008 Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 5662 : 2006 Standard Test Method for Determining Automotive Gear Oil Compatability with Typical Oil Seal Elastomers
ASTM D 4485 : 2015 Standard Specification for Performance of Active API Service Category Engine Oils
ASTM D 1566 : 2005 Standard Terminology Relating to Rubber
ASTM D 4485 : 2005 : REV A Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 5662 : 2019 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determining Automotive Gear Oil Compatibility with Typical Oil Seal Elastomers
ASTM D 4175 : 2008 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 1566 : 2002 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Rubber
ASTM D 4175 : 2017 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2009 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4485 : 2011 : REV A Standard Specification for Performance of Active API Service Category Engine Oils
ASTM D 5662 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Determining Automotive Gear Oil Compatibility with Typical Oil Seal Elastomers
ASTM D 5662 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Determining Automotive Gear Oil Compatibility with Typical Oil Seal Elastomers
ASTM D 4485 : 2018 Standard Specification for Performance of Active API Service Category Engine Oils
ASTM D 1566 : 2007 Standard Terminology Relating to Rubber
ASTM D 1566 : 2019 Standard Terminology Relating to Rubber
ASTM D 4175 : 2009 : REV A : EDT 4 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 2240 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
ASTM D 1566 : 2015 Standard Terminology Relating to Rubber
ASTM D 4175 : 2009 : REV A : EDT 3 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4485 : 2011 : REV B Standard Specification for Performance of Active API Service Category Engine Oils
ASTM D 1566 : 2008 Standard Terminology Relating to Rubber
ASTM D 4485 : 2016 Standard Specification for Performance of Active API Service Category Engine Oils
ASTM D 4175 : 2018 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4485 : 2007 Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 4485 : 2010 Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 4485 : 2001 : REV A Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 4175 : 2001 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 1566 : 2005 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Rubber
ASTM D 4175 : 2001 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2005 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2002 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4485 : 2004 Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 2240 : 2004 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
ASTM D 1566 : 2006 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Rubber
ASTM D 1566 : 2003 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Rubber
ASTM D 4175 : 2015 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 1193 : 2006 : R2011 Standard Specification for Reagent Water
ASTM D 4485 : 2000 Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 4175 : 2002 : REV A : EDT 2 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 1566 : 2006 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Rubber
ASTM D 4485 : 2015 : REV A Standard Specification for Performance of Active API Service Category Engine Oils
ASTM D 4175 : 2009 : REV A : EDT 5 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2016 : REV C Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2015 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 1566 : 2005 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Rubber
ASTM D 4175 : 2015 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4485 : 2006 : REV A Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 1566 : 2011 Standard Terminology Relating to Rubber
ASTM D 1193 : 1991 Standard Specification for Reagent Water
ASTM D 4175 : 2009 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2016 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2002 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2008 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 1566 : 2000 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Rubber
ASTM D 2240 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
ASTM D 4175 : 2002 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2000 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2016 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 1566 : 2014 Standard Terminology Relating to Rubber
ASTM D 2240 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
ASTM D 4485 : 2018 : REV A Standard Specification for Performance of Active API Service Category Engine Oils
ASTM D 2240 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
ASTM D 5662 : 2008 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determining Automotive Gear Oil Compatibility with Typical Oil Seal Elastomers
ASTM D 4485 : 2005 Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 1566 : 2010 Standard Terminology Relating to Rubber
ASTM D 2240 : 2002 : REV B Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
ASTM D 4485 : 2014 Standard Specification for Performance of Active API Service Category Engine Oils
ASTM D 4485 : 2002 Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 4175 : 2017 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 5662 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Determining Automotive Gear Oil Compatability with Typical Oil Seal Elastomers
ASTM D 4485 : 2005 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 2240 : 2015 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
ASTM D 5662 : 2006 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determining Automotive Gear Oil Compatibility with Typical Oil Seal Elastomers
ASTM D 1566 : 2003 Standard Terminology Relating to Rubber
ASTM D 4175 : 2009 : REV A : EDT 2 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 5662 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determining Automotive Gear Oil Compatibility with Typical Oil Seal Elastomers
ASTM D 1193 : 1970 Standard Specification For Reagent Water
ASTM D 5662 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determining Automotive Gear Oil Compatibility with Typical Oil Seal Elastomers
ASTM D 1566 : 2000 Standard Terminology Relating to Rubber
ASTM D 1193 : 2006 Standard Specification for Reagent Water
ASTM D 4175 : 2018 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4175 : 2016 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 2240 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
ASTM D 1193 : 1999 Standard Specification for Reagent Water
ASTM D 2240 : 2005 : R2010 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
ASTM D 1566 : 2007 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Rubber
ASTM D 4175 : 2017 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 1566 : 2005 : REV C Standard Terminology Relating to Rubber
ASTM D 5662 : 2017 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determining Automotive Gear Oil Compatibility with Typical Oil Seal Elastomers
ASTM D 2240 : 2002 : REV A Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
ASTM D 4175 : 2019 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
ASTM D 1193 : 2006 : R2018 Standard Specification for Reagent Water
ASTM D 4485 : 2009 Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 4485 : 2019 Standard Specification for Performance of Active API Service Category Engine Oils
ASTM D 4175 : 2015 : REV B : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 5662 : 2012 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determining Automotive Gear Oil Compatibility with Typical Oil Seal Elastomers
ASTM D 4485 : 2010 : REV A Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 1566 : 2010 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Rubber
ASTM D 4485 : 2011 Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 5662 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Determining Automotive Gear Oil Compatibility with Typical Oil Seal Elastomers
ASTM D 5662 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Determining Automotive Gear Oil Compatibility with Typical Oil Seal Elastomers
ASTM D 5662 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Determining Automotive Gear Oil Compatibility with Typical Oil Seal Elastomers
ASTM D 4175 : 2008 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
ASTM D 4485 : 2007 : REV A Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils
ASTM D 1566 : 2008 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Rubber

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