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EN 12920:2006+A1:2008

Current
Current

The latest, up-to-date edition.

Characterization of waste - Methodology for the determination of the leaching behaviour of waste under specified conditions
Published date

10-09-2008

Foreword
Introduction
1 Scope
2 Terms and definitions
3 Description of the steps in the methodology
  3.1 Outline
  3.2 Step 1: Definition of the problem and the solution sought
  3.3 Step 2: Description of the scenario
  3.4 Step 3: Description of the waste
  3.5 Step 4: Determination of the influence of parameters on
      leaching behaviour within the specified time frame
  3.6 Step 5: Modelling of leaching behaviour within the
      specified time frame
  3.7 Step 6: Behavioural Model Validation
      3.7.1 General
      3.7.2 Verification of the consistency between parameter
            specific tests and simulation tests
      3.7.3 Verification of predicted behaviour in the field
      3.7.4 Identification of analogy with geological natural
            and/or ancient materials
  3.8 Step 7: Conclusion
4 Study report
Annex A (informative) Principle of the methodology
Bibliography

This European Standard specifies a methodology for the determination of the leaching behaviour of a waste or a waste from the extractive industry under specified conditions (i.e. for a specified scenario including a specified time frame) in order to provide a solution to a defined problem. This applies to disposal and recovery scenarios.NOTE 1Recovery is the term defined in the European Waste Acts [1,3]. It includes re-use and recycling.The external conditions which have a direct influence on the release of constituents from waste are considered. Migration of constituents leached from the disposal or the recovery site into the surrounding environment is not considered. Also the assessment of toxicity to humans or ecological impacts on flora and fauna as a secondary effect after release of constituents from the waste is not considered.NOTE 2Present knowledge of highly complex scenarios and wastes may limit the ability to provide a clear solution to a defined problem. An example may be the land filling of complex mixtures of wastes or the prediction of the acid generation behaviour waste from the extractive industry.

Committee
CEN/TC 444
DevelopmentNote
Supersedes ENV 12920. (05/2006) Supersedes UNE ENV 12920. (10/2006) 2006 Edition Re-Issued in September 2008 & incorporates AMD 1 2008. (10/2008)
DocumentType
Standard
PublisherName
Comite Europeen de Normalisation
Status
Current
Supersedes

BS EN 14997:2015 Characterization of waste. Leaching behaviour test. Influence of pH on leaching with continuous pH control
06/30156589 DC : DRAFT OCT 2006 ISO 21268-4 - SOIL QUALITY LEACHING PROCEDURES FOR SUBSEQUENT CHEMICAL AND ECOTOXICOLOGICAL TESTING OF SOIL AND SOIL MATERIALS - PART 4: INFLUENCE OF PH ON LEACHING WITH INITIAL ACID/BASE ADDITION
UNE-EN 14429:2015 Characterization of waste - Leaching behaviour test - Influence of pH on leaching with initial acid/base addition
BS EN 14405:2017 Characterization of waste - Leaching behaviour test - Up-flow percolation test (under specified conditions)
14/30304804 DC : 0 BS EN 14405 - CHARACTERISATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST - UP-FLOW PERCOLATION TEST (UNDER SPECIFIED CONDITIONS)
PD CEN/TR 16376:2012 Characterization of waste. Overall guidance document for characterization of waste from the extractive industries
08/30185788 DC : DRAFT OCT 2008 BS EN 15864 - CHARACTERISATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST FOR BASIC CHARACTERIZATION - DYNAMIC MONOLITHIC LEACHING TEST WITH CONTINUOUS LEACHANT RENEWAL UNDER CONDITIONS RELEVANT FOR SPECIFIED SCENARIO(S)
DD CEN/TS 14997:2006 Characterization of waste. Leaching behaviour tests. Influence of pH on leaching with continuous pH-control
UNI CEN ISO/TS 21268-4 : 2010 SOIL QUALITY - LEACHING PROCEDURES FOR SUBSEQUENT CHEMICAL AND ECOTOXICOLOGICAL TESTING OF SOIL AND SOIL MATERIALS - PART 4: INFLUENCE OF PH ON LEACHING WITH INITIAL ACID/BASE ADDITION
I.S. CEN TS 14997:2006 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TESTS - INFLUENCE OF PH ON LEACHING WITH CONTINUOUS PH-CONTROL
DIN EN 15863:2015-06 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST FOR BASIC CHARACTERIZATION - DYNAMIC MONOLITHIC LEACHING TEST WITH PERIODIC LEACHANT RENEWAL, UNDER FIXED CONDITIONS
EN 14997:2015 Characterization of waste - Leaching behaviour test - Influence of pH on leaching with continuous pH control
CEN/TS 15862:2012 Characterisation of waste - Compliance leaching test - One stage batch leaching test for monoliths at fixed liquid to surface area ratio (L/A) for test portions with fixed minimum dimensions
CEN/TR 16376:2012 Characterization of waste - Overall guidance document for characterization of waste from the extractive industries
EN 14405:2017 Characterization of waste - Leaching behaviour test - Up-flow percolation test (under specified conditions)
CEN ISO/TS 21268-2:2009 Soil quality - Leaching procedures for subsequent chemical and ecotoxicological testing of soil and soil materials - Part 2: Batch test using a liquid to solid ratio of 10 l/kg dry matter (ISO/TS 21268-2:2007)
CEN ISO/TS 21268-1:2009 Soil quality - Leaching procedures for subsequent chemical and ecotoxicological testing of soil and soil materials - Part 1: Batch test using a liquid to solid ratio of 2 l/kg dry matter (ISO/TS 21268-1:2007)
EN 15863:2015 Characterization of waste - Leaching behaviour test for basic characterization - Dynamic monolithic leaching test with periodic leachant renewal, under fixed conditions
CEN/TS 15364:2006 Characterization of waste - Leaching behaviour tests - Acid and base neutralization capacity test
DIN EN 14997:2015-05 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST - INFLUENCE OF PH ON LEACHING WITH CONTINUOUS PH CONTROL
DIN EN ISO 18772 E : 2014 SOIL QUALITY - GUIDANCE ON LEACHING PROCEDURES FOR SUBSEQUENT CHEMICAL AND ECOTOXICOLOGICAL TESTING OF SOILS AND SOIL MATERIALS (ISO 18772:2008)
UNI EN 16457 : 2014 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - FRAMEWORK FOR THE PREPARATION AND APPLICATION OF A TESTING PROGRAMME - OBJECTIVES, PLANNING AND REPORT
10/30233988 DC : 0 BS EN 16192 - CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - ANALYSIS OF ELUATES
18/30368510 DC : 0 BS EN ISO 21268-4 - SOIL QUALITY - LEACHING PROCEDURES FOR SUBSEQUENT CHEMICAL AND ECOTOXICOLOGICAL TESTING OF SOIL AND SOIL MATERIALS - PART 4: INFLUENCE OF PH ON LEACHING WITH INITIAL ACID/BASE ADDITION
08/30185782 DC : DRAFT OCT 2008 BS EN 15862 - CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - COMPLIANCE LEACHING TEST - ONE STAGE BATCH LEACHING TEST FOR MONOLITHS AT A FIXED LIQUID TO SURFACE AREA RATIO (L/A) FOR TEST PORTIONS WITH FIXED MINIMUM DIMENSIONS
UNI EN ISO 18772 : 2014 SOIL QUALITY - GUIDANCE ON LEACHING PROCEDURES FOR SUBSEQUENT CHEMICAL AND ECOTOXICOLOGICAL TESTING OF SOILS AND SOIL MATERIALS
DIN EN 14405 E : 2017 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST - UP-FLOW PERCOLATION TEST (UNDER SPECIFIED CONDITIONS)
DIN EN ISO 18772:2014-07 Soil quality - Guidance on leaching procedures for subsequent chemical and ecotoxicological testing of soils and soil materials (ISO 18772:2008)
PREN 14429 : DRAFT 2013 CHARACTERISATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST - INFLUENCE OF PH ON LEACHING WITH INITIAL ACID/BASE ADDITION
S.R. CEN ISO TS 21268-2:2009 SOIL QUALITY - LEACHING PROCEDURES FOR SUBSEQUENT CHEMICAL AND ECOTOXICOLOGICAL TESTING OF SOIL AND SOIL MATERIALS - PART 2: BATCH TEST USING A LIQUID TO SOLID RATIO OF 10 L/KG DRY MATTER
I.S. EN 16457:2014 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - FRAMEWORK FOR THE PREPARATION AND APPLICATION OF A TESTING PROGRAMME - OBJECTIVES, PLANNING AND REPORT
S.R. CEN/TR 16376:2012 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - OVERALL GUIDANCE DOCUMENT FOR CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE FROM THE EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES
PREN 14405 : DRAFT 2014 CHARACTERISATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST - UP-FLOW PERCOLATION TEST (UNDER SPECIFIED CONDITIONS)
UNI CEN ISO/TS 21268-3 : 2010 SOIL QUALITY - LEACHING PROCEDURES FOR SUBSEQUENT CHEMICAL AND ECOTOXICOLOGICAL TESTING OF SOIL AND SOIL MATERIALS - PART 3: UP-FLOW PERCOLATION TEST
UNE-EN 14405:2017 Characterization of waste - Leaching behaviour test - Up-flow percolation test (under specified conditions)
DIN EN 15863 E : 2015 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST FOR BASIC CHARACTERIZATION - DYNAMIC MONOLITHIC LEACHING TEST WITH PERIODIC LEACHANT RENEWAL, UNDER FIXED CONDITIONS
UNE-EN 15863:2015 Characterization of waste - Leaching behaviour test for basic characterization - Dynamic monolithic leaching test with periodic leachant renewal, under fixed conditions
S.R. CEN/TS 15863:2012 CHARACTERISATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST FOR BASIC CHARACTERISATION - DYNAMIC MONOLITHIC LEACHING TEST WITH PERIODIC LEACHANT RENEWAL, UNDER FIXED TEST CONDITIONS
S.R. CEN/TS 15862:2012 CHARACTERISATION OF WASTE - COMPLIANCE LEACHING TEST - ONE STAGE BATCH LEACHING TEST FOR MONOLITHS AT FIXED LIQUID TO SURFACE AREA RATIO (L/A) FOR TEST PORTIONS WITH FIXED MINIMUM DIMENSIONS
PD CEN/TS 16660:2015 Characterization of waste. Leaching behaviour test. Determination of the reducing character and the reducing capacity
BS EN 16192:2011 Characterization of waste. Analysis of eluates
DIN EN 16192:2012-02 Characterization of waste - Analysis of eluates
S.R. CEN ISO TS 21268-4:2009 SOIL QUALITY - LEACHING PROCEDURES FOR SUBSEQUENT CHEMICAL AND ECOTOXICOLOGICAL TESTING OF SOIL AND SOIL MATERIALS - PART 4: INFLUENCE OF PH ON LEACHING WITH INITIAL ACID/BASE ADDITION
DIN EN 14429 E : 2015 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST - INFLUENCE OF PH ON LEACHING WITH INITIAL ACID/BASE ADDITION
S.R. CEN ISO TS 21268-1:2009 SOIL QUALITY - LEACHING PROCEDURES FOR SUBSEQUENT CHEMICAL AND ECOTOXICOLOGICAL TESTING OF SOIL AND SOIL MATERIALS - PART 1: BATCH TEST USING A LIQUID TO SOLID RATIO OF 2 L/KG DRY MATTER
BS EN ISO 18772:2014 Soil quality. Guidance on leaching procedures for subsequent chemical and ecotoxicological testing of soils and soil materials
UNI CEN ISO/TS 21268-1 : 2010 SOIL QUALITY - LEACHING PROCEDURES FOR SUBSEQUENT CHEMICAL AND ECOTOXICOLOGICAL TESTING OF SOIL AND SOIL MATERIALS - PART 1: BATCH TEST USING A LIQUID TO SOLID RATIO OF 2 L/KG DRY MATTER
UNE-EN 14997:2015 Characterization of waste - Leaching behaviour test - Influence of pH on leaching with continuous pH control
UNE-EN 16457:2014 Characterization of waste - Framework for the preparation and application of a testing programme - Objectives, planning and report
DD CEN/TS 15364:2006 Characterization of waste. Leaching behaviour tests. Acid and base neutralization capacity test
S.R. CEN/TR 16110:2010 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - GUIDANCE ON THE USE OF ECOTOXICITY TESTS APPLIED TO WASTE
I.S. EN 16192:2011 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - ANALYSIS OF ELUATES
S.R. CEN ISO TS 21268-3:2009 SOIL QUALITY - LEACHING PROCEDURES FOR SUBSEQUENT CHEMICAL AND ECOTOXICOLOGICAL TESTING OF SOIL AND SOIL MATERIALS - PART 3: UP-FLOW PERCOLATION TEST
UNI CEN/TS 15862 : 2012 CHARACTERISATION OF WASTE - COMPLIANCE LEACHING TEST - ONE STAGE BATCH LEACHING TEST FOR MONOLITHS AT FIXED LIQUID TO SURFACE AREA RATIO (L/A) FOR TEST PORTIONS WITH FIXED MINIMUM DIMENSIONS
CEN ISO/TS 21268-4:2009 Soil quality - Leaching procedures for subsequent chemical and ecotoxicological testing of soil and soil materials - Part 4: Influence of pH on leaching with initial acid/base addition (ISO/TS 21268-4:2007)
DIN EN 14405:2017-05 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST - UP-FLOW PERCOLATION TEST (UNDER SPECIFIED CONDITIONS)
PD CEN/TS 15864:2012 Characterisation of waste. Leaching behaviour test for basic characterisation. Dynamic monolithic leaching test with continuous leachant renewal under conditions relevant for specified scenario(s)
I.S. EN 15863:2015 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST FOR BASIC CHARACTERIZATION - DYNAMIC MONOLITHIC LEACHING TEST WITH PERIODIC LEACHANT RENEWAL, UNDER FIXED CONDITIONS
I.S. CEN TS 15364:2006 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TESTS - ACID AND BASE NEUTRALIZATION CAPACITY TEST
I.S. EN 14405:2017 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST - UP-FLOW PERCOLATION TEST (UNDER SPECIFIED CONDITIONS)
DIN EN 14997 E : 2015 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST - INFLUENCE OF PH ON LEACHING WITH CONTINUOUS PH CONTROL
DIN EN 14429:2015-05 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST - INFLUENCE OF PH ON LEACHING WITH INITIAL ACID/BASE ADDITION
12/30263896 DC : 0 BS EN 16457 - CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - FRAMEWORK FOR THE PREPARATION AND APPLICATION OF A TESTING PROGRAMME - OBJECTIVES, PLANNING AND REPORT
08/30185785 DC : DRAFT OCT 2008 BS EN 15863 - CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST FOR BASIC CHARACTERIZATION - DYNAMIC MONOLITHIC LEACHING TEST WITH PERIODIC LEACHANT RENEWAL, UNDER FIXED TEST CONDITIONS
UNI CEN ISO/TS 21268-2 : 2010 SOIL QUALITY - LEACHING PROCEDURES FOR SUBSEQUENT CHEMICAL AND ECOTOXICOLOGICAL TESTING OF SOIL AND SOIL MATERIALS - PART 2: BATCH TEST USING A LIQUID TO SOLID RATIO OF 10 L/KG DRY MATTER
FD CEN/TR 16110 : 2011 FD CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - GUIDANCE ON THE USE OF ECOTOXICITY TESTS APPLIED TO WASTE
DIN EN 16457:2014-07 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - FRAMEWORK FOR THE PREPARATION AND APPLICATION OF A TESTING PROGRAMME - OBJECTIVES, PLANNING AND REPORT
I.S. EN 14429:2015 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST - INFLUENCE OF PH ON LEACHING WITH INITIAL ACID/BASE ADDITION
S.R. CEN/TS 15864:2015 CHARACTERISATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST FOR BASIC CHARACTERIZATION - DYNAMIC MONOLITHIC LEACHING TEST WITH CONTINUOUS LEACHANT RENEWAL UNDER CONDITIONS RELEVANT FOR SPECIFIED SCENARIO(S)
PD CEN/TS 15862:2012 Characterisation of waste. Compliance leaching test. One stage batch leaching test for monoliths at fixed liquid to surface area ratio (L/A) for test portions with fixed minimum dimensions
PD CEN/TS 15863:2012 Characterisation of waste. Leaching behaviour test for basic characterisation. Dynamic monolithic leaching test with periodic leachant renewal, under fixed test conditions
ISO/TS 21268-3:2007 Soil quality Leaching procedures for subsequent chemical and ecotoxicological testing of soil and soil materials Part 3: Up-flow percolation test
ISO/TS 21268-2:2007 Soil quality Leaching procedures for subsequent chemical and ecotoxicological testing of soil and soil materials Part 2: Batch test using a liquid to solid ratio of 10 l/kg dry matter
ISO 18772:2008 Soil quality — Guidance on leaching procedures for subsequent chemical and ecotoxicological testing of soils and soil materials
BS EN 15863:2015 Characterization of waste. Leaching behaviour test for basic characterization. Dynamic monolithic leaching test with periodic leachant renewal, under fixed conditions
ISO/TS 21268-1:2007 Soil quality Leaching procedures for subsequent chemical and ecotoxicological testing of soil and soil materials Part 1: Batch test using a liquid to solid ratio of 2 l/kg dry matter
ISO/TS 21268-4:2007 Soil quality Leaching procedures for subsequent chemical and ecotoxicological testing of soil and soil materials Part 4: Influence of pH on leaching with initial acid/base addition
EN ISO 18772:2014 Soil quality - Guidance on leaching procedures for subsequent chemical and ecotoxicological testing of soils and soil materials (ISO 18772:2008)
EN 16457:2014 Characterization of waste - Framework for the preparation and application of a testing programme - Objectives, planning and report
13/30286649 DC : 0 BS EN 14429 - CHARACTERISATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST - INFLUENCE OF PH ON LEACHING WITH INITIAL ACID/BASE ADDITION
13/30286658 DC : 0 BS EN 16660 - CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST - DETERMINATION OF THE REDUCING CHARACTER AND THE REDUCING CAPACITY
BS EN 14429:2015 Characterization of waste. Leaching behaviour test. Influence of pH on leaching with initial acid/base addition
DIN EN 16457 E : 2014 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - FRAMEWORK FOR THE PREPARATION AND APPLICATION OF A TESTING PROGRAMME - OBJECTIVES, PLANNING AND REPORT
13/30286652 DC : 0 BS EN 14997 - CHARACTERISATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST - INFLUENCE OF PH ON LEACHING WITH CONTINUOUS PH CONTROL
BS EN 16457:2014 Characterization of waste. Framework for the preparation and application of a testing programme. Objectives, planning and report
UNE-EN 16192:2012 Characterization of waste - Analysis of eluates
S.R. CEN/TS 16660:2015 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST - DETERMINATION OF THE REDUCING CHARACTER AND THE REDUCING CAPACITY
UNE-CEN/TR 16110:2011 IN Characterization of waste - Guidance on the use of ecotoxicity tests applied to waste
BS ISO 18772 : 2008 COR 2014 SOIL QUALITY - GUIDANCE ON LEACHING PROCEDURES FOR SUBSEQUENT CHEMICAL AND ECOTOXICOLOGICAL TESTING OF SOILS AND SOIL MATERIALS
I.S. EN ISO 18772:2014 SOIL QUALITY - GUIDANCE ON LEACHING PROCEDURES FOR SUBSEQUENT CHEMICAL AND ECOTOXICOLOGICAL TESTING OF SOILS AND SOIL MATERIALS (ISO 18772:2008)
I.S. EN 14997:2015 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST - INFLUENCE OF PH ON LEACHING WITH CONTINUOUS PH CONTROL
UNI EN 16192 : 2012 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - ANALYSIS OF ELUATES
13/30286655 DC : 0 BS EN 15863 - CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST FOR BASIC CHARACTERIZATION - DYNAMIC MONOLITHIC LEACHING TEST WITH PERIODIC LEACHANT RENEWAL, UNDER FIXED TEST CONDITIONS
CEN/TS 15864:2015 Characterization of waste - Leaching behaviour test for basic characterization - Dynamic monolithic leaching test with continuous leachant renewal under conditions relevant for specified scenario(s)
CEN/TS 14997 : 2006 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TESTS - INFLUENCE OF PH ON LEACHING WITH CONTINUOUS PH-CONTROL
CEN/TR 16110:2010 Characterization of waste - Guidance on the use of ecotoxicity tests applied to waste
EN 14429:2015 Characterization of waste - Leaching behaviour test - Influence of pH on leaching with initial acid/base addition
CEN/TS 16660:2015 Characterization of waste - Leaching behaviour test - Determination of the reducing character and the reducing capacity
CEN ISO/TS 21268-3:2009 Soil quality - Leaching procedures for subsequent chemical and ecotoxicological testing of soil and soil materials - Part 3: Up-flow percolation test (ISO/TS 21268-3:2007)
EN 16192:2011 Characterization of waste - Analysis of eluates
CEN/TS 15863:2012 Characterisation of waste - Leaching behaviour test for basic characterisation - Dynamic monolithic leaching test with periodic leachant renewal, under fixed test conditions

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