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ASTM D 2892 : 2018 : REV A

Superseded

Superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

View Superseded by
superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

Standard Test Method for Distillation of Crude Petroleum (15-Theoretical Plate Column)

Available format(s)

Hardcopy , PDF

Superseded date

28-04-2020

Language(s)

English

Published date

01-12-2018

This test method covers the procedure for the distillation of stabilized crude petroleum (seeNote 1) to a final cut temperature of 400 °C Atmospheric Equivalent Temperature (AET).

1.1This test method covers the procedure for the distillation of stabilized crude petroleum (see Note 1) to a final cut temperature of 400 °C Atmospheric Equivalent Temperature (AET). This test method employs a fractionating column having an efficiency of 14 to 18 theoretical plates operated at a reflux ratio of 5:1. Performance criteria for the necessary equipment is specified. Some typical examples of acceptable apparatus are presented in schematic form. This test method offers a compromise between efficiency and time in order to facilitate the comparison of distillation data between laboratories.

Note 1:Defined as having a Reid vapor pressure less than 82.7 kPa (12 psi).

1.2This test method details procedures for the production of a liquefied gas, distillate fractions, and residuum of standardized quality on which analytical data can be obtained, and the determination of yields of the above fractions by both mass and volume. From the preceding information, a graph of temperature versus mass % distilled can be produced. This distillation curve corresponds to a laboratory technique, which is defined at 15/5 (15 theoretical plate column, 5:1 reflux ratio) or TBP (true boiling point).

1.3This test method can also be applied to any petroleum mixture except liquefied petroleum gases, very light naphthas, and fractions having initial boiling points above 400 °C.

1.4This test method contains the following annexes and appendixes:

1.4.1Annex A1Test Method for the Determination of the Efficiency of a Distillation Column,

1.4.2Annex A2Test Method for the Determination of the Dynamic Holdup of a Distillation Column,

1.4.3Annex A3Test Method for the Determination of the Heat Loss in a Distillation Column (Static Conditions),

1.4.4Annex A4Test Method for the Verification of Temperature Sensor Location,

1.4.5Annex A5Test Method for Determination of the Temperature Response Time,

1.4.6Annex A6Practice for the Calibration of Sensors,

1.4.7Annex A7Test Method for the Verification of Reflux Dividing Valves,

1.4.8Annex A8Practice for Conversion of Observed Vapor Temperature to Atmospheric Equivalent Temperature (AET),

1.4.9Appendix X1Test Method for Dehydration of a Sample of Wet Crude Oil, and

1.4.10Appendix X2Practice for Performance Check.

1.5The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses after SI units are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

1.6WARNING—Mercury has been designated by many regulatory agencies as a hazardous substance that can cause serious medical issues. Mercury, or its vapor, has been demonstrated to be hazardous to health and corrosive to materials. Use Caution when handling mercury and mercury-containing products. See the applicable product Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for additional information. The potential exists that selling mercury or mercury-containing products, or both, is prohibited by local or national law. Users must determine legality of sales in their location.

1.7This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific warning statements, see Section 10.

1.8This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Committee
D 02
DocumentType
Test Method
Pages
34
PublisherName
American Society for Testing and Materials
Status
Superseded
SupersededBy
Supersedes

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ASTM D 6729 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 100 Metre Capillary High Resolution Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 4057 : 2019 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 6300 : 2013 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 6729 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 100 Meter Capillary High Resolution Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 6300 : 2014 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 1298 : 2012 : REV A Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method
ASTM D 4177 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 6733 : 2001 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 50-Metre Capillary High Resolution Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 5134 : 1998 : R2003 Standard Test Method for Detailed Analysis of Petroleum Naphthas through <i>n</i>-Nonane by Capillary Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 4006 : 1981 : R2000 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Water in Crude Oil by Distillation
ASTM D 4052 : 1996 : R2002 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
ASTM D 1217 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Liquids by Bingham Pycnometer
ASTM D 6300 : 2017 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 1298 : 2012 : REV B Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method
ASTM D 4177 : 1995 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 1217 : 1993 : R1998 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Liquids by Bingham Pycnometer
ASTM D 6730 : 2001 : R2006 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 100-Metre Capillary (with Precolumn) High-Resolution Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 5134 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Detailed Analysis of Petroleum Naphthas through n-Nonane by Capillary Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 6300 : 2017 : REV A Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 4057 : 2012 : R2018 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 4052 : 2018 : REV A Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
ASTM D 2887 : 2006 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 4006 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Water in Crude Oil by Distillation
ASTM D 6300 : 2016 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 4006 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Water in Crude Oil by Distillation
ASTM D 1298 : 1999 : R2005 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method
ASTM D 6730 : 2001 : R2006 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 100&#0150;Metre Capillary (with Precolumn) High-Resolution Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 4052 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
ASTM D 4057 : 1981 : EDT 2 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 6300 : 2004 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 1298 : 2012 : REV B : R2017 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method
ASTM D 1298 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method
ASTM D 6730 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 100-Metre Capillary (with Precolumn) High-Resolution Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 6730 : 2001 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 100–Metre Capillary (with Precolumn) High-Resolution Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 1298 : 1999 : EDT 2 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method
ASTM D 4006 : 2011 : R2012 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Water in Crude Oil by Distillation
ASTM D 6300 : 2019 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 2887 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 6729 : 2004 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 100 Metre Capillary High Resolution Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 2887 : 2006 : REV A Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 2887 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 6729 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 100 Meter Capillary High Resolution Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 2887 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 1298 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method
ASTM D 6730 : 2001 : R2011 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 100&#0150;Metre Capillary (with Precolumn) High-Resolution Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 4057 : 2006 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 4006 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Water in Crude Oil by Distillation
ASTM D 1217 : 1993 : R2007 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Liquids by Bingham Pycnometer
ASTM D 4177 : 2015 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 4052 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
ASTM D 4052 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
ASTM D 4057 : 2012 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 6300 : 2006 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 6300 : 2014 : REV A Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 2887 : 2001 : REV A Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 6300 : 2015 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 1298 : 1999 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method
ASTM D 6300 : 1999 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 2887 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 4177 : 1995 : R2010 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 2887 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 2887 : 2019 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 2887 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 2887 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 4177 : 1995 : R2000 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Peroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 6300 : 2013 : REV A Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 6733 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 50-Meter Capillary High Resolution Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 6729 : 2004 : R2009 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 100 Metre Capillary High Resolution Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 4052 : 1996 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
ASTM D 4006 : 2011 : R2012 Standard Test Method for Water in Crude Oil by Distillation
ASTM D 4006 : 1981 : R2005 Standard Test Method for Water in Crude Oil by Distillation
ASTM D 6300 : 2008 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 6300 : 2003 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 1217 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Liquids by Bingham Pycnometer
ASTM D 6733 : 2001 : R2006 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 50-Metre Capillary High Resolution Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 6300 : 2007 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 4006 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Water in Crude Oil by Distillation
ASTM D 2887 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 2887 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 5134 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Detailed Analysis of Petroleum Naphthas through n-Nonane by Capillary Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 2887 : 2015 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 3710 : 1995 : R1999 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Gasoline and Gasoline Fractions by Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 2887 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 6300 : 2002 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 5134 : 1998 : R2008 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Detailed Analysis of Petroleum Naphthas through n-Nonane by Capillary Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 4177 : 2016 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 6733 : 2001 : R2011 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 50-Metre Capillary High Resolution Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 2887 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 4177 : 1995 : R2005 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 1298 : 1985 : R1990 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method
ASTM D 6300 : 2016 : REV A Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 5134 : 2013 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Detailed Analysis of Petroleum Naphthas through n-Nonane by Capillary Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 4052 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
ASTM D 4057 : 1995 : R2000 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 2887 : 2016 : REV A Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 2887 : 2004 : REV A Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 4177 : 2015 : REV A Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 6300 : 2014 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
ASTM D 1217 : 1993 : R2003 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Liquids by Bingham Pycnometer
ASTM D 4057 : 2006 : R2011 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
ASTM D 2887 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
ASTM D 4052 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
ASTM D 6730 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 100-Metre Capillary (with Precolumn) High-Resolution Gas Chromatography

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