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AWS A3.0 : 0

Superseded

Superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

View Superseded by

STANDARD WELDING TERMS AND DEFINITIONS - INCLUDING TERMS FOR ADHESIVE BONDING, BRAZING, SOLDERING, THERMAL CUTTING, AND THERMAL SPRAYING

Superseded date

23-07-2013

Personnel
Foreword
List of Figures
List of Tables
Terms and Definitions
Annexes - Nonmandatory Information
Annex A - The Definitions Subcommittee Manifesto of 1987
Annex B - A Guide to A3.0
Annex C - Modifications to A3.0 from A3.0-94
Annex D - Guidelines for Preparation of Technical Inquiries
          for AWS Technical Committees

Since it is intended to be a comprehensive compilation of welding terminology, nonstandard terms used in the welding industry are also included. All terms are either standard or nonstandard. They are arranged in a conventional dictionary letter-by-letter alphabetical sequence. A total of 1127 terms are defined, and the definitions are illustrated by 44 figures. Also included is the Master Chart of Welding and Allied Processes and the Joining Method Diagram with corollary classification diagrams.

Committee
AWS A2
DocumentType
Standard
PublisherName
American Welding Society
Status
Superseded
SupersededBy
Supersedes

MIL-W-21157 Revision A:1971 WELDMENT, STEEL, CARBON AND LOW ALLOY (YIELD STRENGTH 3O,OOO - 6O,OOO PS1)
CSA W47.1 : 2009 CERTIFICATION OF COMPANIES FOR FUSION WELDING OF STEEL
MIL-STD-1689 Revision A:1990 FABRICATION, WELDING AND INSPECTION OF SHIPS STRUCTURE
DOD STD 100 : C NOTICE 6 ENGINEERING DRAWING PRACTICES
CSA W59.2 : 1991 : R2008 WELDED ALUMINUM CONSTRUCTION
AISC 201 : 2006 AISC CERTIFICATION PROGRAM FOR STRUCTURAL STEEL FABRICATORS
MIL-B-007883 Revision C:1968 BRAZING OF STEELS, COPPER, COPPER ALLOYS, NICKEL ALLOYS, ALUMINUM AND ALUMINUM ALLOYS
AWS D10.12M/D10.12:2000 GUIDE FOR WELDING MILD STEEL PIPE
MIL-STD-1595 Revision A:1982 QUALIFICATION OF AIRCRAFT, MISSILE AND AEROSPACE FUSION WELDERS
AWS D14.5/D14.5M:2009 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING OF PRESSES AND PRESS COMPONENTS
CSA W59.2 : 1991 WELDED ALUMINUM CONSTRUCTION
AWS G1.1M/G1.1 : 2006 GUIDE TO ULTRASONIC ASSEMBLY OF THERMOPLASTICS
MIL STD 248 : D WELDING AND BRAZING PROCEDURE AND PERFORMANCE QUALIFICATION
AWS BRH:2007 BRAZING HANDBOOK
MIL-STD-372 Base Document:1988 WELDING, GAS METAL-ARC AND GAS TUNGSTEN-ARC, ALUMINUM ALLOYS, READILY WELDABLE FOR STRUCTURES, EXCLUDING ARMOR
MIL-STD-1881 Base Document:1983 BRAZING SILVER, GENERAL PROCESS FOR
MIL-STD-1185 Base Document:1979 WELDING, HIGH HARDNESS ARMOR
MIL-STD-2104 Base Document:1990 WELDING, TUNGSTEN ARC, GAS, MANUAL (GTAW-MA) REQUIREMENTS FOR
MIL-STD-1892 Base Document:1985 WELDING, ARC AND OXYFUEL GAS, PROCESS AND REQUIREMENTS FOR
MIL-R-61001 Base Document:1989 RACKS, STORAGE, LOADED PALLET
AWS D1.7/D1.7M : 2010 GUIDE FOR STRENGTHENING AND REPAIRING EXISTING STRUCTURES
NASA PRC 0009 : 2004 PROCESS SPECIFICATION FOR THE RESISTANCE SPOT WELDING OF BATTERY AND ELECTRONIC ASSEMBLIES
AWS B5.15 : 2010 SPECIFICATION FOR THE QUALIFICATION OF RADIOGRAPHIC INTERPRETERS
AWS C5.10/C5.10M : 2003 RECOMMENDED PRACTICES FOR SHIELDING GASES FOR WELDING AND CUTTING
AWS A5.13/A5.13M : 2010 SPECIFICATION FOR SURFACING ELECTRODES FOR SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING
AWS D14.1/D14.1M:2005 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING OF INDUSTRIAL AND MILL CRANES AND OTHER MATERIAL HANDLING EQUIPMENT
AWS C3.3 : 2008 RECOMMENDED PRACTICES FOR THE DESIGN, MANUFACTURE, AND EXAMINATION OF CRITICAL BRAZED COMPONENTS
AWS B5.9:2006 SPECIFICATION FOR THE QUALIFICATION OF WELDING SUPERVISORS
AWS C3.5 : 1999 SPECIFICATION FOR INDUCTION BRAZING
AWS WHC1.04 : 0 WELDING SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, WELDING HANDBOOK, 9TH ED., VOL 1 - CHAPTER 4: WELDING METALLURGY
AWS PASS : 1999 PROFESSIONAL'S ADVISOR ON WELDING OF STAINLESS STEEL
AWS D17.1 : 2001 SPECIFICATION FOR FUSION WELDING FOR AEROSPACE APPLICATIONS
AWS B5.1 : 2013 SPECIFICATION FOR THE QUALIFICATION OF WELDING INSPECTORS
AWS D14.7/D14.7M : 2005 RECOMMENDED PRACTICES FOR SURFACING AND RECONDITIONING OF INDUSTRIAL MILL ROLLS
AWS D1.4/D1.4M : 2011 STRUCTURAL WELDING CODE - REINFORCING STEEL
AWS GWF : 1998 GUIDE FOR SETTING UP A WELDER TRAINING FACILITY
AWS WHB.3.9 : 2007 WELDING PROCESSES - PART 2: WELDING HANDBOOK, 9TH EDITION, VOL. 3
AWS PRGVT : 1999 PRACTICAL REFERENCE GUIDE FOR WELDING INSPECTION MANAGEMENT: VISUAL INSPECTION OF PRESSURE VESSELS AND PRESSURE PIPING
AWS D1.5M/D1.5 : 2015 BRIDGE WELDING CODE
AWS D10.13/D10.13M : 2001 RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR BRAZING OF COPPER PIPE AND TUBING FOR MEDICAL GAS SYSTEMS
AWS CMWS : 2005 CERTIFIED WELDING SUPERVISOR MANUAL FOR QUALITY AND PRODUCTIVITY IMPROVEMENT
AISC 206 : 2013 AISC CERTIFICATION PROGRAM FOR STRUCTURAL STEEL ERECTORS - STANDARD FOR STRUCTURAL STEEL ERECTORS
CEN/TR 14633:2003 Welding - Working positions - Comparison of current international, European and US designations
ASME AG-1 : 2019 CODE ON NUCLEAR AIR AND GAS TREATMENT
MIL-STD-2219 Revision A:2005 FUSION WELDING FOR AEROSPACE APPLICATIONS
ASME AG 1 : 2012 CODE ON NUCLEAR AIR AND GAS TREATMENT
MIL STD 11991 : A GENERAL STANDARD FOR PARTS, MATERIALS, AND PROCESSES
ASME BPE : 2016 BIOPROCESSING EQUIPMENT
AWS D1.1/D1.1M : 2015 STRUCTURAL WELDING CODE-STEEL
BS EN ISO 17677-1:2009 Resistance welding. Vocabulary Spot, projection and seam welding
API TR 18TR4 : 2017 EVALUATION OF WELDING REQUIREMENTS AS APPLICABLE TO API PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS
CSA W47.1 : 2009 : R2014 CERTIFICATION OF COMPANIES FOR FUSION WELDING OF STEEL
MIL-W-47091 Revision A:1992 WELDING, ARC AND GAS, FOR FABRICATING GROUND EQUIPMENT FOR ROCKETS AND GUIDED MISSILES
CSA W47.1 : 2009 : INC : UPD 3 : 2011 CERTIFICATION OF COMPANIES FOR FUSION WELDING OF STEEL
MIL-STD-278 Revision F:1987 WELDING AND CASTING STANDARD
CSA W47.2 : 2011 CERTIFICATION OF COMPANIES FOR FUSION WELDING OF ALUMINUM
AISC 204 : 2008 AISC CERTIFICATION PROGRAM FOR BRIDGE AND HIGHWAY METAL COMPONENT MANUFACTURERS
MIL-W-22248 Revision A:1971 Weldments, Aluminum and Aluminum Alloy
NASA PRC 0011 : 2004 PROCESS SPECIFICATION FOR THE SEMI-AUTOMATIC AND MACHINE STUD WELDING OF NON FLIGHT HARDWARE
MIL-E-24355 Revision B:1982 ELECTRODES, WELDING, BARE, SOLID NICKEL MANGANESE CHROMIUM MOLYBDENUM ALLOY STEEL FOR PRODUCING HY 13O WELDMENTS FOR AS WELDED APPLICATIONS
MIL-STD-336 Base Document:1987 WELDING, FLASH, STANDARD LOW CARBON STEEL
MIL-E-17764 Revision C:1982 ELECTRODE, CUTTING, TUBULAR, STEEL, COVERED
MIL-E-23765 Revision B:1985 ELECTRODES AND RODS - WELDING, BARE, SOLID AND ALLOYED CORED, GENERAL SPECIFICATION FOR
MIL-STD-1261 Revision C:1988 ARC WELDING PROCEDURES FOR CONSTRUCTIONAL STEELS
AWS B5.16 : 2006 SPECIFICATION FOR THE QUALIFICATION OF WELDING ENGINEERS
ANSI/AWWA C200 : 2017 STEEL WATER PIPE, 6 IN. (150 MM) AND LARGER
AWS C3.4 : 1999 SPECIFICATION FOR TORCH BRAZING
AWS D10.7M/D10.7 : 2008 GUIDE FOR THE GAS SHIELDED ARC WELDING OF ALUMINUM AND ALUMINUM ALLOY PIPE
AWS D14.3/D14.3M : 2010 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING EARTHMOVING, CONSTRUCTION, AND AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT
AWS D10.11M/D10.11:2007 GUIDE FOR ROOT PASS WELDING OF PIPE WITHOUT BACKING
AWS B5.5:2011 SPECIFICATION FOR THE QUALIFICATION OF WELDING EDUCATORS
AWS EG3.0 : 1996 TRAINING AND QUALIFICATION OF WELDING PERSONNEL: LEVEL 2 - ADVANCEDWELDER, GUIDE FOR THE
AWS C3.6 : 1999 SPECIFICATION FOR FURNACE BRAZING
AWS QC15 : 2008 SPECIFICATION FOR THE CERTIFICATION OF RADIOGRAPHIC INTERPRETERS
AWS TSS : 1985 THERMAL SPRAYING: PRACTICE, THEORY, AND APPLICATION
AWS D8.14M/D8.14 : 2000 SPECIFICATION FOR AUTOMOTIVE AND LIGHT TRUCK COMPONENTS WELD QUALITY - ALUMINIUM ARC WELDING
AWS D14.5 : 1997 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING OF PRESSES AND PRESS COMPONENTS
AWS A9.1 : 1992 STANDARD GUIDE FOR DESCRIBING ARC WELDS IN COMPUTERIZED MATERIAL PROPERTY AND NONDESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION DATABASES
AWS WHC1.11 : 0 WELDING SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, WELDING HANDBOOK, 9TH ED., VOL 1 - CHAPTER 11: MECHANIZED, AUTOMATED AND ROBOTIC WELDING
AWS D10.14M/D10.14 : 2010 GUIDE FOR MULTIPASS ORBITAL MACHINE PIPE GROOVE WELDING
AWS D1.2/D1.2M : 2014 STRUCTURAL WELDING CODE - ALUMINUM
I.S. TR 14633:2004 WELDING - WORKING POSITIONS - COMPARISON OF CURRENT INTERNATIONAL, EUROPEAN AND US DESIGNATIONS
AWWA C303 : 2017 CONCRETE PRESSURE PIPE, BAR-WRAPPED, STEEL-CYLINDER TYPE
UNI EN ISO 17677-1 : 2010 RESISTANCE WELDING - VOCABULARY - PART 1: SPOT, PROJECTION AND SEAM WELDING
EN ISO 17677-1:2009 Resistance welding - Vocabulary - Part 1: Spot, projection and seam welding (ISO 17677-1:2009)
DIN EN ISO 6947:2011-08 WELDING AND ALLIED PROCESSES - WELDING POSITIONS
MIL-HDBK-115 Revision C:2016 U.S. ARMY REVERSE ENGINEERING HANDBOOK (GUIDELINES AND PROCEDURES)
ASME B31.1 : 2016 POWER PIPING
NEMA EW 4-2009 GRAPHIC SYMBOLS FOR ARC WELDING AND CUTTING APPARATUS
ASME B31.4 : 2016 PIPELINE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS FOR LIQUIDS AND SLURRIES
CSA W47.1 : 2009 : INC : UPD 7 : 2014 CERTIFICATION OF COMPANIES FOR FUSION WELDING OF STEEL
AWS D8.6 : 2005 AUTOMOTIVE RESISTANCE SPOT WELDING ELECTRODES
MIL-STD-1688 Revision A:1990 FABRICATION, WELDING, AND INSPECTION OF HY-80/100 SUBMARINE APPLICATIONS
MIL-W-8604 Revision A:1982 WELDING, FUSION, ALUMINUM ALLOYS, PROCESSING AND PERFORMANCE OF
MIL-STD-1628 Base Document:1974 FILLET WELD SIZE, STRENGTH, AND EFFICIENCY DETERMINATION
AWS WIT-T : 2008 WELDING INSPECTION TECHNOLOGY
CSA W59.2 : 1991 : R2013 WELDED ALUMINUM CONSTRUCTION
AWS D18.1 : 1999 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING OF AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEEL TUBE AND PIPE SYSTEMS IN SANITARY (HYGIENIC) APPLICATIONS
AWS QC13 : 2006 SPECIFICATION FOR THE CERTIFICATION OF WELDING SUPERVISORS
AWS B2.1 : 2005 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING PROCEDURE AND PERFORMANCE QUALIFICATION
SAE J 2667 : 2004 STRSW (SQUEEZE TYPE RESISTANCE SPORT WELDING) EQUIPMENT ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA FOR THE COLLISION REPAIR INDUSTRY
ASTM A 488/A488M : 2017-05 PRACTICE FOR STEEL CASTINGS, WELDING, QUALIFICATIONS OF PROCEDURES AND PERSONNEL
MIL-HDBK-1941 Base Document:1998 METAL-ARC WELDING OF HOMOGENEOUS ARMOR
MIL-STD-2138 Revision A:1992 METAL SPRAYED COATINGS FOR CORROSION PROTECTION ABOARD NAVAL SHIPS
PD CEN/TR 14633:2003 Welding. Working positions. Comparison of current international, European and US designations
SAE AS 1576 : 2016 FITTINGS, WELDED, HYDRAULIC, TITANIUM, CORROSION RESISTANT STEEL AND NICKEL, 3000 PSI HYDRAULIC
MIL-STD-1687 Revision A:1987 THERMAL SPRAY PROCESSES FOR NAVAL SHIP MACHINERY AND ORDNANCE APPLICATIONS
DOD STD 2138 : LATEST METAL SPRAYED COATING SYSTEMS FOR CORROSION PROTECTION ABOARD NAVAL SHIPS (METRIC)
MIL-HDBK-507 Base Document:1998 WELDING, FLASH, STANDARD LOW CARBON STEEL
MIL-B-13265 Revision C:1985 BRIDGES, FIXED, STEEL, RAILWAY, UNIT CONSTRUCTION, 70-FT., 2-GIRDER SPAN: AND CONVERSION SETS: COMPONENTS OF
AA-B-2825 Base Document:1994 BED, BUNK, STEEL, SQUARE TUBE, WITH END PANELS SINGLE AND DOUBLE-DECK
AWS B5.4 : 2005 SPECIFICATION FOR THE QUALIFICATION OF WELDER TEST FACILITIES
MIL-W-6858 Revision D:1978 WELDING RESISTANCE, SPOT AND SEAM
MIL-STD-40008 Base Document:1991 PNEUMATIC PRESSURE TESTING PARTS WITH PERMANENT JOINTS - WELDS, BRAZES & RIVETS
AWS D16.2M/16.2 : 2007 GUIDE FOR COMPONENTS OF ROBOTIC AND AUTOMATIC ARC WELDING INSTALLATIONS
SAE MA 2060 : 2015 FITTINGS, WELDED, HYDRAULIC, TITANIUM AND CORROSION RESISTANT STEEL, 21 000 KPA, METRIC
AWS C7.2M : 2010 RECOMMENDED PRACTICES FOR LASER BEAM WELDING, CUTTING, AND ALLIED PROCESSES
AWS F6.1 : 78(R1988) SOUND LEVEL MEASUREMENT OF MANUAL ARC WELDING AND CUTTING PROCESSES, METHOD FOR,
AWS C5.7 : 2000 RECOMMENDED PRACTICES FOR ELECTROGAS WELDING
UNE-EN ISO 17677-1:2010 Resistance welding - Vocabulary - Part 1: Spot, projection and seam welding (ISO 17677-1:2009)
I.S. EN ISO 17677-1:2009 RESISTANCE WELDING - VOCABULARY - PART 1: SPOT, PROJECTION AND SEAM WELDING
NASA MSFC SPEC 504 : 1990 WELDING, ALUMINIUM ALLOYS
NASA MSFC SPEC 3679 : 2012 PROCESS SPECIFICATION - WELDING AEROSPACE HARDWARE
NASA SPEC 5004A : 2003 WELDING OF AEROSPACE GROUND SUPPORT EQUIPMENT AND RELATED NONCONVENTIONAL FACILITIES
NASA PRC 0001 : 2012 PROCESS SPECIFICATION FOR THE MANUAL ARC WELDING OF ALUMINUM ALLOY HARDWARE
NASA PRC 0015 : 2016 PROCESS SPECIFICATION FOR AUTOMATIC AND MACHINE ARC WELDING OF TITANIUM AND TITANIUM ALLOY HARDWARE
NASA KSC GP 435 VOL 2 : 1993 ENGINEERING DRAWING PRACTICES - VOLUME 2: FACILITIES
NASA MSFC SPEC 560 : 1988 THE FUSION WELDING OF STEEL, CORROSION AND HEAT RESISTANT ALLOYS
NASA MSFC SPEC 766 : 1982 FUSION WELDING TITANIUM AND TITANIUM ALLOYS
NASA PRC 0010 : 2012 PROCESS SPECIFICATION FOR AUTOMATIC AND MACHINE ARC WELDING OF STEEL AND NICKEL ALLOY HARDWARE
NASA PRC 0005 : 2012 PROCESS SPECIFICATION FOR THE MANUAL ARC WELDING OF CARBON STEEL AND NICKEL ALLOY HARDWARE
NASA PRC 0002 : 2012 PROCESS SPECIFICATION FOR THE MANUAL ARC WELDING OF TITANIUM ALLOY HARDWARE
NASA PRC 0014 : 2012 PROCESS SPECIFICATION FOR FRICTION STIR WELDING
SAE ARP 1317 : 1994 ELECTRON BEAM WELDING
MIL-DTL-901 Revision E:2017 Shock Tests, H.I. (High-Impact) Shipboard Machinery, Equipment, and Systems, Requirements for
AWS D16.4 : 1999 SPECIFICATION FOR THE QUALIFICATION OF ROBOTIC ARC WELDING PERSONNEL
CSA W47.1 : 2009 : INC : UPD 6 : 2013 CERTIFICATION OF COMPANIES FOR FUSION WELDING OF STEEL
MIL-STD-2149 Revision A:1990 STANDARD PROCEDURES FOR EXPLOSION TESTING FERROUS AND NON FERROUS METALLIC MATERIALS AND WELDMENTS
MIL-STD-2035 Revision A:1995 NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTING ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA
AWS B5.14:2009 SPECIFICATION FOR THE QUALIFICATION OF WELDING SALES REPRESENTATIVES
MIL-STD-1947 Base Document:1985 ULTRASONIC WELDING OF ALUMINUM AND ALUMINUM ALLOY MATERIALS
AWS F2.3M : 2011 SPECIFICATION FOR USE AND PERFORMANCE OF TRANSPARENT WELDING CURTAINS AND SCREENS
MIL-B-28644 Revision A:1988 BED, BUNK, STEEL, SQUARE TUBE, WITH END PANELS, SINGLE AND DOUBLE-DECK
MIL-E-15597 Revision E:1980 ELECTRODE, WELDING, COVERED, COATED, ALUMINUM AND ALUMINUM ALLOY
08/30129210 DC : DRAFT MAR 2008 BS EN ISO 6947 - WELDS - WORKING POSITIONS - DEFINITIONS OF ANGLES OF SLOPE AND ROTATION
AWS C3.7 : 1999 SPECIFICATION FOR ALUMINUM BRAZING
CSA W47.1 : 2009 : INC : UPD 4 : 2011 CERTIFICATION OF COMPANIES FOR FUSION WELDING OF STEEL
UNI CEN/TR 14633 : 2012 WELDING - WORKING POSITIONS - COMPARISON OF CURRENT INTERNATIONAL, EUROPEAN AND US DESIGNATIONS
MIL-STD-370 Revision A:1993 VISUAL ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA FOR INSPECTION OF ALUMINUM ALLOY WELDS
MIL-HDBK-21 Base Document:1995 HANDBOOK FOR WELDED JOINTS DESIGNS, ARMORED TANK TYPE
MIL-B-15228 Revision G:1988 BED, BUNK, STEEL, ROUND TUBE, SINGLE AND DOUBLE-DECK (CONVERTIBLE TYPE)
AWS C4.4/C4.4M : 2007 RECOMMENDED PRACTICES FOR HEAT SHAPING AND STRAIGHTENING WITH OXYFUEL GAS HEATING TORCHES
AWS C5.5/C5.5M : 2003 RECOMMENDED PRACTICES FOR GAS TUNGSTEN ARC WELDING
AWS D14.2 : 1993 SPECIFICATION FOR METAL CUTTING MACHINE TOOL WELDMENTS
AWS C3.9M/C3.9 : 2009 SPECIFICATION FOR RESISTANCE BRAZING
AWS B1.10 : 1999 GUIDE FOR THE NONDESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION OF WELDS
AWS D14.1 : 1997 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING INDUSTRIAL AND MILL CRANES AND OTHER MATERIAL HANDLING EQUIPMENT
SAE AMS 2690 : 2017 PARALLEL GAP, WELDING, MICROELECTRONIC INTERCONNECTIONS TO THIN FILM SUBSTRATES
UNI EN ISO 6947 : 2012 WELDING AND ALLIED PROCESSES - WELDING POSITIONS
CSA W47.1 : 2009 : INC : UPD 2 : 2011 : FR CERTIFICATION OF COMPANIES FOR FUSION WELDING OF STEEL
MIL E 13080 : D ELECTRODE, WELDING, COVERED AUSTENITIC STEEL (19-9 MODIFIED) FOR ARMOR APPLICATIONS
AWWA D100 : 2011 WELDED CARBON STEEL TANKS FOR WATER STORAGE
AWWA C226 : 2013 STAINLESS-STEEL FITTINGS FOR WATERWORKS SERVICE, SIZES 1/2 IN. THROUGH 72 IN. (13 MM THROUGH 1,800 MM)
MIL-STD-2103 Base Document:1990 WELDING, ELECTRON BEAM, REQUIREMENTS FOR
MIL-STD-1877 Revision B:1990 BRAZING, NICKEL, HIGH TEMPERATURE VACUUM
AWS G1.6 : 2006 SPECIFICATION FOR THE QUALIFICATION OF PLASTICS WELDING INSPECTORS FOR HOT GAS, HOT GAS EXTRUSION, AND HEATED TOOL BUTT THERMOPLASTIC WELDS
CSA W47.1 : 2009 : INC : UPD 5 : 2012 CERTIFICATION OF COMPANIES FOR FUSION WELDING OF STEEL
AWS WHC1.10 : 0 WELDING SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, WELDING HANDBOOK, 9TH ED., VOL 1 - CHAPTER 10: MONITORING AND CONTROL OF WELDING AND JOINING PROCESSES
SAE AS 4488 : 2013 TUBULAR ASSEMBLIES, FUSION WELDED, INSPECTION PROCESSES AND ACCEPTANCE STANDARDS FOR
MIL-DTL-13931 Revision J:1999 Cannon: General Specification for
ISO 17677-1:2009 Resistance welding Vocabulary Part 1: Spot, projection and seam welding
CSA W59.2 : 1991(R2008) WELDED ALUMINUM CONSTRUCTION
MIL-R-17131 Revision C:1981 RODS AND POWDERS, WELDING, SURFACING
MIL-W-6873 Revision C:1991 WELDING FLASH CARBON AND ALLOY STEEL
AWS WHC2.05 : 0 WELDING PROCESSES - PART 1, WELDING HANDBOOK, 9TH EDITION, VOL. 2 - CHAPTER 5: FLUX CORED ARC WELDING
NASA PRC 0008 : 2004 PROCESS SPECIFICATION FOR THE QUALIFICATION OF MANUAL ARC WELDERS
DOD-STD-2185 Base Document:1986 REQUIREMENTS FOR REPAIR AND STRAIGHTENING OF BRONZE NAVAL SHIP PROPELLERS
AWS D18.1/D18.1M : 2009 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING OF AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEEL TUBE AND PIPE SYSTEMS IN SANITARY (HYGIENIC) APPLICATIONS
SAE AMS 2689 : 2016 FUSION WELDING TITANIUM AND TITANIUM ALLOYS
AWS C5.10 : 1994 RECOMMENDED PRACTICES FOR SHIELDING GASES FOR WELDING AND PLASMA ARC CUTTING
AWS D3.6M : 2010 UNDERWATER WELDING CODE
AWS WHC1.05 : 0 WELDING SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, WELDING HANDBOOK, 9TH ED., VOL 1 - CHAPTER 5: DESIGN FOR WELDING
AWS C6.2/C6.2M : 2006 SPECIFICATION FOR FRICTION WELDING OF METALS
AWS B1.11 : 2000 GUIDE FOR THE VISUAL EXAMINATION OF WELDS
AWS D3.9 : 2010 SPECIFICATION FOR CLASSIFICATION OF WELD-THROUGH PAINT PRIMERS
AWS QC17 : 2015 SPECIFICATION FOR AWS ACCREDITATION OF CERTIFIED WELDING FABRICATORS
AWS D10.6/D10.6M : 2000 RECOMMENDED PRACTICES FOR GAS TUNGSTEN ARC WELDING OF TITANIUM PIPING AND TUBING
AWS QC14 : 2009 SPECIFICATION FOR THE CERTIFICATION OF WELDING SALES REPRESENTATIVES
AWS D5.2 : 1984 WELDED STEEL ELEVATED TANKS, STANDPIPES, AND RESERVOIRS FOR WATER STORAGE, STANDARD FOR,
AWS A5.9 : 93(R1999) BARE STAINLESS STEEL WELDING ELECTRODES AND RODS, SPECIFICATION FOR
AWS EG4.0 : 1996 GUIDE FOR THE TRAINING AND QUALIFICATION OF WELDING PERSONNEL: LEVEL 3, EXPERT WELDER
ASME Y14.100 : 2017 ENGINEERING DRAWING PRACTICES - ENGINEERING DRAWING AND RELATED DOCUMENTATION PRACTICES

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