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AWS D14.1 : 1997

Superseded
Superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

View Superseded by
superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING INDUSTRIAL AND MILL CRANES AND OTHER MATERIAL HANDLING EQUIPMENT
Superseded date

15-04-2005

Published date

12-01-2013

Personnel
Foreword
List of Tables
List of Figures
Scope
1 General provisions
   1.1 Acceptance
   1.2 Definitions
   1.3 Welding Symbols
   1.4 Mechanical Testing of Welds
   1.5 Filler Metal Specification
   1.6 Safety Precautions
   1.7 Applicable Documents
2 Base metals
   2.1 Specifications
   2.2 Proprietary Base Metals
   2.3 Tensile and Yield Strengths of a Base Metal
   2.4 Weldability
   2.5 Quenched and Tempered Steels
   2.6 Nonferrous Metals
3 Allowable Stresses
   3.1 General
   3.2 Fatigue
4 Weld Joint Design
   4.1 General Requirements
   4.2 Groove welds
   4.3 Intermittent Groove Welds
   4.4 Fillet Welds
   4.5 Intermittent Fillet Welds
   4.6 Staggered Intermittent Fillet Welds
   4.7 Plug and Slot Welds
   4.8 Suggested Classification of Welded Joints
   4.9 Weld Joint Categories
   4.10 Joint Qualification
   4.11 Transition of thicknesses or Widths at Butt Joints
   4.12 Prequalified Extension Bars, Runoff Plates, and
         Backing Materials
   4.13 Dimensional Tolerances
   4.14 Lap Joints
   4.15 Corner and T-Joints
   4.16 Welds in Combination with Rivers and Bolts
   4.17 Eccentricity of Connections
5 Workmanship
   5.1 General
   5.2 Preparation of the Base Metal
   5.3 Visual Inspection and Repair of Plates and Wrought
         Steel Products
   5.4 Assembly
   5.5 Control of Distortion and Shrinkage Stresses
   5.6 Stress Relief
   5.7 Vibratory Conditioning
   5.8 Peening
6 Processes and Filler Metals
   6.1 General
   6.2 Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW)
   6.3 Submerged Arc Welding (SAW)
   6.4 Gas metal Arc Welding (GMAW) and Flux Cored Arc Welding (FCAW)
   6.5 Electroslag Welding (ESW) and Electrogas Welding (EGW)
7 Qualification
   Part A, General Requirements
   7.1 Approved procedures
   7.2 Other Procedures
   7.3 Welders, Welding Operators, and Tack Welders
   7.4 Qualification responsibility
   Part B, Procedure Qualification
   7.5 Qualification of Welding Procedures
   7.6 Types of Tests and Purposes
   7.7 Base Metal
   7.8 Position of Test Welds
   7.9 Joint Welding Procedure
   7.10 Test Specimens
   7.11 Method of Testing Specimens
   7.12 Test Results Required
   7.13 Records
   7.14 Retests
   Part C, Performance Qualification
   7.15 General
   7.16 Limitations
   7.17 Qualification Tests Required
   7.18 Groove Weld Plate Qualification Test For Plate of
         Unlimited Thickness
   7.19 Groove Weld Plate Qualification Test For Plate of
         Limited Thickness
   7.20 Groove Weld Qualification Test for Butt Joints in
         Pipe or Tubing
   7.21 Groove Weld Qualification Test for T-, Y-, and
         K-Connections on Pipe or Tubing
   7.22 Fillet Weld Qualification Test
   7.23 Position of Test Welds
   7.24 Base Metal
   7.25 Joint Welding Procedures
   7.26 Test Specimens
   7.27 Method of Testing Specimens
   7.28 Test Results Required
   7.29 Retests
   7.30 Period of Effectiveness
   7.31 Records
   7.32 Workmanship Qualification
   Part D, Welding operator qualifications
   7.33 General
   7.34 Limitations
   7.35 Qualification Tests Required
   7.36 Base Metal
   7.37 Joint Welding Procedure
   7.38 Test Specimens
   7.39 Method of Testing Specimens
   7.40 Test Results Required
   7.41 Retests
   7.42 Period of Effectiveness
   7.43 Records
   Part E, Qualification of tack welders
   7.44 General
   7.45 Limitations
   7.46 Qualification Tests Required
   7.47 Base Metal
   7.48 Test Specimens
   7.49 Method of Testing
   7.50 Test Results Required
   7.51 Retests
   7.52 Period of Effectiveness
   7.53 Records
8 Weld quality and Inspection
   8.1 General
   8.2 Purchaser's Representative
   8.3 Inspection of Welding Procedure Qualification
   8.4 Inspection of Welder, Tack Welder, and Welding
         Operator Qualification
   8.5 Inspection of Work and Records
   8.6 Visual Examination
   8.7 Welding Profiles
   8.8 Nondestructive Examination
   8.9 Radiographic Examination of Welds
   8.10 Radiographic Procedure
   8.11 Acceptability of Radiographed Welds
   8.12 Examination, Report, and Disposition of Radiographs
   8.13 Ultrasonic Examination of Welds
   8.14 Ultrasonic Testing Equipment and Calibration
   8.15 Ultrasonic Testing Procedure, Acceptance Criteria,
         and Reports
   8.16 Magnetic Particle Examination of Welds
   8.17 Liquid Penetrant Examination of Welds
9 Field Weld Repair and Modification
   9.1 General
   9.2 Field Repair - Manufacturer's Responsibility
   9.3 Field Repair - Purchaser's Responsibility
10 Repair and Correction of Defects
   10.1 Weld Repairs
   10.2 Base Metal Repairs
   10.3 Removal of Defective Area
   10.4 Distortion and Camber
   10.5 Correction of Improperly Fitted and Welded Members
Annex A Suggested Forms
Annex B Commonly Used Metric Conversions
Annex C Examples of Weld Quality Requirements
Document List

Applies to all principal structural weldments and primary welds used in the manufacture of cranes for mill, industrial, power house, and nuclear facilities and also to other overhead material handling machinery and equipment and the strengthening and repair of such equipment.

DocumentType
Standard
PublisherName
American Welding Society
Status
Superseded
SupersededBy

AWS D17.1 : 2001 SPECIFICATION FOR FUSION WELDING FOR AEROSPACE APPLICATIONS
ASME B30.2 : 2016 OVERHEAD AND GANTRY CRANES (TOP RUNNING BRIDGE, SINGLE OR MULTIPLE GIRDER, TOP RUNNING TROLLEY HOIST) - SAFETY STANDARD FOR CABLEWAYS, CRANES, DERRICKS, HOISTS, HOOKS, JACKS, AND SLINGS
AWS B5.4 : 2005 SPECIFICATION FOR THE QUALIFICATION OF WELDER TEST FACILITIES
NASA SPEC 5004A : 2003 WELDING OF AEROSPACE GROUND SUPPORT EQUIPMENT AND RELATED NONCONVENTIONAL FACILITIES
ASME B30.11 : 2010 MONORAILS AND UNDERHUNG CRANES - SAFETY STANDARD FOR CABLEWAYS, CRANES, DERRICKS, HOISTS, HOOKS, JACKS, AND SLINGS
ASME STP-SA-055 : 2012 GUIDE TO MOBILE CRANE STANDARDS
ASME B30.18 : 2016 STACKER CRANES (TOP OR UNDER RUNNING BRIDGE, MULTIPLE GIRDER WITH TOP OR UNDER RUNNING TROLLEY HOIST) - SAFETY STANDARD FOR CABLEWAYS, CRANES, DERRICKS, HOISTS, HOOKS, JACKS, AND SLINGS

AWS C3.2 : 82(R1992) STANDARD METHOD FOR EVALUATING THE STRENGTH OF BRAZED JOINTS IN SHEAR
AWS A5.25 : 1991 SPECIFICATION FOR CARBON AND LOW ALLOY STEEL ELECTRODES AND FLUXES FOR ELECTROSLAG WELDING
AWS A2.4 : 2012 STANDARD SYMBOLS FOR WELDING, BRAZING, AND NONDESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION
AWS A5.20 : 1995 SPECIFICATION FOR CARBON STEEL ELECTRODES FOR FLUX CORED ARC WELDING
AWS A5.18 : 1993 SPECIFICATION FOR CARBON STEEL ELECTRODES AND RODS FOR GAS SHIELDED ARC WELDING
AWS A5.5 : 1996 SPECIFICATION FOR LOW ALLOY STEEL ELECTRODES FOR SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING
AWS A5.1 : 91(R1999) SPECIFICATION FOR CARBON STEEL ELECTRODES FOR SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING
AWS A5.29 : 1998 SPECIFICATION FOR LOW ALLOY STEEL ELECTRODES FOR FLUX CORED ARC WELDING
AWS A5.26 : 1991 SPECIFICATION FOR CARBON AND LOW ALLOY STEEL ELECTRODES FOR ELECTROGAS WELDING
AWS A3.0 : 0 STANDARD WELDING TERMS AND DEFINITIONS - INCLUDING TERMS FOR ADHESIVE BONDING, BRAZING, SOLDERING, THERMAL CUTTING, AND THERMAL SPRAYING
AWS B2.1 : 2005 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING PROCEDURE AND PERFORMANCE QUALIFICATION
AWS QC1 : 2007 STANDARD FOR AWS CERTIFICATION OF WELDING INSPECTORS
W178.2-14 Certification of welding inspectors
AWS A5.01 : 93(R1999) FILLER METAL PROCUREMENT GUIDELINES
ASTM E 317 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Evaluating Performance Characteristics of Ultrasonic Pulse-Echo Testing Instruments and Systems without the Use of Electronic Measurement Instruments
AWS A5.17:1989 SPECIFICATION FOR CARBON STEEL ELECTRODES AND FLUXES FOR SUBMERGED ARC WELDING
ASTM E 709 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Magnetic Particle Testing
AWS A5.23 : 1990 SPECIFICATION FOR LOW ALLOY STEEL ELECTRODES AND FLUXES FOR SUBMERGED ARC WELDING
AWS D1.1 : 2000 STRUCTURAL WELDING CODE - STEEL
AWS B4.0:2016 STANDARD METHODS FOR MECHANICAL TESTING OF WELDS
AWS A5.28 : 1996 SPECIFICATION FOR LOW ALLOY STEEL FILLER METALS FOR GAS SHIELDED ARC WELDING

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