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AWS B2.1 : 2005

Superseded

Superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

View Superseded by
superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING PROCEDURE AND PERFORMANCE QUALIFICATION

Superseded date

23-07-2013

Published date

12-01-2013

Contents
Personnel
Foreword
List of Tables
List of Figures
1. General Provisions
    1.1 Scope
    1.2 References
    1.3 Terms and Definitions
    1.4 Responsibilities
    1.5 Effective Date
    1.6 Safety Precautions
2. Procedure Qualification
    2.1 General
    2.2 Standard Welding Procedure Specifications
    2.3 Welding Procedures Qualified by Employer
    2.4 Evaluation of Test Weldments
    2.5 Qualification Thickness Limitations
    2.6 Special Test Weldment Acceptance Criteria
    2.7 Groove Test Weldment and Acceptance Criteria
    2.8 Fillet Test Weldments and Acceptance Criteria
    2.9 Cladding Test Weldment and Acceptance Criteria
    2.10 Hardfacing Test Weldment and Acceptance Criteria
    2.11 Stud Welds and Acceptance Criteria
    2.12 Sheet Metal Weldment and Acceptance Criteria
    2.13 Welding Procedure Qualification
    2.14 Procedure Qualification Variables
3. Performance Qualification
    3.1 General
    3.2 Qualification by Standard Test
    3.3 Qualification by Workmanship Test
    3.4 Test Weldments
    3.5 Examination Procedures and Acceptance Criteria
    3.6 Performance Qualification Variables
Annex A - Basis for Establishing a Standard Welding Procedure
          Specification (WPS)
Annex B - Illustrations - Weld Position, Test Specimens, and
          Text Fixtures
      B.1 Welding Positions - Illustrated
      B.2 Guided Bend Specimens
      B.3 Tension Specimens
      B.4 Cladding and Hardfacing Specimens
      B.5 Text Fixtures
Annex C - Filler Metal Grouping
      C.1 F-Numbers
      C.2 A-Numbers
Annex D - Base Metal Grouping
      D.1 Baser Metal Specifications
      D.2 M-Number Groupings
Annex E - Radiographic Examination Procedure
      E.1 General
      E.2 Radiographic Procedure
      E.3 Personnel Requirements
      E.4 Acceptance Criteria
Annex F - Macroetch Procedure
      F.1 General
      F.2 Safety Procedures
      F.3 Etching Solutions and Procedures
AWS Welding Procedure and Performance Qualification Documents
Tables
2.1 Test Methods Required for Procedure Qualification
2.2 Thickness and Size Limitation for Filler Welds for
     Procedure Qualification
2.3 Thickness Limitations of Plate and Pipe for Groove
     Welds for Procedure Qualification
2.4 Thickness Limitations for Cladding and Hardfacing for
     Procedure Qualification
2.5 Thickness Limitations for Procedure Qualification - Sheet
     Metal Groove Welds
2.6 Minimum Shear Strength for Aluminium Fillet Welds
2.7 Minimum Tensile Load Requirements for Aluminium Stud Welds
2.8 Minimum Torque Requirements for Steel Stud Welds
2.9 Minimum Torque Requirements for Aluminium Stud Welds
3.1 Examination Requirements for Performance Qualification
3.2 Number of Bend Tests for Performance Qualification
3.3 Allowable Base Metals for Performance Qualification
3.4 Allowable Filler Metals for Performance Qualification
3.5 Position Limitations for Performance Tests
3.6 Pipe Diameter and Thickness Limitations for Performance
     Qualification on Groove Welds
3.7 Plate Groove Weld Qualification Thickness Limitations
     for Performance Qualification on Groove Welds
3.8 Pipe Fillet Weld Qualification Limitations for Performance
     Qualification
3.9 Sheet Metal Qualification Thickness Limitations for
     Performance Qualification
C.1 Grouping of Welding Electrodes and Rods for Qualification
C.2 Classification of Ferrous Weld Metal for Procedure
     Qualification
D.1 Listing of Base Metal Specifications
D.2 M-Number Listing of Base Metals
E.1 Acceptable Linear Discontinuities for Radiographic
     Examination
E.2 Acceptable Rounded Discontinuities for Radiographic
     Examination

Covers all welding processes and an exhaustive array of materials used in metal fabrication. Spells out requirements for the qualification of welding procedures, and for the performance qualification of welders and welding operators. It is an excellent tool to ensure economical quality.

DevelopmentNote
SUPERSEDES AWS B3.0 AND AWS D10.9 (02/2000)
DocumentType
Standard
PublisherName
American Welding Society
Status
Superseded
SupersededBy
Supersedes

NFPA 14 : 2016 INSTALLATION OF STANDPIPE AND HOSE SYSTEMS
API 11D3 :2008 PROGRESSING CAVITY PUMP SYSTEMS FOR ARTIFICIAL LIFT - SURFACE-DRIVE SYSTEMS
08/30168345 DC : DRAFT JULY 2008 BS ISO 15136-1 - DOWNHOLE EQUIPMENT FOR PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - PROGRESSING CAVITY PUMP SYSTEMS FOR ARTIFICIAL LIFT - PART 1: PUMPS
AWS EG3.0 : 1996 TRAINING AND QUALIFICATION OF WELDING PERSONNEL: LEVEL 2 - ADVANCEDWELDER, GUIDE FOR THE
MIL-PRF-24751 Revision A:2004 FANS, VANEAXIAL GAS TURBINE ENCLOSURE COOLING NAVAL SHIPBOARD
ANSI/AWWA D107-16 ERR 1(CSV) COMPOSITE ELEVATED TANKS FOR WATER STORAGE
MIL-PRF-32152 Base Document:2005 CLOSURE, HVAC, BUTTERFLY TYPE, SHIPBOARD SERVICE
AWS C7.1M/C7.1 : 2013 RECOMMENDED PRACTICES FOR ELECTRON BEAM WELDING AND ALLIED PROCESSES
MIL-PRF-16552 Revision F:2001 FILTERS, AIR ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL SYSTEM, CLEANABLE, IMPINGEMENT (HIGH VELOCITY TYPE)
AWS D14.1/D14.1M:2005 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING OF INDUSTRIAL AND MILL CRANES AND OTHER MATERIAL HANDLING EQUIPMENT
AWS PASS : 1999 PROFESSIONAL'S ADVISOR ON WELDING OF STAINLESS STEEL
AWS QC19 : 2002 ERRATA 2009 SPECIFICATION FOR AWS CERTIFICATION OF ROBOTIC ARC WELDING PERSONNEL
AWS D17.1 : 2001 SPECIFICATION FOR FUSION WELDING FOR AEROSPACE APPLICATIONS
AWS QC11 : 1996 SPECIFICATION FOR QUALIFICATION AND CERTIFICATION FOR LEVEL 2 - ADVANCED WELDERS
AWS GWF : 1998 GUIDE FOR SETTING UP A WELDER TRAINING FACILITY
AWS B5.1 : 2013 SPECIFICATION FOR THE QUALIFICATION OF WELDING INSPECTORS
AWS PRGVT : 1999 PRACTICAL REFERENCE GUIDE FOR WELDING INSPECTION MANAGEMENT: VISUAL INSPECTION OF PRESSURE VESSELS AND PRESSURE PIPING
AWS DPW : 1999 THE DESIGN AND PLANNING MANUAL FOR COST-EFFECTIVE WELDING
NACE SP 02 92 : 2012 INSTALLATION OF THIN METALLIC WALLPAPER LINING IN AIR POLLUTION CONTROL AND OTHER PROCESS EQUIPMENT
ASTM A 139 : 2000 Standard Specification for Electric-Fusion (Arc)-Welded Steel Pipe (NPS 4 and Over)
NFPA 11 : 2016 LOW-, MEDIUM-, AND HIGH-EXPANSION FOAM
MIL-PRF-32542 Base Document:2016 TRUCK, FORKLIFT, 4,000 AND 6,200 LB. CAPACITY, FRONT/SIDE LOADING, NON-PNEUMATIC, INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE
MIL-STD-2219 Revision A:2005 FUSION WELDING FOR AEROSPACE APPLICATIONS
MIL PRF 62180 : D SEMITRAILER, FUEL TANKERS: 5000 GALLON, BULKHAUL, AUTOMOTIVE AND AIRCRAFT FUEL SERVICING
MIL-B-16115 Revision G:1991 BUOYS, MOORING, AND MARKER
NASA PRC 0011 : 2004 PROCESS SPECIFICATION FOR THE SEMI-AUTOMATIC AND MACHINE STUD WELDING OF NON FLIGHT HARDWARE
MIL-DTL-62180 Revision E:1998 SEMITRAILER, FUEL TANKERS: 5000 GALLON, BULKHAUL, AUTOMOTIVE AND AIRCRAFT FUEL SERVICING
MIL-P-52746 Revision C:1994 PUMP ASSEMBLY, FLAMMABLE LIQUID, CENTRIFUGAL, SELF PRIMING 2 INCH 100 GPM AT 100 FEET TOTAL DYNAMIC HEAD
MIL-PRF-45316 Revision J:2011 TRAILER, TANK: POTABLE WATER, 400-GALLON, 2-WHEEL, M149A2
MIL-PRF-24775 Revision A:2005 Air Conditioning Fan Coil Units, Horizontal and Vertical Types, Naval Shipboard
ANSI/AWWA C200 : 2017 STEEL WATER PIPE, 6 IN. (150 MM) AND LARGER
AWS B5.17:2014 SPECIFICATION FOR THE QUALIFICATION OF WELDING FABRICATORS
AWS D10.7M/D10.7 : 2008 GUIDE FOR THE GAS SHIELDED ARC WELDING OF ALUMINUM AND ALUMINUM ALLOY PIPE
AWS B5.5:2011 SPECIFICATION FOR THE QUALIFICATION OF WELDING EDUCATORS
AWS D14.5 : 1997 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING OF PRESSES AND PRESS COMPONENTS
AWS WHC1.11 : 0 WELDING SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, WELDING HANDBOOK, 9TH ED., VOL 1 - CHAPTER 11: MECHANIZED, AUTOMATED AND ROBOTIC WELDING
AWS D1.2/D1.2M : 2014 STRUCTURAL WELDING CODE - ALUMINUM
ANSI E1.21 : 2013 ENTERTAINMENT TECHNOLOGY - TEMPORARY STRUCTURES USED FOR TECHNICAL PRODUCTION OF OUTDOOR ENTERTAINMENT EVENTS
AWS D18.1 : 1999 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING OF AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEEL TUBE AND PIPE SYSTEMS IN SANITARY (HYGIENIC) APPLICATIONS
NACE RP 02 92 : 2003 INSTALLATION OF THIN METALLIC WALLPAPER LINING IN AIR POLLUTION CONTROL AND OTHER PROCESS EQUIPMENT
NACE RP 01 99 : 2004 INSTALLATION OF STAINLESS CHROMIUM-NICKEL STEEL AND NICKEL-ALLOY ROLL-BONDED AND EXPLOSION-BONDED CLAD PLATE IN AIR POLLUTION CONTROL EQUIPMENT
FM 5580 : 2012 HYBRID (WATER AND INERT GAS) FIRE EXTINGUISHING SYSTEMS
FAA AC 33-6 : 2017 WELD REPAIR OF ALUMINUM CRANKCASES AND CYLINDERS OF PISTON ENGINES
MIL-B-13265 Revision C:1985 BRIDGES, FIXED, STEEL, RAILWAY, UNIT CONSTRUCTION, 70-FT., 2-GIRDER SPAN: AND CONVERSION SETS: COMPONENTS OF
AWS B5.4 : 2005 SPECIFICATION FOR THE QUALIFICATION OF WELDER TEST FACILITIES
KKK-S-2851 Base Document:1994 SEMITRAILERS, REFUSE COLLECTION, COMPACTION TYPE: COMMERCIAL
AWS C5.7 : 2000 RECOMMENDED PRACTICES FOR ELECTROGAS WELDING
NASA MSFC SPEC 504 : 1990 WELDING, ALUMINIUM ALLOYS
NASA PRC 0001 : 2012 PROCESS SPECIFICATION FOR THE MANUAL ARC WELDING OF ALUMINUM ALLOY HARDWARE
NASA PRC 0015 : 2016 PROCESS SPECIFICATION FOR AUTOMATIC AND MACHINE ARC WELDING OF TITANIUM AND TITANIUM ALLOY HARDWARE
NASA MSFC SPEC 560 : 1988 THE FUSION WELDING OF STEEL, CORROSION AND HEAT RESISTANT ALLOYS
NASA PRC 0010 : 2012 PROCESS SPECIFICATION FOR AUTOMATIC AND MACHINE ARC WELDING OF STEEL AND NICKEL ALLOY HARDWARE
NASA PRC 0005 : 2012 PROCESS SPECIFICATION FOR THE MANUAL ARC WELDING OF CARBON STEEL AND NICKEL ALLOY HARDWARE
NASA PRC 0002 : 2012 PROCESS SPECIFICATION FOR THE MANUAL ARC WELDING OF TITANIUM ALLOY HARDWARE
NASA PRC 0014 : 2012 PROCESS SPECIFICATION FOR FRICTION STIR WELDING
MIL-PRF-32181 Revision B:2015 TRUCK, FORKLIFT, 4,000 AND 6,200 POUND CAPACITY, LOADING, INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE
AWS D14.4/D14.4M : 2012 SPECIFICATION FOR THE DESIGN OF WELDED JOINTS IN MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT
MIL-PRF-23798 Revision D:2004 Air Conditioner, Fan-Coil Assembly
AWS D14.5/D14.5M:2009 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING OF PRESSES AND PRESS COMPONENTS
MIL-PRF-18953 Revision C:2005 FANS, VANEAXIAL AND TUBEAXIAL, VENTILATION AND AIR CONDITIONING, NAVAL SHIPBOARD
MIL-PRF-19004 Revision B:2001 FANS, CENTRIFUGAL, VENTILATION, NAVAL SHIPBOARD
MIL-C-24633 Revision A:1990 CHAIN, STUD LINK, ANCHOR, LOW ALLOY STEEL, FLASH BUTT WELDED
API 11D3 : 2008 : R2015 PROGRESSING CAVITY PUMP SYSTEMS FOR ARTIFICIAL LIFT - SURFACE-DRIVE SYSTEMS
AWS D14.2 : 1993 SPECIFICATION FOR METAL CUTTING MACHINE TOOL WELDMENTS
AWS EG4.0 : 1996 GUIDE FOR THE TRAINING AND QUALIFICATION OF WELDING PERSONNEL: LEVEL 3, EXPERT WELDER
AWS D1.6 : 1999 ERRATA 1999 STRUCTURAL WELDING CODE - STAINLESS STEEL
AWS D14.1 : 1997 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING INDUSTRIAL AND MILL CRANES AND OTHER MATERIAL HANDLING EQUIPMENT
ASTM A 139/A139M : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Specification for Electric-Fusion (Arc)-Welded Steel Pipe (NPS 4 and Over)
BS EN ISO 15136-2:2006 Petroleum and natural gas industries. Progressing cavity pump systems for artificial lift Surface drive systems
MIL-PRF-83818 Revision C:2015 TRUCK, FORKLIFT, 4,000 AND 6,200 POUND CAPACITY, FRONT/SIDE LOADING, INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE
ISO 15136-2:2006 Petroleum and natural gas industries — Progressing cavity pump systems for artificial lift — Part 2: Surface-drive systems
EN ISO 15136-2:2006 Petroleum and natural gas industries - Progressing cavity pump systems for artificial lift - Part 2: Surface-drive systems (ISO 15136-2:2006)
AWWA D100 : 2011 WELDED CARBON STEEL TANKS FOR WATER STORAGE
AWWA C226 : 2013 STAINLESS-STEEL FITTINGS FOR WATERWORKS SERVICE, SIZES 1/2 IN. THROUGH 72 IN. (13 MM THROUGH 1,800 MM)
MIL-PRF-83041 Revision C:2000 FILTER-SEPARATOR, LIQUID FUEL SKID MOUNTED, 600 GALLONS PER MINUTE
AWS WHC2.05 : 0 WELDING PROCESSES - PART 1, WELDING HANDBOOK, 9TH EDITION, VOL. 2 - CHAPTER 5: FLUX CORED ARC WELDING
NASA PRC 0008 : 2004 PROCESS SPECIFICATION FOR THE QUALIFICATION OF MANUAL ARC WELDERS
AWS D10.12M/D10.12:2000 GUIDE FOR WELDING MILD STEEL PIPE
AWS D18.1/D18.1M : 2009 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING OF AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEEL TUBE AND PIPE SYSTEMS IN SANITARY (HYGIENIC) APPLICATIONS
AWS C5.5/C5.5M : 2003 RECOMMENDED PRACTICES FOR GAS TUNGSTEN ARC WELDING
AWS D3.7 : 2004 GUIDE FOR ALUMINUM HULL WELDING
AWS C6.2/C6.2M : 2006 SPECIFICATION FOR FRICTION WELDING OF METALS

AWS D1.4 : 1998 STRUCTURAL WELDING CODE - REINFORCING STEEL
AWS D11.2 : 1989 GUIDE FOR WELDING IRON CASTINGS
AWS A3.0 : 0 STANDARD WELDING TERMS AND DEFINITIONS - INCLUDING TERMS FOR ADHESIVE BONDING, BRAZING, SOLDERING, THERMAL CUTTING, AND THERMAL SPRAYING
AWS B4.0:2016 STANDARD METHODS FOR MECHANICAL TESTING OF WELDS

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