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AWS D1.6 : 1999 ERRATA 1999

Superseded
Superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

View Superseded by
superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

STRUCTURAL WELDING CODE - STAINLESS STEEL
Superseded date

23-07-2013

Published date

12-01-2013

Personnel
Foreword
List of Tables
List of Figures
1. General Provisions
    1.1 Scope
    1.2 Base Metal
    1.3 Welding Terms
    1.4 Welding Symbols
    1.5 Safety Precautions
    1.6 Standard Units of Measurement
    1.7 Acceptance Criteria
    1.8 Welding Procedure Specification (WPS)
    1.9 Approval
    1.10 Mandatory Provisions
2. Design of Welded Connections
    Part A - General Requirements
    2.0 General
    2.1 Drawings
    2.2 Allowable Stresses
    2.3 Increased Unit Stresses
    Part B - Weld Lengths and Areas
    2.4 Fillet Welds
    2.5 Plug and Slots Welds (Sizes and Spacings)
    Part C - Miscellaneous Structural Details
    2.6 General
    2.7 Filler Plates
    2.8 Lap Joints
    2.9 Transitions of Butt Joints in Nontubular Connections
    2.10 Transitions in Tubular Connections
    2.11 Connections or Splices
    2.12 Built-Up Members in Statically Loaded Structures
    2.13 Noncontinuous Beams
    2.14 Plug and Slot Weld Dimensions
    2.15 Specific Requirements for Cyclically Loaded Structures
    2.16 Combinations of General Types of Welds
    2.17 Skewed T-Joints
3. Prequalification
    3.0 Scope
    Part A - General Requirements
    3.1 Limitation of Variables for Prequalified WPSs
    3.2 Combination of WPSs
    Part B - Prequalified Processes
    3.3 General
    3.4 Welding Processes
    3.5 Other Welding Processes
    Part C - Base Metals
    3.6 Base Metal for Prequalified WPSs
    3.7 Auxiliary Component Base Metals
    3.8 Base Metal for Weld Tabs and Backing
    Part D - Prequalified Filler Metals, Fluxes and Gases
    3.9 Filler Metals
    3.10 Electrodes for SMAW
    3.11 Electrodes and Fluxes for SAW
    3.12 Consumables for GMAW, GTAW, and FCAW
    Part E - Weld Sizes for Prequalified Joints
    3.13 General
    3.14 Prequalified Fillet Welds
    3.15 Prequalified Partial Joint Penetration (PJP) Groove
         Welds in Nontubular Connections
    3.16 Prequalified Partial Joint Penetration (PJP) Groove
         Welds in Tubular Connections
    3.17 Prequalified Flare-Bevel Groove Sizes
    3.18 Prequalified Skewed Joints
    3.19 Prequalified Plug and Slot Weld Sizes
    3.20 Prequalified Complete Joint Penetration (CJP) Groove
         Welds in Nontubular Connections
    3.21 Prequalified Complete Joint Penetration (CJP) Groove
         Welds in Tubular Connections
    Part F - Prequalified Nontubular Joint Details
    3.22 General
    3.23 Partial Joint Penetration (PJP) Groove Welds
    3.24 Complete Joint Penetration (CJP) Groove Welds
    3.25 Plug and Slot Welds
    3.26 Flare-Bevel Groove Welds
    Part G - Prequalified Tubular Joint Details
    3.27 General
    3.28 Prequalified Joints
    Part H - Prequalified WPS Requirements
    3.29 General
    3.30 Plug and Slot Welds
4. Qualification
    Part A - WPS Qualification Requirements
    4.1 General
    4.2 Essential Variables for WPS Qualification
    4.3 WPS Qualification Requirements
    4.4 Fillet Welds
    4.5 Tests Required for Groove and Fillet Welds
    4.6 Types, Purposes, and Acceptance Criteria of Tests
         for WPS Qualification
    Part B - Performance Qualification Requirements for
             Welders and Welding Operators
    4.7 General
    4.8 Limitation of Variables for Welder Performance
         Qualification
    4.9 Limitation of Variables for Welding Operator
         Performance Qualification
    4.10 Types, Purposes, and Acceptance Criteria of Tests
         and Examination for Welders and Welding Operators
    4.11 Overlay Requirements
5. Fabrication
    5.0 General
    5.1 Responsibilities
    5.2 Preparation of Base Metal
    5.3 Assembly
    5.4 Assembly Tolerances
    5.5 Distortion of Members
    5.6 Groove Weld Backing
    5.7 Tack Welds and Temporary Welds
    5.8 Peening
    5.9 Weld Termination
    5.10 Weld Cleaning
    5.11 Weld Profiles
    5.12 Weld Metal Removal and Repair
    5.13 Base Metal Repairs by Welding
    5.14 Mislocated Holes
    5.15 Inaccessibility of Unacceptable Welds
    5.16 Postweld Heat Treatment and Recommendations
6. Inspection
    Part A - General Requirements
    6.1 General
    6.2 Inspection Personnel Qualification
    6.3 Inspection and Verification of Materials
    6.4 Verification of Procedure Qualification Record
         (PQR), Welding Procedure Specification (WPS),
         and Performance Qualification
    6.5 Inspection and Verification of Work and Records
    6.6 Obligations of the Contractor
    6.7 Nondestructive Testing
    6.8 Extent of Testing
    Part B - Radiographic Testing of Groove Welds in Butt
             Joints
    6.9 General
    6.10 Radiographic Procedures
    6.11 Acceptability of Welds
    6.12 Examination, Report, and Disposition of Radiographs
    Part C - Ultrasonic Testing (UT) of Groove Welds
    6.13 General
    6.14 UT Operator Requirements
    6.15 UT Equipment
    6.16 UT Procedure
    6.17 Reference Standard
    6.18 Calibration Methods
    6.19 Scanning Patterns and Methods
    6.20 Weld Discontinuity Characterization Methods
    6.21 Weld Discontinuity Sizing and Location Methods
    6.22 Interpretation Problem with Discontinuities
    6.23 Weld Classes and Amplitude Level
    6.24 Acceptance-Rejection Criteria
    6.25 Preparation and Disposition of Reports
    Part D - Other Examination Methods
    6.26 General
    6.27 Radiation Imaging Systems Including Real-Time
         Imaging
    Part E - Quality of Welds
    6.28 Quality of Welds - Statically Loaded
    6.29 Quality of Welds - Cyclically Loaded
7. Stud Welding
    7.1 Scope
    7.2 General Requirements
    7.3 Mechanical Requirements
    7.4 Workmanship
    7.5 Technique
    7.6 Stud Application Qualification Requirements
    7.7 Production Control
    7.8 Fabrication and Verification Inspection Requirements
Mandatory Annexes
I - Effective Throat
II - Effective Throats of Fillet Welds in Skewed T-Joints
III - Manufacturers' Stud Base Qualification Requirements
IV - Discontinuity Acceptance Criteria
Nonmandatory Annexes
A - Recommended Inspection Practice
B - Non-Prequalified Stainless Steels - Guidelines for
       WPS Qualification and Use
C - Safe Practices
D - Guidelines for Preparation of Technical Inquiries for
       the Structural Welding Committee
E - Terms and Definitions
F - Sample Welding Forms
G - Etchant Solutions
H - Ultrasonic Unit Certification
Annex Forms
Form F-1 Welding Procedure Specification (WPS)
Form F-2 Procedure Qualification Record (PQR)
Form F-3 Welder or Welding Operator Qualification Test
          Record
Form H-1 Ultrasonic Unit Certification
          Example of the Use of Form H-1 - Ultrasonic Unit
          Certification
Form H-2 dB Accuracy Evaluation
          Example of the Use of Form H-2 - dB Accuracy
          Evaluation
Form H-3 Decibel (Attenuation or Gain) Values Nomograph
          Example of the Use of Form H-3 - Decibel
          (Attenuation or Gain) Values Nomograph
Index
Normative References

Covers welding requirements applicable to stainless steel weldments subject to design stress, to be used in conjunction with any complementary code or specification for the construction or design of stainless steel weldments.

DocumentType
Standard
PublisherName
American Welding Society
Status
Superseded
SupersededBy

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AWS PASS : 1999 PROFESSIONAL'S ADVISOR ON WELDING OF STAINLESS STEEL
AWS D17.1 : 2001 SPECIFICATION FOR FUSION WELDING FOR AEROSPACE APPLICATIONS
AWS DPW : 1999 THE DESIGN AND PLANNING MANUAL FOR COST-EFFECTIVE WELDING
ANSI/AWWA C561 : 2014 FABRICATED STAINLESS-STEEL SLIDE GATES
MIL-PRF-32046 Base Document:2003 RATION HEATING UNIT, FIELD FEEDING
SAE ARP 5305 : 2017 STRUCTURAL DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION CONSIDERATIONS FOR ENCLOSED TURBOFAN/TURBOJET ENGINE TEST CELLS
AASHTO M 334M/M 334 : 2017 SPECIFICATION FOR UNCOATED, CORROSION-RESISTANT, DEFORMED AND PLAIN CHROMIUM ALLOYED, BILLET-STEEL BARS FOR CONCRETE REINFORCEMENT AND DOWELS
AASHTO MP 18M/MP 18 : 1900 SPECIFICATION FOR UNCOATED, CORROSION-RESISTANT, DEFORMED AND PLAIN ALLOY, BILLET-STEEL BARS FOR CONCRETE REINFORCEMENT AND DOWELS
AWS B5.4 : 2005 SPECIFICATION FOR THE QUALIFICATION OF WELDER TEST FACILITIES
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NASA KSC STD Z 0004 : 2002 STRUCTURAL DESIGN, STANDARD FOR
NASA KSC SPEC E 0002 : 2010 MODULAR ELECTRICAL ENCLOSURES, RACKS, CONSOLES, AND ACCESSORIES, SPECIFICATION FOR
NASA PRC 0010 : 2012 PROCESS SPECIFICATION FOR AUTOMATIC AND MACHINE ARC WELDING OF STEEL AND NICKEL ALLOY HARDWARE
NASA PRC 0005 : 2012 PROCESS SPECIFICATION FOR THE MANUAL ARC WELDING OF CARBON STEEL AND NICKEL ALLOY HARDWARE
NASA PRC 0014 : 2012 PROCESS SPECIFICATION FOR FRICTION STIR WELDING
AISC N690L : 2003 LOAD AND RESISTANCE FACTOR DESIGN OF SAFETY-RELATED STEEL STRUCTURES FOR NUCLEAR FACILITIES
SAE ARP 1967 : 2014 CONTAINERS, SHIPPING AND STORAGE, REUSABLE
AWWA C228 : 2014 STAINLESS-STEEL PIPE FLANGE JOINTS FOR WATER SERVICE - SIZES 2 IN. THROUGH 72 IN. (50 MM THROUGH 1,800 MM)
AWWA C513 : 2005 OPEN-CHANNEL, FABRICATED-METAL SLIDE GATES AND OPEN-CHANNEL, FABRICATED-METAL WEIR GATES
AWWA C223 : 2013 FABRICATED STEEL AND STAINLESS STEEL-TAPPING SLEEVES
AWWA C563 : 2014 FABRICATED COMPOSITE SLIDE GATES

API STD 1104:2013 WELDING OF PIPELINES AND RELATED FACILITIES
AWS A2.4 : 2012 STANDARD SYMBOLS FOR WELDING, BRAZING, AND NONDESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION
AWS F6.1 : 78(R1988) SOUND LEVEL MEASUREMENT OF MANUAL ARC WELDING AND CUTTING PROCESSES, METHOD FOR,
ASNT SNT TC 1A : 2016 TOPICAL OUTLINES FOR QUALIFICATION OF NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTING PERSONNEL
AWS A5.4 : 92(R2000) STAINLESS STEEL ELECTRODES FOR SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING, SPECIFICATION FOR
AWS A5.22 : 1995 SPECIFICATION FOR STAINLESS STEEL ELECTRODES FOR FLUX CORED ARC WELDING AND STAINLESS STEEL FLUX CORED RODS FOR GAS TUNGSTEN ARC WELDING
ASTM A 666 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Specification for Annealed or Cold-Worked Austenitic Stainless Steel Sheet, Strip, Plate, and Flat Bar
ASTM A 851 : 1996 Standard Specification for High-Frequency Induction Welded, Unannealed, Austenitic Steel Condenser Tubes (Withdrawn 2002)
AWS A5.12 : 1992 TUNGSTEN AND TUNGSTEN ALLOY ELECTRODES FOR ARC WELDING AND CUTTING, SPECIFICATION FOR
ASTM A 511 : 2004 Standard Specification for Seamless Stainless Steel Mechanical Tubing
AISC M015 : 1ED LOAD AND RESISTANCE FACTOR DESIGN (LRFD) MANUAL OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION
AWS B2.1 : 2005 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING PROCEDURE AND PERFORMANCE QUALIFICATION
AWS QC1 : 2007 STANDARD FOR AWS CERTIFICATION OF WELDING INSPECTORS
NFPA 51B : 2014 FIRE PREVENTION DURING WELDING, CUTTING, AND OTHER HOT WORK
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NFPA 70 : 2017 NATIONAL ELECTRICAL CODE
ASTM A 493 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Specification for Stainless Steel Wire and Wire Rods for Cold Heading and Cold Forging
ASTM A 452 : 1988 Specification for Centrifugally Cast Austenitic Steel Cold-Wrought Pipe for High-Temperature Service (Withdrawn 1995)
AWS A5.9 : 93(R1999) BARE STAINLESS STEEL WELDING ELECTRODES AND RODS, SPECIFICATION FOR
AWS FGW : 0 FUMES AND GASES IN THE WELDING ENVIRONMENT
ANSI Z87.1 : 2015 OCCUPATIONAL AND EDUCATIONAL PERSONAL EYE AND FACE PROTECTION DEVICES
AWS SP : 1988 SAFE PRACTICES
ASTM E 709 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Magnetic Particle Testing
ASTM A 554 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Specification for Welded Stainless Steel Mechanical Tubing
AWS F4.1 : 2007 SAFE PRACTICES FOR THE PREPARATION OF CONTAINERS AND PIPING FOR WELDING, CUTTING, AND ALLIED PROCESSES
AWS B4.0:2016 STANDARD METHODS FOR MECHANICAL TESTING OF WELDS
AWS A4.2M/A4.2 : 1997 STANDARD PROCEDURE FOR CALIBRATING MAGNETIC INSTRUMENTS TO MEASURE THE DELTA FERRITE CONTENT OF AUSTENITIC AND DUPLEX FERRITIC-AUSTENITIC STAINLESS WELD METAL

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