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AWS B4.0:2016

Current
Current

The latest, up-to-date edition.

STANDARD METHODS FOR MECHANICAL TESTING OF WELDS
Published date

01-01-2016

Personnel
Foreword
List of Tables
List of Figures
1. Scope
2. Normative References
3. Terms and Definitions
4. Tension Tests
5. Shear Tests
6. Bend Tests
7. Fracture and Notch Toughness Tests
8. Hardness Tests
9. Break Tests (Nick and Fillet Weld)
10. Weldability Testing
11. Process Specific Tests
Annex A (Informative) - Bibliography
Annex B (Informative) - Requesting an Official Interpretation
                        on an AWS Standard
Annex C (Informative) - Recommended Practice for All-Weld-Metal
                        Tensile Testing of Narrow Groove Welds
Annex D (Informative) - Recommended Practice for All-Weld-Metal
                        Tensile Testing of Narrow Groove Pipeline
                        Girth Welds
List of AWS Documents of the Mechanical Testing of Welding

This specification establishes standard methods for mechanical testing of welds.

Committee
B4
DevelopmentNote
Also available in Metric version; See AWS B4.0M. (09/2006) English and Spanish versions to 2007 edition are still available. (09/2016)
DocumentType
Standard
PublisherName
American Welding Society
Status
Current
Supersedes

AWS A5.4 : 92(R2000) STAINLESS STEEL ELECTRODES FOR SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING, SPECIFICATION FOR
MIL-E-23765-2 Revision E:1994 ELECTRODES AND RODS - WELDING, BARE, SOLID OR ALLOYED CORED, LOW ALLOY STEEL
AWS A5.28/A5.28M : 2005 : R2015 SPECIFICATION FOR LOW-ALLOY STEEL ELECTRODES AND RODS FOR GAS SHIELDED ARC WELDING
MIL-E-22200-9 Revision B:1982 ELECTRODES, WELDING, MINERAL COVERED, LOW HYDROGEN OR IRON POWDER, LOW HYDROGEN, NICKEL MANGANESE CHROMIUM MOLYBDENUM ALLOY STEEL FOR PRODUCING HY 130 WELDMENTS FOR AS WELDED APPLICATIONS
CSA W59.2 : 1991 : R2008 WELDED ALUMINUM CONSTRUCTION
AWS A5.28/A5.28M : 2005 : INC : ERR 1 SPECIFICATION FOR LOW-ALLOY STEEL ELECTRODES AND RODS FOR GAS SHIELDED ARC WELDING
AWS EG3.0 : 1996 TRAINING AND QUALIFICATION OF WELDING PERSONNEL: LEVEL 2 - ADVANCEDWELDER, GUIDE FOR THE
AWS A5.2 : 92(R1997) SPECIFICATIONS FOR CARBON AND LOW ALLOY STEEL RODS FOR OXYFUEL GAS WELDING
AWS D10.12M/D10.12:2000 GUIDE FOR WELDING MILD STEEL PIPE
CSA W59.2 : 1991 WELDED ALUMINUM CONSTRUCTION
MIL STD 248 : D WELDING AND BRAZING PROCEDURE AND PERFORMANCE QUALIFICATION
MIL-E-22200-4 Revision D:1991 ELECTRODES, WELDING, COVERED, COPPER-NICKEL ALLOY
AWS D14.9/D14.9M : 2013 SPECIFICATION FOR THE WELDING OF HYDRAULIC CYLINDERS
AWS D1.7/D1.7M : 2010 GUIDE FOR STRENGTHENING AND REPAIRING EXISTING STRUCTURES
AWS D15.1/D15.1M : 2012 RAILROAD WELDING SPECIFICATION FOR CARS AND LOCOMOTIVES
AWS D1.2/D1.2M : 2014 STRUCTURAL WELDING CODE - ALUMINUM
AWS D14.1/D14.1M:2005 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING OF INDUSTRIAL AND MILL CRANES AND OTHER MATERIAL HANDLING EQUIPMENT
AWS D17.1 : 2001 SPECIFICATION FOR FUSION WELDING FOR AEROSPACE APPLICATIONS
AWS B2.4 : 2012 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING PROCEDURE AND PERFORMANCE QUALIFICATION FOR THERMOPLASTICS
AWS B5.1 : 2013 SPECIFICATION FOR THE QUALIFICATION OF WELDING INSPECTORS
AWS D1.5M/D1.5 : 2015 BRIDGE WELDING CODE
AWS DPW : 1999 THE DESIGN AND PLANNING MANUAL FOR COST-EFFECTIVE WELDING
AWS A5.20/A5.20M : 2005 SPECIFICATION FOR CARBON STEEL ELECTRODES FOR FLUX CORED ARC WELDING
API TR 938-B : 2008 USE OF 9CR-1MO-V (GRADE 91) STEEL IN THE OIL REFINING INDUSTRY
AWS WHC4.09 : 0 MATERIALS AND APPLICATION - PART 1 - WELDING HANDBOOK, 9TH EDITION, VOLUME 4 - CHAPTER 9: MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR WELDING
AWS A5.5/A5.5M : 2014 SPECIFICATION FOR LOW-ALLOY STEEL ELECTRODES FOR SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING
AWS B2.1/B2.1M : 2014 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING PROCEDURE AND PERFORMANCE QUALIFICATION
MIL-E-24355 Revision B:1982 ELECTRODES, WELDING, BARE, SOLID NICKEL MANGANESE CHROMIUM MOLYBDENUM ALLOY STEEL FOR PRODUCING HY 13O WELDMENTS FOR AS WELDED APPLICATIONS
MIL-E-23765 Revision B:1985 ELECTRODES AND RODS - WELDING, BARE, SOLID AND ALLOYED CORED, GENERAL SPECIFICATION FOR
AWS A5.34/A5.34M : 2013 SPECIFICATION FOR NICKEL-ALLOY ELECTRODES FOR FLUX CORED ARC WELDING
AWS A5.35/A5.35M : 2015 SPECIFICATION FOR COVERED ELECTRODES FOR UNDERWATER WET SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING
AWS A5.22/A5.22M : 2012 SPECIFICATION FOR STAINLESS STEEL FLUX CORED AND METAL CORED WELDING ELECTRODES AND RODS
AWS B5.5:2011 SPECIFICATION FOR THE QUALIFICATION OF WELDING EDUCATORS
AWS D14.5 : 1997 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING OF PRESSES AND PRESS COMPONENTS
AWS A9.1 : 1992 STANDARD GUIDE FOR DESCRIBING ARC WELDS IN COMPUTERIZED MATERIAL PROPERTY AND NONDESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION DATABASES
AWS A5.29 : 1998 SPECIFICATION FOR LOW ALLOY STEEL ELECTRODES FOR FLUX CORED ARC WELDING
ASME PV CODE 2C : 2017 BOILER AND PRESSURE VESSEL CODE - MATERIALS - SPECIFICATIONS FOR WELDING RODS, ELECTRODES, AND FILLER METALS
AWS D14.4/D14.4M : 2012 SPECIFICATION FOR THE DESIGN OF WELDED JOINTS IN MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT
NAVSEA T9074 BD GIB 010/0300 : 0 BASE MATERIALS FOR CRITICAL APPLICATIONS: REQUIREMENTS FOR LOW ALLOY STEEL PLATE, FORGINGS, CASTINGS, SHAPES, BARS, AND HEADS OF HY-80/100/130 AND HSLA-80/100
MIL-E-23765-1 Revision E:1985 ELECTRODES AND RODS - WELDING, BARE, SOLID AND ALLOYED CORED, ORDINARY STRENGTH AND LOW ALLOY STEEL
MIL-STD-1688 Revision A:1990 FABRICATION, WELDING, AND INSPECTION OF HY-80/100 SUBMARINE APPLICATIONS
AWS D10.6 : 1991 GAS TUNGSTEN ARC WELDING OF TITANIUM PIPING AND TUBING, RECOMMENDED PRACTICES FOR
CSA W59.2 : 1991 : R2013 WELDED ALUMINUM CONSTRUCTION
AWS D18.1 : 1999 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING OF AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEEL TUBE AND PIPE SYSTEMS IN SANITARY (HYGIENIC) APPLICATIONS
AWS A5.17/A5.17M : 1997 SPECIFICATION FOR CARBON STEEL ELECTRODES AND FLUXES FOR SUBMERGED ARC WELDING
MIL-STD-792 Revision F:2006 IDENTIFICATION MARKING REQUIREMENTS FOR SPECIAL PURPOSE COMPONENTS
AWS B2.1 : 2005 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING PROCEDURE AND PERFORMANCE QUALIFICATION
AWS D14.7/D14.7M : 2005 RECOMMENDED PRACTICES FOR SURFACING AND RECONDITIONING OF INDUSTRIAL MILL ROLLS
AWS B5.4 : 2005 SPECIFICATION FOR THE QUALIFICATION OF WELDER TEST FACILITIES
AWS C5.7 : 2000 RECOMMENDED PRACTICES FOR ELECTROGAS WELDING
NASA MSFC SPEC 504 : 1990 WELDING, ALUMINIUM ALLOYS
NASA MSFC SPEC 3679 : 2012 PROCESS SPECIFICATION - WELDING AEROSPACE HARDWARE
NASA MSFC SPEC 560 : 1988 THE FUSION WELDING OF STEEL, CORROSION AND HEAT RESISTANT ALLOYS
NASA STD 5006 : 2015 GENERAL FUSION WELDING REQUIREMENTS FOR AEROSPACE MATERIALS
NASA PRC 0014 : 2012 PROCESS SPECIFICATION FOR FRICTION STIR WELDING
AWS A5.6/A5.6M : 2008 SPECIFICATION FOR COPPER AND COPPER-ALLOY ELECTRODES FOR SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING
MIL-DTL-24403-1 Revision F:2008 ELECTRODES - WELDING, FLUX CORED, ORDINARY STRENGTH AND LOW ALLOY STEEL
AWS A5.1M/A5.1 : 2012 SPECIFICATION FOR CARBON STEEL ELECTRODES FOR SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING
MIL-STD-2149 Revision A:1990 STANDARD PROCEDURES FOR EXPLOSION TESTING FERROUS AND NON FERROUS METALLIC MATERIALS AND WELDMENTS
MIL-DTL-22200-1 Revision H:2008 ELECTRODES, WELDING, MINERAL COVERED, IRON-POWDER, LOW-HYDROGEN MEDIUM AND HIGH TENSILE STEEL, AS-WELDED OR STRESS-RELIEVED WELD APPLICATION
MIL-E-22200 Revision G:1989 ELECTRODES, WELDING, COVERED: GENERAL SPECIFICATION FOR
MIL-E-22200-2 Revision D:1986 ELECTRODE, WELDING COVERED (AUSTENITIC CHROMIUM NICKEL STEEL, FOR CORROSIVE AND HIGH TEMPERATURE SERVICES)
MIL-E-22200-5 Revision C:1984 ELECTRODES, WELDING, MINERAL COVERED, IRON-POWDER, LOW-HYDROGEN, LOW-ALLOY STEEL FOR HARDENING AND TEMPERING HEAT TREATMENT APPLICATIONS ONLY
MIL-DTL-70951 Revision A:2007 PALLET, FIELD ARTILLERY PROJECTILE
MIL-E-24403 Revision A:1981 ELECTRODES - WELDING, FLUX CORED, GENERAL SPECIFICATION FOR
MIL-E-21562 Revision E:1989 ELECTRODES AND RODS - WELDING, BARE, NICKEL ALLOY
AISC 341 : 2016 SEISMIC PROVISIONS FOR STRUCTURAL STEEL BUILDINGS
AWS A5.1 : 91(R1999) SPECIFICATION FOR CARBON STEEL ELECTRODES FOR SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING
AWS A5.23/A5.23M : 2011 SPECIFICATION FOR LOW-ALLOY STEEL ELECTRODES AND FLUXES FOR SUBMERGED ARC WELDING
AWS EG4.0 : 1996 GUIDE FOR THE TRAINING AND QUALIFICATION OF WELDING PERSONNEL: LEVEL 3, EXPERT WELDER
AWS D1.6 : 1999 ERRATA 1999 STRUCTURAL WELDING CODE - STAINLESS STEEL
AWS D14.1 : 1997 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING INDUSTRIAL AND MILL CRANES AND OTHER MATERIAL HANDLING EQUIPMENT
AWS A5.3/A5.3M : 1999 SPECIFICATION FOR ALUMINUM AND ALUMINUM-ALLOY ELECTRODES FOR SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING
AWS D14.5/D14.5M:2009 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING OF PRESSES AND PRESS COMPONENTS
CSA W59.2 : 1991(R2008) WELDED ALUMINUM CONSTRUCTION
MIL-E-22200-11 Revision A:1989 ELECTRODES, WELDING, MINERAL-COVERED, IRON POWDER, LOW HYDROGEN, FOR PRODUCING HY-130 WELDMENTS TO BE HEAT-TREATED
DOD-STD-2185 Base Document:1986 REQUIREMENTS FOR REPAIR AND STRAIGHTENING OF BRONZE NAVAL SHIP PROPELLERS
AWS D18.1/D18.1M : 2009 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING OF AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEEL TUBE AND PIPE SYSTEMS IN SANITARY (HYGIENIC) APPLICATIONS
AWS D1.9/D1.9M:2015 STRUCTURAL WELDING CODE - TITANIUM
AWS A5.25 : 1991 SPECIFICATION FOR CARBON AND LOW ALLOY STEEL ELECTRODES AND FLUXES FOR ELECTROSLAG WELDING
AWS A5.26 : 1991 SPECIFICATION FOR CARBON AND LOW ALLOY STEEL ELECTRODES FOR ELECTROGAS WELDING
AWS A5.4/A5.4M : 2012 SPECIFICATION FOR STAINLESS STEEL ELECTRODES FOR SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING
AWS A5.29/A5.29M : 2010 SPECIFICATION FOR LOW-ALLOY STEEL ELECTRODES FOR FLUX CORED ARC WELDING
AWS D3.6M : 2010 UNDERWATER WELDING CODE
AWS C6.2/C6.2M : 2006 SPECIFICATION FOR FRICTION WELDING OF METALS
AWS D3.9 : 2010 SPECIFICATION FOR CLASSIFICATION OF WELD-THROUGH PAINT PRIMERS
AWS D14.3 : 1994 WELDING EARTHMOVING AND CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT, SPECIFICATION FOR,
AWS D10.6/D10.6M : 2000 RECOMMENDED PRACTICES FOR GAS TUNGSTEN ARC WELDING OF TITANIUM PIPING AND TUBING
AWS A5.20 : 1995 SPECIFICATION FOR CARBON STEEL ELECTRODES FOR FLUX CORED ARC WELDING
AWS A5.20/A5.20M : 2005 : R2015 SPECIFICATION FOR CARBON STEEL ELECTRODES FOR FLUX CORED ARC WELDING
AWS B2.3/B2.3M : 2012 SPECIFICATION FOR SOLDERING PROCEDURE AND PERFORMANCE QUALIFICATION
AWS A5.9 : 93(R1999) BARE STAINLESS STEEL WELDING ELECTRODES AND RODS, SPECIFICATION FOR
AWS A5.3 : 1991 SPECIFICATION FOR ALUMINUM AND ALUMINUM ALLOY ELECTRODES FOR SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING

API STD 1104:2013 WELDING OF PIPELINES AND RELATED FACILITIES
AWS A2.4 : 2012 STANDARD SYMBOLS FOR WELDING, BRAZING, AND NONDESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION
ISO 15653:2010 Metallic materials Method of test for the determination of quasistatic fracture toughness of welds
ASTM E 384 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Microindentation Hardness of Materials
ASTM E 83 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Verification and Classification of Extensometer Systems
AWS A1.1 : 2016 METRIC PRACTICE GUIDE FOR THE WELDING INDUSTRY
ASME B46.1 : 2009 SURFACE TEXTURE (SURFACE ROUGHNESS, WAVINESS, AND LAY)
ASTM B 557 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Test Methods for Tension Testing Wrought and Cast Aluminum- and Magnesium-Alloy Products
ASTM E 10 : 2017-05 TEST METHOD FOR BRINELL HARDNESS OF METALLIC MATERIALS
ASTM E 110 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Rockwell and Brinell Hardness of Metallic Materials by Portable Hardness Testers
AWS A4.3 : 1993 DETERMINATION OF THE DIFFUSIBLE HYDROGEN CONTENT OF MARTENSITIC, BAINITIC, AND FERRITIC STEEL WELD METAL PRODUCED BY ARC WELDING
BS 7363:1990 Method for bead-on-plate (BOP) test for welds
AWS D10.12 : 1989 WELDING LOW CARBON STEEL PIPE, RECOMMENDED PRACTICES AND PROCEDURES FOR
API 1107 : 1991 PIPELINE MAINTENANCE WELDING PRACTICES
ASTM E 8 : 2004 Standard Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials
AWS WHB.2.8 : 1991 WELDING PROCESSES, WELDING HANDBOOK, 8TH EDITION, VOL.2
AWS A3.0M/A3.0 : 2010 STANDARD WELDING TERMS AND DEFINITIONS INCLUDING TERMS FOR ADHESIVE BONDING, BRAZING, SOLDERING, THERMAL CUTTING, AND THERMAL SPRAYING

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