• There are no items in your cart
We noticed you’re not on the correct regional site. Switch to our AMERICAS site for the best experience.
Dismiss alert

AWS A5.1 : 91(R1999)

Superseded
Superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

View Superseded by
superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

SPECIFICATION FOR CARBON STEEL ELECTRODES FOR SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING
Superseded date

23-07-2013

Published date

12-01-2013

Personnel
Foreword
1 Scope
Part A - General requirements
2 Classification
3 Acceptance
4 Certification
5 Units of measure and rounding-off procedure
Part B - Tests, procedures, and requirements
6 Summary of tests
7 Retest
8 Weld test assemblies
9 Chemical analysis
10 Radiographic test
11 Tension test
12 Bend test
13 Impact test
14 Fillet weld test
15 Moisture test
16 Absorbed moisture test
17 Diffusible hydrogen test
Part C - Manufacture, identification, and packaging
18 Method of manufacture
19 Standard sizes and lengths
20 Core wire and covering
21 Exposed core
22 Electrode identification
23 Packaging
24 Marking of packages
Appendix - Guide to AWS specification for carbon steel
           electrodes for shielded metal arc welding
A1 Introduction
A2 Classification system
A3 Acceptance
A4 Certification
A5 Ventilation during welding
A6 Welding considerations
A7 Description and intended use of electrodes
A8 Modification of moisture test apparatus
A9 Special tests
A10 Discontinued classifications
AWS filler metal related documents
Tables
1 Electrode classification
2 Tension test requirements
3 Charpy V-notch impact requirements
4 Required tests
5 Base metal for test assemblies
6 Requirements for preparation of fillet weld test
     assemblies
7 Chemical composition requirements for weld metal
8 Radiographic soundness requirements
9 Dimensional requirements for fillet weld usability
     test specimens
10 Moisture content limits in electrode coverings
11 Diffusible hydrogen limits for weld metal
12 Standard sizes and lengths
A1 Canadian electrode classifications similar to AWS
     classifications
A2 Typical storage and drying conditions for covered
     arc welding electrodes
A3 Typical amperage ranges
A4 Discontinued electrode classifications
Figures
1 Pad for chemical analysis of undiluted weld metal
2 Groove weld test assembly for mechanical properties
     and soundness except for E6022 and E7018M
     electrodes
3 Fillet weld test assembly
4 Test assembly for transverse tension and
     longitudinal guided bend tests for welds made with
     E6022 electrodes
5 Groove weld test assembly for mechanical properties
     and soundness of weld metal made with E7018M
     electrode
6 Welding positions for fillet weld test assemblies
7 Radiographic acceptance standards for rounded
     indications (grades 1 and 2)
8 All-weld-metal tension test specimen dimensions
9 Transverse tension test specimen (E6022)
10 Longitudinal guided-bend test specimen (E6022)
11 Bend test jigs
12 Charpy V-notch impact test specimen
13 Dimensions of fillet welds
14 Alternative methods of facilitating fracture of the
     fillet weld
15 Schematic of train for moisture determinations
16 Order of electrode mandatory and optional
     supplemental designators

91 VERSION CONTAINED IN ASME PV CODE 2C AS SFA-5.1 Sets forth requirements for the classification of such electrodes for shielded metal arc welding. Coverage includes classification, acceptance, weld test assemblies, chemical analysis, radiographic test, tension test, bend test, impact test, fillet weld test, moisture test, absorbed moisture test, diffusible hydrogen test, method of manufacture, exposed core, packaging, electrode identification, packaging, and marking of packages. Also gives detailed appendices.

DevelopmentNote
Supersedes QPL QQ E 450. (07/2004)
DocumentType
Standard
PublisherName
American Welding Society
Status
Superseded
SupersededBy
Supersedes

ASTM F 1145 : 2005 : R2011 Standard Specification for Turnbuckles, Swaged, Welded, Forged
MIL-K-52338 Revision B:1991 KEEPER ASSEMBLY, CABLEWAY, MEDIUM
MIL C 14522 : D COMPONENTS, PREFABRICATED STRONG ROOM, PORTABLE: FOR SMALL ARMS AND EQUIPMENT
API 12D CHINESE : 2008 SPECIFICATION FOR FIELD WELDED TANKS FOR STORAGE OF PRODUCTION LIQUIDS
MIL-B-12745 Revision A:1973 BRIDGE ERECTION SET, FIXED BRIDGE, BASIC SET, FOR BRIDGES, STEEL, RAILWAY
MIL-T-12173 Revision D:1992 TRAVELLER, BICYCLE
MIL-S-52300 Revision D:1991 SHOE ASSEMBLY, TRESTLE
MIL-STD-1689 Revision A:1990 FABRICATION, WELDING AND INSPECTION OF SHIPS STRUCTURE
MIL-H-52297 Revision D:1988 HOLDFAST ASSEMBLY: BAR TYPE
MIL-L-11647 Revision E:1991 LEVER, BALK DEPRESSING, CLAW BAR TYPE
MIL-L-53106 Base Document:1990 LAUNCHER, BRIDGE, LIGHT ASSAULT TOWED
MIL A 23798 : C AIR CONDITIONER, FAN-COIL ASSEMBLY
AWS D10.12M/D10.12:2000 GUIDE FOR WELDING MILD STEEL PIPE
MIL STD 248 : D WELDING AND BRAZING PROCEDURE AND PERFORMANCE QUALIFICATION
MIL-T-52369 Revision B:1991 TOWER ASSEMBLY, CABLEWAY, MEDIUM
MIL-B-52467 Revision C:1981 BAR, CARRYING LIGHT TACTICAL BRIDGE
MIL-T-12442 Revision D:1992 TOWER, CABLE ANCHOR
MIL-P-52258 Revision C:1992 PICKETS, STEEL
MIL-B-52118 Revision E:1991 BALK DECK
MIL-B-13164 Revision A:1973 BRIDGE, FIXED, STEEL, HIGHWAY, SEMIPERMANENT, 90-FOOT TRUSS SPAN
CSA Z662.1 : 2013 COMMENTARY ON CSA Z662-07, OIL AND GAS PIPELINE SYSTEMS
AWS D14.1/D14.1M:2005 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING OF INDUSTRIAL AND MILL CRANES AND OTHER MATERIAL HANDLING EQUIPMENT
AWS D17.1 : 2001 SPECIFICATION FOR FUSION WELDING FOR AEROSPACE APPLICATIONS
AWS GWF : 1998 GUIDE FOR SETTING UP A WELDER TRAINING FACILITY
AWS F1.3M : 2006 A SAMPLING STRATEGY GUIDE FOR EVALUATING CONTAMINANTS IN THE WELDING ENVIRONMENT
AISC 350 : 99 ERRATA 2001 LOAD AND RESISTANCE FACTOR DESIGN SPECIFICATION FOR STRUCTURAL STEEL BUILDINGS
ASTM F 1145 : 2005 Standard Specification for Turnbuckles, Swaged, Welded, Forged
MIL-E-52715 Revision C:1992 ERECTION AND MAINTENANCE EQUIPMENT FOR CABLE REINFORCEMENT SET FOR PANEL BRIDGE M-2 (BAILEY TYPE)
MIL-W-47091 Revision A:1992 WELDING, ARC AND GAS, FOR FABRICATING GROUND EQUIPMENT FOR ROCKETS AND GUIDED MISSILES
AWS A5.01 : 93(R1999) FILLER METAL PROCUREMENT GUIDELINES
MIL A 24775 : 0 AIR CONDITIONING FAN COIL UNITS, HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL TYPES, NAVAL SHIPBOARD
MIL-B-52734 Revision C:1991 BRIDGE FLOATING RIBBON INTERIOR BAY AND RAMP BAY
MIL-A-52679 Revision B:1983 ANCHOR, SURFACING MEMBRANE: 12 INCH
MIL-B-53107 Base Document:1990 BRIDGE, LIGHT ASSAULT 23 METER SPAN
MIL-T-52332 Revision B:1991 TOOL, HORIZONTAL CONNECTING, ERECTION EQUIPMENT FOR BRIDGE, FLOATING, PNEUMATIC FLOAT CLASS 60
MIL-A-52100 Revision C:1992 ADAPTERS: FOR BRIDGE, FLOATING, ALUMINUM, HIGHWAY-TYPE, DECK-BALK SUPERSTRUCTURE ON PNEUMATIC FLOATS
MIL-STD-1261 Revision C:1988 ARC WELDING PROCEDURES FOR CONSTRUCTIONAL STEELS
AWWA C512 : 2015 AIR-RELEASE, AIR/VACUUM, AND COMBINATION AIR VALVES FOR WATER AND WASTEWATER SERVICE
CSA Z662 PACKAGE : 2011 CONSISTS OF Z662-11, OIL AND GAS PIPELINE SYSTEMS AND Z662.1-11, COMMENTARY ON CSA Z662-11, OIL AND GAS PIPELINE SYSTEMS
AWS F1.3 : 1999 A SAMPLING STRATEGY GUIDE FOR EVALUATING CONTAMINANTS IN THE WELDING ENVIRONMENT
AWS A9.1 : 1992 STANDARD GUIDE FOR DESCRIBING ARC WELDS IN COMPUTERIZED MATERIAL PROPERTY AND NONDESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION DATABASES
ANSI/AWWA C514 : 2015 AIR VALVE AND VENT INFLOW PREVENTER ASSEMBLIES FOR POTABLE WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM AND STORAGE FACILITIES
ANSI/AWWA D103 : 2009 FACTORY-COATED BOLTED CARBON STEEL TANKS FOR WATER STORAGE
AWWA C516 : 2014 LARGE-DIAMETER RUBBER-SEATED BUTTERFLY VALVES, SIZES 78 IN. (2,000 MM) AND LARGER
ASME PV CODE 2C : 2017 BOILER AND PRESSURE VESSEL CODE - MATERIALS - SPECIFICATIONS FOR WELDING RODS, ELECTRODES, AND FILLER METALS
MIL-B-52690 Revision B:1987 BRACKET PUSHING, BOW ATTACHMENT, 12-TON PNEUMATIC HALF FLOAT
AWS A5.17/A5.17M : 1997 SPECIFICATION FOR CARBON STEEL ELECTRODES AND FLUXES FOR SUBMERGED ARC WELDING
ASCE 9 91 : 1991 STANDARD PRACTICE FOR CONSTRUCTION AND INSPECTION OF COMPOSITE SLABS
NACE RP 04 72 : 2005 METHODS AND CONTROLS TO PREVENT IN-SERVICE ENVIRONMENTAL CRACKING OF CARBON STEEL WELDMENTS IN CORROSIVE PETROLEUM REFINING ENVIRONMENTS
AWWA D121 : 2014 BOLTED ABOVEGROUND THERMOSETTING FIBERGLASS-REINFORCED PLASTIC PANEL-TYPE TANKS FOR WATER STORAGE
MIL-R-52224 Revision D:1992 RETAINER ASSEMBLY SLIDING
MIL-T-52296 Revision D:1983 TRANSOM ASSEMBLY, 60 TON UNIVERSAL TRANSOM
MIL R 52105 : D RAMP, RAFT
MIL-B-13265 Revision C:1985 BRIDGES, FIXED, STEEL, RAILWAY, UNIT CONSTRUCTION, 70-FT., 2-GIRDER SPAN: AND CONVERSION SETS: COMPONENTS OF
CAN/CSA-Z662-15 Oil and gas pipeline systems
ISO 10405:2000 Petroleum and natural gas industries — Care and use of casing and tubing
EEMUA 197 : 1999 SPECIFICATION FOR FABRICATION OF NON-PRIMARY STRUCTURAL STEELWORK FOR OFFSHORE INSTALLATIONS
BS ISO 10405 : 2000 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - CARE AND USE OF CASING AND TUBING
OO-M-340 Revision F:2004 MILLING, GRINDING, DRILLING, SLOTTING ATTACHMENT
API 12F CHINESE : 2008 SPECIFICATION FOR SHOP WELDED TANKS FOR STORAGE OF PRODUCTION LIQUIDS
MIL-C-24633 Revision A:1990 CHAIN, STUD LINK, ANCHOR, LOW ALLOY STEEL, FLASH BUTT WELDED
MIL-S-11716 Revision D:1993 SUPERSTRUCTURE, STEEL, FOR BRIDGE, FLOATING, PNEUMATIC FLOAT, CLASS 60
MIL-T-425 Revision J:1994 TUBE, STEEL: PIPELINE SECTION; WITH GROOVED NIPPLE WELDED ON EACH END
ASTM F 1145 : 2005 : R2017 Standard Specification for Turnbuckles, Swaged, Welded, Forged
AWS EG3.0 : 1996 TRAINING AND QUALIFICATION OF WELDING PERSONNEL: LEVEL 2 - ADVANCEDWELDER, GUIDE FOR THE
API SPEC 12L : 2008 SPECIFICATION FOR VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL EMULSION TREATERS
AWS EG4.0 : 1996 GUIDE FOR THE TRAINING AND QUALIFICATION OF WELDING PERSONNEL: LEVEL 3, EXPERT WELDER
AWS D14.1 : 1997 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING INDUSTRIAL AND MILL CRANES AND OTHER MATERIAL HANDLING EQUIPMENT
API 12F : 2008 SPECIFICATION FOR SHOP WELDED TANKS FOR STORAGE OF PRODUCTION LIQUIDS
API 942 : 2ED 82 CONTROLLING WELD HARDNESS OF CARBON STEEL REFINERY EQUIPMENT TO PREVENT ENVIRONMENTAL CRACKING
EN ISO 10405 : 2006 Petroleum and natural gas industries - Care and use of casing and tubing (ISO 10405:2006)
AISC 335 : 89 SUPP 1 1999 SPECIFICATION FOR STRUCTURAL STEEL BUILDINGS - ALLOWABLE STRESS DESIGN, PLASTIC DESIGN
AWWA D100 : 2011 WELDED CARBON STEEL TANKS FOR WATER STORAGE
MIL-B-13157 Revision C:1980 BRIDGE, FIXED: PANEL, SINGLE LANE, ALUMINUM
MIL-A-52318 Revision A:1971 ANCHOR ASSEMBLY, HAND WINCH: FOR MEDIUM CABLEWAY
MIL-B-52293 Revision C:1992 BRACKET, RAFT, FOR BRIDGE, FLOATING, PNEUMATIC FLOAT, CLASS 60
MIL-T-52340 Revision B:1991 TOOL, VERTICAL CONNECTING, ERECTION EQUIPMENT FOR BRIDGE, FLOATING, PNEUMATIC FLOAT CLASS 60
MIL-E-52714 Revision C:1992 EQUIPMENT, CABLE REINFORCEMENT FOR PANEL BRIDGE M-2 (BAILEY TYPE)
MIL-DTL-62749 Revision A:2010 BRIDGE, FIXED: ALUMINUM, HIGHWAY, UNITED KINGDOM, MEDIUM GIRDER AND ERECTION, AND TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT, FULLY COMPETITIVE COMPONENTS FOR
MIL-B-11844 Revision D:1976 BRIDGE, FIXED: STEEL, PORTABLE PANEL, BAILEY TYPE M2 (WIDENED ROADWAY)
AWS D14.2 : 1993 SPECIFICATION FOR METAL CUTTING MACHINE TOOL WELDMENTS
SAE AMS 5031 : 1989(S2017) WELDING ELECTRODES, COVERED, STEEL - 0.07 - 0.15C
AWS D5.2 : 1984 WELDED STEEL ELEVATED TANKS, STANDPIPES, AND RESERVOIRS FOR WATER STORAGE, STANDARD FOR,
BS EN ISO 10405:2006 Petroleum and natural gas industries. Care and use of casing and tubing

AWS A5.5 : 1996 SPECIFICATION FOR LOW ALLOY STEEL ELECTRODES FOR SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING
ASTM E 350 : 2012-09 TEST METHODS FOR CHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF CARBON STEEL, LOW-ALLOY STEEL, SILICON ELECTRICAL STEEL, INGOT IRON, AND WROUGHT IRON
AWS A4.3 : 1993 DETERMINATION OF THE DIFFUSIBLE HYDROGEN CONTENT OF MARTENSITIC, BAINITIC, AND FERRITIC STEEL WELD METAL PRODUCED BY ARC WELDING
AWS A5.01 : 93(R1999) FILLER METAL PROCUREMENT GUIDELINES
AWS B4.0:2016 STANDARD METHODS FOR MECHANICAL TESTING OF WELDS
CSA W48.1 : 0 CARBON STEEL COVERED ELECTRODES FOR SHIELDED METAL ARE

View more information
Sorry this product is not available in your region.

Access your standards online with a subscription

Features

  • Simple online access to standards, technical information and regulations.

  • Critical updates of standards and customisable alerts and notifications.

  • Multi-user online standards collection: secure, flexible and cost effective.